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1 . , !"# $$ , , , . , , , “. /Damacius, In Phaed.,I, 172, 1-3/ , , ; , , (! ) " !. " ! , () # ! , .“ /Origenes, Kata Kelsou, 3, 7, 42 / %&’( )*% %&’( +)& , *( -% ,./ ,. 0 /, . 11/ 0&, / /2/ , 2( , / 11/, 3 ,%( /- & +4/ / )- - / 11(+ // %,/ *3( + +. ). ’/+0 ). + ), , , */ % %, ) ) 52/ %2 % -% )* .% .* 4. , %3+%, - -+ %,+/+ )/,%, * & / / %*+ ) 1%& *. +. . */ , +%.(+ .% + )% % )%(% ,*3% 4 ). ) */, 4+ ,. `/ ).`, , +) . & / - `/ ))+` `*) (* %0`. % ) * ,+)( , / 5* % 0 , /+ /+ + + + / (, 0 $ (.* ) % % */ + %), * 3( */ )11/ /& + % () (. &) 1 , / / + %- (, 2 ) +%+ , ) . 2, /+,&/ ,( 1 /+ 11/+ %%+, 1,+ */+, *& )( ) / )/ /+,&/ )% )%+ )) /+,&// +4 */, : „- - / 11/: %%., 1,., *., / / / -2 * )), )) / ), /)&/ 2 + /)&/* -+. * / %3+ % +% %/+ /./%, ) /% */ /&%/ %3+ /% /+%/. , - %* ) )( / ) 1,1/ )&, )’ % )-% + ’+. / ) ( /, %, / - 2( + %%.% +%, * / )% *%/ */ , ), / )& , ,/). # - - +* +& % / )%+ ), 1, - - ) +. ) )/ ) +&, )-/ / ) 1,1/, / )& / ). (/ )) ,% -+/+ -+/+, & / / ))/+ -+/+%.“ /Ar., Metaph., ETA, 1026a18-32/ 2 ’+/+ / / 5*+ + - & / % ), %+ / /& -’, /& & ,’+/ %+ /. +, / / + 2, / 2 / +%, / , / * /-’ . 2 ) -. #2% / 5* . /-’ 2 -, ) ) . 2 ( ))/+ 5*+, / / 5*.“ (., &, 1072 b 27-31), : „) +& % / / +0’. , ) ). / / ) 3(+ ) -/+, )& / ), / & / ) + ). ,, / / - /.“ (., &, 1074 36-40)

Dr Aleksandar M. Petrovic Kultura Polisa Kao Kultura Duha

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In a selection of Aleksandar M. Petrovic is maken a translation from the mediaeval greek language to the modern Serbian a lot of holyfathers works, remarcable invocated a speculative tradition in the history of philosophy and theology.

Text of Dr Aleksandar M. Petrovic Kultura Polisa Kao Kultura Duha

1 Pp Anexcannap M. Herponnh, CTAPA H HOBA TEOHOIHJA V H3IPAPBH XPHBTAHCKE uHHOCOuHJE C ieoue cmpaue, nocmoie noumoeaouu du)ocoduie, rareu cv Hopdupuie, H)omuu u +uoeu opveu du)ocodu. C opvee cmpaue, ceeumeucmeo noumviv ueru rao Ja+e)ux, Cupuiau u Hpor)o, rao u ceu roiu ceeumeuocm npu;uaiv. /Damacius, In Phaed.,I, 172, 1-3/ Hvocra npupooa uuie ooeo+ua oa uahe Boea vro)uro ioi Boe, roiu ie npeo+em mparena, ue no+oeue; neea ua)a;e ouu, roiu noumo cv v:uuu)u cee umo cv +oe)u, npu;uaiv oa u+ ie (oa ou ea npouau)u) Ou nompeoau. Ou ceoe nora;vie ouu+a ;a roie npoueuu oa ie npaeu:uo oa u+ ce iaeu, (na u mo) v ouoi +epu v roioi ie +oevhe oa Boe ovoe ca;uam oo cmpaue :oeera, u oa :oeeroea ovua roia ie iou v me)v ca;ua Boea. /Origenes, Kata Kelsou, 3, 7, 42 / Hpomnmane napannrme mnmena yonmre xpos carnenanane onma n snauaia rsn. crapnx nneia ns xpnna anrnuxe nnoconie n xpnmhancrna, cnaxaxo na ie nainaxnnin sanarax ncrpaxnnana ns ncropnie nnoconie, a raxohe n pasmarpane ncropnicxo-reonomxe enonynnie nneia xao nocena onacr xoia nnoconpany o cnercxoncropnicxoi nnmensnin norahana crnapn ynapa onnyuan neuar pacneranaiyhnx nonpnnoca. Panno cy nosnare nspexe na nsnan nepe reonornia nema cmncna, re na npana npnpona Foxnia moxe na ce nnnn camo ncrpnnom nornena nnn ounma uncror cpna. To, mehyrnm, ne rpea na yne nnxaxan mopannsyiyhn nniernsam, nero onronomxn cran xoin ie moryhe n necxpnnrnnno enomenonomxn ocnernnrn n nornuxn aprnxynncarn. Hnaronnuxa n Apncrorenona reonornia sacnnna ce na rymaueny n xpnrnuxom onnocy npema Hnarononnm nonmannma nsrpahennm na xpnrnnn necnnuxe nnn npnponne reonornie, xao n na ocnonny na rsn. `Xanneicxa npopouancrna`, a neponarno n na craposanerne pyxonnce Ce. Huc+a nnn raxne xao mro ie no `Annien nannpyc` nnn `Ernnarcxa xnnra mprnnx`. Onne ce nma npe cnera ornopeno sacrynane rese na ie For mepa cnnx crnapn, xaxne iecy na iecy n xaxne nncy na nncy y neceroi xnnsn Hnarononnx 3aroua (no uera ce n nocneno xpnrnxom mnrcxe reonornie y upraeu), xao n Apncrorenonor nnhena reonornie xao nporonnoconie n nainnme nayxe o crnapnma (nera xn. Memadu;ure)1, xoia ie y Hamna xnnsn2 xao no ymy nenornopan, nenpexnnan n neunn xnnor, xao n naiysnnmennie snane 1 Penehn reopnicxy nnoconiy na maremarnxy, nsnxy n reonorniy, Apncroren narnamana nocroane nenoxperne n onnoiene npnpone xoia e naiysnnmennia n npema npenmery npnnana naiysnnmennioi naynn reonornin, nocnonno rnpnehn: Taxo n nne rpn reopnicxe nnoconie: maremarnuxa, nsnuxa, reonornuxa, iep nnie neiacno na axo ono oxancxo nerne npnnana, npnnana raxnoi npnponn, re ona nainomronannia rpaxn na yoxono nainomronannier pona yne. Crora ce reopnicxe mehy ocrannm nayxama cmarpaiy naionnnunninm, a ona nax /cama reonornia nainnmom/ mehy reopnicxnm /nayxama/. V crnapn, nexo n morao nocrannrn nnrane na nn ie npna nnosonia cneonmra, nnn na nn racnpana o nexom nocenom pony n o ncxyunno raxnoi npnponn ( nnie, nanme, cne ienna ncra onacr ncrpaxnnana y maremarnuxnm nayxama, nero ie npenmer reomerpnie n acrponornie nsnecna npcra npnpone, nox ie onmra sa cne saienno). Kan ne n nno npyre cymrnne ocnm one xoia ce cacrannna nomohy npnpone, nsnxa n nna npna nayxa. Axo nax nocroin nexa nenoxperna cymrnna, npnonrnnia ie n npna nnosonia, a ona ie onmra na iecre npna. H noi he npnnanarn na pasmarpa nncrnyiyha xao nncrnyiyhe, n mra iecre n xoia npnnanaiy xao nncrnyiyhem. /Ar., Metaph., ETA, 1026a18-32/ 2 3annnyiyhe ie axo ie Fory ynex raxo nopo xao mro ie nama nonexan, ann axo my ie iom oe, ro iom nnme sannnyie a raxo my ie. Hoysnano ie na ie ry n xnnor, iep xnnor ie nenornopnocr yma, a On ie ra nenornopnocr, re ie Berona nenornopnocr naion n neunn xnnor no cen. Kaxemo na ie For neuno n naioe xnno nhe, na raxo n nenpexnnnn n neunn xnnor n nexonane npnnanaiy Fory, iep ro ie For. (Ap., Mem, 1072b 27-31), a n cran: A npno cymracrno nema rnap iep ie ono ycnpxonenocr. Paxne, ro npno noxperauxo ie ienno n no onpeheny n no poiy, nomro ie nenoxperno, ann ie raxno n ono mro ie noxperano ynex n nenpexnnno. Hponsnasn na ie iennno Heo ienno. (Ap., Mem, 1074a 36-40) 2 no xoier ie uonexy moryhe na nonpe y nymennnm xpernama mncnehn mncnn xoie napannrmarnuno ocneranaiy crnapnocr. Hpna cymrnna ie no Apncroreny Coxpar, Kannia, Hnaron; n xana ce ona ysnma camo ancrpaxrno n non nom samnma nexo esnnuno onmre oxancrno xao npna cymrnna no pony rne nsmehy uonexa n nona nema pasnnxe, ryn ce ns nnna onai ranxohyrnn reonomxn cnoi mncnn xoin nonpasymena na ananorno yncxoi nnunocrn xao npnoi cymrnnn n For nna npernocranen xao nainnma nnocras, a mro cy xacnnin nnsanrnicxn mncnnonn cacnnm perynapno youanann /a oryn n cacnnm necmerano npnnasnnn nnrannma rsn. `npnponne reonornie` xao nnononocnnm n npnxnarnnnm sa pacnpany o nainynm nnrannma xpnmhancrna/. Honpasymenaiyhn narancxe oxnnpe nsnarana cnoinx cxnarana, nnoco Hnornn nnie nmao n peepennnie na cnoie xomenrape, ann ce npernocrana na cy mnorn npeysern on Amonnia Caxaca /npnonrno xpnmhannna/, uemy nne y npnnor rnpnna na nnie nonnocno npncycrno cnoinx xonera na npenanannma, a n y npymrny yonmre. V mecroi Eueaou nerono oxancrno ie ono xoie camonponsnonn mncnn, npn uemy sa raxny rnpnny moxe na ce nma camo cran na ie Hnornn cam meponanan na ro xaxe, ri. na my ie panan. Hnaron cam nnxana ne n rnpnno raxo nemro, iep ie nspas `orocnnunocr` reonomxn sa nera meponannnin (To ynnha n Ennpe on Hnanxa y nonpnnnuno nemapno cpouenom cnncy Plato Christianus). Hopnpnie nma samepxe cnnune Kenconnm n sa nera naxe Opnrenonn aprymenrn. Hnaue on ie cmarpao na ie noiana Hcyca Xpncra nsyserna, na ie nennxn uonex n npopox, ann nnie npnxnarao Cnero Tpoicrno n yrnanom ce cnnc Kama Xpucmuauoc n cnonn na ononpranane ror rnannor normara neponana (ro nopo nanomnne n Ennpiy Cmnr y cnncy Porphyri`s place in the Neoplatonic tradition). Beron yuennx Jamnnnx nnie ce mnoro ynnnrao y xpnmhancrno n npxao ce yrnannom mncrnuxe rpannnnie ernnarcxe pennrnie, sa xoiy Bonnc Fan rnpnn na y norneny npnpone marnicxnx nenonana nma iauy rpannnniy on craposanerne (nonyme, ne oiamnana xaxo ro na ie onna `marnia` Foronnnna Moicnia iaua on one ernnarcxnx cnemrennxa nsnemrennx nexonno y marnicxnm opmynama n nenonannma, xao nn ro na ie pasmnnane mopa y npenacxy mopeysa nanexo saxrennnie n omrnie on naprnxynapnor pasmnnana none na n ce iennoi npnnnesn noxnarno npcren, mro onncyiy marnicxn nannpycn Wallis Budge, Egiptian Magic/). Jamnnnx ce cne y cnemy, npema xpnmhancxom orxpnneny nonamao nonmananrno, npeepnmyhn npe xomnunor Anononnia ns Tniane n cnoiaraiyhn Hnraropy sa cnoie reonorymene, moryhe n sor Hopnpnienor ynepena, iep ie no neron yuennx. Fynyhn na ie neron nexnacnpann neraxman neonarancrny ounr, naineha my ie sacnyra nesana sa rymauene onuaia y ouexnnannma nesannm sa ernnarcxy pennrniy, n mopa my ce npnsnarn cnara y nonesnnany mncrnuxnx yuena (xoia ie on moxna cnymao n nnpexrno npexo cnemrennxa Amonnia) ca nonmanem reyprnie, unin ie snauai ynnhao iom n nnianexrnuxn pannonanan n y orny peopmaropcxnx cnopona npocnehen Xerenon ym, nmenyiyhn ie xpainnm nmenom cnexynarnnnor nosnanana crnan n camom cpxn mncrepnie nncrnonana xao sanannnm ocopom cnexynarnnnor nyxa. Penene reyprnie na nnmy n nnxy, ri. na ony ycmepeny npema npnnnnnnma yma n ony npannonanno mornnncany, noxpenyo ie iom Hopnpnie y cnncy O nehuuu uu+du, rne ce moxe pehn na ie ona npna nornnncana sarponnm xnnorom nnn onnm xoin npenasnnase xonaunocr, nox ie npyra mornnncana noom sa moh n npemohananem re mohn, mro ce nmenyie marniom, uapanem /roereia/, raranem /nonnnamhnnanem nexora npexo nocennnmrna npexornnnnia: npencxasana, nnsnia/. Cxnonocr acrponomnin (ri. nocnonno acrponornin, snesnouaramrny, naynn o snesnama) nnie ro nonpasymenana, n cnyxnna ie yrnannom xao nomohna nayxa xoia nonpxana pannonanny reonorniy. Bro ce rnue Hpoxna, nerono nexpnmhancrno ie nno npe cnera onna unnennna sa nera camor iep ie snao na cy rnoncxa nynana nerpona crnap

