EASTLEIGH LOCAL AREA COMMITTEE
20 March 2018
EASTLEIGH AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT AREA ACTION PLAN
REPORT OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL LEAD SPECIALIST
It is recommended that the Eastleigh Local Area Committee note the update provided.
Following the January 2015 ELAC a request was made for regular updates on progress with the Eastleigh Air Quality Management Area Action Plan. This report gives this update and identifies key issues at the current time.
Environment Act 1995, Part IV
Air Quality Strategy for England 2007
Air quality plan for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in UK (2017)
1. All District Councils have a duty to carry out reviews and monitor current and future air quality within their area and take action where objectives are being breached. Areas which exceed pollutant objectives must be designated as an Air Quality Management Area (AQMA) and a 5 year Action Plan produced.
2. An update for the Eastleigh Air Quality Action Plan is provided in Appendix 1. This gives an overview of the progress and activity in support of the action plan to date.
Activity since the last update report
3. Looking specifically at actions carried out in support of the Eastleigh Air Quality Action Plan and other activities the Council has undertaken with respect to air quality in Eastleigh, the following should be noted:
4. The joint bid to provide financial support to replace older, more polluting taxis in Eastleigh and in partnership with Southampton City Council has been successful and was approved by Defras Joint Air Quality Unit. A sum of 350,000 was approved in February 2017. This will be spilt approximately 2:1 between Southampton and Eastleigh, this reflects the size of the taxi fleets and expected demand. The scheme will be administered by Southampton Licensing Team as they currently manage the taxi licensing for both authorities. A number of events have been held to seek the views of the taxi operators and to publicise the scheme, a survey in July / August 2017 seeking the views of taxi operators, and an update seminar was held in December. To date there has been one grant awarded for an Eastleigh based taxi (a Euro 5 diesel replaced with a petrol electric hybrid vehicle). The scheme is to be further publicised with information on the licensing website, leafletting of taxi stands across the two authorities and further forums.
5. The scheme provides eligible operators of Hackney Carriages and Private Hire vehicles with financial incentives to purchase low emission vehicles to replace eligible higher emission taxis in their current fleets, and to retain these for at least three years. This is beneficial for air quality as taxis drive more miles than the average vehicle and more frequently within the built up area, and the nature of the journeys mean taxis stop and start more frequently which can result in higher pollutant emissions and contribute proportionally more to local air pollution. Eastleighs fleet of private hire and hackney carriage taxis are responsible for approximately 3 tonnes of NOx emissions per year. We estimate that the vehicle replacement scheme can reduce this value by approximately 23.5%. Furthermore, increased uptake of low emission vehicles will reduce emissions that arise from burning fossil fuels including carbon dioxide.
6. The airAlert service has continued to operate since its launch in October 2016. There are now 450 active subscribers across both Eastleigh and Southampton who receive our free alerts of potential air pollution events ahead of time. The chart below shows the uptake of the service by age. It has reached older groups most successfully with 78% of subscribers aged 46 or older. Clearly we need to focus on how we can reach younger age groups who whilst they may be (or be perceived to be) healthier are also susceptible to poor air quality, especially younger children. (See next item). The service is designed to help those with health problems effectively manage their condition. It is also a tool to help raise awareness of air quality in general and encourage more sustainable and active forms of travel. (www.airalert.info/hants). http://www.airalert.info/hants
7. Since November 2017 we have been working with Hampshire County Council Schools Travel Planning Officer to promote awareness and understanding of the issues around air pollution with school children across the Borough, in Eastleigh this has included The Crescent Primary school which is just off Leigh Road and adjacent to the Eastleigh Air Quality Management Area, AQMA. The children have been, and continue to, monitor air pollution using tubes provided by EBC, and now they are working to plan their own Air Quality (AQ) Campaign that will inform people about air pollution and the problems associated with it, and persuade them to change their behaviour to help to improve air quality.
8. Eastleigh Borough Councils my-air webpage contains the results of continuous and monthly monitoring data (www.eastleigh.my-air.uk). It is a simple and accessible way for members of the public to view and explore the data produced by the Councils air quality monitoring network.
9. In December 2017 we started working with a local business Iknaia to help the trial new low cost technology to measure vehicle speeds and numbers and to monitor air quality. Sensors have been located within the Eastleigh AQMA at The Point and Eastleigh House. The objective of the project is to see how well their pollution monitor performs when compared to the laboratory standard equipment that we operate, and to look to see how pollution levels relate to traffic counts and average road speeds recorded. When we have the results of this study we will update the committee.
10. Air quality monitoring data for the three automatic monitoring stations in Eastleigh for 2016 can be found in appendix 2. The Council currently monitors http://www.eastleigh.my-air.uk/
nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter which is 10 micrometres or less (PM10) concentrations in Eastleigh. In summary:
Site Pollutant Air Quality Objective
Value or Exceedances*
NO2 40 gm-3 Annual
Mean 37 gm-3 Yes
NO2 200 gm-3 not to be
exceeded more than 18 times per year
4 Exceedances Yes
PM10 40 gm-3 Annual
Mean 24 gm-3 Yes
PM10 50 gm-3 not to be
exceeded more than 35 times per year
Daily Mean 0 Exceedances Yes
Steele Close NO2 40 gm-3 Annual
Mean 27 gm-3 Yes
Steele Close NO2 200 gm-3 not to be
exceeded more than 18 times per year
0 Exceedances Yes
The Point NO2 40 gm-3 Annual
Mean 28.2 gm-3 Yes
The Point NO2 200 gm-3 not to be
exceeded more than 18 times per year
0 Exceedances Yes
* This data is provisional and can therefore only offer an indication to the years results.
11. The Environment Specialist Post which replaced the Scientific Officer Post with a focus on air quality, is currently vacant.
12. We are continuing to engage with Southampton City Council, SCC with regards to their introduction of a Clean Air Zone in the City as part of Defras plans for improving air quality in the UK. A Clean Air Network was launched in February 2018, which will be run by the Environment Centre, a local environmental charity, who will work with a network of organisations including businesses, charities, educational institutions and many others from across Southampton to form a partnership called Clean Air Network (CAN). Together this group is committed to doing what it can to reduce levels of air pollution in the city through changes in personal and organisational actions, encouraging all those who they meet and do business with to do the same, and by actively supporting each other to find ways that help to improve air quality in the city. This network will extend to and work with, neighbouring authorities, including Eastleigh.
13. SCC have also been successful in attracting funding from the Clean Bus Technology Fund to the tune of 2.6M to retrofit around 145 buses with pollution abatement equipment which will reduce each buses emissions of nitrogen oxides by 99%. Eastleigh will benefit from improved buses which operate out of the Hants and Dorset depot on Chickenhall Lane and which pass along Southampton Road within the Eastleigh AQMA every day.
14. Members have requested advice on what actions can be taken to reduce air
pollution levels within the Eastleigh AQMA as speedily as possible. Current guidance issued by the Govt. and its various departments and bodies have highlighted the following areas and actions to deal with air pollution, both in terms of reducing the levels of air pollution and in terms of reducing the exposure of the public. A list of the actions that may fall within a Clean Air Zone is given in Annex 3. The headline measures are as follows:
Planning and Development Management promoting low emissions infrastructure, e.g. Electric Charging Points, minimising journeys, promoting alternate to car usage, siting sensitive new development away from busy roads, avoiding creating street canyons, promoting vegetation in open spaces Voluntary Clean Air Zone restrictions on vehicle types (use of traffic orders), increasing parking charges for most polluting vehicles, reduce parking charges for ULEV vehicles, encouragement and promotion of walking