Context CluesWrite Now:
In your writers notebook, please write what you predict context clues might be.
You can be a definition detective!Have you ever read a sentence that had an unfamiliar word in it? Sometimes, when we see words that we dont know, we dont bother trying to figure it out. However, there are steps we can follow that can help us determine the definition of an unfamiliar word. Those steps are called context clues.
Context Clues Context clues are hints within a text that suggest the meaning of an unfamiliar word or phrase.
Context clues may be found in words surrounding the unfamiliar word, parts within the unfamiliar word, or in pictures relating to the unfamiliar word.
Why do we need to learn about context clues?
Being a DetectiveFollow these steps:1. Identify Unfamiliar Word 2. Find Clues3. Break it Down4. Identify Part of Speech5. Replace with Synonyms
Step 1: Identify the Unfamiliar WordMrs. Whichs voice rang out clear and strong, echoing against the walls of the cavern, and the words fell with a sonorous clang. (page 97)
Which word is unfamiliar?Sonorous is unfamiliar Step 2: BOLO!!!! BeOn theLook- Out.For clues around the word!Mrs. Whichs voice rang out clear and strong, echoing against the walls of the cavern, and the words fell with a sonorous clang. Which words might give us clues about the meaning of sonorous? Follow along by circling the clue words on your worksheet. rang
Step 3: Break It Down Look at prefixes, suffixes & bases to see if there are any clues that lead to the words definition. (Cough, ROOTS, cough!!)Are there any prefixes, suffixes or bases in sonorous?
Mrs. Whichs voice rang out clear and strong, echoing against the walls of the cavern, and the words fell with a sonorous clang.
Son = root word meaning sound -ous = suffix meaning full of What could sonorous mean??? Step 4: Identify the Part of Speech Look at the suffixes to see which part of speech the word might be.
Noun (person, place, thing, or idea):-age, -er, -or, -ist, -ship, -ness, -ity, -ure, -ment, -ism, -ion, -hood, -ance, -ence Write down examples of nouns with these suffixes in your notes. Verb (action):-ed, -es, -ing, -izeWrite down examples of verbs with these suffixes in your notes. Adjective (description):-able, -less, -ent, -est, -ful, -ish, -istWrite down examples of adjectives with these suffixes in your notes. Adverb (describing a verb):-ly Write down examples of adverbs with these suffixes in your notes.
Sonorous -ous = ?Adjective!!! A describing wordStep 5: Match with Synonyms What is a synonym?Synonyms for sonorous:LoudBoomingNoisy
Synonyms are two or more different words that share the same meaning. When using context clues, think of (or look up) synonyms for the unfamiliar word and replace them in the sentence. Then, see if the sentence still makes sense. Mrs. Whichs voice rang out clear and strong, echoing against the walls of the cavern, and the words fell with a ______________clang.
Step 6: Put It All Together Mrs. Whichs voice rang out clear and strong, echoing against the walls of the cavern, and the words fell with a sonorous clang.
Identify the word. BOLO: -rang-clear-echoing-clangBreak it Down:
son (sound) +-ous (full of) =full of soundPart of Speech:
-Ous = adjective
Sonorous is describing somethingMatch with Synonyms:-loud, booming, noisy
All of those words fit into the sentence