of 31/31
Berry Gordy and Motown: Creating the Sound of Young America Alexus Levant, Mmachi Okeke, Nancy Phan, Lindsey Smith and Erianna Rogers Annotated Bibliography Primary Books Benjaminson, Peter. Mary Wells: The tumultuous life of Motown’s first superstar.2012. This source was used to gain insight on an artist of Motown and their perception of the company. This vinyl is helpful to the project because it provides a different point of view. Gordy, Berry. To be loved: The music, the magic, and the memories of Motown. 1995 This is an auto biography of Berry Gordy and his label from his perception and many quotes were obtained from this source. This source is helpful because it shows Motown from the point of view of Berry Gordy. Williams, Otis. Temptations.2002. This source gave insight on the view that Otis Williams had on the company and the inside of Motown and its structure. This source is significant because it adds yet another point of view of an artist that was in Motown. Newspaper and Articles Cruz, Gilbert. ‘’A brief history of Motown’’. Time Magazine. This is a magazine article that gives background on Motown.

Annotated Bibliography

  • View
    17

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Annotated Bibliography for website "Berry Gordy and Motown: Creating the Sound of Young America"

Text of Annotated Bibliography

Berry Gordy and Motown: Creating the Sound of Young AmericaAlexus Levant, Mmachi Okeke, Nancy Phan, Lindsey Smith and Erianna Rogers

Annotated BibliographyPrimary

Books

Benjaminson, Peter. Mary Wells: The tumultuous life of Motowns first superstar.2012. This source was used to gain insight on an artist of Motown and their perception of the company. This vinyl is helpful to the project because it provides a different point of view.

Gordy, Berry. To be loved: The music, the magic, and the memories of Motown. 1995 This is an auto biography of Berry Gordy and his label from his perception and many quotes were obtained from this source. This source is helpful because it shows Motown from the point of view of Berry Gordy.

Williams, Otis. Temptations.2002. This source gave insight on the view that Otis Williams had on the company and the inside of Motown and its structure. This source is significant because it adds yet another point of view of an artist that was in Motown.

Newspaper and Articles

Cruz, Gilbert. A brief history of Motown. Time Magazine. This is a magazine article that gives background on Motown. This is useful because it was from the time period and provides a history of the successful record label.

"The Supremes make it big." Ebony. 1965. The success of one of Motowns group was gained from this source. It is important because it demonstrates the progress of the company.

Images

Afro Newspaper/Gado. Members of the Isley Brothers musical group. Getty Images. 1960. Accessed March 5, 2015. This is a picture of the members of the Motown group The Isley Brothers.

AP Photo/Mclendon. Stevie Wonder. 1973. Accessed February 25, 2015. This is a picture of Stevie Wonder holding a grammy necessary for the legacy page.

Ballard, Florence. SOPHISTICATED LADIES. Digital image. The New York Times. 17 Dec. 2006. Accessed 10 Mar. 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/17/fashion/17supremes.html?pagewanted=all.The Supremes together as a group in 1966. They had a song on the top charts that helped integrate the music industry.

Callahan, Mike; Edwards, David; Eyries, Patrice. Second Motown Vinyl. Accessed December 8, 2014. http://www.bsnpubs.com/motown/motown/motown.html. Here is a picture of a Motown record vinyl.

Callahan, Mike; Edwards, David; Eyries, Patrice . Second Tamla Vinyl. Accessed December 8, 2014. http://www.bsnpubs.com/motown/tamla/tamla.html. Here is a picture of a Tamla record vinyl

Callahan, Mike; Edwards, David; Eyries, Patrice . Second Gordy Vinyl. Accessed December 8, 2014. http://www.bsnpubs.com/motown/gordy/gordy.html Here is a picture of a Gordy record vinyl.

CBS Photo Archives. The Jackson Five On 'The Ed Sullivan Show.' Getty Images. 1970. Accessed April 11, 2015.This is a picture of the Jackson Five on The Ed Sullivan Show used on the Sound of America page. This picture was necessary because it shows Berry Gordy booked his artists on White television shows.

CBS Photo Archives. The Supremes On 'The Ed Sullivan Show.' Getty Images. 1964. Accessed April 11, 2015.This is a picture of The Supremes on The Ed Sullivan Show used on the Sound of America page. This picture was necessary because it proves Berry Gordy tried to put his artists on White television shows.

Corkery, Richard; New York Daily News Archive. Motown's Berry Gordy attending Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame in. Getty Images. 1988. Accessed April 6, 2015.This is a picture of Berry Gordy at the Rock n Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony used on the Leadership page.

David, Nick . The Original Console. Recording Weekly. 1998. Accessed December 13, 2014. http://www.recordingeq.com/2006motown/06motown24.html. Here is a picture of the console used in the control room of Hitsville U.S.A.

