Classical and Folk Dances

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    14-Dec-2015

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Dance list of ancient India and their description in tabular structure. Is editable so that more information can be added to the same. Defines mudras, places etc

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DanceWhereByWho did/How did itStepsOrnamentsOther elementsLanguage/MusicInstruments

Bharatnatyam Tamil NaduRukmadevi revived in 19th centuryAlaripu is start of dance, invocation of gods. Tillana is final section with pure nritta 4 types of abhinaya: Anghika - body movements Vachika - song Aaharya - ornaments Satvika - tears, shivering etcTemple jewelry worn, Heavy sareesIs spiritualTamil, Telugu, Kannada, SanskritCarnatic

Kathak Raj, UP, BiharBirju maharaj, Shovana narayan4 gharanas: Jaipur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Raigarh Pure dance with emotions. Starts with vandana, short dances are tukra or toda depending on length, Tribhangi positionLehnga Choli, Anarkali style dresses, For male it is dhotiGhungroo wornStories of radha krishna during Bhakti eraTabla, Pakhawaj, other North instruments.

Kathakali KeralaCreated by zamorin of calicut, Kalamandalam ramakutti nair, Kalamandalam Nair, Madavan Nair 24 mudras depict the story. 101 classical stories Facial expressions are navarasams Done in front of lamp KalivillakuExtreme make up with significant portion on face. Krishnattam, Koodiyattam, AshtapadiyattamIs a dance in KrishnaManipravalam = Malayalam + sanskritPercussion is chenda and madallam, Lead is Ponnani, backing is Singidi, Chengila is gong. Ilathalam is cymbals

Kucchipudi AP Name of village in AP in Krishna district Raja/Radha reddyStarts with: Rites, Dhravu(small compose), Jatiswaram and Tillana, Nrityam, feeling to merge with god Tarangam diyas on hand, Kindi water on head and dance on brass plateTwo types of kuchi > Nattuvamala (puja dance), Natyamala (only menOn life of krishnaMridangam, Tambura, wood ornaments called Boorugu

ManipuriManipurTagore Popularized it. Guru naba kumar, Guru bipin singh, Rajkumar singhajit Performed by Vaishnavite Padavalis Spiritual dance form Stories of radha krishna (ras leela)Pung (drums), pena(string), Pung cholum is dancing with drums. No ankle bells. Movements are sublime

OdissiOdisha Oldest surviving dance form of India Manachpuri cave (paintings seen) under emperor Kharavela Various bhangas: Bhanga, Abhanga, Atibhanga, Tribhanga Starts by Mangalacharan (invocation), Battu Nrutya or pallavi (pure) followed by abhinaya, drama, moksha Done by three schools: Maharis (maha nari = temple devadasis), Gotipua (males), nartakiDedicated to Radha KrishnaDhruvpada, Chitrapada, Chitrakala, Panchal. Composition is in chanda style. Kelucharan Mohapatra

Sattriya Assam Got classical status in 2000, 15th century creation by Srimant Sankardev Bapuram Atai, Dutta Barbayan Mythical fun stories by male and females. khols, taals. Costume is Pat (silk)

Mohiniyattam KeralaMeans a woman who enchants. (Vishnu dance for amrit)Vallathol Menon established Kerala Kalamandalam, Swathi thirunal Has attavakul (40 movements)White saree, golden border called Kasavu, wear ghunghrooText is hastalakshan deepika, vocals are Chollu, Lyrics are manipravallam Instruments of Koothu and Kottiyattom

Folk dances:Andhra PradeshKuchipudiArunachal PradeshBardo ChhamAssamBihu danceJumur NachBagurumbaAli Ai LigangJharkhandKarma MundaChhattisgarhPanthiRaut NachaGaur Maria DanceGoaDhangar and FugdiGujaratGarbaRaasHimachal PradeshKinnauri NatiNamgenKarnatakaYakshaganaBayalataDollu KunithaVeeragaase danceKashmirDumhalKeralaTheyyamThullalKoodiyattamAravanmuttuOppanaKaikottikali or ThiruvathirakaliThitambu NrithamMadhya PradeshTertaliJawaraMatki DancePhulpati DanceGrida DanceMaanchMaharashtraPavri NachKoliLavani

ManipurThang TaDhol cholomMizoramCheraw DanceNagalandChang Lo or Sua LuaOdishaGhumura DanceRuk Mar Nacha (& Chhau dance)Danda NachaBaagh Naach DalkhaiDhapKarma NaachKeisabadiPuducherryGaradiPunjabBhangraGiddhaJhumarLudiJinduaRajasthanBhavaiChiramiGairSikkimSinghi ChhamTamil NaduKamandi or Kaman PandigaiDevarattamKummiKaragattam or KaragamMayil AttamPaampu attam or Snake DanceOyilattamPuliyattamPoikal Kudirai AttamBommalattamTheru KoothuTripuraHojagiriWest BengalGambhiraKalikapatadiAlkapDomni