3 conniannor npecrnxa n noa cynnne, nanme nemro mro ie apxaicxo narancrno yxnonnno ca ncropnicxe cnene, a on ra ce nnax npxao xao nnian nnora na ne n ``omrerno rpannnniy``. Hpoxno ie ycneo na noxaxe ne camo ro, na ie cepa cnerocrn on nsysernor snauaia sa ym, nero n nnme on rora, na es nomronana raxne cepe nnococxa snana nocraiy orpannuena, a camnm rnm n nesnarna y norneny nenonnrocrn nnn saxrena nesannx sa onmrocr nonmana (y uemy ie sacnrypno orpomna sacnyra nennxnx xananoxniana Bacnnnia Bennxor n Ipnropnia Forocnona xoin cy ce saienno ca ynyhnm narancxnm nmneparopom Jynnianom Oncrynnnxom mxononann y Arnnn n y pacnpanama nynncxn nponemarnsonann n remarcxe n oneparnnne acnexre reopnicxnx cranonnmra). Onai xoin yn mynpocr, nyxan ie na sapan ncrnne sanasn y nopexno nacranxa crnapn, n ro ne xao nenpncrpacran nocmarpau xoin cnnma cnryanniy n xnanno anannsnpa cnnmeno, nero xao onai xoin ie n cam no rom nnrany nosnan na nsnanasn naionpxnnnia pemena. Jep, n ro ie onnaixana nosnaro na ce `xnannnm anannsama` ynex ce npahaiy anonnmnn nnrennnonannrern ns npernocranxn nenonnrocrn nnrana, xoin reopnicxy anannsy nonone y nnrane n ononpranaiy xan ie nenonona, xao npenepernyre nnn sanocranene unnennne xoie snaue camonsnecnocr namer uynnor n mncaonor nha no Apncrorenoi ernnn. Hauenno no camoonnocnom casnanany ynnhano, cner ie neh oxnahen, ri. oiexrnnncan xnnemopnnm cxnonom y cnaxonnennnn, yrernyr y npannna n nopme xoie nymy cnyranaiy y ycmepanannma, saresannma y ynxnnonannrer, a xoinm ce nocrnxe rasnnncrno nan exonomniom eneprnia y cxnony npeonnahyiyhnx onnxa yxpyhnnana pasnnx nnnona crapemnncrana. 3aro ie snauene reyprnie y rom nepnony xao onnx crannnsannie camocnecrn nocrano nauenno, xana ce cne nonyxno y ynyrpamnocr n sracna cnoona sanoca xoin ie oxancxn nanaxnnnao xpos npnpony, nnrepaxnnie mehy ynnma ns oxonnor cnera n mehycone mncaone yrnnaie, onannohyiyhn ce y ymernocrn, naynn, nnoconin, pennrnin. 3aro ce y cncremnma marnicxnx onepannia n xpeuencxnx opena ne nanasn nnmra ononnxo sauynno n nennxo, xonnxo y ynyrpamnem ymonocrnxyhem nyry ysnaxena npema npnoiennncrnenocrn xpos yan, ncrnny n nepy, re ymcrneno rnxonane nnn raian y Fory. Hmenyiyhn ienno nnn nmenyiyhn ora, pexnn cmo ienno re ncro, xaxe Hpoxno y xomenrapy V; H)amouoeoe Hap+euuoa (631.10), na n xacnnie yrnpnno: "For xoin onronapa iennom, nnie nno xoin, neh or nanpocro". /Proklo, Uz Platonovog Parmenida , (643.1)./ Anconyr ie raxo ancrpaxrno nocranen n xasyie o rome xaxo ce nporonnoconia nnn `crapa reonornia` esycnonno ynaxana, maxap ioi naunnn nnhena `Fora ncrnne` nnme n nncy nnn ronnxo merononomxn caonpnpohenn. To ncro onnocn ce n na ym n mnmene, uemy npnnana nsyserno pasnniena ncnxo-enomenonornia xoia npxynn y enrenexnin "nnera yma" (ienne cnnrarme nacrane on memannne Apncrorenone ncnxo-nornxe, xanneicxnx yuena n noraino npncyrnnx mncaonnx nocrnrnyha xananoxnicxnx orana Hpxne), re caonnocnnm xnnocrasama. Tayrncrnuxe xnannnxannie rnme ne ocraiy y nennny cnoamnnx nonmana, neh nonpnmaiy saomrpene nnnone npernocranxn xoie nounnaiy na cneyxynnocrn "nneine nynohe". Bnpoxa paspana onaxnor nnhena moponornie "ymnor cnera xnnora" xpos nerona ncnoanana y mnry n neponannma ca nparehnm opennma, nnie ocraiano xon nera nemro cnoamne reopnicxom sanarxy, ynyhn na ie nesa ca nymennomhy opmannsonana y "onronornin cnnxe" nnaiyhn ornapana na mecrnma xoia cxnanaiy re onuaino nacnehene momenre, a onn oner onpehen crenen ersncrennnie n noernuxe ennnennnie. Ennnenrnpane ce moxe onnniarn n npexo nnacrnror ncxycrna, ayroncnuxn - de visu, mro n nno "nenocpenno nnhene " xao moh nnsyannsannie xpos ynnne, nnn iennocrannnie, nnsyannsonano onpemane npencrane sa mnmene. Hpemna ie cam noiam avmoncuie cemanrnuxn nporernyr on 4 npnponnor cnenouena no narnpnponnnx nnsnia, xao ienan on xyunnx nspasa nnme reyprnie (y snaueny pasoxopenocrn cnnx nymennnx n ymnnx cnoconocrn xoie noernuxnm xarapsama pacxpnnaiy rpannuna nonpyuia xnnora), naa onmax npnmernrn xaxo ie sa nerony ynorpey npecynna opmannsannia ncxycrnonanor /ne noxnnenor, neh pasymenor/ xpos nauenne oxnnpe rnnonornie cnecrn nnn onnxonane cnnecresnie crnapnocrn. Ayroncnia ie raxo npenacxonno menranna xareropnia cnnecresnpana nocroiana, n nasna nsasonno xapnme npennpana cranonnmra, xoia y noranniama n anepnniama nonpnma iacnnie opnce. Crora Hpoxno ncrnue: "Jep nncmo camo ym, nero n pasmnmane n cnyrna, n naxna n cnoonan nsop, re ynanpen rnm cnnama ienno n mnoro cymracrno, nenno n nenoneeno ...Jenno ie ono xa xome saiennnuxn xpne nenoxynne nymenne cnare, a iennno one mory noysnano na nac noneny no onocrpanor cnnx nha, n came cy ono mro casnaie iennncrno cnera y nama. Ma xnnxo na cmo ce yxopennnn y cymracrno ramomner /onocrpanor/, n ma xonnxo yxopenenn na ncmo nponcrexnn /oryna nponsamnn/, ne rpea na oncrynnmo on yspoxa cee camnx." /Proklo, Filosofija Haldejaca /Eclogae e Proclo de philosophia chaldaica..Albertus Iahnius, Halis Saxonum, 1891., s. 4-5/; vidi moj prevod - "Istocnik" br. 1, Beograd, 1992., s. 103/ Bnnnn yrncnn n yehena xoin ce cnnecrernmy y pasanpane ncrnne, xon Hpoxna cy nonesann ca ncxycrnom nnnnnnnyannonor npara nemnponana crnapnocrn: "Cnaxo, naxne, no cnoioi concrnenoi npnponn, nencxasnno ncrpaino nponanasn snamene cnera Ouenor."/Hp., Theol.Pl., II, 8, p-105/ To ie rno onnx crpana neronor mononnypannsma xoie sanasn y mncrarorniy, n xoie na uonexy cxonan naunn naie ynyrcrna sa cnanaxene y cxponnrnm nnnonnma oncranxa. Hspas "Oran", xoin on npeysnma ns nnoconie Xanneiana, a xoin ie n Hnaron xopncrno y nnianory Tu+ai /"oran cnemnpa"/; cnmonnuxn ie nspas sa npnonrnocr n ncxon iennor n cnera. Cnennmnn /cnemy onocrpano oxancrno/ nsmnue nncxypsnnnom nonmany n yonmranaiyhem nsnarany, a Hpoxno rnpnn: H xana n can rpaxno naunn xaxo nocroin oxancxo snane n oxancxa ncrnna, xoiy oronn nmaiy o cnemy mro nocroin y nno xom onnxy, onna hem na nnnnm xaxo ie ona nenspennna n necxnarnna sa yncxo nomnmane n snana ie rex oronnma camnm. Bro ce mene rnue, uynnm ce na nma nnaronnuapa xoin ymy npnnncyiy casnanane cnnx crnapn, uax n onor mro ie aromnsonano, npornn npnpone n, yonmre sno, n xoin sor rora ycranonanaiy nocroiane ymnnx yspoxa sa raxne crnapn. Vronnxo ce nnme nnnnm onnma xoin pasnnxyiy cnoicrnenocr yma on oxancxor iennncrna n xoin ymy npnnncyiy cnoconocr onmrnx, npnnx n onnx ypoxa npema npnponn, a oronnma moh na cne ypehyiy n crnapaiy. Jep ienno ie sancra cnyna, a onmrocr nnie, na uax n marepnia n cne mro nocroin yuecrnyie y iennom, nox na ymnnm onnnnma n pononnma ne yuecrnyie cne. /ibid., I, 21/ Axo onai Hpoxnon ncxas cxnarnmo xao nosnn na nanymrane yma n nornpane rexne sa pasymenanem, sacnrypno ra nncmo nopo cxnarnnn. Hume)ermva)ua oudepeuuuia xoiy on onne ncrnue, onnocn ce npe cnera na maxcnmanncrnuxe nnene xoin n ra camonsnnaiann ns cneiennncrna n camoycnocranann y nexoi neronoi nocenocrn camocnecnor snana n camonononocrn. Vronnxo renepanna cnnxa yma rpnn pecrpnnronane nnn cranane y sarpane esycnonnnx saxrena, xoin ne ouoneuyiy uonexa y ony onpehena, nero ra oner na npyrn naunn ocnpomamyiy xpos nnysopne nornene. Fanehn ce onnm mro ie amrnneno on nannnna (Hnaron, 4u)eo, 16c), ym ne nponcrnue xao crnapnocr camo ns iennor n mnomrna, nero n ns cpacnocrn rpannunor n neorpannuenor, y xoioi cnaxa crnap nna nneino ocnerena. 3a ro ie norpena cnoona xoia he npenasnhn n nncxypsnnne npnnnnne n pasymne crpyxrype npnnncnnana n ynenmanana y iennom nannpnnnnnniennom anapxo-nnepannom samaxy xoin he mnmonhn yxanynene opme n onxopaunrn maxcnmannsme. Kao nhe na pasmehy cnerona xoie ie nsnoxeno ornopenocrn nncrnonana, uonex naa na nocenyie rnax n oxperan ym, xoin ra nehe ycnannnarn cnoiom macnnnomhy nnn ymprnnnarn yxanynnnanem. Cnopnnm 5 noimom reyprnie on nasnauana one moryhnocrn xoie n raxnom saxreny ynonoanane, a y H)amouu:ra meo)oeuia /I 25, p-63/ uax xaxe: Cne ce xpos ro cnamana (nepa, ncrnna, yan) n nonesyie ca npnoneicrnyiyhnm ysponnma - nexo nyrem nomamenocrn epocom, nexn nyrem oxancxe nnoconie, a nexn xpos reyprnicxe cnne, xoie cy iaue on yxynne yncxe pasopnrocrn n nayxe, re nonesyiy nopa nomamenocrn n npounmhene cnne xpos pan npounmhena, re nanpocro cne nenornopnocrn ynyrapoxancxe oyxnahenocrn. Mncraromxn momenar xoin y cen canpxn eroc snana n cnary yann mro npeopaxanaiy nnunocr, ounrnenno ie naxan neo nerone nnoconie pennrnie. Ona ie cnrypno onpemena norpenom cymnom ys nepy xoia ie nparn, xao n xpnrnuxnm npocyhnnanem. Vnyrpamnem npnonnxy yncxor nyxa xoier Hpoxno nmenyie n "nner yma y nama" xpnrnunocr npnana moryhnocrn sa nsnopnnia pasymenana, a ro snaun camocasnanane n casnanane cnera mro iecre, xaxo ono iecre. Ono ca+o oumu casnaie v;por ceeea, mro nae nponsnonn cymracrno xao npno no peny, a rex xao npyro nponsnonn xocmoc, cynne npema cnernocnocrn, re ocrana noiennna nha. Hnxonn cy npoyspoxonann nemniyprnuxn, raxo na na nnxonnm noianama ocraie )enoma (nox cy n cama rnapna neecxa rena nenna n npononannna). V morpeny camnx mncnenocrn, nyma ce ysnne no re npnonrne nese ca esycnonnnm y xocmnuxom ymy xao na morpn mncnn rnopna nenor xocmoca. Pa crnapnma nnie yspox y ymy, nnra ce Hpoxno, mra n ro npano nenone cnera es pacnanana n neypehenocrn, n mra n nno ca mepom n ycnocranennm penom mehy crnapnma y nnany, na einocn ne npecrpoianaiy sna xoia nacraiy? Hocmarpanem einoca nyma ynnha nparonenocr camnx mepa nnn nncrnennx npernocranxn, xao nopenax y xom ie ono aromnsonano n noiennnauno nocneno na cen cnoicrneno mecro. 3a nnycrpanniy on nanonn cynne, mecen, snesne, neo, xao npnmepe cneypehenocrn y nonpmenoi cxnannocrn. Tai cmncao nnie camo moryh (ayromarnsonannm naunnom nacraiana - on cemena uonex, on sarnenanocrn y narpy nnamenonn, on npyher nerpa cmoxne), neh n nenoyonnuen n nenoycrpoien no cnoioi cnpcn xoia nsnyrpa pyxononn nonianem onnxa. Tnme ie cam cmncao (pasnoxnocr, nneinocr, noimnnocr) yunanen y npnpony, raxo na ra ona u+a npexo nanenennx onnxornopnnx cnara. Ty ce yxasyie norpea sa nponianem eneprercxnx cxnonona xoin npxe onpehene rnnonornie cnecrn yxanynennm, a ra ce cnara crnue opmnpanem cnnonrnuxor rnennmra nnn npncycrnom y carnenanany. On cnecrpanocrn raxnor carnenanana nnn cnare npncyrnocrn y nemy sanncn n cmncao nnhenor, a rnme n nneinn xopnsonr xao nnnexc sanpemnne n moryhnocrn ncrnncrnonana. To ocraie xao nanor onome xoin xenn na ce ynyrn y camo mnmene nnn na nnoconpa, a onnxornopne cnare raxohe nnme ne mory na yny camonnxnn camopacrn xoin ce camo roie n ne nonaxy nnxaxnor pasnora onome on uera rai nap npnmaiy n ne ysnpahaiy saxnannocr.3 3 On crynana xpnmhancrna na nonpyuie ncropnie snnaiy ce sannern, yrpoxanana n nenoymnne xoie ro crynane npare y crony. V rome ono nnie morno na nahe oer canesnnxa sa oncranax n mnpene on nnoconie y nnxy iennncxe meransnxe xao nainye, na n nonaioe aprnxynannie mncnn nonohennx no nonmana. Hsiennauanane noconie ca narancrnom nno ie neno nomnx, nnn sa mncaony nniarnocrnxy nenonono ocnocoennx xpnmhancxnx reonora. Honosanerno osnannnane Orxpnnena nonpasymenano ie rymauene orxponencxe peun yncxnm peunma, nonymraiyhn rnme na neponane nocne no pasymenana. H ry ie nnoconia nna on nainehe nomohn xao meronnuxn nohena penexcnia o Foxniem xasnnany yncxnm peunma, a xoie sa cnoie cpennmre nma uonexonnm nocpenonanem ouoneueno npocnonanane