David, Nick . The Equipment Racks. Recording Weekly. 1998. Accessed December 13, 2014. http://www.recordingeq.com/2006motown/06motown24.html. Here is a picture of the equipment racks in the control room.

David, Nick. The Studio. Recording Weekly. 1998. Accessed December 13, 2014. http://www.recordingeq.com/2006motown/06motown24.html. Here is a picture of the studio found in the back of the house.Dickson, Ian. Photo of Lisa Stansfield. Getty Images. 1992. Accessed April 11, 2015.This is a picture of Lisa Stansfield used for the Sound of America page. Her picture is necessary because she represents the Blue Eyed Souls.

Detroit News Archives. Berry Gordy Jr., president of Motown Records, holds some of his hits. Accessed February 14, 2015. http://www.detroitnews.com/article/20130411/ENT04/304110365 From this website, a picture of Berry Gordy holding one of his records was used.

Eccles, and Marcus. Digital image. Motown the Musical. 2015. Accessed March, 7 2015. http://www.motownthemusical.com/photos.php.The cast members in the musical are dancing on stage. Shows how the musical today reflects the real Motown.

Echoes/Redferns. Photo of TWIST and Chubby CHECKER. Getty Images. 1960. Accessed April 9, 2015. This is a picture of Chubby Checker necessary for the Music Before Motown page. His picture was necessary because he represents the Rock n Roll genre in the 50s.

French, Larry. BET Honors 2014: Show. Getty Images. 2014. Accessed April 6, 2015.This is a picture of Berry Gordy at the BET Honors awards show used for the Leadership page. Him accepting the Entrepreneur/Visionary Award proves his success and legacy in Motown.

GAB Archive. Wild Cherry Posed. Getty Images. 1970. Accessed April 11, 2015.This is a picture of the band Wild Cherry used for the Sound of America page. Their picture is necessary because they represent the Blue Eyed Souls.

Gems, and Redferns. Marvin Gaye. Digital image. The Guardian. 10 June 2011. Accessed 10 Mar. 2015. http://www.theguardian.com/music/2011/jun/11/marvin-gaye-whats-going-on.Marvin Gaye in front of recording machines. He had a song on the top charts that helped integrate the music industry.Hall, Rock. Maxine Powell and Ruthie Brown. Accessed March 9, 2015. http://rockhall.com/blog/post/10163_remembering-maxine-powell-and-motown/ This picture was used on the "Integration of Music" page. This is a picture of Maxine Powell and Ruthie Brown.

Holloway, Elmer. The Nat King Cole Show - Season 1. Getty Images. 1956. Accessed April 9, 2015. This is a picture of Nat King Cole necessary for the Music Before Motown page. It is necessary for the page because he Nat King Cole represents the Traditional Pop Genre of the 50s.

Hulton Archive. Portrait Of Louis Armstrong. Getty Images. 1927. Accessed April 10, 2015.This is a picture of Louis Armstrong used on the Music Before Motown Page. He was necessary for the page because he represents the Harlem Renaissance and jazz genre in the 1920s.

Johnson, John. Berry Gordy and Smokey Robinson. Digital image. Google Books. Jet Magazines, 21 Nov. 1994. Accessed 7 Feb. 2015. https://books.google.com/books?id=Mz0DAAAAMBAJ.Berry and the singer Smokey Robinson are together. This shows the relationship of Gordy and his singers had under his leadership.

Johnson, John. Berry Gordy and Diana Ross. Digital image. Google Books. Jet Magazines, 21 Nov. 1994. Accessed 7 Feb. 2015. https://books.google.com/books?id=Mz0DAAAAMBAJ.Berry and the singer Diana Ross are together. This shows the relationship of Gordy and his singers had under his leadership. Johnson, John. Berry Gordy and Michael Jackson. Digital image. Google Books. Jet Magazines, 21 Nov. 1994. Accessed 7 Feb. 2015. https://books.google.com/books?id=Mz0DAAAAMBAJ.Berry and the singer Michael Jackson are together. This shows the relationship of Gordy and his singers had under his leadership. Johnson, John. Berry Gordy and Marvin Gaye. Digital image. Google Books. Jet Magazines, 21 Nov. 1994. Accessed 7 Feb. 2015. https://books.google.com/books?id=Mz0DAAAAMBAJ.Berry and the singer Marvin Gaye are together. This shows the relationship of Gordy and his singers had under his leadership. Johnson, John. Berry Gordy and Stevie Wonder. Digital image. Google Books. Jet Magazines, 21Nov. 1994. Accessed 7 Feb. 2015. https://books.google.com/booksid=Mz0DAAAAMBAJ.Berry Gordy and Stevie Wonder are together. This shows the relationship of Gordy and his singers had under his leadership.

