Customizing Environmental Education, Training, and Employment Opportunities to Rapidly Changing American Demographics: Hispanic Communities

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National Environmental Justice Conference and Training Program Presentation, March 27, 2014

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  • Customizing Environmental Education, Training, and

    Employment Opportunities to Rapidly Changing

    American Demographics:

    Hispanic Communities

    Panelists and Contributors

    USDA Forest Service

    Kimberly Winter, Ph.D., NatureWatch Program Leader

    Pedro Nieto, M.Ed., National Equal Employment Manager

    Tamberly Conway, Ph.D., Diversity and Inclusion Specialist

    Environment for the Americas

    Natasha Kerr, M.A., Diversity Outreach Coordinator

    USDA Forest Service & Environment for the Americas

    Sergio DeHoyos, M.Eng., FS-EFTA Celebrate Shorebirds Intern

    and

    FS Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities Intern

  • USDA Forest Service & Environment for the Americas

    Panel Overview

    Status Report - USDA and Forest Service Efforts

    Toward Diversity and Inclusion

    Successful Outreach Education

    and Internship Programs

    Recommendations

  • Why keep pushing for diversity in natural resources activities

    and hiring if they havent come to us already?

    Diversity in the melting pot of the U.S.A. is who we are as Americans: we embrace the

    cultures, skills, and creativity of people

    from every walk of life and every country

    on Earth.

    Diversity provides resiliency against the dynamic forces of change; drawing from

    the unique strengths of individuals to

    support a system thats even better than its parts.

    Federal employers serve the American public, and their workforces should reflect

    trends in the growing demographic

    diversity of that public.

  • Why keep pushing for diversity in natural resources activities

    and hiring if they havent come to us already?

    Answer: We are not (yet) reaching people where they are

    culturally, linguistically, or geographically.

    (Hint: If we were, there would be no they)

  • Hispanic Diversity and Inclusion at the

    U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service

    USDA Forest Service

    Environment for the Americas

    Sergio DeHoyos-Irizarry, M.Eng.

    Intern, FS-EFTA Celebrate Shorebirds and

    FS-Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities

    USDA Forest Service

    Pedro Nieto, M.Ed.

    National Equal Employment Manager

    Civil Rights Staff, Special Emphasis Programs

  • 2010 Latino Population

    Distribution by U.S. County

    (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011)

  • Workforce Statistics (U.S. Federal Government)

  • Hispanic Workers by State

  • STEM Representation by Race

  • Hispanic Workforce Composition

    U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service

  • Hispanic Workforce Composition

    U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service

    Permanent Workforce

    Hispanic Men Hispanic Women All Hispanics

    MO/YR All # FS % CLF # FS % CLF # FS % CLF

    Sep-13 28817 1467 4.87% 5.17% 786 2.61% 4.79% 2253 7.48% 9.96%

    Mar-14 28337 1460 5.15% 5.17% 780 2.75% 4.79% 2240 7.90% 9.96%

    The data reflects that overall, Hispanic employees have representation rates

    below the 2010 National Civilian Labor Force (CLF)

  • Hispanic Workforce Composition

    U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service

    Permanent Workforce Critical Occupational

    Hispanic Men Hispanic Women All Hispanics

    FS CRITICAL

    OCCUPATIONAL SERIES Total # # FS %

    Series

    CLF # FS %

    Series

    CLF # FS %

    Series

    CLF

    0301 Misc. Admin & Program 1185 45 3.80% 3.70% 46 3.88% 6.20% 91 7.68% 9.80%

    0340 Program Management 677 41 6.06% 3.70% 10 1.48% 6.20% 51 7.53% 9.80%

    0401 Biologist 2160 84 3.89% 2.70% 39 1.81% 2.60% 123 3.00% 5.20%

    0460 Forester 1439 43 2.99% 2.00% 7 0.49% 0.40% 50 2.00% 2.40%

    0462 Forestry Technicians 8216 717 8.73% 4.60% 87 1.06% 4.00% 804 9.79% 8.60%

    0470 Soil Scientist 128 4 3.13% 3.70% 4 3.13% 1.00% 8 6.25% 4.70%

    0486 Wildlife Biologist 594 31 5.22% 2.70% 17 2.86% 2.60% 48 8.08% 5.20%

    0810 Civil Engineer 589 42 7.13% 4.50% 15 2.55% 1.00% 57 3.50% 5.50%

    1101 Gen Business & Industry 423 7 1.65% 3.70% 20 4.73% 6.20% 27 6.38% 9.80%

    2210 Information Technology 643 27 4.20% 5.80% 18 4.30% 2.30% 45 7.00% 8.10%

    Red and italics indicate that the grade representation rate is below the overall onboard representation rate.