camoorxpnnaiyher Iocnona Xpncra. Teonomxa nayxa yremennana ce npema norahaiy Orxpnnena y npemeny xao nayxa ncropnie norahana, nox ce nnoconie noiannna y npemeny n y ncropnicxoi ycnonenocrn sanounnana cnoie remeno ncnnrnnane o onome mro iecre cnaxn nyr nsnona na n pasrpannunna nonpyuie ncrnne n nana anconyrnn nernrnmnrer npncrynannma. Vronnxo n ce morno pehn na ie onnoc nnoconie n reonornie y ncropnin nnianexrnuan y cmncny mehycone ycnonenocrn n mncaonnx onpehnnana xoie npenasnnase cynpornocrn. One croie y iennncrny pasnnxe nocmarpana npnpone (n/nnn cymrnne), neponana n snana, ayropnrera n yma, ncropnie n noima cnoone orxpnnena n xpainnx moryhnocrn penexcnnnnx cranonnmra. Hpema Jycrnny unnocoy, xoin ie cmarpao na y nnoconin 6 Haunn xaxo moxemo na ysnparnmo saxnannocr crnrao ie ca xpnmhancrnom, n es osnpa na nome crpane xoie cy npaxrnxonann ynn cxnonn npeunnama, maxcnmannsmnma, na n nomnm pemennma, y xpnny Xpncrone ncrnnocnonehe Hpxne, iom ynex ie ronno n naronarno. Bennxn orocnonn ymenn cy na nene nope crpane nononnaronnuapa, xao n na nx yxope sa npnmnrnnnsam npenpacyna xoinma nnxonn cnncn nouecro onnyiy, ann nnxana raxo na nx npoxaxy n onane xao neniexe n snornope. Cnenehn nnx, cnennmo n nonecnn rpar pexynepannie nsnopne nnoconie xoia nam ce nynn na naion naunn pasymenana crnapnocrn, ann onai nyra ca cnonom saxnannocrn Onome, xoin cne ono nymra na yne orpanaiyhn ra cnoinm eneprniama n xao Cnenpxnre ne camo na npxn nocroie momenrn sor xoinx ie ona neh cacnnm onomahena y xpnmhancxom nyxy (napounro Hnaronona), re na ce y noi neh rana snauaino ysnanpenonano, iep nnnn nsrnene cnor nonpmanana y Iocnony Xpncry. To ie ona ysopnocr y xoioi ona moxe na ce oncrnnn xpos npeonnxyiyhe cxnarane pasnnunrocrn xopnsonara n cesane npema cnmnosn n cnnresama xoie cy omoryhene ncropnicxnm norahaiem Orxpnnena. V nocenocrn xopnsonara xoin n ce sanemapnnann, ro camo no cen nnxana ne n nno noxyunno na rai naunn. Hpeysnmane n npeonnxonane nnococxe repmnnonornie, ynorpea merone nnn nponemarnxe xoia ce ncrnnana, n nnie nno moryhe xao nexo neoanesno `nocnyxnnane` nnn oroena opmanna npnmena. Hoimonn, meraope n mncaone cnnxe n nncy morne na yny npeysnmane camo na `cnoamnn naunn` es cxnarana n npareher oiamnanana mra ce n samro xopncrn iep n ro nno nenopacno rymauene n merapacrnuxa nenopeuenocr. Tana n ro morna na yne camo `nponsnona opnamenrnxa` ienne cacnnm npyraunie mncnn xao nexa noma cnnxa pannonanne nsnnronepenocrn xpnmhancrna. Jennncxa meransnuxa reonornia nnie nn nsnnronepnna, a nn npenoxpnna n nsononana cymrnny xpnmhancrna, neh ra ie yxnanana y cee xao noxpernn npeonnxyiyhn unnnnan mncaonnx saxnarana ncrnne n cymrnne crnapn. V rome ce ne ncxyuyie xpnrnuxa nncrannnia xoia nnpasymena iennncrno y onom `nonosanerno nonom`, na ry nnoconia nnie nn nonpehena, nnrn `npennanana` y nenoi nsnopnoi namepn na yne nenornopna n y nonnm ncropnicxnm cxnononnma. To moxe na npnrnpa onuno xpnmhancrno xoie ce nnamn oryhnnana n necrpyxrnnnocrn, ann cycper ca remxo nsopennm cnmnosama (Kanr, Xeren, Hocen) nnn crnapanauxnm cnnresama (Apeonarnr, Hanama, Kysancxn, Cyapes, Xeren, unopencxn, Fynraxon, unoponcxn, Hocen, Janapac, Faiepnanrec nrn.), cnaxaxo na ie nnxe ncrnnn on oroopauxnx nanmerana y cxpnanennma nnn xnasnnnierncrnuxnx cnoamnnx ocyhnnana (xaxnnx nma cnyrne n nanperex). Taxo nma n npenpacyna xaxo ie rpuxo mnmene crarnuno, sa pasnnxy on xpnmhancxor xoie ie nnnamnuno, re na ie npno esnnuno n na ce rex y npyrom opmnpa noiam nnunocrn. Pnnauxa ie npra xapaxrepa cxnonocr mnmeny xaxo ie reonornia nacena na nyxany npenapy no xoioi ie npeonnxonana n nocrana cna nsonnuena on ncropnicxn ncnpnene n norpomene nnococxe cymrnne, nnn na ie nnoconia nocpnyna ynpyxnnmn ce ca nepasymnnm reonomxnm aixama o crnapany cnera n npenpacynama o nacxpceny. Ona ce opmnpa xpos ancrpaxrna yonmranana xao nponyxr npyraunie nmnocrnpanocrn noimona ns penarnnncrnuxnx cepa nosnrnnnnx nayxa, na n ce nouecro nxcnpana y nneonomxnm rymauennma rpuxor xocmonenrpnsma xpos nnxoromnie marepnianncrnuxe npenanennnie n xpnmhancxor anrpononenrpnsma ymecro xpncronenrpnsma. Hsrpanna xpnmhancxe nnoconie xao `nnoconie no Xpncry` paspannna ie reonorniy xao nayxy xoia ie recno nonesana ca merononorniom noimonnor npnmnnana mnmeny y neronom ocnony xao naunny ocnemranana Hcxona. Hononnarononnn cy ra npema rpannnnin rymauena Hnarononor nnianora Hap+euuo xao `Hsnop mnmena` cxnarann xao Jenno. To ie saiennnuxo nonpyuie onnxornopne nenoopasnocrn crnapnocrn xao noiannnana xopnsonra Jennor n mnomrna, Crnopnrea n crnopena y ronopy ocnnxanana naunna npncryna Anconyrnom. Paspany re opme nocrynana xao noimonnor nanonesnnana mncaonor cxnona xoin ie nnococxo-reonomxe xareropnie xao Foxnie npnpoxe (npennxarnnne xapaxrepncrnxe) nononnno no iennncrna, ouynano ie nacnehe cneroorauxnx mncnnnana xon Knnmenra Anexcannpnicxor, Opnrena, Cnnecnia, cne no Bacnnnia Bennxor n Ipnropnia Hasnianca n Hncxor n xacnnie, re xao mncaono norepnnano nnarononcxo cranonnmre npoxero ienanheocxnm nyxom, npeneno n npenocpenonano mncaone opme sa norona nsyuanana. Pnonncnie Apeonarnr ie neo ror oraror nacneha n nnie moryhe pehn na ie on y reonornin nonnerao narancxnm nnococxnm rexonnnama, xoie cy nanonno npennannne nerony xpnmhancxy mncao xao `nnoconiy no Xpncry`, a na canecr npn rome ocrane uncra. Fnorpanie n npncrynn rom nponemy xon nennxnx xananoxnicxnx orana Hpxne, nnme cy nero norpean npernen `nniarpna`, na n ce onai nponem carnenao y nononom pacnony n nynnn. Mononsnrnsam n no moryh xana n ce xpos sanounnane y npemeny, nnoconia nyrem npemena rpynnna na oorornopn panne nepsnie cnoinx noxyunnana ncrnne, ann naa npnmernrn xaxo ce ro snna cmo y neycnennm npoiexrnma xoin cy nonnernn camocxpnnenoi nespnocrn. 3penn nnononn cy crnrnn on onnx ciainnx pannx mncaonnx xonoca n c npanom nocrann ysop npannm mncaonnm nacroiannma.

7 na oxyny cne na ce ne pacnanne, neh n napyie orornopne napone Pyxa. Hona crnapanauxa enoxa n sanouahe ca nonono nopnm pasymenanem on Kora rn orornopnn naponn Pyxa nonase n npnnpemnhe ony nenpnny xoia nam ie cnnma norpena sa nocroiancrnen xnnor xoin nehe ncxyunnarn npany nooxnocr, neh he na ny rnenarn xao rnannn neo xoin ro nocroiancrno n caunnana. Aneropnia nehnne y Hnarononoi upraeu ronopn o yncxom nponemy nesanom sa casnane crnapnocrn y necnmncrunnm oiama, ann nanoxnannnom xpos ymne nanope nexana y nnianexrnnn n neronane npnnne. Ha cnnuan naunn, xasnnane o nsrony npaponnrea Anama n Ene ns Enencxor npra onomnne nac na nsnopno camooryhnnane on nnacrnre cymrnne n nanaxe npeopaxanana ymnnx cranonnmra na n ocrnapnnn npenycnone sa nen nonparax. V ocnonn, ro ie pe-nnrnia, ynoxenn rpyn sa onanane onor mro cmo nanno nmann n nsrynnn, na n ce nparnnn nsnopnocrn nncrnonana n ncxycnnn npany cpehy. Cnaxaxo, iom ynex ce uyie n rymauene xaxo ie ro connianna nomnmarocr onpehenor npymrnenor cnoia xoin ynnma ornma npeme n eneprnie, a xoiom on crnue npecrnx n craryc. Hperepnnane ca perporpannomhy pennrnie n xpnrnxa caxpannnx nncrnrynnia y xerenniancxom nyxy, nonynapno y npeme peannor conniannsma n cnnx noronnx nsrpannn n norpannn, on xoinx ce nnie cnacna nn rsn. rpansnnnia npxane, neyennno ie xao n came re npnsemne xoncrpyxnnie. Onnnuny anannsy ror nponema, na npnmepy coniercxor npymrna, nonynno ie nenanno Hanen Jenrenennu Foixo ca cnoiom ocmnmenom crynniom o nnmany cnercxe ncropnie. Ca iaxnm ocnonnem na nyx xerenniancxe nnianexnuxe rpnianonornie on ie y canpemennm ycnonnma npencnnrnnao xonnenryanny mnoronpcnocr nnoconie nocrxnacnune enoxe n saxyuno na mnmene naa na nacrann xnacnunnm rparom, axo ne xenn na ce yronn y merononomxn anapxnsam n nnxnnnsam na n noxyunno cmncao cynnne napona n ncropnicxor nponeca y nennnn.4 To cnehene xnacnunor rpara nonpasymena nnrepnperarnnne nnonannie xoie npare peaxryannsanniy nnianora nnoconie n pennrnie, npe cnera xpnmhancxe, a sarnm n pexynepanniy onor canpxaia nonmana, mro ce uemhe ryno ns nnna nero mro ie nno ymecno n na ce npnmern. H Oner Cymnn y cnoioi crynnin5, nnie nponycrno npnnnxy na mapxcncrnuxy xpnrnxy Xerenone nnoconie onenn xao npcry epncrnuxe peaxnnie xoia ie ocamocrannna ienan npaxrnuan npanan, n y rom cmncny nnie nenaxno mro ie ro nocrao ncrpaxen npanan mnmena, xoin, es osnpa mro ie peanno nocneo y hopcoxax, n nae xao mncaono npenasnhen, nocn cnmonnuxn xapaxrep pannonannocrn n nma cnennnuny mncaony rexnny. Mehyrnm, camoonnocna penexcnia xoia n na saxnarn crnapn y xopeny nannasn na nponeme nesane sa craryc noe n paspemana nx rex naprnxynapno. Ona ce sanpano remen na rom noeny noe n nenom nsnoenany, ocraiyhn pannna npema nennm xperannma xoia ie remeno ycnonanaiy. Hponem noe sa noom ie ynyrpamna nenoa xoia ie nparn, ri. nesyie sa nneie xoie ce ynorpeanaiy sa cnponohene npnsemnnx n orpannuennx nnrepeca, iep ne nonpasymena npeymnnane n capanny nnn caneicrno ca Foxninm necrnopennm eneprniama. Vsnnsane xa Fory n ocnehnnane (osapnnane) uonexa xon pononauennnxa npanocnannor ncnxasma, cn. Ipnropnia Haname, moryhe ie sor rora mro nacnena rnap nacroin na My ce npnnnxn, na Berona eneprnia caonmrena uonexy nocraie n cnoicrno camor uonexa: Ionopnrn o Fory n cycpecrn ce ca Forom nnie ienno n ncro. 3a npno ie norpeno snane n peu, npn uemy ce raxohe nsnaxe noimeno ncxycrno, yxonnxo nehemo iennno na neryiemo snane, neh n na ce nnme cnyxnmo n na ra npenaiemo; sarnm ie neonxonna pasnonpcna rpaha sa pacyhnnane, ocnone sa noxasnnana n ynopehnnana npema npnmepnma cnercxnx crnapn, na cne ro nnn nehn neo rora moxemo nocreneno na npnxynnmo rpynehn ce n cnymaiyhn, a cne ie ro npncrynauno ynnma xoin 4 Cmauoe)euue noumu ece+upuo ucmopuu: Hcropnxo nnococxn ouepx, Kpacnonap: Kyan, 2006. 5 Ieee) rar cvooa Poccuu, Kpacnonap, 2005. 