Kisch, John D., Separate Cinema Archive. Movie Poster For 'Black And Tan.' Getty Images. 1929. Accessed April 10, 2015.This is a poster of Duke Ellingtons concert/movie used on the Music Before Motown page. This picture is on the page because he represents the Harlem Renaissance and Jazz of the 1920s.KMazur. 12th Annual Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, 1997. Getty Images. 1997. Accessed April 13, 2015.This is a picture of Jackson 5 at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony. This picture is on the legacy page because they represent the success of MotownKriegsmann, James; Ochs, Michael. Motown singer Mary Wells poses for a portrait circa 1963 in New York City, New York. Getty Images. 1963. Accessed March 7, 2015. This is a picture of Mary Wells in 1963 necessary for the artists page.

Kriegsmann, James; Ochs, Michael. The Marvelettes. Getty Images. 1964. Accessed March 10, 2015.This is a picture of the group The Marvelettes used for the Integration of the Music Industry page. Their picture was used as a background of a text.

Marcus, Joan. Untitled. Broadway.com. 2014. Accessed April 11, 2015.This is a picture of an actor acting as Berry Gordy in Motown the Musical. The picture was used for the musical part of the Legacy page.

Marcus, Joan. Untitled. Broadway.com. 2014. Accessed April 11, 2015.This is a picture of actors playing the part of Jackson in Motown the Musical. The picture was used for the musical part of the Legacy page.

Marcus, Joan. Untitled. Broadway.com. 2014. Accessed April 11, 2015.This is a picture of actors singing as The Temptations in Motown the Musical. The picture was used for the musical part of the Legacy page.

Marcus, Joan. Untitled. Broadway.com. 2014. Accessed April 11, 2015.This is a picture of actresses singing as The Supremes in Motown the Musical. The picture was used for the musical part of the Legacy page.

McKinney, William. The Original McKinneys Cotton Pickers. 1930. Accessed April 3, 2015. http://www.network54.com/Forum/27140/message/1195162146/More+Images+of+McKinney's+Cotton+Pickers+from+Steve+H.This is a poster for the McKinneys Cotton Pickers used on the Music Before Motown page. This picture was necessary to show the racial prejudice in music in the 1930s.

Motown Museum. Unnamed. Accessed March 6, 2015. http://magazine.shnsf.com/index.php/shn/the-women-of-motown/ This is a picture of Motowns etiquette instructor Maxine Powell with Brenda Holloway necessary for the integration page.

NBC. Ella Fitzgerald. Getty Images. 1959. Accessed April 9, 2015.This is a picture of Ella Fitzgerald used on the Music Before Motown page. She is necessary for the page because she represents the Traditional Pop of the 50s.

Null, Gary; NBC. Elvis- '68 Comeback Special. Getty Images. 1968. Accessed April 11, 2015.This is a picture of Elvis Presley used for the Sound of America page. His picture is necessary because he represents the Blue Eyed Souls.

Ochs, Michael. A photo of Gladys Knight & Pips. Getty Images. Year Unknown 1960s. Accessed March 6, 2015. This is a picture of the Motown group Gladys Knight & Pips. Ochs, Michael. Brenda Holloway. Getty Images. circa 1970. Accessed March 7, 2015. This is a picture of Brenda Holloway in the 70s necessary for the artists page.

Ochs, Michael. Dazz Band. Getty Images. circa 1970s. Accessed April 3, 2015.This is a picture of the Dazz Band necessary for the artists page. Ochs, Michael. Debarge. Getty Images. 1980s. Accessed February 26, 2015. Here is a picture of the group Debarge in the 80s. Ochs, Michael. Jackson 5 Portrait. Getty Images. 1971. Accessed December 15, 2014. Here is a picture of the young Jackson 5 group necessary for the page.

Ochs, Michael. Little Richard Portrait. Getty Images. 1957. Accessed April 9, 2015. This is a picture of Little Richard used on the Music Before Motown page. He is necessary for the page because he represents both Rock n Roll and Rhythm and Blues in the 50s.

Ochs, Michael. Martha Reeves and the Vandellas. Getty Images. circa 1960. Accessed April 3, 2015.This is a picture of Martha Reeves and the Vandellas probably 1962 Ochs, Michael. 'Mary Jane Girls' Portrait. Getty Images. 1983. Accessed April 9, 2015.This is a picture of the Mary Jane Girls necessary for the artists page.

Ochs, Michael. R&B singer Marvin Gaye poses for a portrait in circa 1963. Getty Images. 1963. Accessed December 16, 2014. Here is a picture of necessary for the artists page. Ochs, Michael. Rick James. Getty Images. Accessed December 17, 2014. Here is a picture of Rick James about a year after being signed to Motown. The picture was necessary for the artists page.

