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    If you were a giude what most important things would you tell tourists about

    Chisinau, the capital of Republic of Moldova

    Chiinu (Romanian pronunciation: [kiinw]; orKishinev (before 1991), Russian: ,

    Kishinyov), is the capital and largest municipality ofMoldova. It is also its main industrial andcommercial centre and is located in the middle of the country, on the riverBc. The population of

    the city is 592,900 (2007) which grows to 911,400 in the entire metropolitan area. The Chisinauaglomeration has obout 1.3 million people in 4.500 km2

    Chiinu is the most economically prosperous locality in Moldova, and its largest transportation

    hub. As the most economically and socially important municipality in Moldova, the city has abroad range of educational facilities.

    According to one version, the name comes from thearchaic Romanian word chila (meaning"spring", "source of water") and nou ("new"), because it was built around a small spring.

    Nowadays, the spring is located at the corner of Pushkin and Albioara streets.

    An alternative version, by Stefan Ciobanu, Romanian historian and academician, holds it, thatthe name was formed the same way as the name ofChiineu (alternative spelling: Chiinu) in

    Western Romania, near the border with Hungary. Its Hungarian name is Kisjen, from which theRomanian name originates. Kisjen in turn comes fromkis "small" + the "Jen" tribe, one of the

    seven Hungarian tribes that entered the Carpathian Basin in 896 and gave the name of 21settlements.

    Chiinu is also known in Russian as (Kishinyov). It is writtenKiinv in the LatinGagauz alphabet. It was also written as "" in the Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet in Soviettimes. Historically, the English language name for the city, "Kishinev", was based on themodified Russian one because it entered the English language via Russian at the time Chiinu

    was part of the Russian Empire (e.g. Kishinev pogrom). Therefore, it remains a common Englishname in some historical contexts. Otherwise, however, the Romanian-based "Chiinu" has been

    steadily gaining wider currency, especially inwritten language.

    Chiinu is located on the riverBc, a tributary of the Dniester, at 470N 2855E / 47N28.917E, with an area of 120 km. The entire municipality comprises 635 km.

    The city lies in central Moldova and is surrounded by a relatively level landscape with veryfertile ground. This has allowed for the cultivation ofgrapevine and fruit since medieval times.

    Chiinu has a continental climate, characterized by hot dry summers and windy winters. Winter

    temperatures are often below 0 C (32 F), although they rarely drop below 10 C (14 F). Insummer, the average temperature is approximately 25 C (77 F), however, temperatures

    sometimes reach 35 to 40 C (95 to 104 F) in mid-summer in the city centre. Although averageprecipitation and humidity during summer is low, there are infrequent yet heavy storms. Spring

    and autumn temperatures vary between 16 to 24 C (61 to 75 F), and precipitation during thistime tends to be lower than in summer but with more frequent yet milder periods of

    rain.Moldova is administratively subdivided into 3 municipalities, 32 districts, and 2 autonomousunits. Chiinu is one of these municipalities.Besides the city itself, the municipality comprises

    34 other suburban localities: 6 towns (containing further 2 villages within), and 12 communes(containing further 14 villages within).

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    Founded in 1436 as a monastery village, t e city was part oft e Moldavian Principality, which,starting with the 16th century fell underthe suzerainty ofthe Ottoman Empire. Atthe beginningofthe 19th century it was a smalltown of 7,000 inhabitants. In 1812 it came underRussianimperial administration, which made itthe capital ofthe newly annexed gubernia ofBessarabia.Its population had grown to 92,000 by 1862 and to 125,787 by 1900.

    By 1834, an imperialtownscape with broad and long roads had emerged as a result of a generous

    development plan, which divided the city roughly into two areas: The old part ofthe town withits irregular building structures and a newerCity Center and station. Between 26 May 1830 and13 October 1836 the architectAvraam Melni ov established the 'Catedrala Naterea Domnului'with a magnificent belltower. In 1840 the building ofthe Triumphal arch, planned by the

    architectLuca Zaushkevich, was completed. Following this the construction of numerous furtherbuildings and landmarks began.

    On August 28, 1871 Chiinu was linked by rail with Tiraspol and in 1873 with Corneti.Chiinu-Ungheni-Iai railway was opened on June 1, 1875 in preparation forthe Russo-TurkishWar (18771878). The town played an important partin the war between Russia and OttomanEmpire, as the main staging area ofthe Russian invasion.

    Chiinu is governed by the City Council and the City Mayor(Romanian:Prim

    r), both electedonce every four years. The current mayoris Dorin Chirtoac.

    His predecessor was Serafim Urechean. Underthe Moldovan constitution, Urechean elected toparliamentin 2005 was unable to hold an additional postto that of an MP. The DemocraticMoldova Blocleader subsequently accepted his mandate and in April resigned from his former

    position. During his 11 yearterm, Urechean committed himselfto the restoration ofthe churchtower ofthe Catedrala Naterea Dom l i, as well as improvements in public transport. From1994, Chiinu saw the construction and launch of new trolleybuslines, as well as an increase incapacities of existing lines, in orderto improve connections between the urban districts.