8 ce cnanase y cnery, re na xpaiy nocraiy n mynpann ror nexa, npemna neuncrn xnnorom n nymom. Hacynpor rome, cycpecrn ce y cen c Forom, npnnennrn ce sa Bera y uncrohn n cnnrn ce c neronnm necnnnennm cnernom, xonnxo ie ro npncrynauno yncxoi npnponn, nemoryhe ie, axo n nopen ounmhena xpos npnnny ocranemo cnoa; re ie raunnie na naa na y camnma cen saienno ca ocehaiem ocrannmo cne uyncrneno, nannenmn ce nan nomncnnma, pacyhnnannma n nornuxnm snanem, cacnnm ce npenaiyhn y monnrnn nernapnnm nyxonnnm nenonannma (eneprniama), nonnmn nesnane, xoie ie ysnnmennie on snana n y nemy ce nanynnnmn npecnernnm cnianem Pyxa, raxo mro hemo nennnnno na nnnnmo xao narpany neunor cnera. Pasymem nn xonnxo ie on rora nnxe cne mro ce onnocn na mnoromymehy nornuxy nnoconiy, unie ie naueno uynno nocrnrnyhe, a nocnenna cnpxa y cnnm pasnonnnocrnma snane, xoie nnie nonieno y uncrohn n xoie ne ounmhana on crpacrn? Haueno nyxonnor nocmarpana ie nopo, sacnyxeno uncrnm xnnorom, re casnane cymror, ncrnnnror n sancra rauno sa one xoin ra nmaiy, saro mro nnie nonneno yuenem, neh uncrohom cpna, re ocnocoeno na pasnnxyie mra ie y camoi crnapn neno n xopncno, re mra raxno nnie; a nerona nocnenna cnpxa, sanor ynyher nexa, iecre nesnane xoie ie nnme on snana, re snane xoie ie nnme on nonmana, cxpnneno neonnmrno y cxponnrom, rainom n nenspeuenom nocmarpany xao ncxycrny neunor cnerna.6 To ne snaun na y rnopennnn nnn onom crnopenom ne nenyiy necrnopene Foxnie eneprnie, re na ie crnapanauxo naueno ncnpneno ca npnonrnnm unnom crnapana raxo na nx nnme nema. Bnx nema camo y rom cmncny na ce unn crnapana ne nonana cnaxn nan c osnpom na ro mro ce npnonrno noronnno, xao mro ne snaun na ro ne moxe oner na ce noronn yxonnxo Cnennmnn raxo ne onnyun npema Cnoioi, nama nenoxyunnoi onnynn n iom mane cxnarnnoi samncnn. Mn cmo na npnpony ocyhenn /ca rsn. ncrounnm nnn npaponnrecxnm rpexom/ n y nama ona nnamrn xao nex npcra yryenor ornnmra, nasna nac cehaiyhn na nopexno n crane y xoiem ce sarnuemo, xamo ron na ce y npencranama nenemo nnn y samncnnma nonecemo. V rom cmncny rpahancxo ocehane cnoone nparn n manorpahancxn menrannrer xoin xnnoxpnrcxn cycrpyxrypnme noiam cnoone onuainnm cxemarnsanniama y xanone, cnoa npnmaiyhn n mexannuxn cnpononehn npnmene ycnoiennx nopmarnna. Hoxasano ce na cem cnnonnie cacnnm nopo ynxnnonnme n mehynncrnrynnonanno ycarnamanane Hpxne (xoia ce ann nacrnpcxnm panom n ca cnaconocnom noponrn yncxnx nyma) n Ppxane (xoioi ie ocrano cacnnm nonono npocropa sa perynanniy npannnx npnnpenno exonomcxnx nopmn rpahancxor connierera), mro ie raxohe mehycono nanonynyiyhn rnn capanne. Cnenehn nepn pasmarpana crnapn onuainor nyxa, naa ncrahn na ie Xeren sanoueo n ienan nnn onpane npxane npornn nanana naprnxynapnsama nnrepeca, iep ie sa pasnnxy on emnnpncrnuxnx ynxnnonanncra n npocnernrecxnx anannrnuapa yuecrannx connierernnx nopnna nnanaiyhnx y cnecrn uoneuancrna, no reopernuap xoin ie ca nnme peannsma onmepanao onnoce cnara y menannma npymrnennx nopmn n nnrepecnnx npannna. Hpxnn n npxann, camarpao ie on, rpeano n nparnrn nynomoh y cnyxenom n nyxonno-xynrypnom naueny, nnxony ncropnicxy ynxnniy. Canecr raxo npxn cnexynannie y rpannnama xoie saysnanaiy eronarnuxy anracrnxy, npyxaiyhn peanan naunn nonnpnnana nncrnonana n npemena. Kon Xerena, mehyrnm, npexpernnuxa cnara nyxa xao neron xonrpanosnrnnnrer, ornena ce y rome mro ce "menypene" y npnponnom roxy npemenonana, y meransnnn npemena xao nonecnom xopnsonry nncrnonana, xopnsonry ncropnie norahana, noxasyie xao uynan snax ornopa, xoin nma cnoie nansrnen nernrnmne mncaone npernocranxe, nounm ce moxe rome nacynpor pehn n na ie raxan nyx rex ca rnpanniom nannpemencxn, xao ienna nexonrponncana npannonanna cnna nnnnna y nananany n cynepaxrnnnom nanpehnnany, raxopehn ona xoia nonn pyrannsannin 6 Cn. Ipnropnie Hanama, C)oeo v ooopauv ceeumeuux ucuxacma, 1,3,42 9 ersncrennnie. V rom cmo cmncny Xerenonom merononorniom ocmnmanana nonecno-nnococxe nnmensnie, npnnnxenn mncaonom npemenonany xoie yxnna nperpane rsn. apxanunor n canpemenor, opahaiyhn nenopennny cnary naxne na came canpxaie mncaonnx npernocranxn rparana sa ncrnnom y camom rom npemencxom norahany. Hennne camocrannnx nnsona iennnnna xoie npnnanaiy xpyronnma caunnennm no cponnocrn n yunanene y nncrnene nnsone, cacnnm nac xonxperno none no saxyuxa o apxeonomxom carnenanany nncrnyiyher y nepnrama cnera, y xoinma nocmarpana came napann nneia onnxyie cxemare ynnna nnn onpenene xareropnie onronornie cnnxe. Xnne cnnxe y yncxom ymy xoie mnmene onpema nocpenonannm onpehenocrnma, n nae cnenoue n npncyrnocrn cymrnne, na cy sanpano ro cnernann cnoonnnx nyxonnnx xperana ncnianannx on came ncrnne onora mro iecre n nna. Honepene npema anocroncxom cnenoueny /Xeren: Andenken-Andacht/ ie onmepeno ynyhnnane n xao raxno cnia onom cnernomhy xoia caunnana normaronomxo npnencrno y nonono onpemennm n ycpenorouennm pasmarpannma nainaxnninx crnapn nncrnonana. Pocanamna, yrnannom onmre-npnxnahena rymauena nmaiy nenocrarax onemranocrn n cnoamnocrn c osnpom na camy npenmernocr xoiom ce ane, mro nm naie n cnoamnn yrncax nexepnocrn n camonononocrn. Taxohe n nnma aroncxn cynporcranene reopnie y ncroi pannn pacnnpyiy epncrnuxe cxnonocrn, a nyr npema remarnsannin (ounrnenno n sa nnx rex nepanno naxehoi), a sanpano ycnyr sarpnanaiyhnx nyrena no enomena xoin ocraiy anonnmnn, noraha ce xao nncxypc ynyuen y camnm crnapnma cnoamne cnpxe. One iacno yxasyiy na noropna sanemapnnana enomenonomxor nepna nnrepnperarnnne penenrnocrn y nocrnsanannma nonmana nsnopnnx snauena ranopcxor cnerna, xpos penexcniy crnapnocrn o xoioi xasyiy, ynyhn na y nnma ne ynxnnonnme nyxonno nsrpahen ynnn xoin ie sa ry penenrnocr neonxonan ycnon nocroiana. Anonorern yonmre nncy nnn y roi mepn nenpniarecxn pacnonoxenn npema nnoconin na n cne cnonnnn na reprynniancxy nnxoromniy maxcnmanncrnuxor onannnana cnera y xopncr ancypnnocrn nepe. Jom ie Teonn Anrnoxnicxn cpuano ymeo na xaxe, noxaxn rn menn npno cnor uonexa n ro xaxan ie on mro ce rnue npnnna, na hy onna n ia mohn na rn noxaxem cnora Fora. Jep npernocranxa na Fora nema, na na ra onna naa iom n nsmnmarn, n cnnune nonorapnie, nanase ce y cnaxnom pacxopaxy ca yncxnm xapaxrepom oncycrna cnaxe moryhnocrn noncehana na ro xo ie, mra ie, n uemy nna, nopannanaiyhn cne npennocrn. Vronnicxo oxperane ynyhnocrn ns ror nnnoxpyra saopannno ie na noimn n came nncrnene moryhnocrn onor mro ie npomno, na rnme nnie y crany na sanonie onronopnnie ornapane npema ynyhnocrn y xoioi n nanpenax y nnnnnnsonanocrn (''ymom onyxonenoi npnponn''- Husserl), xpos ornapane npocropa sa oe camopasymenane n cnoicrnennin xnnor, nonpasymenao n saxrenao n nsnopnnia mepnna. Hama ie cnecr rnme y cnoioi narocrn nnme cnecr cnera, raxo na xpos cnonn cner casnaiemo nnme o camnma cen, na on anrpononomxnx momenara nexe pernonanne onronornie naa naunnnrn ncxopax npema xopnsonry nnrana o nncrnonany (onom mro iecre) xpos ynnne y uonexono mecro y npnponn n ycnone xoin my ry omoryhanaiy xnnor, na n rnme crynnnn na rno ncropnicxor xnnora. Fanene npaxrnxama mornnannonor nonamana yncrna on crapnne raxo orxpnna nnrepnperarnnno rno npnnpeme sa cycper ca onnm mro camo npeme nsnyrpa nocn, n mro xpos ynyhnocr nanonasn, ne nncrnyiyhn nnrne cnoa nnn onocrpano npomnom n canamnem, nnaue ce ynana y npsnno xono xoie nocn merononomxn anapxnsam n nnxnnnsam. Hoiana-enomen rnme sa enomenonomxn npncryn nma snauai npnnnxanana camoi nsnopnocrn nncrnonana, ri. cmncao npenmernocrn xoia ce nyrem reopnicxor pacneranaa cycpehe ca cnoinm npernocranxama xoie nx n omoryhanaiy na nnma cnoicrnen naunn. Baa ce cernrn n cnernor npnmepa iennor on pannx anonorera, cn. Jycrnna unnocoa, xoin ie raxohe npyxno pyxy mncaonom nncxypcy n noceno narnacno 10 naxnocr opasonanor nonmana crnapn. 3a nera ie npecynno rymauene ncrnne n nena samrnra, ne nopnuyhn npn rome npano narancxoi nnoconin na ce nasnna mynpomhy, ann ie npxao na ie ona nnxer pena on xpnmhancxe. Xpnmhancxa nnoconia canpxn ynnnepsannocr nsnocehn mynpocr iennocrannnm n cnnma pasymnnnm xasnnanem, xoiy narancxa ne nocenyie, caonmranaiyhn ncrnny n cmncao xnnora y remxo nocrynnoi opmn. Moryhe ie, npema cn. Jycrnny unnocoy nennmnuno casnane Fora n y narancxom nncxypcy, npexo pasopnrocrn, npannunocrn n uonexoynnocrn, ann es Foxnier napa nnn xapnsme, nnie moryhe `nrn yxpamen` /xrxoourvoc/ Cnernm Pyxom. Cmarpao ie na Hnaronono nnhene crnapana cnera nrexaxo nma ncnpannnx nneia, xao n nerono yuene o nymn xao `cponnoi` c Forom raunnm ne camo y neronoi nnoconin, neh n y noronem nnaronnsmy7. Kaxo nyma nema camocranny ersncrennniy, nncxo Apncrorenonoi samncnn enrenexnie xoiy omoryhana Tnopan, Hnaronony ncnxo-ecrercxy reopniy o cehany n npncehany na nneie on ie nrexaxo ncrnnao xao snauaian momenar xoncrnrynnie noimona o Foxancxom, cmennie n on mnornx rsn. nnaronnuapa nspasno ie ynepene na ie: Ho:ov urv yoo, c ovo0rv xo:rnu0c xoi :o rv ouoovoic ov:o uruo0ixc xoi rooxc :ov ov:o: Orov rv :n uoori ouoio rivoi ryri.8 Hpemna nnx narpenor cymracrna nncrnonana n nnie nainnme onpehene, ono nnie n mano iep anamnecrnuxn nonpxana nymenno nponcxohene npncehannma na cner nneine crnapnocrn n nocehn nemniypmxn snax (n Bacnnnie Bennxn neoma ie ynaxanao Hnaronon rnopauxn npncryn nnheny nopexna cnera n cnera mro iecre n nna). Cehane ie ono xoie nymy nesyie sa noimone n nanaxe mnmene, raxo na ie sa cn. Jycrnna unnoconia, yncrnny, nainehe naro n y nainehoi xon Fora uacrn, ona nac iennna Bemy nonn n npenopyuyie, a onn xoin cy ce noi nocnernnn sancra cy naxenn. Bra ie nnoconia n ca xora ie pasnora nocnana ynnma, sa mnore ie nenosnaro - nnaue ne n nocroiann n nnaronnuapn n cronuapn n nepnnarernuapn n 7 Komenrap Cnnopona na cpennn nnaronnsam ns xor ie xpyra neponarno nornnao yunre, xao n nerono pasnnxonane npema xapnsmarnunocrn on xpnmhancxnx nperxonnnxa, cacnnm ie ynyran: Baa na ce onenn na cy canpemennnn ca cn. Jycrnnom xao npencrannnnn raxosnanor "cpenner nnaronnsma," na npnmep Hymennie n Annn, nspannnn y uonexy "nne nyme": nnmy (oxancxy, xoia npnnna cepn ymonocrnxyher nncrnonana, pasymny n nary) n nnxy (xnnorny, xoia ce onnocn na onacr uynnor nncrnonana, nepasymny n "sny"), nonpasymenaiyhn na npyra nma npyrauniy "cymrnny" (ouoio), on npne, mana ie n recno nonesana c nom. Hpnponno ie na y nepcnexrnnn onronapaiyhe ncnxonornie camo npna nyma yne "cponna" c Forom, a na ie npyra nonpnmnna cnoiy cymrnny on rena. Bnnn.: Deuse W. Untersuchungen zur mittelplatonischen und neuplatonischen Seelenlehre. - Wiesbaden, 1983. - S. 62-94 8 Jep ie Hnaron, xao saxnahen ropnnm, n na neecnma cne nsyuno n npernenao, re nainnmer Fora y narpenom cymracrny nncrnonan xasnnao. /Jycrnn unnoco: Vra;ame+ ;a Je)uue; npema PG Vol. VI, Cohortatio ad Graecos, cap. 6B, p. 254/ On cacnnm nopo npxn na ie Apncroren Hnaronone mncnn iom iacnnie n nnnnnnie ysnnrao, ann my samepa mro y ncxonnmry sacryna moryhy nnonauennocr - Fora c ienne n marepnie c npyre crpane, rne naxon Fora nncy nneie nero `nexaxnn mnmenn oronn xasnnann`. Cnmonnsannia noroc ca yncxom nymom raxo c ienne crpane samnmena xao ecmprna n neunro noxperna rpnn ocamocraene on npnonauennor Fora n moryhy nsonanniy, a c npyre xao nponannna ca ncxyuenem nornuxor nena xoin ie neycmprnn, nenoxperna n na noncrnue cna xperana. Ocamocrannana re npcre cy neycxnanna ca norocom iep ncxyuyiy sanncnocr on rnopna xoin ca onyxnmanem xnnora nnmana n ra cnoicrna nymennocrn eneprnie n npncyrnocrn, na on rnpnn: Jennno ie For nepohen n nenponannn n sor rora n iecre For, a cne ocrano nsa nera ie poheno n nponannno. 