Broadcasting & Network Automation

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    SUMMER TRAINING REPORT SUBMITTED TOWARDS THE PARTIAL

    FULFILLMENT OF BACHOLERS OF TECHNOLOGY (ECE)

    SUBMITTED BY:Divya BassiB.TECH (ECE) 2008-2012Roll No: 80906108087

    Industry Guide Faculty Guide

    Mr. Arunava Konar Er. Anurag Sharma

    Senior Manager

    SWAMI VIVEKANAND INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY,BANUR, DIST. PATIALA, PUNJAB

    Broadcasting & Network Automation

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    SWAMI VIVEKANAND INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY,

    BANUR, DIST.

    PATIALA, PUNJAB

    CERTIFICATE

    This is to certify that Mr. Divya Bassi, a student of B.Tech. (ECE),Swami Vivekanand Institute of Engineering & Technology, Banur, Patiala

    has worked on the Broadcasting & Network Automation, under the abledesignationtrainee, CompanyDISHTV India Limited.

    The period for which he was on training for6 weeks, starting from28thJune10 to 09th August10. This Summer Training report has the requisitestandard for the partial fulfillment the Bachelor in Electronics &Communication Engineering. To the best of our knowledge no part of this

    report has been reproduced from any other report and the contents are based

    on original research.

    I wish him all success in his life.

    Date: 09 AUGUST 2010

    (Signature of the Internal Guide) (Signature of Student)

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    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    The satisfaction of completion of any successful task is incompletewithout mentioning the name of people who made it possible and whoseconstant guidance and encouragement crowned our efforts with success.

    I have a pleasure in submitting the project report and I take this opportunityto express my sincere gratitude to all those who have helped me in this

    organization.

    I express my sincere gratitude to Mr. Arunava Konar Senior Manager, who gave the vital inputs and necessary information regarding the project and organization. I would also like to thank my project guide for giving me theopportunity constant encouragement, support and guidance and for impartingtheir views regarding the project. I wish to place on record my sincere thanks

    to people of DISH TV India Limited team for their contribution and cooperation.

    I am grateful to Mr. Ravi Bhushan Puri (C.T.O DISH TV), This projectreport could not have been completed without his guidance.

    I also wish to express my gratitude toEr. Anurag Sharma and all those whohave directly or indirectly given assistance in making this project easier and possible.

    Signature

    (DIVYA BASSI)

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    BROADCASTING & NETWORK AUTOMATION

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    CONTENTS

    1. INTRODUCTION OF THE TOPIC 2 - 31.1 Broadcasting 2

    1.2 Television 2

    1.2.1 Analogue television systems 2

    1.3 Basic Understanding Under Analogous Television System 3

    1.3.1 Frames 3

    1.3.2 Viewing technology 3

    1.3.3 Over scan 3

    2. RELAIVE WORK DONE & BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE REPORT 5 - 102.1 Device Controller 5

    2.2 Time Code Reader Card 6

    2.3 GPI Card 7

    2.4 RS422 Serial Card 82.5 Housekeeper 82.6 Browse Server 92.7 Browse System 10

    3. LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS 12163.1 Devices 12

    3.2 Device Drivers 12

    3.3 Device Status 13

    3.4 Resource Manager 13

    3.5 Serial Devices 14

    3.6 Video Servers 15

    3.7 Logomotion & Iconmaster) 16

    4. TRANSMISSION 18 - 294.1 Introduction 184.2 Navigating the List 184.3 Transmission 19

    4.3.1 Populating the list 194.3.2 Using drag and drop 19

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    4.3.3 List controls 204.3.4 List control bar buttons 204.3.5 Running a playlist 214.3.6 List toolbar 214.3.7 Edit Mode 214.3.8 List menu options 214.3.9 Event fields 224.3.10 Editing layout 224.3.11 Event start types 234.3.12 Start type summary 244.3.13 Event end types 244.3.14 Fixed events 244.3.15 Understanding +/- 254.3.16 +/- Fields 254.3.17 Danger of small gaps 25

    4.4 Controlling Secondarys 264.5 GPIs 264.6 Search and Replace 264.7 Timers 274.8 List Properties 284.9 List Media Usage 294.10 Periscope Timeline 23

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    1.0 Introduction of The Topic:1.1 Broadcasting:

    Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals whichtransmit programs to an audience. The audience may be the general public

    or a relatively large sub-audience, such as children or young adults.