Ochs, Michael. R&B vocal group 'The Four Tops' pose for a portrait in circa 1965 in New York City, New York. Getty Images. 1965. Accessed April 6, 2015. This is a picture of the Four Tops necessary for the artists page. Ochs, Michael. Smokey Robinson and the Miracles. Getty. 1962. Accessed December 14, 2014. http://content.time.com/time/arts/article/0,8599,1870975,00.html Here is a picture of The Miracles in their early career when they were still called Smokey Robinson and the Miracles. Ochs, Michael. Stevie Wonder. Getty Images. 1963. Accessed December 15, 2014. Here is a picture of a young Stevie Wonder necessary for the artists page. Ochs, Michael. Supremes. Getty Images. 1964. Accessed December 15, 2014. Here there is a picture of a famous Motown girl group The Supremes necessary for the artists page. Ochs, Michael. The Contours. Getty Images. circa 1970. Accessed February 26, 2015. Here is a picture of the group The Contours circa 1970 necessary for the artists page.

Ochs, Michael. The Platters Portrait. Getty Images. 1955. Accessed April 9, 2015.This is a picture of The Platters necessary for the Music Before Motown page. Their picture is necessary because they represent the Rhythm and Blues of the 50s. Ochs, Michael. The Temptations. Getty Images. 1960. Accessed December 14, 2014. Here is a very early picture of The Temptations necessary for the artists page . The picture is from around the time the group was first founded. Ochs, Michael Archive, and Getty Images. Mary Wells. Digital image. The New York Times Style Magazine. 23 Nov. 2010. Accessed 10 Mar. 2015. http://tmagazine.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/23/fabulous-dead-people-mary-wells/.Mary Wells is singing circa 1970. She had a song on the top charts that helped integrate the music industry. Ochs, Michael. The Temptations. Digital image.Rolling Stone. Accessed 10 Mar. 2015. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/pictures/readers-poll-the-10-greatest-motown-songs-20130807. The Temptations together as a group. They had a song on the top charts that helped integrate the music industry. Ochs, Michael. The Four Tops. Digital image. The Guardian. Accessed 10 Mar. 2015. http://www.theguardian.com/music/2012/may/31/four-tops-reach-out. An image of the four tops was obtained from this source.

Ochs, Michael. 1957 Billy Ward and his Dominoes. 1957. Accessed April 9, 2015. This is a picture of Billy Ward and his Dominoes in 1957. They were necessary for the page because they represent the Rhythm and Blues of the 50s.

Petard, Gilles/Redferns. Posed studio portrait of Thelma Houston. Getty Images. 1973. Accessed March 7, 2015 This is a picture of Thelma Houston in 1973 necessary for the artists page.

Petard, Gilles. The Orioles. Getty Images.1950. Accessed April 9, 2015. This is a picture of a group called The Orioles necessary for the Music Before Motown page. Their picture is necessary because they represent the Rhythm and Blues of the 50s.

Petard, Gilles. The Penguins. Getty Images. 1955. Accessed April 9, 2015. This is a picture of a group called The Platters necessary for the Music Before Motown page. Their picture is necessary because they represent the Rhythm and Blues of the 50s.

Peterson, Charles. Billie And Band. Getty Images. 1939. Accessed April 10, 2015.This is a picture of Billie Holliday performing used on the Music Before Motown Page. She was necessary for the page because she represents jazz from the 1930s

Public Domain. Berry Gordy Jr, in Motown Studio. Accessed February 15, 2015. Accessed February 16, 2015. http://www.blackpast.org/aah/gordy-berry-jr-1929 A picture of Berry Gordy in the Studio at Hitsville U.S.A. if found here. Putland, Michael. English Singer Kiki Dee. Getty Images. 1973. Accessed December 17, 2014. Here is a picture of the first white female signed to Motown Records necessary for the artists page.

Red Martin, The Detroit News. Untitled. 1965. Accessed April 11, 2015.This is a picture of The Supremes and Berry Gordy in the recording studio of Hitsville U.S.A. The photo was used the the Motown page.

Rosenberg, Ira. Berry Gordy Jr. in the late 60s. Detroit Free Press. Accessed December 8, 2014. http://archive.freep.com/article/20090111/ENT04/901110326/Berry-Gordy-s-Motown-timeline. Berry Gordy sitting in front of a desk most likely at the Motown headquarters necessary for the the Berry Gordy page. RB/Redferns. Posed studio portrait of Tammi Terrell. Getty Images. 1960. Accessed February 26, 2015 Here is a picture of Tammi Terrell in her early days. SGranitz. Berry Gordy and Diana Ross. Accessed February 13, 2015. http://www.bet.com/music/photos/2011/11/daddy-dearest-paternity-scandals-in-music.html#!110311-music-daddy-berry-gordy-diana-ross On this page, there is a picture of Berry Gordy and Diana Ross with an award. Spina, Tony. Berry Gordy, Jr., Motown Records, Detroit, 1964. 1964. From Walter P. Reuther Library, Detroit. Accessed December 7, 2014. http://reuther.wayne.edu/node/9004. Here is a picture of Berry Gordy standing in front of Hitsville USA necessary for the headers.

