Bougainvillea Tutorial Introduction

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  • Gordon Braswe is a retired nursery owner who sp -cialized in Bougainvi eas. This document is intended to provide su cient information about bougainvil-leas that anyone interested in growing them wi have the necessary knowledge to be successful.

    Since George lived in Zone 8 (North Florida), his knowledge about growing bougainvi ea was ce -tered on growing them in pots, baskets and other co -tainers; thus there is little information regarding their use in landscaping.

    Since my expertise is in growing bougainvi ea in containers and not in the landscape, the i -formation I provide is centered around growing in pots, baskets and other type containers.

    North America Bougainvillea Bloom Season

    Best Climate for Bougainvillea

  • Use your Bougainvillea in different ways

    What About the Thorns?

    A Bougainvillea Flower

    Choosing a Container

    Drainage is Essential

    Try All Kinds of Containers

  • Drainage

    Insulation

    Large enough

    Weight

    Soil Suitable for Bougainvillea

    Mix Your Own Soil

  • Sterilizing Soil

    Table 1Commonly Used Soil-less Mixtures

    Volume / Volume Ratio

    Components

    A pot-bound (roots fill the pot) Bougainvillea

    Bougainvillea Roots are Fragile

  • Repotting Bougainvillea

    Bougainvillea glabra

    Fertilizer is Essential

    Feeding Your Bougainvillea

  • Feed Less in Winter

    Fertilizer tips

    Bougainvillea Nutrient / pH Requirements

    pH Bar Graph

    Fertilizer Elements

    LESS

    Nitrogen Provides Growing Power and Makes Plant Leaves and Stems Green

  • Phosphorous Stimulates Budding and Blooming

    Potassium Promotes Strong Vigorous Roots and Resistance to Disease

    Other Micro-elements

  • Deficiency SignsNitrogen deficiency:

    Phosphorus deficiency:

    Potassium deficiency:

    Magnesium deficiency:

    Zinc deficiency (rare):

    Iron deficiency (always one of my great-est problems):

    Calcium is another element

    How Often to Fertilize

    Bougainvillea Eva's Variegata

    Watering Your Bougainvillea

    VARIES

    My Rule of Thumb About Watering a Bougainvillea

    MUST

  • General Information About Watering All Container Plants

  • Bougainvillea Small Leaf Purple

    Bougainvillea is NOT Frost Hardy

    Winter Protection for Bougainvillea

  • Where to Place Your Bougainvillea While Indoors

    While Indoors, Dormancy May Occur

    When Spring Returns

    A Greenhouse is Nice

    Bougainvillea Surprise, Photo by Anthony Davis

    Propagating Bougainvillea is Fun

    Ways for Propagating Bougainvillea

  • Bougainvillea Stem Cutting

    Rooting Environment

    Special Tips

  • Subterminal stem cutting

    Leaf-bud cutting

    Bougainvillea Seafoam

    Pruning Bougainvillea

    Soft Pinch

    Hard Pinch

  • When to PinchBougainvilleas may be pruned at any time of the year.

    A Picture of What I Mean

    Before

    After

    When to Hard Prune

  • Hard Prune

    Soft Prune

    Bougainvillea in a Hanging Basket

    Bougainvilleas Love to be Grown in a Hanging Basket

    Growing a Bougainvillea Basket

  • Notes about Pinching / Pruning

  • Bougainvilleas are Highly Suitable for Standards

    Growing a Bougainvillea Standard

  • BRACTS

    THORNS

    FLOWERS

    HABIT

    REMARKS

    Bougainvillea spectabilis

    LEAVES

    BRACTS

    THORNS

    FLOWERS

    HABIT

    REMARKS

    Bougainvillea speciesBougainvillea glabra

    LEAVES

    BRACTS

    THORNS

    FLOWERS

    HABIT

    REMARKS

    Bougainvillea peruviana

    LEAVES

  • FLOWERS

    HABIT

    Variegated BougainvilleaThis information provided by Omvery Chong tiger1@tm.net.my om Seremban N. Sembilan, Wes Malaysia: I am indebted to Omvery for his help i several areas of this web site and his wi ingness to share his knowledge with us.

    The first group of variegated culti-vars will have their veins, thorns, leaf stalks and stems green in color

    The other group will have gold or yellow color veins, thorns, leaf stalks and leaf stems.

    Bougainvillea Hybrid Groups - (Inter-species)

    Bougainvillea X buttiana

    LEAVES

    BRACTS

    THORNS

    FLOWERS

    HABIT

    REMARKS

    Bougainvillea X spectoperuviana

    LEAVES

    BRACTS

    THORNS

    FLOWERS

    HABIT

    Bougainvillea X spectoglabra

    LEAVES

    BRACTS

    THORNS

  • New Bougainvillea from Seed

    They are bud-sports of the green-leafstalk variegated cultivars

  • Bougainvillea Writing ListsNew Bougainvillea from Mutations

  • Red Shades

    Name Description

  • Name Description

    Pink Shades

    Name Description

  • Orange Shades

    Name Description

  • White Shades

    Name Description

  • Purple Shades

    Name Description

  • B.spectabilis cultivars

    Name Description

    B.glabra cultivars

    Name Description

  • Name Description

  • Name Description

    B. x buttiana cultivars

    Name Description

  • Spectoperuviana hybrids

    Name Description

    Inter- specific hybrids

    Name Description

  • Name Description

  • Name Description

  • Name Description

  • California Gold

    California Gold, Credit: Peter A. Hogg

    Juanita Hatten

    Juanita Hatten

    Barbara Karst

    Barbara Karst

    Texas Dawn

  • Texas Dawn, Photo: Peter A. Hogg

    Double Pink

    Double Pink, Photo: Lake Area Nursery

    SurpriseSurprise

    Royal Purple

    Royal Purple

    Vicki

  • Vicki

    Sundown

    Sundown

    Jamaica White

    Jamaica White, Photo: Kelley MacDonald, 2006