CAPSTONE SENIOR DESIGN PROJECT GUIDELINES
Tarek ElTahawy, Ph.D., P.E.
Capstone Senior Design Project
All Taif University Civil Engineering students must participate in a major design
experience before graduation. Students should enroll in the Senior Design Project as
teams on client-based engineering projects, using skills acquired in earlier
engineering course work. The Senior Design experience shall prepare the students
for their careers by asking them to solve problems under many of realistic
constraints and considerations that a civil engineer encounters on the job. These
considerations include economics, environmental, sustainability, constructability,
ethical, social, political, health, and safety.
ABET DESIGN DEFINITION
Engineering design is the process of
devising a system, component, or process to
meet desired needs. It is a decision making
process (often iterative), in which the basic
sciences, mathematics, and engineering
sciences are applied to convert resources
optimally to meet a stated objective.
Establishment of clear objectives and criteria
Process of taking the elements of the concept and arranging them in the proper way so that a study is ready for analysis
Breaking down objects or ideas into simpler parts and seeing how the parts relate and are organized
Putting elements together to form a coherent or functional whole; reorganizing elements into a new pattern or structure through generating, planning, or producing.
Testing your pattern or structure against your criteria, assumptions, and expectations to see if they meet the necessary requirements and collect results data for design evaluation.
Making sound engineering judgments based on criteria and standards through checking and critiquing.
DESIGN CURRICULUM GOALS
The engineering design component of a curriculum must include most of the
Use open-ended problems
Develop/use design methodology
Consider alternative solutions
Prepare detailed system descriptions
REAL WORLD CONSTRAINTS
it is essential to include a variety of realistic constraints, such as
Health and Safety
Environmental Social, and Political impacts
THE DESIGN PHASE MAJOR STAGES
NINE STEPS MODEL OF THE DESIGN PROCESS
1. Recognizing the need
2. Defining the problem
3. Planning the project
4. Gathering information
5. Conceptualizing alternatives
6. Evaluating the alternatives
7. Selecting the preferred alternative
8. Communicating the design
9. Implementing the preferred design
ATTRIBUTE OF A GOOD DESIGN PROJECT
It should address a "real-world" problem, preferably one of significant importance to society or industry.
It should involve many sub-problems, and many alternative solutions.
It should be in a relatively unexplored area where the "best" solutions are not widely known or obvious.
There should be opportunity for innovation and creativity.
There should be opportunity to incorporate emerging technologies.
It should be rich in engineering analysis.
There should be opportunity for prototype construction and testing.
CAPSTONE PROJECT GUIDELINESThe following guidelines are to be followed when conducting a Capstone Design Project. Senior engineering students must begin a Capstone Project at least two semesters prior to graduation. The Capstone Project will be executed in a two-semester Capstone course.
1. First Semester Capstone Requirements
Preparation for a Capstone Project:
o At the first meeting of the Capstone Class, the Capstone Design Project Policy and Procedures will be discussed in detail. The Project Approval Form and the Capstone Project Milestone Checklist will also be discussed.
o Each student will select and meet with a Project Advisor by the second week of the semester to outline a program of work, set major milestones and time frames required to meet the major milestones. Faculty advisors are asked to oversee the planning and progress of the capstone project and attend the capstone presentations
o Each student must prepare and submit a Capstone Project Approval Form to a Project Advisor and to the Department Head and/or Capstone Project Committee CPC, for approval of the capstone design topic. Submission of the Capstone Design Project Approval Form to the Capstone Course Instructor will take place no later than the third meeting of the class.
CAPSTONE PROJECT GUIDELINES Progress Reports
o Each student must submit progress reports (written and oral) to the Project Advisor and Capstone Course Instructor. A copy of the Milestone Checklist will be submitted to the Capstone Course Instructor each class period. At least one oral status report will be given in class. See Appendix for thr Preliminary Design Review Checklist and Critical Design Review Checklist.
2. First Semester Deliverables
o Each student will submit a Problem Definition and four (4) chapters to the course instructor as scheduled on the Milestone Checklist.
The Problem Definition must include the following minimum components:
List of References
List of Specifications
List of Constraints
List of Alternative Solutions
All requirements must be submitted in class on or before the date indicated on the Milestone Checklist.
CAPSTONE PROJECT GUIDELINES Project Issues
o Discussion of the mathematical, science and engineering/technical principles used to complete the
o Detailed discussion of each realistic constraint, which follow, as they applied to the design/technical
project: economic factors; safety; security; reliability; aesthetics; ethics; social factors; etc
o Discussion of the skills (programming, computational, experimental, etc.), techniques (numerical,
analytical, etc), model(s) (analytical, computer, graphical, numerical) and modern tools (software,
computer hardware, instrumentation, etc.) required to complete the design/technical project.
o Discussion of the design/technical methodology, including codes and standards, used in the project.
o A personal statement of being ethical and professional at all times, particularly while analyzing
and/or designing a system, system component or process for your capstone project and when
communicating the project.
o Project Issue Reports must be graded, signed, dated by the project advisor and submitted on or
before the date indicated on the Course Outline. All Issue Reports must be submitted to receive a
CAPSTONE PROJECT GUIDELINES Chapter Requirements
o A preliminary list of Chapter Designations, approved and signed by the Project Advisor, is required
which indicates the chapter where fundamental elements, design/technical features and constraints
will be discussed. Chapter Designations are subject to change during the course of the project. The
list of Chapter Designations is to be submitted in class to the Project Instructor on or before the
date indicated on the Milestone Checklist.
o It is the responsibility of the student to ensure that the Preliminary Material and each chapter is
free of all grammatical errors, miss-spelled words and in the correct format as defined in the
Capstone Design/Technical Manuel. A chapter is not complete if grammatical errors exist or
misspelled words are present and if the chapter is not in the proper format.
o The Preliminary Material must be submitted with each chapter. The each chapter must be (1) 85%
complete, (2) free of miss-spelled words grammatical errors and in the correct format, (3) submitted
with a signed statement from the Project Advisor verifying that the chapter is 85% complete, (4)
with a grade recorded on the Milestone Checklist and (5) submitted in class to the Project
Instructor on or before the (6) date indicated on the Procedural Checklist. If any one of these
requirements is not met then a grade of zero will be given for the chapter.
CAPSTONE PROJECT GUIDELINES3. Second Semester Capstone Class Requirements/Deliverables
o A one-page, abstract, approved by the Project Advisor, is to be submitted to the course instructor on
the date indicated on the Milestone Checklist.
o It is the responsibility of the student to ensure that each draft and the final report is free of all
grammatical errors, miss-spelled words and in the correct format as defined in the Capstone Design
Manuel. A draft is not complete, nor is the final report complete if grammatical errors exist or miss-
spelled words are present and if the paper is not in the proper format.
o The first draft