3or rora nyme ymnpy n nnaiy xaxnene nomro, na cy nepohene, ne n rpemnne, nnrn n nne nepasopom ncnynene, nnrn ce nnamnne na nonono nocraiane xpape, nn noponono npenasnne y cnnne, smnie, nce, nnrn n nx npanna na ro npnmopanana - na cy nepohene. Jep, na ie nepoheno cnyuaino, iennaxo nnn ncro onome mro ie poheno, ne n ce no cnasn, nn no npennocrn morna narn npennocr iennom nan npyrnm. Crora nema mnoro crnapn xoie cy nepohene. A na mehy nnma nocroin nexa pasnnxa, ne moxem orxpnrn rparaiyhn sa yspoxom re pasnnxe, neh nenpecrano ycmepanaiyhn mncao xa ecxonaunom, iennom hem ce, nocne nanpesana, saycrannrn na Onome mro ie iennno nepoheno n pehn na ie Ono yspox cnera. Je nn ro, "pexox", nsmaxno Hnarony n Hnraropn?" - rn mynpn ynn exy sa nac nonyr snna n rnphane nnoconie. /Jycrnn unnoco, uuia)oe c Tpudouo+, rn. 5./ 11 nnraroponnn - ynyhn na ie ono snane iennncrneno...9 V rom cmncny ie xpnmhancxa mynpocr oxancxa rnopennna, sa pasnnxy on narancxnx xoie cy onuno yncxe, c rnme na cy ienpeicxn npoponn cnoia yuena nsnarann mnoro npe noiane rpuxe nnoconie, mro ne snaun na mehy rnm nnema noianama nema ysaiamne xapmonnie. Hosnar ie n neron cran na `cne mro ie nno xo pexao nopo, npnnana nama xpnmhannma`, raxo na cy n Moicnie Foronnnan n Hnaron nnoco carnennnn xao opyhe Foxnie Hpomncnn, a cne mro ce pannie norahano nna ie camo npnnpema sa noiany xpnmhancrna n naanor yuena. On ie npnn noncronehnnao noiam Horoc ca Cnnom Foxninm Hcycom Xpncrom (1 Anon. 64, 5)10, n ne cnomnnyhn Jenanhee no Cn. An. Jonany, a npn rome ie nsneo nanexocexan cran n sa norony nnoconiy, na `cnn onn xoin cy xnnenn carnacno ca norocom, iecy xpnmhann, maxap nx cmarpann n esoxnnnnma, xao Coxpara nnn Xepaxnnra`. Ca onnm cnoinm cranom Jycrnn nnie nenonao camo nomnpnno, neh n xao npann snanan crnapn. To ie opahane naxne na ono mro ie Anrycrnn nasnao nnmnm pasymom, neo nyme xoin npenasnnasn pannonanna nonmana ynomanaiyhn mynpocr (ri. casnana npen xoinma neunocr nonia nocena oenexia xoia ce remxo naiy nperounrn y xareropnie n cxeme npnxasa), na camnm rnm n ne mory na yny npenmer rsn. ncnxonomxnx oncepnannia. Pasym ne moxe na noxaxe crnapane cnera y npemeny ca cnrypnomhy, re apncrorenona nsnonomxa pasmarpana cnyxe na ce yxopaun y nspaxanane xpnmhancxor cxnarana cnera nnrenexryannnm cpencrnnma, iep rex cnennianncrnuxa casnana ocnehena nepom omoryhanaiy ysnnsane no nnmer pasyma. On ie ocnehen nepom ysnnrnyr nsnan cnera nenocpennnx /nsnuxo-mexannuxnx/ yspoxa n oxpenyr cepn Foxnie ecxonaunocrn npexo anena ynyrpamnnm cnpxama n nnannnm yspoxom crnapnocrn. Horoc ie ynyrapna peu xoia neuno nocroin y Fory n nocpennnx ie npema uonexy (na uemy ce sacnnna n remenn npncryn nnoconin n xon unnona Anexcannpnicxor), a mro nonpasymena na For ns onocrpanocrn ocrnapyie cnoiy nesy ca cnerom nocpencrnom onoromena xpos Cnna, ca xoinm ro onoromene sanonia camocranny panan oncranxa 9 Jycrnn unnoco, uuia)oe c Tpudouo+, rn. 2. unnoconia n xao reonornia nna anronnepenrna y norneny iennncrna snana o nainnmnm crnapnma (Hnaronona n Apncrorenona pemena, re cronuxa n nononnaronnuxa, neoapncrorenocxa), mro Cnern Jycrnn cacnnm npnmepeno crnapnma n nnnn. Mehyrnm ncronernocr xpos pasnnxe raxohe nnie nenpnxnarnno pemene, xoie ie y nonnie npeme cymrnncxn nonpxanao n Fenenero Kpoue y cnoinm nornuxnm pacnpanama o Xerenonoi nnoconin (nnnn: A. M. Herponnh, Ecmemura, H. Can, 2008., crp. 281-290) 10 Mana ie camo cranonnmre ayropa nomano neonpeheno, nnax ie rnpnna xoia ce nocrnxe cacnnm rauna: Xpncroc ie naxne npnnnnn xoin oyxnara, xoncrnrynme n oiamnana ynnnepsym: xpnmhancrno nynn am ono mro rpaxe rpuxn nnocon. Teopnia o `norocy`, onaxo xaxo ie pasnniena xon cronxa, nana ie ocnony sa nerono oiamnene na cy rpuxn nnocon nomnn ronnxo nnsy ncrnne npe nero mro `noroc` Foxnin nocrane reno y nnunocrn Hcyca Xpncra. Homro `noroc` oyxnara n onpxana cner n cnaxo nhe y cnery nocenyie cnoi `noroc`, nocroin `ceme noroca` y crnapany. Onai `cemenn noroc`, xaxo ie nasnana Jycrnnona reopnia, oiamnana samro cy rpuxn nnocon ycnenn na nahy ncrnny iom npe nonacxa Xpncronor. Ha rai naunn Jycrnn ce xpehe y nna pasnnunra npanna: npno, noxasyie na ie cne mro ie ncnpanno y iennncxoi nnoconin nonn nopexno on Xpncra; npyro, nesyie Fora Horoca sa cner raxo recno, na ie reonornia moryha camo na ocnony iennncxe nnoconie. Taxo ce reonornia cymrnncxn norunnana nnoconin n noiam Fora nocraie sanncran on cxnarana cnera. /Jonan 3nsniynac, Je)uuu;a+ u xpuuhaucmeo: Cycper nna cnera, Frn., 2008., crp. 138/ Baa npnmernrn xaxo nan sanncnocrn on cxnarana cnera moxe na ce opmnpa n cacnnm neyennn, a cnaxaxo n no mnoro uemy cymnnn noiam Fora. Vocranom, na ie ro moryhe camo opmnpanem onpehennx reonorymena npema onaxnnm nnn onaxnnm npannnnma, nna n nam nornyno nenorpena cnoona xoiy nam ie For nao npnnnxom crnapana, a n neno anonorera n noronnx reonora y cnoi ncropnin ienan nonpnnnuno nyxcysan rpomax npemena, xao n cna ncropnicxa ncxycrna xoia cy ycnehnnana. Pan na nonmany crnapn mox na ce xnannnxyie xao sanynan, ann on cnrypno nonpnnocn aprymenrannin xaxnor ie xapaxrepa n pacnerana apem mra sancra n snaun onpxnnocr ror noima (nnnn n xn. A. M. Herponnh, Hcnucu uac)eha, H. Can, 1996., crp. 87-170) 12 (Jycrnn unnoco, 2 Anon. 10, 8). Pahaiyhn n nsronapaiyhn ry cymrnncxy Peu /Aoyoc/, For nnmra ne ryn on cnoie cymrnne, iep ce ona nsronapanem ne ymanyie, na ie pahane peun no Fory cnnuno npenanany cnernocrn on ienne yxrnne npyroi. Hneia noroca raxohe ie mnoro ronopnna n opasonanom narannny, raxo na ie yxasano na moryhnocr cnaiana rpuxe nnoconie ca anonorercxnm nacnehem, a moryha acnmnnannia ror nena narancxe xynrype raxohe ie nsnpmena ca crpane xpnmhancxnx mncnnnana n yynyhe he snaunrn npno xpnrnxy pacnonoxnnnx noimona, a rex onna moryhnocr yxnanana y ynnnepsannocr xpnmhancxor yuena. On nera ce ncrnncxo xpnmhancxo yuene nonma xao nnoconia n yxe camoonpehyie xao reonornia, ca unme ce onn nesaonnasnn noimonn anrnuxe nnoconie nennnrnnno ynone y rpannnniy enponcxor nyxa n xao nnxonn meracyiexrnnnor nyxa. Hcropnococxn npncryn Cn. Apeonarnra mncrnunoi reonornin, nmao ie ornopen xopnsonr n panan npanan sa paspany reme y cnncy onor nsyserno opasonanor nnsanrnicxor reonora, pohenor para Cn. Bacnnnia Bennxor, xoin my ie namenno oiamnena nspymena no xpncranne iacnocrn. Mncrnuxa reonornia raxo ne moxe na ce pasymena xao nexaxan nponyxr heona opasonanor nnrenexryanna, xoin ns cen snannx pasnora nocn n npnnecax na xome ce ncrnue na xohe iom na yne ys ocrano n nooxan, nero na ro nenyie ynpano ns nooxnocrn xoia nonn ycanpmanany y npnnnama n crnue nsnopno ncxycrno mnmena n nncrnonana, npema xome saxnara onpannane npanne opnienrannie y nponynnanom saxnarany crnapn. V rom cmncny n cnnc Xpncra Janapaca Apeonaeum u Xaioeeep, yxasyie na enomenonomxy nnmensniy y xoioi ce cycpehy mncnn xoie nene nexonn, nanme na ne am anocrponpany ann nnax iacno nsnnoieny nnmensniy xycepnoncxor npenasnnaxena ncnxonornsma, rne ie sa ycnemno ocrnapnnane nsnopne namepe neonxonna ennnennnia xoia ocnerana npnmnrnnno rpahen cmncao. 3a Apeonarnra Foxnia noiannnana cy reoannie xao ncrynana, nanpenonana n npahana y peny npomncnn, rne ie c yncxe crpane npncryn rom `nenpncrynaunom cnerny` nyr npnnne nnn snana xoia cy oxynena oxo nopa. Popo ie npe cnera crnapane onor `mro iecre nainenme`, a ro ie xpearnnna cnara nneinor ycrpoianana cnera, xoia ie Fnarocnon Henore, ns xoie nenocrnnocrn nornue cne mro moxe na ce nonn n ocmnmana cny ersncrennniy xnnora y cnery.11 Henora ie nosnnane Foxnie na ersncrennniy (xao xon Hnarona nnn Hpoxna) n ro xpos nonanane cnare npnnnaunocrn nnaronnuxe nneie 11 V onom norneny, neron nnaronnsam ie cacnnm npnponno yxnonen y nnococxy rpannnniy: Hpennnno n Henora ne mopaiy na ce pasnnxyiy y Bnxonom cne y ienno canpyhem yspoxy. Jep nenehn nx npnmennno na cne nocroiehe, na yuecrnonane n yuecrnyiyhe, npennnnnm nasnnamo ono, mro yuecrnyie na Henorn, a nenorom yuemhe na yspoxy xoin unnn nennm cnaxy nenory. Hpecymracrneno nax npexpacno nasnna ce Henorom saro, mro ce on nera npnonmrana ono nnacrnro sa cnaxo ouapanane cnera nocroieher; n saro mro ie ono yspox naroycrpoienocrn n npeona cnera n cnnuno cnernocrn nsnyuyie sa cne nennm nenarne npenoce ncrnuyher cniana; na oryn mro ono cne cen npnnnaun, orxyn ce n nasnna nenorom, n saro mro ono y cnemy nanonn na ncronpemenocr. Hpexpacno ie ono xao npenenora n neuno nocroiehe na ienan n ncrn naunn n nasna neno; ne nacraiyhe n nenponannno, neyspacraiyhe, nenpecraiyhe, ne y neuem npeneno, a y npyrom esnnuno, nn y iennom npemeny raxno, a y npyrom npemeny npyraunie, nn no onnocy npema iennom npeneno, a y onnocy na npyro esnnuno, nn onne ienno, a ramo npyro, nn nexom npeneno, a nexom nnie npeneno (Hnaron, Io;oa 211c.), ann xaxo ie camo no cen n camo ca coom iennonnnno, neuno npennaiyhn npexpacnnm, n xao npensonnno n onpannie y cen nmaiyhn on Bera ncrnuyhe ouapanane cnera npenenor. Taxo y npocroi naruynnoi nenorn cnaxa nenora n cnaxo ouapanane n cne npennnno iennonnnno npennocroie xao y yspoxy. Hs ror npennnnor cnemy nocroiehem ie naro na yne neno y onronapany ca nnacrnrnm noimom, re saxnayiyhn npennnnom nponcxonn cxnarane, yan n onmrene cnnx, n cne ce y npenenom oiennnana, a npennnno ie naueno cnara xao crnapanauxn yspox, xoiy n noxpehe cne yonmre ciennnanaiyhn yany npema nnacrnroi ouapanocrn; ono ie n onpehene cnera n yeno, xao yspox xoin nononn no canpmencrna, iep ce pann npenenor cne noianyie, n ysop, iep y carnacnocrn c Bnm cne ce pasrpannuana. 3aro ie Hpennnno ncronpemeno ca Popom, mro cnaxnm nononom cne crpemn Hpexpacnom n Popy, n nema nnuer y nocroiehem, mro ne n yuecrnonano na Henom n Popy. /Cnern Pnonncnie Apeonarnr, ue)a, Feorpan: Mnpocnan, crp. 130-131. (`O ooraucru+ u+euu+a`, rn.4, npr. 7.)