Performing arts of India Classical and Folk dances

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1. Performing arts of India Classical and Folk dances. SUBMITTED BY: MOHIT GUPTA ROLLNO:CUHP14MBA(TT)09 2. Kathak STATE: NORTH INDIA (U.P, RAJSTHAN) ORIGIN: Derived from the word katha, meaning "the art of storytelling. During medieval rulers and Nawabs, a class of dancing girls and courtesans emerged to entertain the palaces and courts. Slowly and gradually Gharanas or schools of Kathak emerged. The Jaipur Gharana and Lucknow Gharana are few of them. FEATURES: It is largely based on episodes from the epics, myths and legends. Mime and gestures were perhaps added later on to make the recitation more effective. 3. Bharatnatyam STATE: Tamil Nadu ORIGIN: Dance is considered to be over 2000 years old. Several texts beginning with Bharata Muni's Natya Shastra provide information on this dance form. FEATURES: The Abhinaya Darpana by Nandikesvara is one of the main sources of textual material, for the study of the technique and grammar of body movement in Bharatnatyam Dance. This dance form is dedicated to the Lord Shiva. 4. Kathakali STATE: KERLA ORIGIN: word Kathakali literally means "Story-Play. Mattancheri temple of approximately 16th century depicts the square and rectangular basic positions of Kathakali. FEATURES: The dance aspect of Kathakali consists of pure dance (nritya) as well as mime (abhinaya). Kathakali is the only Indian dance form in which the entire body, both skeleton and muscles, down to even the smallest facial muscle are used to portray emotion. 5. Kuchipudi STATE: ANDHRA PRADESH ORIGIN: Kuchipudi derives its name from the Kuchipudi village of Andhra Pradesh in 17th century. Kuchipudi exhibits scenes from the Hindu Epics, legends and mythological tales through a combination of music, dance and acting. FEATURES: It is the use of speech that distinguishes Kuchipudi's presentation as dance and drama from others . Kuchipudi was not a solo affair and required a number of performers. The director (called Sutradhar) played the most important role. 6. Odissi STATE: ORISSA ORIGIN: Archaeological evidence of this dance form dating back to the 2nd century B.C. is found in the caves of Udayagiri and Khandagiri near Bhubneshwar. The magnificent Sun Temple at Konarak, built in the 13th century, with its Natya mandap or Hall of dance, marks the culmination of the temple building activity in Orissa. FEATURES: Odissi is a dance of love, joy and intense passion. Odissi too had its origin in the Devadasi tradition. 7. FOLK DANCES OF INDIA 8. Gaur dance STATE: MADHYA PRADESH FEATURES: Gaur dance is popular in the Sing Marias or Tallaguda Marias of South Bastar. Men put head-dresses with stringed 'cowries' and plumes of peacock feathers . Women ornamented with brass fillets and bead necklaces with their tattooed bodies also join the gathering. The men beat the drums, tossing the horns and feathers of their head-gears to the rising tempo that gives the dance a wilder touch 9. Bhangra STATE : PUNJAB FEATURES: Bhangra is one of the most popular and energetic dances of India. Bhangra is performed by men folks during Baisakhi. It is among the most energetic and captivating dances of India and includes tricks and athletic feats. During the Bhangra performance the drummer is surrounded by men dressed in lungis and turbans. 10. Garba STATE: GUJRAT FEATURES: Garba is the leading dance of women in Gujrat The Garba dance is associated with the fertility cult The Garba dance is performed throughout nine nights of Navaratri, an autumn festival. Women folk come out into the open and dance in a simple and circular motion, in honor of the Goddess Durga. 11. Hurka Baul STATE: Uttaranchal FEATURES: The Hurka Baul dance is performed during the cultivation of paddy and maize. The name of the dance is derived from Hurka, the drum which is the only musical accompaniment and baul, the song. In the Hurka Baul dance the singer narrates the story of battles and heroic deeds, the performers enter from two opposite sides and enact the stories in a series of crisp movements 12. Brita Dance STATE: West Bengal FEATURES: Brita dance is one of the most popular folk dances of Bengal. Usually the barren women of the region perform the Brita dance to invoke the blessings of the Gods so that their wishes are fulfilled. Traditionally this dance is performed after a person recovers from a contagious disease like small pox. The performers wear a mask, purified by mantras and dances to the accompaniment of a sword. 13. THANKS