    Next elections took place on 10 July, 24 July, 27 November and 11 December 2005. On the firstoccasion only 26.93% of voters participated, below the one-third turnout necessary to validatethe poll. Three subsequent attempts in July, November and December saw the election turnout

    fall furtherto 19.82%, 22.37% and 22.07% respectively. After several months in limbo it wasannounced thatthe momentary office holder Vasile Ursu, could continue to hold the position,

    untilthe next scheduled elections in 2007.

    The last elections took place on 3 June 2007. Dorin Chirtoac from the Liberal party wasdeclared victorin second round of voting on 17 June 2007. 36,26 % ofthe voters took partin the

    voting,just overthe validation threshold.

    Chiinu is the most economically developed and industrialised city in Moldova. Itis a major

    industrial and services center;its main industries include consumer and electrical goods,buildingmaterials, machinery,plastics, rubber, and textiles. The main service fields arebanking andshopping/commerce. The economy ofChiinu is mainly centered on industry and services, withthe latter particularly growing in importance in the lastten years.


    itation needed]

    Since the collapse ofthe Soviet Union, the city has become a relatively lively and well-

    provisioned capital, with a much higherstandard oflivingthan in most rural areas ofthe country.

    AirMoldova has its head office on the property ofChiinu International Airport.

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    Chiinu has an international airport, which offers connections to a number of major citiesincluding Athens, Bucharest, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Kiev, London, Madrid, Milan, Moscow, Paris,Rome, Vienna and others. The airport handled 847,900 passengers in 2008.The AirMoldovaflight operator has its head office on the grounds ofChiinu International Airport.

    An international railway terminal exists with possible connections to Bucharest, Kiev, Minsk,Odessa, Moscow, Samara, Varna and Saint Petersburg. Due to the simmering conflict between

    Moldova and the unrecognized Transnistria republicthe railtraffic towards Ukraine isoccasionally stopped.

    The city is home to 12 public and 11 private universities, the Academy of Sciences ofMoldova,as well as a number ofinstitutions offering both high school education, as well as 12 years ofcollege education.

    The city's growth plan was developed in the 19th century. Many buildings were designed andbuiltin a beautiful architectural style, some remaining to this day. In 1836 the construction oftheCathedral and itsbelfry was finished. The belfry was demolished in Soviettimes, but was rebuiltin 1997.

    Many modern-style buildings were builtin the city since 1991. There are also a lot of office andshopping complexes that are modern, renovated or newly built;including Kentford, SkyTower,and Union Fenosa headquarters. However, the old Soviet-style clusters ofliving blocks are stillan extensive feature ofthe cityscape.

    According to the World Gazetteer, the total population ofthe city proper was 647,513 in 2004.

    According to the 2004 census, the population ofthe municipality was 712,218, of which that ofthe city itself 589,204.

    Chisinau is definitely worth visiting due to its historical monuments, green amazing landscapes

    in spring and summertime and, of course, forits incredibly kind, generous and hospitablepeople.

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    As a guide I have a lot of places to show and to retell about, so lets begin

    Triumphal arch from Chisinau

    The Triumphal arch was built in 1841 and restored in 1973.

    Location- Piaa Marii Adunri Naionale, Chiinu

    Designer- Luca Zaukevici

    Type- Triumphal arch

    Material -white stone

    Height - 13 metres

    Beginning date-1840

    Opening date -1841 Dedicated to Russo-Turkish War

    Coordinates 47129N 284957

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    Natio al M e o Hi tory i i i au

    NationalMuseum of History ofMoldova was established in 1983. The building ofthe museum is a building ofthe first mens Regional Lyceum in Bassarabia . In

    front ofthe museum theres a copy of famous statue ofRoman She -wolf withRomulus and Remus.The museum includes 10 exhibition halls, 3 of which have domes, and diorama. Itpreserves almost 300 000 items which show visitors history and culture ofMoldova (or what was on this territory) from ancienttimes till nowadays. About165 000 of exhibits belong to national heritage ofMoldova.The museum owns archaeological and numismatic collections, collections ofdocuments, photos, rare or old books, maps, arms, military equipment and lotsmore. Itis proud forits unique exhibits:

    Getae battle chariot ferrule of 4-5 century B.C.;Olanestitreasure of 4 century B.C. The treasure includes bronze candlestickand vermeil Getae-Macedonian helmets; map ofMoldova by F. Bauer, 1781.

    Permanent exposition is located on the ground floor. It shows more than 4 000items of historical value. These items tell visitors about eminent personalities,historical events, culture and every-day life on the territory ofMoldova from OldStone Age till 20 century. The exposition is divided into the following sections:archeology and ancient history, Middle Age history, Bassarabia history, modernhistory, treasures and numismatics, diorama and temporary expositions. Themuseum is located in the center ofChisinau, the capital ofMoldova. That's why it'seasy to reach by public transport. If you go with a carit may be a bit difficultto

    find place for parking. Everyone who is interested in history ofMoldova is

    welcome here every day exceptMondays and o fficial national holidays. Themuseum works from 9:00 to 17:00.

