Chapter 7 The Early Baroque Period Style Features of Early Baroque Music

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Chapter 7 The Early Baroque Period Style Features of Early Baroque Music </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Key Terms Basso continuo Ground bass Basso ostinato Functional harmony </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Style Features of Early Baroque Music Extravagance &amp; emotional expression tempered by scientific inquiry and logic Methodical use of musical elements to express emotions Rhythm and Meter Influence of dance rhythms Functional Harmony Major and minor scales Texture: Basso Continuo Importance of instrumental music LETS LOOK AT THESE INDIVIDUALLY </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Rhythm and Meter Baroque rhythm ranged between two extremes Free speech-rhythms of recitative Vivacious regularity of dance music Strong beat and regular meter give much Baroque music a clear rhythmic feel Consistent repetition of patterns strengthens rhythmic feel Different patterns appropriate for different emotions </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Texture: Basso Continuo Consistent feature of Baroque music Similar to rhythm section in jazz or rock bands, and just as ubiquitous Basso continuo played by: Bass melody instruments (cello or bass) Chording instruments (keyboard or lute) Advantages of continuo: Strong, reinforced bass line Strong harmonic foundationchording instruments continuously adds chords </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Texture: Ground Bass Ground bass = repeating bass line Ground bass compositions build melodies and harmonies over this basso ostinato Ostinato is a near-universal practice Purcell, Didos Lament; Sudanese Song; Frescobaldi, Passacaglia; Elephant-Hunt Song </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Functional Harmony Relies on major and minor scales with their strong pull toward tonic Chords formerly result of melodic thinking, polyphonic combinations of lines In continuo-based textures, more focus on chords &amp; chord progressions Composers worked to construct effective chord progression over strong bass line Resulting harmonies more predictable, purposefulmore modern! </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Functional Harmony (2) Harmony now capable of greater emotional &amp; dramatic expression Strong pull to tonic creates sense of stability, inevitability At the same time, it strengthens the disruption &amp; disorientation created by dissonances or modulations Composers systematically create emotional states ranging between these extremes </li> </ul>