chinnakada underpass

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chinnakada underpass

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  • Chinnakkada Underpass Package No. KLM-RT-01-C

    Project Implementation Unit, KSUDP Kollam Municipal Corporation

    KERALA

    SUSTAINABLE

    URBAN

    DEVELOPMENT

    PROJECT

    INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION

    REPORT

  • INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION REPORT Chinnakkada Underpass

    Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project | PIU Kollam 2

    Table of ContentsTable of ContentsTable of ContentsTable of Contents

    1. Introduction

    10

    2. Need for the project

    10

    3 Level of Environmental Examination

    11

    4 Current Regulatory Provisions 12

    5 Location and Layout

    14

    6 Subproject Component Description

    16

    7 City Environmental Settings

    19

    7.1 Physical Features 20

    7.2 Climate 20

    7.3 Land Use 20

    7.4 Socio Economic 21

    7.5 Tourism 21

    7.6 Population 22

    7.7 Forest 22

    8 Site Environmental Setting 22

    8.1 Air Quality 22

    8.2 Noise 24

    8.3 Topography and Soil 24

    8.4 Geology 24

    8.5 Surface Water 24

    8.6 Ground Water 25

    8.7 Ecological Resource 25

    9 Screening of Potential Environmental Impacts and Mitigation

    26

    9.1 Cultural Heritage 27

    9.2 Loss of Household, Business Premises or Livelihood 27

    9.3 Ground Water Contamination 27

  • INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION REPORT Chinnakkada Underpass

    Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project | PIU Kollam 3

    9.4 Existence of Surface Water Source 28

    9.5 Loss of Amenity 28

    9.6 Removal of Trees 28

    9.7 Silt Runoff from Construction 28

    9.8 Social Conflict Between Workers 28

    9.9 Noise, Dust or Hazardous Materials 29

    9.10 Improper Disposal of Waste by Workers 29

    9.11 Indiscriminate Disposal of debris/Silt 29

    9.12 Exposure of Workers to Contaminated Site 30

    9.13 Work Safety Measures 30

    9.14 Traffic Management Safety 31

    10 Forecasting Environmental Impact and Mitigation 32

    11 Environment Management Plan 34

    12 Institutional Requirements and Environmental Monitoring Plan 38

    13

    Environmental Monitoring Plan

    39

    14 Period of Implementation 40

    15 Benefits of the Project

    40

    16

    Community Consultation and Information Disclosure 40

    16.1 Grievance Redressal Mechanism 40

    17 Findings, Recommendations 41

    18 Conclusions 41

  • INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION REPORT Chinnakkada Underpass

    Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project | PIU Kollam 4

    List of TablesList of TablesList of TablesList of Tables

    Table 1 Environmental Compliance Requirements of the Sub-Project 14

    Table: 2 Land Use of Kollam Municipal Corporation 21

    Table :3 Baseline Ambient Air Quality at Kadappakkada 23

    Table :4 Baseline Ambient Air Quality at Chinnakkada 23

    Table :5 Noise Level near Clock tower at Chinnakkada 24

    Table :6 Ground Water Quality at Kureepuzha 25

    Table :7 Potential Impacts and Mitigation Measures

    32

    Table :8 Environmental Management Plan 35

    Table :9 Environmental Monitoring Plan 39

    List of Annexure List of Annexure List of Annexure List of Annexure

    Annexure : I Budget for Environment Monitoring Plan

    43

    Annexure : II Detailed Budget bases on the Environment Management Plan 44

    Annexure : III Rapid Environmental Assessment (REA) (checklist)

    46

    Annexure : IV Public Consultation 50 Annexure : V Sub Project work in media 56

    Annexure : VI Proceedings of GRC 57

    List of FiList of FiList of FiList of Figgggures ures ures ures Figure : 1

    Map of Kerala 15

    Figure : 2

    Kollam District Map 15

    Figure : 3 Lay out of Chinnakkada underpass 16

    Figure : 4 Plan and profile of the proposed Chinnakkada underpass (ROB) 18

    Figure : 5 Plan and profile of the proposed Chinnakkada underpass 19

  • INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION REPORT Chinnakkada Underpass

    Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project | PIU Kollam 5

    ABBREVIATIONS & ACRONYMSABBREVIATIONS & ACRONYMSABBREVIATIONS & ACRONYMSABBREVIATIONS & ACRONYMS

    ADB - Asian Development Bank

    Ac - Acre

    BOD - Biochemical Oxygen Demand

    CPHEEO - Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organization

    CPCB - Central Pollution Control Board

    oC - Degree Celsius

    DG - Diesel Generator

    DPR - Detailed Project Report

    DSC - Design and Supervision Consultant

    EIA - Environmental Impact Assessment

    EMP - Environment Management Plan

    EARF - Environmental Assessment and Review Framework

    GoK - Government of Kerala

    GSI - Geological Survey of India

    Ha - Hectare

    IEE - Initial Environmental Examination

    IPP -Investment Program Preparation

    km - Kilometer

    KSUDP - Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project

    KSPCB - Kerala State Pollution Control Board

    KWA - Kerala Water Authority

    KMC - Kollam Municipal Corporation

    LSGD - Local Self Government Department

  • INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION REPORT Chinnakkada Underpass

    Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project | PIU Kollam 6

    LSGDU - Local Self Government Department (Urban)

    m - Metre

    m2 - Square metre

    m3 - cubic meter

    m3 / hr - cubic meter per hours

    max. - Maximum

    mld/ MLD - Million Liters per Day

    mm - Millimeter

    mg/l - Milligram per litre

    MSL - Mean Sea Level

    MoEF - Ministry of Environment and Forest

    NA - Not Applicable

    O&M - Operation and Maintenance

    PIU - Project Implementation Unit

    PMU - Project Management Unit

    PS - Pumping Station

    PPTA - Project Preparatory Technical Assistance

    Rs. - Rupees

    Sq.km - Square kilometer

    SPM - Suspended Particulate Matter

    SS - Suspended solids

    SWD - Storm Water Drainage

    TA - Technical Assistance

    TSS - Total Suspended Solid

  • INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION REPORT Chinnakkada Underpass

    Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project | PIU Kollam 7

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARYEXECUTIVE SUMMARYEXECUTIVE SUMMARYEXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project (KSUDP) covers the five Municipal Corporations of the State namely Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kochi, Thrissur and Kozhikode. The project aims to improve and expand the urban infrastructure and services in these cities. The rehabilitation, improvement and expansion of the following municipal services are taken up under the project: Water supply, Sewerage and sanitation, Drainage, Municipal solid waste management, Urban roads.

    An IEE is initial examination of potential environmental impacts of the proposed activities of a project. The IEE identifies any potential environmental impacts under different stages of the sub-project implementation and includes environmental management and monitoring plans for the various components. It also describes the appropriate institutional framework to ensure proper implementation of the environmental safeguards.

    The sub-project "Underpass at Chinnakkada in Kollam Municipal Corporation (KMC) includes construction of an underpass to the existing Railway Over Bridge at Chinnakkada. The project was conceived to alleviate the traffic congestion at Chinnakkada and to facilitate easy movement of the traffic.

    Though the sub-project aims to improve the free flow of traffic which is beneficial to the public, certain activities involved during various phases of the project may have potential to cause certain negative environmental impacts. These impacts may arise during implementation and operation phase and may also arise after end of operation period. The initial environmental examination (IEE) is conducted for the sub-project to identify these negative impacts of the sub-project based on the scale and magnitude of activities coupled with the environmental setting of the project location and to develop appropriate environmental management plan (EMP) to be incorporated in the design and implementation to ensure that the sub-project is unlikely to cause any negative impacts.

    The Sub-project was appraised by the funding agency ADB during PPTA (Project Preparatory Technical Assistance) and had judged to have some adverse environmental impacts but of lesser degree and/or significance and has categorized as B. An initial environmental examination (lEE) is required to determine whether significant environmental impacts warranting an EIA are likely. If an EIA is not needed, the lEE is regarded as the final environmental assessment report. A subproject is categorized as Category B Sensitive if that sub-project has environmentally sensitive components Category - A projects are those having significant environmental impact and that requires a full -fledged Environmental Impact Assessment Study. Category C are those projects unlikely to cause any environmental impacts.

    The sub-project location is at Kollam and the site is Chinnakkada junction. The underpass is at chain