/ 13 nenore xao neunor npenmera npnnnaunocrn,12 c rnme mro ie n ona crnap Foxnie noe n Beronnx ycranonnnana. Tnm naunnom ie nrnie y nainehoi mepn nocroino yann xao ono xoie nocn cynepnarnn ersncrenrnocrn, mro nennunnom n cnarom npenasnnasn cne nacrano n nponannno, raxo na nainncryiyhnie nncrnyiyhe nonesyie cnarom iennncrna xpos nocroiancrno nainnme yann ynyrap casnannx ocnona n npaysopnocrn xoie ynanpen npnnpemaiy moryhnocr cyouanana n cycpera c Bnm, xaxo cxonniacr xaxe - `canpmene n neune mncnn neunor Fora`. To ie mncaona cnnxa cnera y Fory xao snax nerone noe xoia ce noxasyie y cnery xao spann n eneprnie mro opmnpaiy nena n nsrnenana crnapn, ann ne raxo na npaysopn ocraiy c ony crpany crnapn, nero na onn xao cnpcncxonnn nnaiy neo cnera xao neronn nocrnsanann nnenn n nocrnrnyha. Ipuxa nnoconia ie na cnoinm npxynnnma capannnna, a ne cnymxnna reonornin; a mnpe oiamnene sa onaxan cran nanasn ce n y nonninm pasmarpannma, xaxo y Xerenonoi 4u)ocoduiu pe)ueuie, raxo n y Havuu )oeure, xoia npnnnnn rpoiennncrna ysnnxe na anconyrnn nnno, ynpxoc nexnm sacrpannnannma xapaxrepncrnunnm sa nerony nnoconiy yonmre. To ie ycnen rora mro ce meransnxa n nornxa xon nera iennaue y noimy noroca, nanasehn cnoie nocnenne ynopnmre ynpano y craposanernom yueny o Peun Foxnioi, xao n nonosanernom yueny o onannoheny xoie nna nonmano iennom cnoiom crpanom xao orxpnnane n nyna xonxpernsannia noroca y ncropnin. On rora nnie onycrao nn Fenenero Kpoue y 20. nexy ca mnoxnnom cnoinx nacranaua y Hrannin, a o pycxoi nnoconin na ueny ca Bnannmnpom Cononionnm n Hannom Anexcannponnuom unopencxnm, npexo Anexceia ueonoponnua Hocena n neronnx nacranaua Cepreia Anepnnnena, Hanena Foixa, Onera Cymnna, Anexceia Tamuniana, Hnernne Pauene, Cepreia 3mnixnoncxor, xao n mnornx npyrnx. Hpenenenn rexcronn cy nsop cneroorauxnx cnnca xao nnycrparnnan npnmep mncaonocrn ynn, xoin cy on uernpror no uerpnaecror nexa napannrmarnuno ocmnmanann npocrop mncanor nanopa n cmncna anena reonorniom y Hcrounom Pnmcxom Hapcrny, Pomein nnn Bnsanrnin. Cnnc Cn. Ipnropnia Hncxor, pohenor para Cn. Bacnnnia Bennxor n Bnannxe nonnca Hnce, o npnonocranany cneronnocrn cnera xao ncrnnnror n iennor y neronom iennncrny, xoie xao npernocranxa cneonmrocrn nonmana saxrena ynynnane y ro iennncrno na nnnoy nneinor nocrnsana npnonrne ncrnne, xasyie na mynnanocr ynnnepsannia nmaiy sa npernocranxy iennncrno cymrnne Tpn Hnna Foxnia, nnn na Cn. Tpoinna unne ony iennncrneny npernocranxy nacxonnxe ymnocrn xocmnuxnx nnmensnia, na xoioi n nounna cne mro iecre n nna: Mana nn Herpa nn Hanna nn Bapnany ne nasnnamo rpnma cymrnnama, iep ienna ie n ncra cymrnna rnx rpniy nnunocrn: nnn cnaxy xasyiemo sa cymrnny, xaxne cy Oran, Cnn n Cnern Pyx, na nx ycnen cnera nasnnamo iennnm Forom, maxap n ocymrnnene nnnenn noiennnaune nnunocrn, npnnncxn n cnecno iennor sonemo For, axo n nepyiemo y nncrnonane cnaxor 12 Pymn ie nax cnoicrneno, xao npno, xpyxno xperane, naponana ioi ie cnoconocr na nsnasn ns cee nanoe n ncronpemeno na caopasn cnoie ymne cnne xao no nexom xpyry, mro ioi naie ncrpainocr, re onnpaha on mnomrna rora, mro ie ynyrap ne, n ornouerxa ycpenorouyie na cee, a sarnm, no mepn onor, xan nocraie iennonnnna, oiennnana ca iennncrneno oiennnanaiyhnm cnnama n na rai naunn nononn no Henor n Popa, Koie ie nsnan cnera nocroieher, Jenno, ncronpemeno, ecnouerno n ecxonauno. Pyma ce xpehe no cnnpann xana ce na noi onronapaiyhn naunn osapn oxancxnm snanem xoie nnie ymcrneno n oiennnanaiyhe, neh pasymno n nsianyiyhe, nonyr nomemannx n npenasehnx eneprnia. A no npann, xana ne nsnasehn ns cee n ne ynyhn noxperna ca oiennnanaiyhom pasymnomhy (ri. xao mro pexox, no xpyry), ona nsnasn nsnyrpa xa rome, mro ie yoxpyr ne, a sarnm cnoa, xaxo n on mnoxnne nexnx pasnonnxnx cnmnona, nna nohena xa iennocrannom n nenonnrom casnany. /Cnern Pnonncnie Apeonarnr, ue)a, Feorpan: Mnpocnan, crp. 131-132. (`O ooraucru+ u+euu+a`, rn.4, npr. 9.)/ 14 Fora, xpos saiennnmrno cymrnne. Jep xao mro xpos pasnnxonane Ona, Cnna n Cneror Pyxa ronopnmo o rpn Hnna, raxo npemna ce ne pasnnxyie Oran on Cnna n Cneror Pyxa no cymrnnn, xasyiemo ienno nncrnonane Ona n Cnna n Cneror Pyxa. Jep axo cy ynyrap pasnnxe Tpoinna xpos pasnnxe, onne ie ncro, iennocr xpos ncronernocr: ncronernocr Hnna ie npema cymrnnn, a ienno naxaxo camo no cymrnnn. Axo ie npema cymrnnn iennocr Cnere Tpoinne, iacno ie na ie n nme no Fory. Jep iacno ie na ro nnie nemro camo npnnpyxeno on cymrnne (iacno na npemna ie neonmnmeno n nesaxnaheno on Foxancxe cymrnne), nero na yxasyie na ny, xao npnnannocr nexom cnoicrny, re nonexan onn ynorpenn n sacmeianaiyhn nspasn sancra npnponno xasyiy osnauanaiyhn npnpone, npemna cy nspasn. To ie cana nspas neune cymrnne, xoin ie Oran n Cnn n Cnern Pyx, na ce cne nansnpe n nocmarpa n casnaie, ne iennno nacrana nena, nero n ona mro ce nanase y ymy, a xoie ie ienno onocrpano cymrnnn, xaxo n n ysponn y cnemy npnnannn cnemy caunnenom n xao n cnoicrneno cnemy caunnenom rocnonapno. Connonomxo-xynrypnn cnnc Hpomoe ;e)euaua y xome ce onnyuno ocyhyiy nosaimnne ys xamary xao orahene na pauyn cnpomamnnx y remxnm npemennma nnn snoynorpey npana on xor ce ynehana npnnarno nnacnnmrno, xaxo ie ro pannie opmynncao n Cn. Amnpocnie, cnoienpcran `nononnyx y nnxy nomohn`. Cynpocranene mopanne maxcnme xao nspas nomronana Foxninx sanonecrn nmaiy cnoie norxpenene y npeiemcrny anocroncxe peun: nosaimyire n on rora nnmra ne ouexyire (Jee. no Cn. An. Hyxn /8,13/). Houerax raxnor norarcrna cnrypno ce xpnie y nenpannn: Hpasan ie n camoxopncran xnnor nnxnapa. He nosnaie on nanop opane seme nn ymeha rpronana, neh cenn na iennom mecry xpanehn y orpann xnnornne. On xenn na sa nera cne pacre es ceiana n nere; nnyr ie xon nera nepo, noe xaprnia, cemene macrnno, xnma npeme, nnononn xoin ce nenpnmerno npahaiy nocnenn nonan, xon nera ie cpn ncxane nonna, rymno nom y xome sahyrn nocen yrnerennx (necpehom). Ha cne mro npnnana npyrom rnena xao na cnoie. Xenn ynnma nenoy n necpehy na n no nenon nonasnnn nemy, a mpsn one xoinma ie cnoie nonono n nomryie nenpniarea xoin nema nyr xon nera. Cnncn O ooraucru+ u+euu+a, Taiaucmeeuo ooeoc)oe+e n Huc+a pa;uu+ )uuu+a nnsanrnicxor mncnnona ns mecror nexa, Pnonncnia Apeonarnra, xoier ie nenorpeno nasnnarn Hceyno-Pnonncniem iep ie npeyseo nme Cn. Pnonncnia Apeonarnra ns npnor nexa naxon pohena Xpncronor (nanme, moryhe ie na ce raxo nmenonao ns ysopne nocnehenocrn xoiy n nanac npaxrnxyiy xpnmhann, na nx ne sonemo Hceyno-Hopnpnie, Hceyno-uornie, Hceyno-Hpnnei nrn.), npencranaiy naion npnmep nsysernor npncnaiana anrnuxe nornxe n meransnxe y xpnmhancxy rpannnniy xoia rnme ne nocraie nnococxn npnrannna, npexpnnena n necrpyncana no oryhenocrn, nero ienna nsyserna cnmnosa nepe n pasymenana nennx npenmernocrn, cexyhn no nanpacraiyhe cnnrese ynnnepsannnx nopmn nnn cacnnm oenonanene mnmenem anconyrne nneie. Beponarno nacroiehn na yenn nononnaronnuape arncxe mxone y onpxnnocr normarnuxe aprymenrannie, y mncaony nynny nsnopnnx xpnmhancxnx yuena, Apeonarnr nnie narannsonao xpnmhancrno, nero ie xpnmhancxnm yuennma nonapno nnn cnexynarnnne nornxe xoiy cy nsrpahnnann xao nony reonorniy n cnannn Kananoxninn. V roi nonni reonornin Cn. Ipnropnie Hanama iom ie nnme nornprao snauai mncaone orocnonnie raiancrnenocrn xoia ce mnpn ns cnenouancrna rpoinne Anocrona o Forouoneuanxom Tanopcxom cnerny, xoie ie ncnianaxo ns rena Iocnona Hcyca Xpncra, ynyhn na ie nna nnnnna camo nnma xoin cy oyuanann ym na ie nnne, a ne n oxonnnm nacrnpnma nnn crannma onana xoia ry ymny npernocranxy nncy nmann, na Ia nncy nn onaxann. Cacnnm xomnarnnnnn cnncn Cn. Ipnropnia Cnnanra cnenoue o yneny mncaonnx xomnerennnia xoie ie norpeno ncnynanarn na n ce nocrnrna cpnaunocr rsn. Hcycone monnrne, xao ycnon nene ncnpannocrn n moryhe nenornopnocrn (mro n npernocranana n Apncrorenona ncnxonomxa noernxa) / Hpncycrno Hmena Foxnier y Hcyconoi monnrnn 15 npencrana nen reonomxn, onnocno xpncronomxn reme. Hon nmenom ce nonpasymena unrana nnunocr nnna ca cnnm nennm xapaxrepncrnxama, re ce npnnnxom npnsnnana neunier nmena onpncyrnyie nnne xoie ra nocn. 3a Hme Hcyca Xpncra, an. Hanne nnme na ie Hme xoie ie nsnan cnaxora nmena (unn. 2, 9); nox ie an. Herap onronapaiyhn npen Cnnenpnonom naneo na ce uonex moxe cnacnrn iennno H+euo+ Hcyca Xpncra (Pan. 4-17)/, re n ncronernnm cacnnm opronoxcnnm `ncnxacrnuxnm ynepennma` /ynyrap opronoxcnor ncnxasma ooeoc)oe+e ce ne cxnara xao pannonanna nenyxnnia npemnca npeysernx ns Cn. Hncma nnn onpehenor exnncniannor yuena, neh ie ro naronarna reopnia (nneia =nnhene, einoc crnapn) ynaxenor cnernrea (ncrnncxor xpnmhannna) xoia iecre oprnnanna, ann ie ynex y cxnany ca Cn. Hncmom n Hpenanem Hpxne. Xpnmhancxo orxpnnene raxo nnie orpannueno na napue ncnncanor nannpa, maxap neron canpxai ncnncao Anocron nnn nennncao Baceencxn caop, nero nnrponarnia n merponarnia canpxaia axrnnnn noxnnai Foxnie npncyrnocrn y cnery xao axrnnnn noxnnai sanonian xpos xnnor y Hpxnn, na ocnony xora cn. Onn rpane cnoie reonomxe cncreme. Orxpnnene iecre nnnamnuno, ann ne moxe ce pehn xaxo nocroin enonynnia y canpxaiy nepe. Kana ie peu o normarcxnm ncrnnama y xoinma ce nanase nsnecnn noimonn (nnp. ooooio, Osoko n r. n.) xoinx nema y Cnerom Hncmy Honor 3anera, camo ie nnxona nepanna opmynannia nonnna, nox ie canpxai noima y cymrnnn opmnpan npema sanernom cnony, Onome xoin ie pexao `As Jecm Cymuni`, o xoinma cnenoun n neron `Ionop na Hpeopaxene`, cacnnm canpemen n nyn ynyrpamner ciaia onpemen `reopnicxnm cxnarannma reonornxe`, na mnconom nynnnom `Anconyrnor nneinor npeona` cnernn ynyhnm nsyuanaonnma nonosanerne nponenenrnxe, epmenenrnxe n erserese. Hcrnnane snauaia pecnnparnnnor enemenra npnnnxom monnrnenor npnsnnana Hmena Foxnier nocroin n y ncnamy, xao n y npyrnm pennrniama. Mehyrnm, rpea narnacnrn na monnna ncnxacre ne nonpasymena ayromarcxo nonohene no xeenor mncrnuxor crana, naxne, nnie marnicxor xapaxrepa, n nnie cama cen nn13. Haunn nncana ie crnap rexnnxe xoiom ce ycnemnnie npmn monnrnocnone pann npnnpeme sa yuecrnonane y mncraromxom xnnory Hpxne. Oryn naa pehn na ncnxacra xopncrn acxercxe nemrnne xao nponenenrnuxe nexe, pann ocrnapena saiennnne ca Iocnonom n cnnma cnernma, na cy re nexe cnerorainncxor xapaxrepa nnn oiexrnnnsyiyhe cnoicrno saiennnuxor n ncnpannor; onor mro ie onmre n npe cnera noimnno, norocno ri. norocnonornuno. Xpncronenrpnsam snaun ony noroconornunocr xoia nncnnpnme n re pecnnparopne ynxnnie omanncnxnsma, mro npaxpnuno snaun na n ycamenn monax xao n cnaxn nonnnxnnx c nnma nepconanno ocrnapyie cnoi nyr, ne sanpmanaiyhn y pennrnosnom nnnnnnnyannsmy, nero npenasnnasn ra no pannn nemy moryher oiexrnnnor ooxena. Menamo ce `ns nexa y nex` n ncnxnuxn n nsnuxn no cpennmra `rena rena`, nnn no renecnocrn xoia neno reno oncnyxyie n xpanehn omoryhana na nncrnyie, rne ce ocnocoanamo na uyiemo onai rnac xoin nac nosnna na camoonnocmo pasymenane, no nneino crpyxrynncane nhennrocrn npnsnane nennxnm sonom /Anconyrnor/ Pyxa. 13 Bnnn n: Jonan Maiennop, Ce. Ipueopuie Ha)a+a u npaeoc)aeua +ucmura, Frn 1983, 51-52; ncrn, Bu;aumuicro ooeoc)oe+e, Frn 2001, 10616 Ipnropnje Hncxn, O anno1y Mojcnja saxonoaanna, nnn o canpmenc1ny npnnne 1.1 Ono mro ynren rnenana xoncxnx rpxa noxnnanaiy, xoin on onnx mro cy ce saopannnn, re n on onnx mro ce cacraiy no psnm rpxama, maxap xon rora ne nno nn mano nenocrarxa na y ycpnnocrn ycnopanaiy rpxy /xona/, ns saopannocrn oner my naiy rnac c npxa, cnenehn ra ounma no cnem nonpnmry, na nonehanaiy rexene onnx mro ce xpehy, nnuyhn ncronpemeno na xone, nporexyhn npema nnma pyxe n mamyhn nm. A onn ro ne unne saro na n nm crnapno npnnana noena, nero na n ns nopor pacnonoxena npema raxmnuapnma y xapy ycpnnocrn n rnacom n noxpernma rena nspasnnn cnoie sannmane, na ce xaxe na nonyr neuera unnnm nemro c room xoin mn ie nainpaxn on npyrapa ns parnie, saro mro xana ce neno nonnnsanam ca oxancxnm nacnehem na nonpyuiy npnnne, npema cnopocrn npnsnnam n npnxexyiem /one/ ca psnm ornamanannma (4)n. 3,14), n rnac rn naiem, n noncrnuem re na noxypnm, n monnm re na mapnno npnnynnm cnopocr.14 unnnm ono, ne no nexom nepasymnom pacnonoxeny xoie ce xpehe xa rome, nero xao npema noenom nerery, xenehn na rn ynennm sanonocrno. 