Sykes,Charles. Berry Gordy outside "Motown: The Musical" at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre. The show will exit Broadway in Jan. 2015 with plans to return 18 months later. Accessed February 20, 2015. http://www.nydailynews.com/blogs/showandtell/motown-musical-close-return-broadway-blog-entry-1.1913247 On this page, there is a picture of Berry Gordy standing in front of a billboard of the Motown play. The Miss Manners of Motown Records. Accessed March 7, 2015. http://blogs.kcrw.com/rhythmplanet/rip-maxine-powell-miss-manners-of-motown-records/ This is a picture of Motowns etiquette instructor Maxine Powell. The photographer is unknown but is is found on a page by Tom Schnabel.

TIL MY MUSIC. MOTOWN 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever. Accessed February 15, 2015. http://www.kpbs.org/photos/galleries/motown-25-yesterday-today-forever/ On this page, there is a picture of Berry Gordy in the early days of Motown. This picture was used for the Berry Gordy biography page.

Wargo, Theo. Songwriters Hall Of Fame 44th Annual Induction And Awards - Show. Getty Images. 2013. Accessed April 6, 2015.This is a picture of Berry Gordy accepting an award for his leadership used on the Leadership page.

Quotes

Brainy Quote. Berry Gordy Quotes. Accessed February 17, 2015. http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/b/berrygordy485966.html The quote found on this website is by Berry Gordy. He talks about how he wanted Motowns music to appeal to everybody.

Fox, Margalit. Maxine Powell, Motowns Maven of Style, Dies at 98. Accessed March 7, 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/17/arts/music/maxine-powell-motowns-maven-of-style-dies-at-98.html?_r=0 A quote from Berry Gordy talking about Maxine Powell is found on this page. The quote was necessary for the integration page.

Folsom, Dr. Burton W. Berry Gordy and Motown Records: Lessons for Black History Month. Accessed February 20, 2015. http://www.mackinac.org/344 This website contained a quote form Sidney Poitier talking about Berry Gordy and how he applied Motown to all races.

Goldberg, Michael. Berry Gordy. Rolling Stone.1990. This magazine was used to see how Berry Gordy was portrayed on his success. It was helpful because its quotes were obtained from this source.

Haithman, Daine. Berry Gordy Jr. Accessed February 14, 2015. http://articles.latimes.com/1994-12-11/entertainment/ca-7736_1_founder-berry-gordy From this article, another quote from Berry Gordy about his book. The quote was used on the Berry Gordy page.

Haithman, Daine. Berry Gordy Jr. Accessed February 14, 2015. http://articles.latimes.com/1994-12-11/entertainment/ca-7736_1_founder-berry-gordy From this article a quote from Berry Gordy about his leadership was accessed. The quote was used on the Berry Gordy page.

Motown Museum. Motown, The Sound That Changed America. Accessed February 17, 2015. https://www.motownmuseum.org/story/motown/ From this article, a quote from Berry Gordy talking about him comparing the work at Ford Motor assembly line to his dream of transforming normal people into stars.

"No town like Motown". Newsweek.1965. Quotes were obtained from this source. It showed the social impact Motown had on America.

Oprahs Master Class. Berry Gordy, Motown Founder, Explains H0w He Started The Record Company With $800 (VIDEO). Accessed February 16, 2015. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/02/berry-gordy-motown_n_3530793.html A quote about Hitsville U.S.A. by Berry Gordy was found. He describes the structure of the house.

"Recorddomss Berry Gordy." Ebony. 1966. This is an interview and knowledge was gained on Berry Gordy and thoughts of his success. This article is relevant to our project because it showed the impact Berry Gordy had.

Secondary

Books

Fitzgerald, Jon. Motown Crossover hits 1963-1966 and the creative process. Cambridge University Press. 1995. The book written shows the high points on Motowns career. It helped acquire more knowledge about Motown and its integration of music

George, Nelson. Where did our love go.1986. The book is used to gain a different perception of Motown. This source is relevant to the topic because it emphasizes the impact Motown had socially and culturally.

Szatmany, David. Rockin in time; a social history of Rock and Roll.1987. Many quotes were attained from this book. It related to our topic because it not only gave a background on Motown but it also provided information dealing with the Civil rights in relation to Motown.

Waller, Don. The Motown Story. 1985. Background information on the upcoming of Motown was gained from this source. This source was relevant to our topic because it gave more insight on Motown.

Newspapers and Articles

Dylan, Morris. Cant forget the Moro City: Why leaving Detroit ruined Motown. TASP.2005. This source displays the effect that leaving Detroit had on Motown. It helped to better understand the rising and downfall of Motown.

Early, Gerald. One nation under a grove. University of Michigan press. 2004. This article was used to gain information on the social impact of Motown. It furthered the projects research on the influential aspects of Motown.

