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Kritik Nuclearism Josh Ridenour

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KRITIK NUCLEARISMF/W REPS KEY............................................................................................................................................................3 1. Language is Key: discourse legitimizes the system; continued blame shift ignores our own co-responsibility. 3 2. Metaphors frame the discussion for a solution to a problem; metaphors are driving strategy in proliferation4 3. Metaphors are K2 structuring and supporting the understanding of a problem.........................................4 LINKS...............................................................................................................................................................................5 A. Proliferation...................................................................................................................................................5 1. Proliferation is the guiding principle of the international security environment; proliferation, stability, and balance are the key metaphors.............................................................................................................5 2. Anti-nuclear nuclearism prioritizes nonproliferation; a focus on other's weapons rather than the 99% the US has; efforts toward global nuclear disarmament are just to prevent claims of hypocrisy from sticking.....5 B. Arms Control.................................................................................................................................................6 1. Arms Control is the policy of legitimizing and sustaining a system of hierarchy in which the US remains the dominant power..............................................................................................................................................6 INTERNALS....................................................................................................................................................................7 A. Examples............................................................................................................................................................7 1. There is a general perception that nuclear weapons are only safe in the hands of Western powers, that third world nations would be unfit for possession; in fact, third world nations have been used to justify possession....7 2. Racialism and legitimization of Western dominance over non-parties to the NPT is growing..................7 3. Krauthammer gives a great example of the proliferation problem; advocates denial, forcible disarmament, and defense.....................................................................................................................................................8 4. Bush's focus on the proliferation problem led to a new world order where the UN regulates conventional weapons as well..............................................................................................................................................9 IMPACTS.......................................................................................................................................................................11 A. No Solvency......................................................................................................................................................11 1. Proliferation's focus on technology denial, and the artificial intrinsicness assigned to the weapons themselves dooms the strategy to failure......................................................................................................11 2. The proliferation metaphor itself ignores the root causes of weapons units and technologies spreading; the fault is with the policy strategy of proliferation as opposed by disarmament.......................................12 3. Current metaphor of proliferation is driving strategies that fail to account for the nature of security and complexity in the international security environment; we are doomed to failure........................................13 4. Proliferation focuses on spread, but neglects the structural nature of proliferation and the inherent factors that drive it....................................................................................................................................................13 B. Case TURN.......................................................................................................................................................14 1. Focus on stability and balance actually promotes the spread of nuclear weapons; additionally, it consigns us to an eternal status quo; in this vein, high levels of proliferation would actually be more stable...........14 2. The nuclearism and racism of weapons possession actually spurs proliferation (CASE TURN); without addressing nuclearism, the proliferation agenda cannot be solved (SOLVENCY STRIKE).......................15 3. US nuclear policy is a hypocritical double-standard that drives proliferation (Ex. India nuke deal).......15 4. US nonproliferation programs ironically increase the threat of proliferation; a fundamental shift is necessary to solve the problem of proliferation............................................................................................................16 5. Current nonproliferation efforts actually increase the incentive to proliferate.........................................17 C. Racism..............................................................................................................................................................18 1. Nuclear dominance = Orientalism; Western discourse on nonproliferation is a form of nuclear racism.18 2. The nonproliferation regime is racist; the backlash against rogue states does not match the reaction to Western powers.............................................................................................................................................18 D. Oppression.......................................................................................................................................................19 1. Stability serves to ignore the oppressed and preserve the status quo of dominance over those who do not

Kritik Nuclearism Josh Ridenour

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support the agenda (Ex. Ukraine and Yugoslavia)........................................................................................19 2. Anti-nuclear nuclearism justifies invasion, military strike and economic sanction against countries that pursue capabilities far behind the US' own; additionally, the CTBT has been symbolically violated by the US while it is explicitly designed to prevent the nuclearization of any other country........................................................20 E. Self-Fulfilling Prophecy..................................................................................................................................21 1. The ambiguity of the threat means the situation is constantly threat-generating; ultimately, the enemy is demonized and rejected as less than human.................................................................................................21 2. Preemptive strategy makes a never-ending war, shifting itself to persist in a variety of security threats 21 ALTERNATIVE............................................................................................................................................................23 1. Alt Solvency The critique solves the maskedness of the metaphor; we must deconstruct from a focus on proliferation to disarmament.................................................................................................................23 A2 SECTION.................................................................................................................................................................24 A. A2 Common Objections for Others' Nuclearization....................................................................................24 1. A2 No Deterrence For Them - o_0 you've got it backwards, doc.........................................................24 2. A2 They don't have the money! - Aha...haha...ha. -_- And we totally do? riiigghhttt..........................26 3. A2 They can't secure it - So...shouldn't we help them? It's not like our stuff is secure either..............27 4. A2 They're irrational/unstable - 2 counter-arguments: (1) democracy fail; (2) officials we haz our own problems, you hypocrite, you.......................................................................................................................28 5. A2 Irrational - Racists; no, really, you discriminate on 3 levels: criminalization, sexist overtones, and parent-child bigotry; westerners use symbolic forces of domestic hierarchy to subject others to their will31 B. A2 Why Do They Want?.............................................................................................................................33 1. The drive for nuclear weapons can be seen through a lens of economic need; North Korea can use its attention and nuclear capabilities as a bargaining chip for foreign aid.....................................................33

Kritik Nuclearism Josh Ridenour

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F/W REPS KEY1. Language is Key: discourse legitimizes the system; continued blame shift ignores our own co-responsibility Hugh Gusterson[Professor, Anthropology & Sociology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; PhD, Anthropology, Stanford University] Nuclear Weapons and the Other in the Western Imagination Journal of Cultural Anthropology, Vol. 14, No. 1, p. 111-143, 1999 [JCKR]Noam Chomsky (1 982) has suggested that the arms race between the superpowers was not really "about" the US.-Soviet rivalry at all but was a convenient way to assure the subjugation of smaller countries in t