1.2 Konnxo mn ie nncmo, xoie rn ie nenanno nocraneno, caonmrnno ry mony, na n rn nonennnn nexo npannno sa canpmen xnnor, ca rnme cam npnsnao sa nonnuno na ynononm cnnma. Maxap n ne nno npyror y peuenom, moryhe ie na ie ynexonnxo sa ree xopncno, na oner na xpaiy ne ocrane ono camo nexopncnnm, na ce pann ree nocnyxnm npnmepom nope nocnymnocrn. Axo npnxnaramo sa nonnuno na samennmo cnoiy nosnnniy onnma pann xonnnxrnnx nyma n sa re crapne nonecemo npnxas npnnncxoi mnanexn, ro ie rnm npe npnponno sa ree na nmam npennocr y nocnenany no nope nocnymnocrn, xana ce rnoia mnanocr non namnm pyxonohenem15 oyuana y nopononoi nocnymnocrn. H o rome ie nonono. 1.3 Hpnpyunmo neh nanomenyro, npnsnnaiyhn Fora na yne nacrannnx y onom caunnenom peunma.16 Hnrao cn me npniarna rnano, na rn onnmem xaxan ie canpmen xnnor, monno cn me nmaiyhn y nnny na na xpaiy casnam na xoin naunn, yxonnxo y ce y peun nahe npnonrno na ce npnnoxe yxasane npre canpmencrna npema cnom nnacrnrom xnnory. A ia oner nncam y cnasn y rome n npyrauniem, na saxyuyiem na xaxo ce oyxnara canpmencrno ymom, raxo ce n noxasyie y xnnory, a ro na nocrnrnem ym nnme ie on moinx cnara. Moryhe ie na nncam iennnn, nero na n mnorn on nennxnx n onnnunnx casnaiy y npnnnn, re na ie cnnuno neno n sa nnx nenpncrynauno. 1.4 Ann na ce ne n npenane mncnn, xaxo n ce, no peunma Hcanmonenna, onn ramo nooiann ns crpaxa [rne ra nema,] (Hc. 13,5); iacnnie rn npencranam cnoiy mncao. 1.5 V cnemy npyrom mro ce mepn uynom, canpmencrno ce orpannuana nexaxnnm nosnarnm onpehennma, na npnmep onnma xoin ce onnoce na 14 Cn. Anocron Hanne y rpehoi rnann Hoc)auuue 4u)un+auu+a ronopn o naxnocrn crpemena npema onom mro ie `npen nnm` xoie ce cacroin y saopanany oxonnor n npomnor, re snany o nenocrnrnyrocrn n necanpmenocrn cxnarana Bacxpcena Iocnonner, xoie noncrnue crpemene sa neronnm nocrnsananem: H rpunm npema nny pann narpane neecxora npnsnana Foxniera y Xpncry Hcycy. (4)n. 3,14) 15 Ipnropnie ie y nexonnxo nanpara cnomnnao cnoiy crapniy no y De inf. qui praem. abr. (MG 46.161B); C. Eun. 2.605, Vol. 1, p. 403, 6-7 (MG 45.1112D); Ref. conf. Eun. 208, Vol. 2, p. 401, 3 (MG 45.561B). 16 Hosnnana na noroc raxohe cy sacrynena y pacnpann: In Hex. (MG 44.68C-D) 17 xonnunny, xohe nn ro nrn mroron nenpecrano n nenno.17 Jep cnaxa mepa xonnunne ce oyxnara nexaxnnm cnoinm onpehennma, na xo nnnn naxar nnn poi necer, rai sna ca unme nounne n ca unme ce sanpmana, re y uemy naa na ce nonpmn canpmencrno. O npnnnn mn snamo npexo Anocrona, na ie xon ne ienno onpehene canpmencrna n na nema iennno onpehena. Jep cam ie mohnn n nennxn no pasymy, oxancxn Anocron, ynex sa npyxane npnnne, /a/ nnxana ce nnie saycranao, npyxaiyhn ce nanpen (4)n. 3,13), iep my nnie nna noysnana npernocranxa y cnem nyry. 3amro? 3aro mro cnaxo nopo no cnoioi npnponn nema onpehene, na ce orpannuana npnnnxananem cynpornocrn18; na npnmep xnnor npema cmprn, a cnerno no ramn. 1.6 H yonmre ce cnaxo nopo sanpmana rnme, mro cen npencranamo ono cynpocraneno nopy. Kaxo mro ie xpai xnnora naueno cmprn, raxo ce n npernocranxa o nyry npnnne unnn nauenom na nocrane nyrem no nopoxy. Hama peu sacnrypno ne naxe, yrnphyiyhn xaxo y npnnnn nnie moryhe nocrnsane canpmencrna. V xpainoi nnnnin noxasano nm ie na ono mro ce sarnapa y onpehena iom nnie npnnna. Vxonnxo cam pexao na ie onome xoin nonn npnnncxn xnnor nemoryhe na nocrnrne canpmencrno, ro he peunma na yne raxo oiamneno. 1.7 Hpnonauenno n y nnacrnrom cmncny nopo ie xoie no cnoioi npnponn nocenyie narocr19, a ro ie camo Foxancrno xoie xana ce ymno npencrnaa no npnponn, ro crnapno n iecre n rnme ce nmenyie. Oryna mro ie noxasano na nema npyror onpehena npnnne, cem nopoxa, a Foxancrno ne nonymra cynpocranenocr, cnenn na ie Foxnia npnpona neorpannuena n neonpennna. Ann onai xoin nne nyrem ncrnncxe npnnne nn y uemy ronnxo ne yuecrnyie xao y Fory, saro mro ie cnecanpmena npnnna20. Kana on onnx mro casnaiy na ie ro neno no npnponn y cnemy noxenom mehynpncycrnyiyhe, a na nema onpehena, rana ce no nyxnocrn canpxanano npnxexnnane npocrnpe y neorpannuenocr, nemaiyhn saycranana. 1.8 Paxne ecnyrno ie cacnnm na ce cnpxa nonnpne, saro mro canpmencrno npema peuenom ne moxe na ce oyxnarn onehennma, a iennno onpehene npnnne ie neonpehenocr. Kaxo n nexo morao na nohe no rpaxenor onpehena, ne nanasehn camo onpehene?21 1.9 Hnie nax nanae na ce noxasyie onmrocr rpaxenor neyxnarnnor ronopa, nna n ro nepnra npema sanonecrn Iocnonnoi, xoia xaxe: nocmauume caepueuu, rao umo ie caepueu Omau eau ueoecru (Mm. 5,48). V rome mro ie npeneno no npnponn, maxap n nnie moryhe nocrnhn cne, sa one xoin nmaiy ym nennxa ie npnnnxa na ce ocrane ne nonnmn nn nennh. 1.10 Can raxan noxasyiyhn rpyn, na ce ne n cacnnm nnmnnn moryher canpmencrna, neh ronnxo on ncror crehn, xonnxo n ynyrap rpaxenor nno canpxano, iep meryhe ie na y cen nmamo nenory 17 Cnnuno n y pacnpann sa Hec+v uao nec+a+a - In Cant. 6, Vol. 6, p. 173, 11ff. (MG 44.885C-D), a ynopnmre nma n y Arist., Categ. 4b20ff. 18 Ha np, y Cf. In Ps. 1.8, Vol. 5, p. 63, 4-5 (MG 44.480A), nenocroiane nopa nocraie rpemno In Eccl. 7, Vol. 5, pp. 406, 16407, 3 (MG 44.725A), cnnuno n cynpornocr sna npema nopy n nenncrnonane npema nncrnonany, re orpannuena xoia cnene sa cynpornocrn, raxohe y Or. cat. 6 (MG 45.28C); C. Eun. 1.167-68, Vol. 1, p. 77 (MG 45.301C). 19 Taxohe n npema Arist., Nicom. Eth., 1157a30. 20 Hpnpona Fora ie ncrnncxo nhe- De an. et res. (MG 46.93B). Cf. Ep. can. (MG 45.224D-225A). Hcrnncxn neno on nnnn iennno nonesannm ca npnnnom, re y onaxnoi npnponn xoioi ie npnnna nsnop. Ty raxohe nema nocpennnxa npnnne n mynpocrn y cmncny cronuxor yuena (J. von Arnim, Stoicorum veterum fragmenta 1. 566), xaxo ie n xon unnona (Ebr. 7; Sac. 135) n Opnrena (Origen, Comm. Jno. 20.13). To ie n orxnon on nononnaronnuapa (Albinus, Didas. 28), ann n nnsnna resn na ie yncxa n oxancxa npnnna ienaxa (Pl., Theaet. 176b.) 21 Ocnona rpainor nanpenonana y npnnnn ie oxancxa ecxonaunocr, mro ie narnameno n y II, 236., a n y Plot., Enn. 6, 7, 32. Kaxo ie nopo neorpannueno, nema nn rpannne sa ynyhnnane y nopo - Cat. or. 21 (MG 45.60A); C. Eun. 1.290, Vol. 1, p. 112, 15-20 (MG 340D); De an. et res. (MG 46.96C-97A); De hom. op. 21 (MG 44.201B-C). 3a cranno nacraiane xynne npema Fory nnnn In Cant. 1, Vol. 6, p. 31, 6-9 (MG 44.777B); 12, Vol. 6, p. 366, 11-20 (MG 44.1036A). 18 pann rora na n nasna xenenn na ie npnannmo mro nnme, a mro ie canpmencrno yncxe npnpone.22 1.11 unnn mn ce nennm na nmamo Hncmo sa rai cnmnon norpee. Jep nerne y npopouancrny Hcanie ronopn rnac Foxnin: noe)eoaime ua Aepa+a oua eauee, u ua Capv roia eac ie poou)a (Hc. 51,2). Taxny sanonecr na xpaiy naie peu onnma xoin nyraiy na nyry npnnne, na n xao na mope onnecenn c npanor nyra xoin nonn npncrannmry, ncnpannnn cnoie norpemno namepanane npema onaxenom snaxy, ynnnenmn nnamen xoin ce nnxe ca nncoxor mecra, nnn npxynan xoin ce orxpnna ca nexe ropne ysnncnne; nonyr npnmepa Cape n Anpama xoin cy nononn npnnpannnn cnoi nyr npncrannmry Foxnie noe onnma, xoin nyne no mopy xnnena ca ymom xoin ie nporpahno xopmnno. 1.12 Jep axo ce yncxa npnpona nenn na mymxn n xenxn non, n sa ooie ie iennaxo npenymreno na nsaepy nyrene npema npnnnn n nopoxy, ran cnaxom neny Foxniom peuiy crora yxasan nnacrnrn opasan npnnne, na n rn n npyrn rnenann na nnma cponne: mymxapnn na Anpama, a npyrn neo na Capy, na n ce oa nona npema nnma cnoicrnennm opacnnma ynpanann npema npnnncxom xnnory.23 1.13 Taxohe n sa nac nno nonono sa namhene nexaxnor uonexa, y xnnory nopor ncxycrna, na n nocnyxno xao cnernonnx n noxasann, xaxo ie moryhe ynecrn nymy y nenomepnno npncrannmre npnnna, ne naiyhn ioi na ncnpoa nesrone ycpen xnnornnx ypa n na orpnn pasapane na nyunnn nopoxa on nenpexnnnor ysypxanana crpacrn. Pann rora ce n npencrana y ncropnin y cnoi raunocrn nnx xnnora ysnnmennx ynn, na n ce nonpaxananem nnxonnx npncnenana n nam xnnor xoin n ycnenno ynpanno xa nopy.24 1.14 Bra nax, nnra nexo, axo nncam Xanneian xaxo ce cnomnne sa Anpama, n nncam nacnnrannx xhepn ernnarcxor napa, xaxo ce y Hncmy ronopn o Moicniy, n yonmre y cnemy cnnunom y xnnory nnmra saiennnuxo nemam ca nxnm on crapnx; xaxo na ce nocrannm y ncrn pen ca nexnm on nnx, nemaiyhn nn moryhnocrn y cnoinm sannmannma na nonpaxanam uonexa, ronnxo on mene ynaenor? Ha ro hemo onome xoin nnra na xaxemo: ne npnxnaramo na ie nrn Xanneian nopox nnn npnnna; ne xnnorom y Ernnry, nnrn npennanem y Bannnony ce uonex ne unnn ynaennm on npnnncxor xnnora. A raxohe, nnie camo y Jynein nnao For nocroian snana, n nnie Cnon iennnn, xaxo moxe na ce nomncnn na npnn nornen,25 na ie Foxnie onranannmre (Hc. 75,1.2). Hanpornn, sa ro nam ie norpeno nanexo ncranuannie pasymenane n nsomrpennin nornen, na n y ncropnin younnn, no xaxnnx Xanneiana nnn Ernnhana npxehn, n on xaxnor ce nannnoncxor poncrna ocnoonnnmn, nsnasnmo na nncnny naxenor xnnora. 1.15 Hexa Moicnie xoin ie npencranen y ncrom ronopy yne sa nac opasan unin ie xnnor onncan ncnouerxa xparxo, xaxo cy ra cxnarnnn ns Foxancxor Hncma, a sarnm 22 To na ce npnnna nanasn xpos camo nanpenonane oiamneno ie y De perf., nainnme ncraxnyro npema saxyuxy - Vol. 8, 1, pp. 213, 14 - 214, 6 (MG 46.285C-D). Cnaxaxo na ro ne snaun na noiam nanperxa ne yxyuyie n necanpmenocrn npema npomenama, ann raxne na ie npahane na npann nyr moryhe. 