Prevos, Andre. American Music. University of Illinois Press.1987. This article was used to compare and contrast music. It related to our topic because it showed the evolution of American music.

Smith, Suzanne. Dancing in the street: Motown and cultural politics of Detroit. Cambridge University Inc. 1999. This source was used to gain more knowledge on the impact Motown had on Detroit. This was relevant because it emphasized the important role Motown had in its community.

Stephens, Robert. Soul: A historical reconstruction of continuity and change in Black popular music. Foundation for the Research in the Afro-American Creative Arts. 1985. This source was used to show the cultural effect Motown had. It related to the topic because it showed the cultural effect of Motown and was used for background.

Waksman, Steve. Review: Dancing in the street: Motown and the cultural politics of Detroit by Suzanna B. Smith. Johns Hopkins University Press.2001. This source shows the point of view a person had on a book which explored the cultural impact of Motown. This source helped explore the various arguments and ideas of Motown.

Images

Amazon.com To Be Loved: The Music, the Magic, the Memories of Motown: An Autobiography Hardcover- October, 1994. Accessed February 16, 2015. http://www.amazon.com/Be-Loved-Memories-Motown-Autobiography/dp/044651523X/ref=asap_bc?ie=UTF8 Here a picture of Berry Gordys book was found.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Great March To Freedom Detroit, June 23, 1963(album sleeve). Accessed November 27, 2014. https://www.dustygroove.com/item/20661. This is a picture of Dr. Martin Luther King Jrs album sleeve. The album contained his speech the Great March to Freedom.

Motown. Motown Logo. Accessed November 22, 2014. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/03/motown-gospel-motown-records--emi-gospel-announce-joint-venture_n_3009692.html. Here is a picture of the Motown Logo.

Motown Records. Motown Sleeve. 1967, 1968. Accessed April 11, 2015. http://www.raresoulman.co.uk/d/92664/MOTOWN_SLEEVEThis is a picture of some Sound of Young America record sleeves used for the Sound of America page. It was used because it represents the slogan Sound of Young America.

Motown Records. The Complete MOTOWN SINGLES Volume 7 - 1967. Accessed December 16, 2015. http://www.zen18551.zen.co.uk/Motown%20vol%20seven.htm. This is a picture of the The Sound of Young America record sleeve.

Motown Records. The Complete Motown Singles Vol. 9 (6CD + Vinyl-Single). 1969. Accessed April 11, 2015. https://www.jpc.de/jpcng/poprock/detail/-/art/The-Complete-Motown-Singles-Vol-9-6CD-Vinyl-Single/hnum/5301329This is a picture of a Sound of Young America record sleeve used on the Sound of America page. It was used because it represents the slogan Sound of Young America.

Open Clips. Untitled. Accessed March 5, 2015. http://pixabay.com/en/note-music-symbol-eighth-black-159509/ This is a picture of the music symbol used for the integration of the music symbol link.

Roman, Erick. The Motown Sound Project. 2013. Accessed December 8, 2014. http://motownsoundproject.blogspot.com/. Here is a collage of Motown elements used on the homepage.

Quotes

James, Donald. Berry Gordy: The man, the music, the legacy, from Chronicle paperboy to international music. Accessed February 16, 2015. http://michronicleonline.com/2013/12/05/berry-gordy-the-man-the-music-the-legacy-from-chronicle-paperboy-to-international-music-mogul/ A quote about Berry Gordy talking about Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights movement was found here.

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Berry Jr. Biography. Accessed February 15, 2015. http://rockhall.com/inductees/berry_gordy_jr/bio/?flavour=mobile From this article, a quote about Berry Gordy by Rock and Roll Hall of Fame was used.

Sweet, Lynn. Obama on Motown's legacy. Transcript Accessed February 20 2015. http://blogs.suntimes.com/sweet/2011/02/obama_on_motowns_legacy_transc.html From this page, a quote from President Obama talking about Motowns place in the Civil Rights movement and in integrating the music business.

Documentaries and Videos

Marvin Gaye - I Want You (1976). YouTube video, 4:32. Posted by Grown Folks, April 10, 2012. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjRLbzxz_3Y.

Smokey Robinson and The Miracles: Ooo Baby Baby YouTube video, 3:13. Posted by TheBillie HolidayExperience, April 11, 2008. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xLOB6B6vMTY.

THE CONTOURS (Do You Love Me). YouTube video, 2:53. Posted by mikimike, December 3, 2014. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hgUxc8tGKx0.

THE PLATTERS - ONLY YOU YouTube video, 2:40. Posted by Aguinaldo Oliveira, November 8, 2006. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9r2pEdc1_lI.

What a wonderful world - LOUIS ARMSTRONG. YouTube video, 2:19. Posted by sanny kim, December 23, 2010. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E2VCwBzGdPM.