    Source: National Finance Center Reporting Center Report Minority Grade Profile as of March 2, 2014

  • Educational Paths and Employment

  • The objective of Forest Service Special Emphasis Programs (SEP) is to administer individual

    programs which are a part of the Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Program. The Special

    Emphasis Program Managers (SEPM) serves as subject-matter experts regarding the hiring,

    career advancement and retention of the employees.

    They help identify and take affirmative steps to ensure that all Forest Service employees have

    an equal opportunity to compete fairly in all aspects of Agency employment, e.g., recruitment,

    training, upward mobility, career counseling, developmental details, promotions, and any

    other condition of employment.

    USDA-Forest Service Civil Rights

    Special Programs

  • Forest Service Agreements with USDA &

    Hispanic Serving Institutes

    52 different institutions from 8 states and

    Puerto Rico submitted 76 proposals for

    consideration for funding for this year, the

    15th year of the program.

    Institutions submitting proposals were from:

    Arizona (5), California (23), Florida (3),

    Illinois (5), New Mexico (5), New York (1),

    Texas (26), Washington (1), and Puerto Rico

    (7).

    These proposals requested the following per

    year of USDA funding:

    Fiscal Year 2011: $26,153,028.00

    Fiscal Year 2012: $40,936,149.00

    USDA-Forest Service Civil Rights

    Capacity Building Programs: Hispanic Serving Institutions

  • Forest Service California Consortium Objective: to strengthen

    community outreach, recruitment, and capacity building programs.

    Targeted outreach to Hispanic and Asian communities.

    Initiatives emphasize employment opportunities, but also integrate

    community collaboration, encouraging underserved communities to

    promote healthy ecosystems through forest management planning.

    Projects implemented include forest ecosystem enhancement,

    conservation, maintenance, and restoration.

    USDA-Forest Service Civil Rights

    Capacity Building Program: California Consortium

  • Budget (Fiscal Year 2012)

    The Forest Service contributed $460,502.00

    for Hispanic Serving Institutes (HSI)

    Accountability

    Total Enrollment: 41 positions (23 Females, 18 Males)

    Mission Critical Job Series: 98%

    Student Job Satisfaction Rate: 94%

    Supervisor Feedback: Student Superior Performance Rate: 95%

    HSI Cost FY 2012:

    Fall 2011: $13498.00 (15 weeks), Spring 2012: $13498.00 (15 weeks)

    Summer 2012: $10599.00 (10 weeks), Fall 2012: $13606.00 (15 weeks)

    USDA-Forest Service Civil Rights

    Capacity Building Programs: Hispanic Serving Institutions

  • Budget Fiscal Year-2013

    The Forest Service contributed $389,788.00 for

    Hispanic Serving Institutes (HSI)

    Accountability

    Total Enrollment: 32 positions (16 Females, 16 Males)

    Mission Critical Job Series: 98%

    Student Job Satisfaction Rate: 98%

    Supervisor Feedback: Student Superior Performance Rate: 95%

    HSI Cost FY 13:

    Fall 2012: $13,606.00 (15 weeks)

    Spring 2013: $13,606.00 (15 weeks)

    Summer 2013: $10,678.00 (10 weeks)

    USDA-Forest Service Civil Rights

    Capacity Building Programs: Hispanic Serving Institutions

  • USDA Forest Service

    Tamberly Conway, Ph.D.

    Partnerships, Diversity and Inclusion Specialist

    FS Conservation Education Programs

    Conservation Education and Community Outreach:

    USFS & Partner Programs Integrating Tools, Methods, and

    Techniques to Reach Latino Audiences

  • Latino Legacy

  • Mexico(51%)

    U.S.(30%)

    Central America

    (13%)

    South America

    (6%)

    Country of Origin

    0-9 yrs. (27%)

    10-19 yrs.(42%)

    20-29 yrs. (17%)

    30-79 yrs. (14%)

    Time Spent Living in the U.S.

    U.S. Forest Service-funded study assessed a conservation

    education and community outreach pilot program

    (Latino Legacy)

  • Bilingual children

    (n=210)

    (89%)

    Spanish (67%)

    English33%

    Survey Language

    Spanish(40%)

    English(6%)

    Bilingual(54%)

    Spoken Language

    Spanish(40%)

    English(10%)

    Bilingual(50%)

    Language Read

    Spanish (68%)

    English(16%)

    Spanish and

    English(16%)

    Language Spoken at Home

    Spanish (56%)

    English (29%)

    Bilingual(15%)

    Preferred Language to Receive Conservation Education Programs

    Language Usage

  • 30% born in the U.S. and 80% with a college degree selected the survey in Spanish

    45% born in the U.S., 50% living in the U.S. for 20-29 yrs. speak Spanish at home

    25% with a college degree and 70% with less than a high school degree could read only Spanish

    50% in all education levels preferred Spanish language programs

    Findings support literature and beliefs that Spanish is an important aspect of maintaining cultural ties

    Findings from analysis of 321 Latino respondents in Texas indicated that, on average,

    Latinos preferred informa