Commissioning of Nuclear Power Plants

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  • IAEA Nuclear Energy Series

    Guides

    Commissioning of Nuclear Power Plants: Training and Human Resource Considerations

    No. NG-T-2.2

  • IAEA NUCLEAR ENERGY SERIES No. NG-T-2.2

    COMMISSIONING OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS:

    TRAINING AND HUMAN RESOURCE CONSIDERATIONS

  • AFGHANISTANALBANIAALGERIAANGOLAARGENTINAARMENIAAUSTRALIAAUSTRIAAZERBAIJANBANGLADESHBELARUSBELGIUMBELIZEBENINBOLIVIABOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINABOTSWANABRAZILBULGARIABURKINA FASOCAMEROONCANADACENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLICCHADCHILECHINACOLOMBIACOSTA RICACTE DIVOIRECROATIACUBACYPRUSCZECH REPUBLICDEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGODENMARKDOMINICAN REPUBLICECUADOREGYPTEL SALVADORERITREAESTONIAETHIOPIAFINLANDFRANCEGABONGEORGIAGERMANYGHANA

    GREECEGUATEMALAHAITIHOLY SEEHONDURASHUNGARYICELANDINDIAINDONESIAIRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAQIRELANDISRAELITALYJAMAICAJAPANJORDANKAZAKHSTANKENYAKOREA, REPUBLIC OFKUWAITKYRGYZSTANLATVIALEBANONLIBERIALIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYALIECHTENSTEINLITHUANIALUXEMBOURGMADAGASCARMALAWIMALAYSIAMALIMALTAMARSHALL ISLANDSMAURITANIAMAURITIUSMEXICOMONACOMONGOLIAMONTENEGROMOROCCOMOZAMBIQUEMYANMARNAMIBIANETHERLANDSNEW ZEALANDNICARAGUANIGERNIGERIA

    NORWAYPAKISTANPALAUPANAMAPARAGUAYPERUPHILIPPINESPOLANDPORTUGALQATARREPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAROMANIARUSSIAN FEDERATIONSAUDI ARABIASENEGALSERBIASEYCHELLESSIERRA LEONESINGAPORESLOVAKIASLOVENIASOUTH AFRICASPAINSRI LANKASUDANSWEDENSWITZERLANDSYRIAN ARAB REPUBLICTAJIKISTANTHAILANDTHE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIATUNISIATURKEYUGANDAUKRAINEUNITED ARAB EMIRATESUNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELANDUNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIAUNITED STATES OF AMERICAURUGUAYUZBEKISTANVENEZUELAVIETNAMYEMENZAMBIAZIMBABWE

    The Agencys Statute was approved on 23 October 1956 by the Conference on the Statute of the IAEAheld at United Nations Headquarters, New York; it entered into force on 29 July 1957. The Headquarters of theAgency are situated in Vienna. Its principal objective is to accelerate and enlarge the contribution of atomicenergy to peace, health and prosperity throughout the world

    The following States are Members of the International Atomic Energy Agency:

  • NUCLEAR ENERGY SERIES

    Commissioning of Nuclear Power Plants:

    Training and Human Resource Considerations

    INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY

    VIENNA 2008

  • COPYRIGHT NOTICE

    All IAEA scientific and technical publications are protected by the terms of the Universal Copyright Convention as adopted in 1952 (Berne) and as revised in 1972 (Paris). The copyright has since been extended by the World Intellectual Property Organization (Geneva) to include electronic and virtual intellectual property. Permission to use whole or parts of texts contained in IAEA publications in printed or electronic form must be obtained and is usually subject to royalty agreements. Proposals for non-commercial reproductions and translations are welcomed and will be considered on a case by case basis. Enquiries should be addressed by email to the Publishing Section, IAEA, at sales.publications@iaea.org or by post to: Sales and Promotion Unit, Publishing Section International Atomic Energy Agency Wagramer Strasse 5 P.O. Box 100 A1400 Vienna Austria Fax: +43 1 2600 29302 Tel: +43 1 2600 22417 http://www.iaea.org/books

    IAEA, 2008

    Printed by the IAEA in Austria April 2008

    STI/PUB/1334

    ISBN 9789201036087 ISSN 19957807

    IAEA Nuclear Energy Series

    No. NG-T-2.2

    The originating Section of this publication in the IAEA was:

    Nuclear Power Engineering Section International Atomic Energy Agency

    Wagramer Strasse 5 P.O. Box 100

    A-1400 Vienna, Austria

  • FOREWORD

    This publication is primarily intended for use by nuclear power plant (NPP) operating organizations and project organizations that are responsible for the construction and commissioning of NPP projects. However, it should also be of value to design and technical support organizations, research institutes, and regulatory bodies. It is expected that Member State organizations will use this information to improve their training programmes and other aspects of human resource management for commissioning of NPPs. This publication was developed through one of the activities under a Project in the IAEAs 2006-7 Programme entitled, Achieving Excellence in the Performance of Nuclear Power Plant Personnel. The principal objectives of this project are:

    To enhance the capability of Member States to utilize proven practices accumulated, developed and transferred by the Agency for improving personnel performance and maintaining high standards, and

    To demonstrate how positive attitudes and professionalism, appropriate performance management, adherence to a systematic approach to training, quality management and the use of effective information and knowledge management technologies contribute to the success in achieving organization objectives in a challenging business environment.

    The IAEA wishes to thank the participants and their Member States who contributed examples for this report and for their valuable review and critique of this publication. Additional thanks to the organizations in the Member States that participated in the survey regarding training and human resource experiences for commissioning of NPPs. The information provided in this survey was an invaluable input to this publication. The IAEA officer responsible for this publication was T. Mazour of the Division of Nuclear Power.

  • EDITORIAL NOTE

    The use of particular designations of countries or territories does not imply any judgement by the publisher, the IAEA, as to the legal status of such countries or territories, of their authorities and institutions or of the delimitation of their boundaries.

    The mention of names of specific companies or products (whether or not indicated as registered) does not imply any intention to infringe proprietary rights, nor should it be construed as an endorsement or recommendation on the part of the IAEA.

  • CONTENTS

    1. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 1

    1.1. Background ............................................................................................................. 1 1.2. Scope ....................................................................................................................... 1 1.3. Users ........................................................................................................................ 2 1.4. How to use this publication ..................................................................................... 2

    2. OVERALL TRAINING AND HUMAN RESOURCE ISSUES FOR COMMISSIONING................................................................................................. 2

    2.1. Terminology and background ................................................................................. 2 2.2. Types of NPP projects and their structures ............................................................. 6 2.3. Considerations regarding training and HRM issues for turnkey

    and split-package contracts ..................................................................................... 7 2.4. Staffing plans for the commissioning phase............................................................ 7 2.5. Training programmes and plans .............................................................................. 8 2.6. Training materials for commissioning .................................................................... 9 2.7. Control room simulator training............................................................................ 10 2.8. Training organization for commissioning ............................................................. 11 2.9. Use of system engineers ........................................................................................ 12 2.10. Training of maintenance staff, and other plant personnel

    during commissioning ........................................................................................... 12

    3. TRAINING AND HUMAN RESOURCE ISSUES FOR SPECIFIC SITUATIONS............................................................................................... 13

    3.1. Issues for the first NPP in a country or organization ............................................ 13 3.2. Specials issues for the FOAK Plant added to an existing fleet ............................. 15 3.3. Special issues for rapid expansion of an existing NPP fleet ................................. 16

    4. SUMMARY.................................................................................................................... 18

    APPENDIX I IAEA PUBLICATIONS RELATED TO TRAINING AND HUMAN RESOURCE CONSIDERATIONS FOR COMMISSIONING OF NPPS.................................................................. 19

    APPENDIX II TRAINING OF PERSONNEL FOR THE COMMISSIONING OF CERNAVODA NPP UNIT 2 (ROMANIA) ............................................. 21

    APPENDIX III OLKILUOTO 3 NUCLEAR POWER PLANT TRAINING AND HR ISSUES FROM THE NPP OPERATING ORGANIZATION PERSPECTIVE (FINLAND).................................................................... 27

    APPENDIX IV TRAINING OF MANPOWER FOR COMMISSIONING PROJECTS TAPP-3&4 A CASE STUDY (INDIA) ............................. 33

    APPENDIX V SHIN WOLSONG CONSTRUCTION AND COMMISSIONING, TRAINING IN KHNP (ROK)................................................................... 41

    APPENDIX VI KHNP STAFFING PLAN OF CONSTRUCTION SITE OFFICE: ULCHIN 5&6 CONSTRUCTION PROJECT (ROK) .............................. 49

  • APPENDIX VII COOPERATION