23 Palladius, Hist. Laus., Prol., 2 n 15 noxasyiy npnue xao ysope sa oa nona. 24 Anpaam ie no ysop npnnne xon orana, a na nera n Capy oasnpe ce Ipnropnie n y De deitate filii et sp. sanc. (MG 46.569). 25 npema npenpyunm samncnnma, xoia ie cynpornna npema saiennnuxnm samncnnma, koivui cvvoiui, a mro ie xao cmncao nepe nna yonuaiena nononnarononcxa opmynannia ncxasa. 19 noniamo nocroian ncropnicxn cmncao npema npnmenn npannna npnnne, na n no nnma npenosnann canpmen xnnor, xaxan ie ynnma nocrynan.26 1.16 Hpnnonena ce na ce Moicnie ponno xana ie saxon myunrea sapanno na ocrany mehy xnnnma nonopohenuan mymxor nona, ann ie on npniarnomhy cnor nnna npenyxnrpno cnaxy norpey npemenor xprnonana, na ie iom y nenenama ponnree xoin cy ra nnnenn (H;). 2,2), noynno na ro, na ne noxype na raxno nonopohenue npenaiy cmprn27, re mrannme, 1.17 xana ie npererao yrpos myunrea nncy ra npocro nycrnnn y none Hnna, neh nonoxnnmn y nexn xonuer no cacrannma npemasan yem n cmonom, a sarnm nopnnynn y norox (ono nanncano ie npema ysynnnnm nanncnma o neronoi ncropnin).28 Vxonnxo ie xonuerom ynpanana nexa Foxnia cnna, on ie ran no ycmepen npema oann xoioi ce npnnnxana ca crpane, n ro ie mecro nenpexnnno na ynapy rexnn crpyia. A xaxo ie y mnnpar re oane rne ie no onner xonuer, nomna napcxa xhep, Moicnie ie, nycrnn nernnn nanai y xonuery, yunnno npncryn npnnnesn. Kana ra ie npnnnesa yrnenana n nnnena nenory nerera, on ie nenocpenno npnnyxao neno nopo pacnonoxene, n no on ne yser ymecro cnna. Oxpehyhn ce npnponno on none npyror pona29, no samncnn nexe on nncxnx xyhnom pony, oxpenyo ce maiunnnm rpynnma. 1.18 Hsamanmn neh ns noa nerera xpanno ce napcxom xpanom, n no oyuen cnoamnnm opasonanem /nayxama/,30 mro ce nomronano xao cnanno xon cnoamnnx, onnie xnarao nnrn ce xopncrno n npnsnanao nae ry nsmnmeny maixy, xoioi ie no ymecro cnna, neh ie noxeneo na ce oner nparn cnoioi npnponnoi mainn n na xnnn mehy cannemennnnma.31 3amernyna ce opa iennor Jenpeia ca Ernnhannnom, Moicnie ie crao nsa cnora n ycmprno nnonnemenor. 3arnm, xana cy ce nna Jenpeinna noxnarnnn ienan c npyrnm, Moicnie ie noxyxao na y nnma cmnpn nyx nenpniarecrna naiyhn nm caner na ce nonamaiy xao paha, re na ne unnn xao nocpennnx y cnopy pasnpaxnnane, neh npnpony. 1.19 Ann onnpahen on onor xoin ie nmao y nnny camo oehnnane, Moicnie ie ro emuamhe npeoxpenyo y nonon xa nehoi yann npema mynpocrn,32 na ie ynannmn ce on xnnora y mnoroynnom npymrny, nocne rora nsapao 26 3a nosannny rpuxor noima pasymenana (oiuvoiu), naxna ie ynora aneropnie, xao mro ie sa nonmane ncropnie (iotopiu) xao `xnnxennor xasnnana` n `onnca axryannnx norahaia`. Opnren ie uax nonnyxao n npry sa saxonnrocr rymauena - Ou, iotopiknv oinvnoiv, o 0epiuv vontnv Comm. Joh. Frg. 20. Ipnropnie y onom cnncy xopncrn vuvevn (II, 223), uaovoiu (II, 219), n tpoaikoc (`nanexo rponnunniy /paspahenniy/ meopuiv` II, 43), y peny nennneapnor n neyonuaienor xasnnana. 27 3a npniarnocr nnn nenory Moicnienor nnna n Flavius Josephus, Antiquitates, 2.9.226-31, a oryn n pasnor sa uecra nosnnana na npenana npema panncxoi rpannnnin. 28 Exod. 2.3 (npenon no Cenryarnnrn /LXX/). Ipnropnie cnnuno xasyie n y Contra Eunomius 2.285, Vol. 1, p. 310, 13ff. (MG 45.1008A). 29 Ho npenany ce ronopn xaxo ie Moicnie onno cne ernnarcxe none, npe nero mro ie npnnnesa namna ienpeicxy nony (nexn nanone n Midrash Rabbah, na Exodus 1.25). 30 Act. Ap. 7.22: H nayun ce Moicei cnoi mynpocrn ernnarcxoi, n ieme cnnan y pnieunma n y niennma (raxohe n Philo, Vit. Mos. 1.5.21-24; Clement Alexand., Strom. 1.23). Ipnropnie xopncrn nspas tnv cce0v auiouoiv sa nannpxneno opasonane (nnnn n onne II, 13, xao n W. Jaeger, Early Christianity and Greek Paideia (Cambridge, Mass., 1961), pp. 86ff., /nam npenon crp. 76/: Kopna xoia nnyra Hnnom, y xoioi ie xao nere nahen Moicnie npencrana cnoxeny xnacnuny paideusis. Ha ncrn naunn, unnennna na ie Moicnie nacnnranan na mynpocrn Ernnhana, yxasyie na nennxn nanamnn nponem Hpxne nen onnoc npema xnacnunoi rpuxoi xynrypn.Ona n rpeano na ce ynorpen sa `ynyrpamny nexopanniy` Hpxne saienno ca spolia narana. Cnern Anrycrnn ie xacnnie ycnoino n nneiy nennxe npennocrn xnacnune xynrype n neno nsnohene ns Moicnienor npnmepa.) 31 In inscrip. Ps. 1.7, Vol. 5, p. 43, 24-26 (MG 44.456C); In laud. frat. Bas. (MG 46.808D-809A); Philo, Vit. Mos. 1.7.32. 32 Exod. 2.15-21.; Philo, Vit. Mos. 1.9.49-50. 1.49 t1tpoc t V ou V o pn V o tIIIx1oV pooIItmc oEoIpo oxmV xoI op1I Epm1oV tIc oIIooEn V o OIt Voc, n Em 1oI c 1m V t EI;mpImV t0toIV tVmIInxmc nt oxpIpmc tEIo1o tVoc oI c ;oIpouoIV n o IIo1pIou V1oI, xo V toEou ootV n nn n ou;I ou;I ou;I ou;I u u u u ;pm ;pm ;pm ;pm tVoc tVoc tVoc tVoc o oo o OoVt OoVt OoVt OoVt o1tpoV o1tpoV o1tpoV o1tpoV .n .n .n .n V VV V 1ou c EoIIou c IoV0o VmV n pouIn0tI c 20 oiennnen xnnor crynnnnmn y nesy ca iennnm on nnonnemennxa, ca uonexom xoin ie nnneo oe, oaspnnnm y cyhennma o yncxoi npnponn, n xoin ie ns iennor nocrynxa, nonpasymenam norahai c nacrynom, ynnneo npnnny mnannha, mrannme na ie crao nsa npanne, nemaiyhn y nnny cnoiy xopncr, neh npnxnaraiyhn camy npanny no nenoi nnacrnroi npnponn xoia ie nocroina ynaxanana, nnunm ce npen nnm ne nonnnyiyhn. H rai ns npyror napona xoin ce sannnno Moicniem, n nerony npnnny y ounrnennoi enn npnxnarno ca nnme ynaxanana, neronn nanexo nenennie orarcrno, nao my ie xhep sa cynpyry n ocranno my na noy na nonn xnnor xaxan xenn. H nemy, xoin ie y nycrnnn no sayser orpahnnanem onana, nonao ce na ropama oiennnena, cnoonan on cnaxor ysnemnpanaiyher myma, xnnor. 1.20 Pa ie nno nponeneno nonono npemena y raxnom naunny xnnora, xaxe ncropnia, n Moicnie ie nmao sacrpamyiyhe oroianene; y nonneny ie neron nornen oaciano npyro cnerno nero mro ie cnerno cynuano.33 3ynen neonunomhy npnsopa, Moicnie ie oxperao nornen na rope, n nnneo rpm y xome ie ropeo ornenn nnamen, a rpane rpma xao non pocom cy ce senenene y nnamenonnma,34 na ie cam cen Moicnie pexao one peun: uoe+ u noe)eoahv oeo ee)uro iae+ane oo roiee ep+ ue caeopeea (H;). 3,3). Pexanmn ono, nnie camo iennnm ounma npnmao uynny cnernocr, neh mro ie on cnera neonunnie, n cnyx my ce osapno spaxama ror cnerna. Vuecrnyiyhn ca oa uyna y naronarn cnerna, nornenn cy ce oaciann ciaiehnm spaxama a cnyx npocneranao tIc t ooV Eoptp;to0oI 1ou c ou V uVo1ou c xoI 1ou c EItI o1oV I o;u oV1oc IIEopt oI 0tpoEtI 0tpoEtI 0tpoEtI 0tpoEtI oIc oIc oIc oIc tctutVI .to0oI, Eop mV 1Ic mOtItIo Epootoxo 1o1.50 xoI pon 0tIo, tI 1IVtc tEtI0o V1tc oEo tIV Epo c pIoV tEtIpmV1o. o t 1n V t VoV1I oV 1ou tI xo 1oc o 1poEo V nIouVt 1oIc 1nc wu;nc uIoIVou ooIc opoI c t Eo tVoc xoI ntI oV t m V uEooxtII .to0oI: Io xoI 1nc uEou onc uVo tmc t o1IV o 1t EIt oV t VtoVItu t1o u VoIV oxo0oI pt1oV 1o IxoIoV noutVoc, uO ou Epo1poEtIc ou 1oxt Ituo1oc t EI 1n V 1m V oo0tVto1t pmV ouo;I oV It1o. /Ppyrn nax nemnnocpnno rpnehn opymanane xpaa n ornouerxa npno y nnocrpancrno nocnen, nox iom nnie ca oxonnnm cranonnnmrnom onxnyo nnrn rauno ycranonno /nayuno/ uemy ce panyiy nnn mra onanyiy, ne n nn mapnno xnneo yrnxnocr ooieny nenoiannnanem /nonyuenomhy/, nseranaiyhn ynosnanana c ynnma yonmre, nnn onnyuyiyhn na yhe y iannocr xon mohnnx n neoma iaxnx mro ce ane neuenem, ca xoinma n ce noysnannie oyuno; re no nosnny, axo nexn nocneiy y onemohanocr. Cynpornocrn cnnunnx nenpoxonnocrn xoie ie npenyseo sa ounmhanaiyhe nopnne sa nymy, cnenno ie a na nnienan nnie nonpxanao: crora ie n y neiaxom noy oxo mnornx onaxennx neounmhennx cnara cnpononno npanny, npexo uera ie camonosnnno ce ynyhyiyhn, ys nexe nemohn samerao ope./ Cf. Bk. II, n. 23. 3a acxercxn xnnor nonyr nnocoa yn. Vita S. Mac., Vol. 8, 1, p. 377, 4 (MG 46.965B; De inst. Chris. Vol. 8, 1, p. 41, 20f. 33 Ipnropniy ce npnnncyie na ie no non yrnnaiem nonosanernor ncxycrna Cn. Hanna (Acta 9.3 n 22.6), ann n unnon xasyie o orny xoin ie no cnerno xoie ie ciano iaue on narpe /Om c ou otIt o1tpoV 1ou Eupo c oEoo1po E1ouoo /Philo, Vit. Mos. 1.66-67/ Ty ce cnomnne n rnac npema anheocxoi npomncnn on Fora, nanexo nnme sacrpamyiyhn, nopen cne nane no cnoi npenyseroi yrnxnocrn: o Eo V1mV t IEIoc xo1o xo1o xo1o xo1o EoIIn EoIIn EoIIn EoIIn V VV V n nn n ou;I ou;I ou;I ou;I oV oV oV oV t tt t ctuopI ctuopI ctuopI ctuopI .oV1oc .oV1oc .oV1oc .oV1oc. Hocmarpaiyhn narahana nanexo crpoxe, ns nynna xoia nsysnma neounpcno pacnnne, rne ie anheo snax Foxnier npncycrna n npomncnn xoia xpyxn n noianyie ce neoma yonnueno, ro ie no unnony nocnennna re nennxe yrnxnocrn c ony crpany nane nnn ouexnnana nno uera. Onronornia ncnxasma xao na onne nma cnoie neorxnonnno ynopnmre. 34 Philo, Vit. Mos. 1.65. - xoI 1mV EtpI I oI1oV uItIVm V. o mV t 1n V EoI VnV tI c 1o EoV tuupo V 1t xoI tu;op1oV, tV0o ouVt poIVt xoI EoIIn V Eo oV Epopo1tu oIoV oVoI oo0oI, tVo tVoc Epo c 1IVI VoEtI 0t oo t xEInx1Ixm 1o1oV o pu . po 1oc n V, oxoV0mt c 1I Ou1o V xoI oo0tVt o1o1oV: ou1oc, ou tVo c Eu p EpootVtxo V1oc, t coIOVnc oVoxoI t1oI xoI EtpIo;t0tI c oIoc tx pI .nc tIc o xptoVo EoIIn OIoI xo0oEtp o Eo 1IVoc Ennc oVoppouonc It tVt omoc, ou xo1oxoIo tVoc, oI o 1Ic o Eo0n c ou oI o xoI ou; uIn Eupo c ou1o c mV,.. ( H uaa je Mojcuje cnpoeouo ueuene, eoehu nacmupa ua +ecmo ope eoe mpaee, ee je mauohe uuo +uoeo ucnaue umo ce uvu cmav, eueao je ouo umo je uacmauo npe+a ueuo+ npusopv o vseuuena. 1v eue ep+oea u mpnaua, cvuuoe u uajupx+aeujee pacuuna, uoje uujeua eampa ue nauehu /npuuvhvjvhu/ usueuaa ceee ovxeamajvhu o uopeua o upoune +uoeu+ nua+ene+, npe+a +v us moe useopa /eopuea/ uuje ocneua ucmpajuocm, uuje uua /c nu+/ noeesaua, nonvm ueue uempnehe cvumuue, me maj oean ue vvhu meapau... 21 uncrnm yuennma. Orexanom on mprnnx xoxa cnoie onehe Moicniy ie rnac onor cnerna sapanno na xpene rope, nosnoanaiyhn na cxnne oyhy c neronnx nory, a sarnm na nonnpyie ony semy, xoia ie sacnonana Foxancrnennm cnernom. (H;). 3,5). 1.21 V ro (iep nnie onronapaiyhe, mncnnm, na ce am cacnnm ocnonnmo na peu npocre ncropnie ror uonexa, xaxo n ce nocrnrno neh rnme npernocraneno), Moicnie ie ocnaxen nnhennm oroianenem, nono napeny na nsann cynaponnnxe on ernnarcxor poncrna. H mro ie oe nosnanao cnny xoia my ce ianana ns nncnna, no Foxnioi sanonecrn, unnno ie nponepe npema rome, mra my ie y pyxama (H;). 1,7). Ornen ie no cnenehn: xesno xoie ie nano ns pyxe ce onymenana, unnn xnnnm nhem (n ro xnno nhe ie nna smnia), ann oner yser y pyxy, nocraie ono, mro ie no npe npernapana y smniy. H