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    Natio alMuseum o Ethnography and NaturalHistory

    The NationalMuseum of Ethnography and Natural History is the oldest museum in

    Moldova. Itis located in Chisinau, the capital ofthe coun try. It was founded inOctober 1889 by initiative ofBaron A. Stuart.

    Atthe beginning it was museum of agriculture and was situated in anotherbuilding. The name of museum has changed for severaltimes howeverthe mainidea research of nature and culture ofBessarabia had never changed. The

    building of museum was constructed in 1903-1905 by the project of architect V.Tsigankov. This is the building the museum is situated in till present day.

    Nowadays the museum is an important scientific and cultural center ofBessarabiawhich is also known abroad.

    The museum is divided into 2 logical parts. The first one is dedicated to flora and

    fauna on the territory ofMoldova. Here visitors see the flora and fauna ofthecountry nowadays and also how itlooked many years ago, how the nature herechanged. The history of nature development from Achaean till nowadays is shownhere. The other part ofthe museum is dedicated to people living on this territory,their customs and traditions. Here visitors see many ancient things which whereused in every-day life. Here the history oftheir developing is visible. Traditionalcostumes, interior of house and the scene oflocal wedding are of greatinterest.

    The museum includes geological, palaeontological, zoological, entom ological,archaeological ethnographic and numismatic collections. The museum also has itsown botanical garden which was based in 1906. It was the first botanical garden in

    Bessarabia and it exists till nowadays. Among the showpieces of museum there arealso the unique ones. Forinstance, the skeleton of gigantic dinothere who livedduring the Pliocene Epoch (5.3 million to 1.8 million years before present). Theskeleton was discovered in 1966. The collection of museum was exhibited inEurope, America, Asia and Africa as national-cultural heritage ofMoldova.

    The museum works every day exceptMondays and official national holidays from10:00 to 18:00. Access to the museum is possible until 17:00. Entrance feerequered. The fee for adults is 5 lei. Photo and video is extra-charged. There's no

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    car parking nearthe museum however you may find place to stay. Itis easy toreach the museum by public transport.

    Address:M. Kogalniceanu str. 82

    Chisinaus Botanical Garden

    The Chisinaus Botanical Gardenis a wonderful place to spend some time,especially now thatthe garden has been refurbished to caterto a larger audience.

    There is a small zoo in the garden, with horses, goats and emus. Also on thepremises are a restaurant and a lake, where you can re nt a boat. Quite often thegarden is used as a venue for wedding parties and one can see newlywed couplesposing for pictures.

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    The Stephen the Great Monument

    (Romanian:Monumentullui tefan celMare) is a prominent monumentinChiinu, Moldova.

    The monumentto Stephen the Great was designed by architect Alexandru

    Plmdeal in 1923. It was erected nearthe main entrance ofthe Stephen the GreatParkin Downtown Chiinu. The monument was completed in 1927 and openedon 29 April, 1928 (to replace the monumentto Alexander II ofRussia, destroyedby the Romanian authorities in 1918), marking the 470th birthday of Stephen the

    Great. The total cost ofthe monument was 4.000.000 lei.

    A few days before 1940 Soviet occupation ofBessarabia and Northern Bukovina,the monument was relocated to Vaslui, and its pedestal was blown up by the Soviettroops. On August 25, 1942, the monument was returned to Chiinu and takenbackto Romania in 1944. In 1945, the Soviet authorities ordered the restoration ofthe monumentto Chiinu.

    On 31 August 1989 the monumentto Stephen the Great was returned to its originallocation, chosen by Alexandru Plmdeal in the 1920s. The initialinscriptionswere restored. Flower-laying ceremonies are regularly performed atthe pedestal ofthis monument on each national holiday and on days of officialtop and high levelvisits.

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    Chisinau Gat s

    Gates ofChisinauMoldova are on the entering into Botanica district of Chisinau

    All of Classics

    The All of Classics (Romanian: Aleea Clasicilor) is a sculptural complex

    located in the Stephen the Great Parkin Downtown Chiinu The alley is

    decorated on both sides with red granitebusts of classic Romanian literary figures

    and political leaders from Moldova.[2]

    The alley is located between the tefan celMare boulevard and thebronze bust ofAlexander Pushkin, set on a granite column

    and made by Russian sculptorAlexander Opekushin.The alley was built and

    received its name in 1958 and became one of the most important tourist attractions

    in Chiinu.At first there were only twelve sculptures but after the fall of the

    Soviet Union, the local authorities added busts of Romanian and Moldovan writers

    and poets that were banned during the Soviet regime.

    The idea of a sculptural complex was launched by the interwar sculptorAlexandru

    Plmdeal, who dream to create an open-air museum. Just during the Khrushchev

    Thaw, the Alley of Classics was unveliled on April 29, 1958 in the Stephen theGreat Park(former "A.S. Pukin" Park). The sculptural complex from Cimigiu

    Gardens in Bucharest served as a model

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