Websites. AllMusic. Artist Biography. Accessed March 6, 2015. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/gladys-knight-the-pips-mn0000667169/biography4 This page contains information about Motown group Gladys Knight & Pips. Information about the year they was signed to Motown is used for the artists page.

BET.com. Berry Gordy - Entrepreneur Award. Meet the 2014 Honorees. Accessed April, 11, 2015. http://www.bet.com/shows/bet-honors/2014/photos/honorees/meet-the-2014-honorees.html#!030413-music-living-legends-motown-berry-gordyThis page provided the name of the award Berry Gordy won at the BET Honors. This information was used on the Leadership page.

Billingslea, Joe. The Contours. Accessed February 26, 2015. http://www.thecontours.net/ On this page, information about the Motown group The Contours was used for the artists page.

Bio. Solo Success. Lionel Brockman Richie. Accessed December 17, 2014. http://www.biography.com/people/lionel-richie-9457816#early-life-and-career. The article contains information on Lionel Richies solo success. It was used to find what date Lionel Richie was signed to Motown for his solo career. Bio. Synopsis Billie Holiday Biography. Accessed April 10, 2015.This paragraph was used to find out what genre Billie Holiday sang. This information was used on the music Before Motown Page.

Callahan, Mike, Edwards,David. The Motown Story. Accessed December 17, 2014. http://www.bsnpubs.com/motown/gordystory.html The site contains background information on Berry Gordy and Motown. Its important to the website because it was used for background page on Berry Gordy.

Chick, Stevie.+ 3. This Old Heart of Mine (Is Weak for You). 10 of the best: the Isley Brothers. Accessed March 5, 2015. http://www.theguardian.com/music/musicblog/2014/jan/07/10-of-the-best-isley-brothers This article is about The Isley Brothers. The article was used for information of when The Isley Brothers were signed onto Motown.

David, Nick. Picture Tour of our Motown Heritage. Accessed December 6, 2014. http://www.recordingeq.com/2006motown/06motown24.html. The site was used for information on Hitsville USA. DK Peneny. Berry Gordys Motown Records. The History of Rock n Roll. http://www.history-of-rock.com/motown_records.htm. Accessed November 6, 2014. This website was used to learn more about the history of Motown records.

Gaither, Larvester. Womens contributions to the making of Motown: Solo artists. Accessed March 7, 2015. http://blog.oup.com/2015/01/motown-female-solo-artists/ This page contains information about Motown artist Mary Wells. Information about the year she was signed onto Motown is used for the artists page.

Henderson, Alex. The Mary Jane Girls. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://www.billboard.com/artist/418597/mary-jane-girls/biographyThis page contains background information on Rick James group Mary Jane Girls and the year they were signed to Motown Records.

History.com. Motown soul singer Tammi Terrell dies. Accessed 26, 2015. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/motown-soul-singer-tammi-terrell-dies This page is about Motown artist Tammi Terrell. The page is about her death but it also gives information about when she was signed to Motown.

Higgins Sean. Entrepreneur Berry Gordy Jr. His Quality Control Kept Motowns Music Going. Accessed February 15, 2015. http://news.investors.com/management-leaders-in-success/121200-348535-entrepreneur-berry-gordy-jr-his-quality-control-kept-motowns-music-going.htm Article is about Motown creator Berry Gordy and his leadership. This was used for background information.

Hogan, Ed. Artist Biography. Accessed March 7, 2015. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/thelma-houston-mn0000515600/biography This page contains information about Motown artist Thelma Houston. Information about the year she was signed onto Motown is used for the artists page. Huey, Steve. Artist Biography. Accessed March 7, 2015. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/brenda-holloway-mn0000615826/biography This page contains information about Motown artist Brenda Holloway. Information about the year she was signed onto Motown is used for the artists page. Kurutz, Steve. Berry Gordy Jr. All Music. Accessed December 2, 2014. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/berry-gordy-jr-mn0000047893/biography. Information about the life of Berry Gordy was found on this website. Motown Junkies. Gordy. Accessed November 28, 2014. http://motownjunkies.co.uk/labels/gordy/. A lot of information on the label Gordy Records is present on this website.

Motown Junkies. Motown. Accessed October 27, 2014. http://motownjunkies.co.uk/labels/motown/. This page is about the second Motown label, Motown Records. The article gives information about the founding, first and last its and how it was named. Motown Junkies. Tamla. Accessed November 27, 2014. http://motownjunkies.co.uk/labels/tamla/. The article talks about the Motown label Tamla. The article gives information on the naming, a few artists and the founding.

Motown Museum. Four Tops. Accessed April 6, 2015. https://www.motownmuseum.org/motown-sound/the-artists/fourtops/This page contains background information about the group Four Tops. Information on when they were signed to Motown was used for the artists page.

Motown Museum. Martha Reeves and the Vandellas. Accessed April 3, 2015. https://www.motownmuseum.org/motown-sound/the-artists/martha-reeves-and-the-vandellas/This website contains information about Motown group Martha and the Vandellas. The information is about the year they were signed to Motown Records and was necessary for the artists page.

