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Annotated Bibliography

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Annotated bibliography for my NHD project.

Text of Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography

Photographic SourcesA Celebration of Stalin's 70th Birthday. 1949. China. Web. 1 Feb. 2015.The Coffin of Soviet Political Leader Joseph Stalin. 1953. EBSCOhost Image Collection, Moscow, Soviet Union. March 1953: The Coffin of Soviet Political Leader Joseph Stalin. Hulton Archive/Getty Images, EBSCO MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 25 Dec. 2014.Collecting Corpses in a Village in Eastern Ukraine. 1933. Ukraine. Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Web. 17 Jan. 2015.Demianchuk, Alexander. May Day Demonstrations. 2013. Reuters, Russia. Business Insider. Web. 13 Jan. 2015.Demianchuk, Alexander. Why Russians Are Carrying Big Portraits Of Joseph Stalin Today. 2013. Reuters, Russia. Business Insider. Web. 13 Jan. 2015.Demonstration in Petrograd: February Revolution. 1917. Petrograd, Russia. Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Web. 6 Feb. 2015. Famine: Starving Child in the Poltava Region. 1933. H. Pshenychny Archives, Poltava, Ukraine. Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Web. 17 Jan. 2015.First Mausoleum. 1924. Lenin Mausoleum, Moscow, Russia. Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.Joseph Stalin, Lying in State in Hall of Columns of the House of Unions in Moscow. 1953. Moscow, Russia. Library of Congress. Web. 22 Jan. 2015.Joseph Stalin with Two Young Women Collective Farm Workers. 1936. Soviet Union. News Junkie Post. Comp. Gilbert Mercier. Web. 18 Jan. 2015.KHRUSHCHEV'S DENUNCIATION OF STALIN. 1956. The Observer, Soviet Union, 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. MailOnline - Comp. Harold Evans. Web. 24 Dec. 2014.Nicholas II, Last Czar of Russia. N.d. Britannica School Images & Videos. Britannica School. Web. 25 Dec. 2014.Protesters in Front of the Winter Palace. 1917. Britannica School Images & Videos, Petrograd (Saint Petersburg), Russia. Britannica School. Web. 25 Dec. 2014.Russian Woman Holding Joseph Stalin Poster during a Vladimir Putin Speech. 2014. AP Images, Russia. New York Post. Comp. Phil Mushnick. Web. 6 Mar. 2015.Sowing on a Collective Farm. 1930. Ukraine. Library of Congress. Web. 3 Feb. 2015.Stalin, Allegedly Signing a Death Warrant. Gendercide Watch. Stalin's Purges. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.Stalin's Father. Hacienda Publishing. Comp. Miguel Faria. Web. 25 Dec. 2014.Stalin's Tomb in Moscow's Red Square. 2007. Moscow, Russia. Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty. Comp. Chloe Arnold. Web. 14 Feb. 2015.Tiflis: The Orthodox Theological Seminary from the Side of the Soldier's Bazaar. The Caucasus: an Album of Photographs, Tiflis (Tbilisi), Georgia. New York Public Library (NYPL) Digital Gallery. Comp. George Kennan. Web. 25 Dec. 2014.Ukrainian Famine. Ukraine. United Human Rights Council. Web. 17 Jan. 2015.Ukrainian Famine Victim. Ukraine. Brutality- Ukraine Famine. Web. 17 Jan. 2015.Uzbek Collective Farmers Discussing Work of Spring Sowing in the USSR. 1930. Library of Congress. Web. 3 Feb. 2015.V. I. Lenin, Portrait. 1916. Lenin Internet Archive: Photographs of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, Zurich, Switzerland. Marxists Internet Archive. Web. 25 Dec. 2014.Victims of the Famine in Ukraine. Ukraine. Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Web. 17 Jan. 2015.With Lenin and L. B. Kamenev, at 2nd Congress. 1919. Russia. Marxists Internet Archive. Web. 1 Feb. 2015.Woman Collective Farmer with Newly Harvested Wheat. 1930. Krasnodar, Russia. Library of Congress. Web. 3 Feb. 2015.Primary SourcesPostersBorisovich, Victor. Beloved Stalinthe Peoples Happiness! 1950. Gamma Cloud, 24 Jan. 2013. Web. 18 Jan. 2015. This is a Soviet propaganda poster, captioned Beloved Stalinthe Peoples Happiness! This poster depicts Joseph Stalin overlooking crowds of seemingly adoring citizens carrying flags and posters in his honor, which closely represent actual parades and celebrations conducted in the Soviet Union under Stalinist leadership. Also, this source was created in 1950, shortly before Joseph Stalins death in 1953, which could explain why such a large number of Soviet citizens were absolutely devastated upon hearing of his death, and for this reason, I believe that this poster will be very valuable in proving my thesis statement as well as supporting statements made within the pages of my final project."Comrade, Come Join Our Kolkhoz." Highfield Modern World History. Soviet Government, Web. 20 Dec. 2014. This is a Soviet propaganda poster that was created for the purpose of convincing peasants to join a collective farm, depicting images of clean and healthy farmers that were not at all realistic, failing to reflect the true appearances and situations of actual collective farmers within the Soviet Union, which led me to realize the failures of the policies of Soviet collectivization of agriculture as well as the extremity and capability of Soviet propaganda during the Stalinist era.Glory to Stalin - to the Great Architect of Communism! 