AP World History Chapter 29 HAITIAN & LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS

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  • Slide 1
  • AP World History Chapter 29 HAITIAN & LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS
  • Slide 2
  • COMPARE & CONTRAST THE OUTCOMES OF FRENCH & AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS OutcomesFranceUSA OutcomesMonarchy-Louis XVIIIFederal Republic Important DocumentsDeclaration of the Rights of ManConstitution/ Bill of Rights Causes-social inequality -financial crisis -taxes -No taxation without representation Radical Guillotine De-Christianization Much more conservative
  • Slide 3
  • REMINDERS I/O Circle Tomorrow Essay due Friday ( see wiki) DBQ Wed Thursday Review Day Friday Chapter 29 test
  • Slide 4
  • 16c-18c: New Ideas Brewing in Europe
  • Slide 5
  • Inspiration of American & French Revolutions Declaration of Independence, 1776 Declaration of the Rights of Man & of the Citizen, 1789
  • Slide 6
  • Enlightenment Thinkers
  • Slide 7
  • European Empires: 1660s
  • Slide 8
  • Latin American Revolutions!
  • Slide 9
  • Saint Domingue was a French colony ( sugar &coffee plantations) produced 40 % of worlds sugar 90% of population were slaves working under brutal conditions 40,000 whites, 30,000 gens couleur, 500,000 black slaves BACKGROUND
  • Slide 10
  • Gens de couleur- free people of color as well as mulattoes Maroons- escaped slaves TERMS TO KNOW-
  • Slide 11
  • Boukman- Voudou priest, led 12,000 slaves in rebellion killed white settlers, burned their homes, destroyed plantations REVOLUTIONARY LEADERS
  • Slide 12
  • Toussaint LOuveture Leads a Revolution in Haiti (1804)
  • Slide 13
  • Former slave Skilled organizer, and military commander, wrote constitution 1801 In 1802 he was captured, then died in French prison TOUSSAINT-LOUVERTURE 1744-1803 BLACK GEORGE WASHINGTON
  • Slide 14
  • Only successful slave rebellion in history ! In 1804 Haiti was declared independent ( the 1 st republic in Latin America) US did not recognize the new republic OUTCOMES OF HAITIAN REVOLUTION
  • Slide 15
  • Inspired by the Enlightenment Tensions between Creoles & peninsulares Napoleon invaded Europe causing confusion and & opportunity to rebel CAUSES OF LATIN AMERICAN WARS OF INDEPENDENCE
  • Slide 16
  • Napoleon on the March Provides a model & a diversion!
  • Slide 17
  • Simn Bolivar: The Latin American George Washington Creole who was inspired by Enlightenment Led military campaigns against Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru Tried to unify S. America into Gran Colombia
  • Slide 18
  • Bolivars Accomplishment
  • Slide 19
  • The Caribbean: An American Lake
  • Slide 20
  • EFFECTS OF LATIN AMERICAN WARS OF INDEPENDENCE Free from Spain by 1825 Power continued to be in the hands of Elite( caudillos, Creoles, military leaders) More independence than freedom
  • Slide 21
  • THE FIRST SUCCESSFUL REVOLUTION IN THE CARIBBEAN AND SOUTH AMERICA WAS LAUNCHED IN: A. Haiti B. Argentina C. Cuba D. Colombia E. Jamaica
  • Slide 22
  • IN LEADING THE REVOLUTIONS OF SOUTH AMERICA, SIMON BOLIVAR ADVOCATED A.that Spanish colonial rule be replaced with an indigenous monarchy B.that ethnic nationalism be the basis of the new states C.the popular sovereignty D.the abolition of slavery and full male suffrage E.all of the above
  • Slide 23
  • REVOLUTIONS IN LATIN AMERICA WERE FREQUENTLY A POWER STRUGGLE BETWEEN WHAT TWO GROUPS? A.masters and slaves B.peninsulares and creoles C.European and indigenous peoples D.Europeans and mestizos E.colonial militias and European mercenaries
  • Slide 24
  • IN LATIN AMERICA, LEADERS WHO WERE CALLED CAUDILLOS A.were those most sympathetic to the old regimes B.ruled without the cooperation of the church C.were personalist leaders who held power without constitutional sanction D.were chosen by popular election E.were the sons of rich industrialists

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