    The original term "broadcast" referred to the literal 'sowing of seeds' onfarms, by scattering them over a wide field. Broadcasting forms a very

    large segment of the mass media. Broadcasting to a very narrow range of

    audience is called narrowcasting.

    1.2 Television: Television (TV) is a widely used telecommunication medium for

    transmitting and receiving moving images, either monochromatic ("black

    and white") or color, usually accompanied by sound. "Television" may also

    refer specifically to a television set, television programming or televisiontransmission. The word is derived from mixed Latin and Greek roots,

    meaning "far sight": Greek tele far, and Latin visio, sight (from video, vis-

    to see, or to view in the first person).

    1.2.1 Analogue television systems:

    All but one analogue television system began life in monochrome. Eachcountry, faced with local political, technical, and economic issues, adopted

    a color system which was effectively grafted onto an existing monochrome

    system, using gaps in

    Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals whichtransmit programs to an audience. The audience may be the general public

    or a relatively large sub-audience, such as children or young adults.

    The original term "broadcast" referred to the literal 'sowing of seeds' onfarms, by scattering them over a wide field. Broadcasting forms a very

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    large segment of the mass media. Broadcasting to a very narrow range of

    audience is called narrowcasting.

    the video spectrum (explained below) to allow the color information to fit inthe channels allotted. In theory, any color system could be used with anymonochrome video system, but in practice some of the original

    monochrome systems proved impractical to adapt to color and were

    abandoned when the switch to color broadcasting was made. All countries

    use one of three color systems: NTSC, PAL, or SECAM.

    1.3 Basic Understanding Under Analogous Television System: Frames Viewing technology Over scan Audio Modulation

    1.3.1 Frames:

    Ignoring color, all television systems work in essentially the same manner.

    The monochrome image seen by a camera (now, the luminance component of a

    color image) is divided into horizontal scan lines, some number of which make up

    a single image or frame.

    1.3.2 Viewing technology:Analog television signal standards are designed to be displayed on a

    cathode ray tube (CRT), and so the physics of these devices necessarily controls

    the format of the video signal.

    1.3.3 Over scan:Television images are unique in that they must incorporate regions of the

    picture with reasonable-quality content, that will never be seen by some viewers.

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    Relative Work Done &Brief Description of The

    Report

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    2.0 Relative Work Done & Brief Description of The Report:2.1 Device Controller:

    The controller communicates with and controls broadcast devices viaRS422 serial connections and, in some cases, via network connections.

    GPI contacts can also be issued for the more simple devices.

    Controller features

    Easy case access (two thumb screws to remove the lid) Single or dual PSU options Support for up to four 8 port RS422 cards, allowing control of 32 serial

    devices

    Supports multiple 8 relay, 8 input GPI cards Control of up to 20 different devices Support for up to 16 playlists

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    Inside the controller chassis:-

    2.2 Time Code Reader Card: Reads and generates both LTC and VITC Will continue outputting time code in the absence or loss of either LTC or

    VITC The board has one LTC input, one Video input, one LTC output and one

    video output.

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    Checking the card status

    The card status can be checked from within windows Device Manager. Can be useful if you think you have problems with your time code feeds

    2.3 GPI Card: The GPI card is an Advantech PCI-1760 The automation will accept as many GPI cards as there are available PCI

    slots

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    2.4 RS422 Serial Card: The device controller uses PCI RS422 serial cards to control devices Each board has eight serial ports Each port is selectab

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