1940s. Soviet Posters. Web. 18 Jan. 2015. This is a Soviet propaganda poster that literally depicts Joseph Stalin as an architect of communism, being surrounded by many seemingly adoring citizens who appear to be cheerfully waving towards him. This poster is one of many that were created during Stalinist leadership of the Soviet Union for the purpose of supporting their leader to a quite ridiculous extent, as Joseph Stalins status among his citizens during this period was similar to that of a god; this was achieved only by the establishment and development of a strong cult of personality, which portrayed him in this manner. I can utilize this source to prove my thesis statement and support various statements made within the pages of my website.Great Leader- Hagiographic Portrait of Joseph Stalin. Case Study: Stalin's Purges. Gendercide Watch. Web. 16 Dec. 2014. This is a hagiographic portrait of Joseph Stalin, which seems to capture his likeness in a state of vague reverence, while also depicting him in a quite modest manner, as shown by his attire, pose, and background setting; almost as a godlike figure. This source, with the qualities that I explained earlier, provided an authentic example for the Stalinist cult of personality which I had previously read about in such great detail yet had never looked at bona fide material regarding it. This portrait also led me to question the legitimacy of Joseph Stalins cult of personality from the perspective of his citizens, as the manner that Stalin is portrayed in this work of art has the appearance of being quite exaggerated, conspicuously so, which would probably incite suspicion among the more conscious members of Soviet society. Also, this source will contribute greatly to the creation of my final project, which is aimed at revealing the intentions and atrocities of the Great Terror as well as representing the fabricated portrayals of Joseph Stalin within his cult of personality.Ivanov, V. S. Lenin Lived, Lenin Lives, Lenin Will Live. 1924. Credo Reference. Web. 7 Feb. 2015. This is a propaganda poster, captioned Lenin lived, Lenin lives, Lenin will live. This poster depicts Vladimir Lenin as the leader of the Russian Revolution and the creator of the Soviet Union- a presumably better society for the proletariat. As it supports my statement that Lenin, following his death, developed a cult of personality of his own, which was the first example of the communist cult of personality, to which that of Joseph Stalin would be the second, I will definitely display this propaganda poster within the pages of my website. In addition, this poster representing the cult of personality of Vladimir Lenin appears to be quite similar to those of Joseph Stalin, which allowed me to develop historical context that will likely be presented within the pages of my website.Joseph Stalin and Mikhail Gorbachev. The Wende Museum and Archive of the Cold War. The Sacramento Bee. Sam McManis, 11 May 2014. Web. 6 Mar. 2015. This is a painting created during the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev. This source depicts an agreement of sorts between Joseph Stalin and Mikhail Gorbachev, so as to provide a figurative representation of the events and purpose of glasnost, which allowed me to think more critically of the actions of and reasons behind Gorbachevs instigation of glasnost and the revelation of the true facts of Stalins leadership.Kukryniksy. We Will Annihilate Kulaks as a Class. 1930. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Online Catalog. Library of Congress. Moscow-Leningrad. Web. 18 Jan. 2015. This is a Soviet propaganda poster that depicts a collective farm with a tractor and was created for the purpose of promoting collectivization policies instigated by Joseph Stalin and its associated dekulakization process, which is definitely strongly represented within this poster. This source, with its particular style and color scheme, allowed me to develop a further understanding of the opinions of Soviet leaders regarding kulaks, which can be utilized within the pages of my website to support various statements that I may make."The October Revolution Bridge to a Bright Future." Indiana University. Web. 1 Feb. 2015. This is a propaganda poster, captioned The October Revolution Bridge to a Bright Future, that portrays the revolutionary spirit greatly. With this said, many revolutionaries at the time of the Russian Revolution thought of tsarist leadership as ineffective and even detrimental to the lower stratas of society in particular, and therefore believed that rebelling against the Romanovs was the first step in creating a more just and fair society directed towards the proletariat, which were most repressed under the leadership of Czar Nicholas II. This source was incredibly helpful in my research, and I will definitely include it within the pages of my final project for the purpose of supporting statements regarding the Russian Revolution and the creation of the Soviet Union.Toidze, Irakli. Stalin's Care Brightens the Future of Our Children! 1947. ANS Magazine. Comp. Peter Van Alfen. American Numismatic Society, 2005. Web.