Motown Museum. Motown. The Sound That Changed America. Motown Museum. http://www.motownmuseum.org/story/motown/. Accessed November 1, 2014. This website was used to learn more about how Motown influenced the sound of America.

Motown Museum. The Supremes. Accessed December 15,2014. http://www.motownmuseum.org/motown-sound/the-artists/supremes/. The article contains background information on the Supremes. For the website it was used to find out when the group was signed to Motown. Nicholas, Sadie. Kiki Dee: Ive had music in me for 50 years. Accessed December 17, 2014. http://www.express.co.uk/entertainment/music/430032/Kiki-Dee-I-ve-had-music-in-me-for-50-years. The article contains background information on Kiki Dee. It was used to find when she was signed to Motown.

Museum Inc, The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Berry Gordy Jr. Biography. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. http://rockhall.com/inductees/berry_gordy_jr/bio/. Accessed November 6, 2014. This website was used to learn more about the history of Motown. Oppenheim, Mike. The Harlem Renaissance and the New Negro The Harlem Renaissance And American Music. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://www.allaboutjazz.com/the-harlem-renaissance-and-american-music-by-mike-oppenheim.phpThis page contains background information on the Harlem Renaissance. This was used for the Music Before Motown page.

Posner, Gerald. Motown: Music,Money, Sex and Power. (Random House Publishing Group, 2009), p34. The page is about how Berry Gordon named the label Tamla. Posner, Gerald. Motown: Music,Money, Sex and Power. (Random House Publishing Group, 2009), p43. The page is about the original Motown headquarters, Hitsville U.S.A. Royster, Juana R. Gordy, Berry Jr. (1929-) Accessed February 17, 2015.http://www.blackpast.org/aah/gordy-berry-jr-1929. Information of Berry Gordy during the war is found at this website. Serpick, Evan. Marvin Gaye. Accessed December 17, 2014. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/artists/marvin-gaye/biography. Used to research the date Marvin Gaye was signed to Motown Records. Simon & Schuster. Diana Ross And The Supremes. Accessed February 25, 2015. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/artists/diana-ross-and-the-supremes/biography This website was used to find what year The Supremes were signed to Motown Records.

The People History Where People Memory and Music Join. Popular Music Genres of the 1920's. Accessed April 10, 2015. http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/20smusic.html This section on the website was contained information about the music genres in the 20s. It also contained the names of the singer of the time and their genres.

The People History Where People Memory and Music Join. Popular Music Genres of the 1950s. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/50smusic.html This page contained names of the popular music genres of the 1950s. It also contained the names of singers and the genres they were in.

The People History Where People Memory and Music Join. Rhythm and Blues. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/50smusic.html From the website, information and names of African American artists and groups in the Rhythm and Blues genre in the 1950s.

The People History Where People Memory and Music Join. Traditional Pop and Standards. Accessed April 9, 2015. http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/50smusic.html From this website, information and names of African American artists and groups in the Traditional Pop and Standards genre in the 1950s.

The People History Where People Memory and Music Join. 30s Music. Music Bands And Artists over 70 years. Accessed April 11, 2015. http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/music.htmlThis article contains information about music and music genres in the 1930s. This was used for the Music Before Motown page.

The Recording Company. Past Grammy Awards. Accessed March 3, 2015. http://www.grammy.com/artist/stevie-wonder This website contains information on how many grammys Stevie Wonder has won. This information was necessary for the Legacy page. Universal Music Group. About the artist. Motown artist: Debarge. Accessed February 26, 2015. http://classic.motown.com/artist_pages/debarge/ On this page, information about the Motown group Debarge and when they were signed to the record company were used for the artists page. Universal Music Group. Jackson 5. Accessed December 15, 2014. http://classic.motown.com/artist_pages/jackson-5/ Site was used to find background information on the Jackson 5. Universal Music Group. Rick James. Accessed December 17, 2014. http://classic.motown.com/artist_pages/rick-james/. The site was used for background information and for the website it was used to find when he was signed to motown. Universal Music Group. The Temptations. Accessed December 14, 2014. http://classic.motown.com/artist_pages/the-temptations/. The site was used to find the founding date of the temptations and background information on the group. Universal Music Group. Motown Artists. Universal Music Group. Accessed October 7, 2014. http://classic.motown.com/artists/. Used an overview for the various Motown artists. Universal Music Group. Motown artist: Dazz Band. Accessed April 3, 2015. http://classic.motown.com/artist_pages/dazz-band/This website contains information about when the Motown group Dazz Band was signed to Motown. This information was necessary for the artists page

Vix. Motown Artists. Listal. Accessed 7 October 2014. http://www.listal.com/list/motown-artists. Here is another website that was used for the various Motown artists.