- Computer-Based Learning: An Enhanced Learning Experience??
Computer-Based Learning: An Enhanced Learning Experience??
Computer-Based Learning: An Enhanced Learning Experience??. Dr Rebecca Hyde Fellow in Developmental Paediatrics Mater Childrens Hospital. Dr R Hyde, Dr C Muir, Dr L Young, Prof G Cleghorn, Assoc Prof H Heussler. Background. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Computer-Based Learning:An Enhanced Learning Experience??Dr Rebecca HydeFellow in Developmental PaediatricsMater Childrens Hospital
Dr R Hyde, Dr C Muir, Dr L Young, Prof G Cleghorn, Assoc Prof H Heussler
BackgroundComputer-based or online learning is increasingly being used by teaching institutions, including the UQ Medical SchoolBenefits:CostTime (for both lecturers and learners)Accessibility (important as student groups are increasing in size and students are being allocated to more peripheral placements)
Previous ResearchVery few randomised controlled trials comparing live and computer-based lecturesTwo controlled studies comparing live lectures with linear-format computer-based lecturesNo difference in knowledge acquisition between groupsLimitations of other research to date:No control group (3)Compare different types of computer-based learning courses (3)Compare computer-based learning to tutorials or reading (10)Computer-based learning as an adjunct to current teaching methods (7)Use non-linear computer-based programmes (5)
This StudySingle-blinded randomised controlled trial comparing learning outcomes and experiences of medical students receiving either traditional face-to-face live lectures or linear format computer-based lectures
MethodsUQ Medical School final year students undertake an 8 week rotation in PaediatricsStudents receive lectures in:Child Development and BehaviourPaediatric NeurologyPaediatric CardiologyAlternating groups (from 27/07/09-16/07/10) were allocated to receive either live lectures or computer-based lectures (Voice Over PowerPoint video recording of lecturer with accompanying audio and PowerPoint slides)
Pre- and post-lecture questionnairesDemographics, Learning Styles QuestionsKnowledge Questions (MCQ and short answer)Learning Experience Questions229 students (124 computer-based, 105 live lecture) completed initial questionnaires57 students completed follow-up questionnaires (29 computer-based group, 28 live group)No significant differences existed between those who did and did not complete follow-up questionnaires, in terms of demographics and learning styles
ResultsComparing the characteristics of participants in the computer-based Vs live lecture groups, significant differences existed in 2 learning style areas (visual-verbal, and global-sequential)There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in any other demographic or learning style characteristic
Actual Post-Lecture Knowledge Scores Computer-Based Vs Live
Change in Knowledge Scores (Post-Pre Lecture Scores) Computer-Based Vs Live
Overall Learning Experience Computer-Based Vs Live
Qualitative StatementsLive lectures:Advantages: interactive; able to ask questions; makes you do itDisadvantages: not able to start/stop/revise; goes at lecturers pace; cannot go back to it if you missed the lecture; limited attention span; 5 days of lectures was pure torture! Computer-based lectures:Advantages: access at convenient time and place; learn at your own pace; pause and reviewDisadvantages: problems of accessibility; cannot get immediate response to questions; not engaging as no human contact; forgot to watch them
ConclusionsNo significant difference in actual post-lecture knowledge scores between computer-based and live lecture groupsNo significant difference in change in knowledge scores between computer-based and live lecture groupsNo significant difference in overall learning experience between computer-based and live lecture groupsPros and cons for each lecture format were identified by students