All You All You Need To Know About BatteriesNeed to Know About Batteries

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<ul><li><p>7/21/2019 All You All You Need To Know About BatteriesNeed to Know About Batteries</p><p> 1/992</p><p>D ate C oding of batteries for stock rotation purposes</p><p>A -Storage</p><p>1 Alw ays rotate your stock. Practice FIFO (First In, First O ut).</p><p>B atteries slow ly lose their charge, and good stock-rotation</p><p>stops batteries going flat in storage and m akes sure that</p><p>the custom er buys a good battery.</p><p>O n the back of the battery. There is a label show ing theexpected period before the battery w ill require recharging.</p><p>This m akes it easy to identify the oldest and new est</p><p>batteries in stock. Please use the recharge date to ensure</p><p>that the oldest batteries leave your stock first. R echarge</p><p>date is only an indication of recharge period as self</p><p>discharge is subject to storage conditions.</p><p>2 Store batteries in a cool, dry, w ell-ventilated area.</p><p>3 Protect batteries from excessive heat. (H eat causes</p><p>batteries to lose charge m ore quickly, and excessive heat</p><p>can dam age batteries).</p><p>4 Store batteries in an upright position. (To stop them falling</p><p>over or leaking).</p><p>5 D o not stack batteries on top of other batteries. (To avoid</p><p>scratching, and tearing labels. To avoid dam aging term inals</p><p>that stand proud of the lid).</p><p>6 Store shrink-w rapped batteries up to 3 high. (Any higher</p><p>and there is a risk of them falling over and injuring people).</p><p>7 D o not rem ove any seals from dry-charged batteries until</p><p>you are ready to com m ission the battery by filling it w ith</p><p>acid. (The seal preserves the charge in the battery. If it is</p><p>broken, air w ill enter and cause the battery to lose charge).</p><p>8 Store batteries on racks or on pallets, not on the floor.</p><p>(Sm all stones or sharp points on a concrete floor can</p><p>dam age the base of the battery and cause leakage).</p><p>9 M ake sure handles are left in the flat (dow n) position.</p><p>U pright handles are m ore likely to be dam aged.</p><p>B Maintenance ofStock handling andrecharging of batteries</p><p>WET Charged Bat teries</p><p>1. B atteries should be installed ideally w ithin 15 m onths after</p><p>m anufacture. The voltage should be (w orse case higher</p><p>than 12.25V) ideally higher than 12.4V at the tim e ofinstallation.</p><p>2. B atteries require recharging w hen the voltage has dropped</p><p>below 12.4V due to extended w arehouse storage. All safety</p><p>precautions should be undertaken prior to recharging</p><p>batteries.</p><p>See charging instruction section in catalogue for further</p><p>details.</p><p>If a b attery has been recharged, the recharge date on the</p><p>back label should be updated by 6 m onths after second</p><p>recharge date by physically notching the label. (N ote a</p><p>m axim um of tw o recharges are allow ed prior to sale, and</p><p>product should not be sold a m axim um of 9 m onths after</p><p>the expiry of first recom m ended recharge date).2.1 A voltage check should be carried out as a m atter of</p><p>course, both to identify older stock and highlight batteries</p><p>req uiring recharge.</p><p>2.2 U se a digital voltm eter/m ultim eter w ith a m inim um of 2</p><p>figure resolution (eg 12.76V).</p><p>2.3 Scrap any batteries below 11.0V (these batteries w ill have</p><p>developed sulphation that cannot be com pleted reversed</p><p>by charging and so w ill not give the expected perform ance</p><p>and life to the custom er.</p><p>2.4 N ote D igital C onductance testers (such as M idtronics</p><p>and/or B osch B AT121) are:-</p><p>N O T designed for the testing of new batteries.</p><p>D igital battery testers are not designed to check the</p><p>fully developed cold cranking perform ance of a</p><p>new battery.</p><p>They are designed purely for the testing and</p><p>evaluation of faulty or used batteries.</p><p>Any C C A/state of health reading from the test on a</p><p>new battery C AN N O T be a reliable guide as to</p><p>specification of the battery.</p><p>See com m ents on D igital C onductance testers.</p><p>DRY Charged Batteries: Maintenance of Stock</p><p>Sales of dry charged batteries w ithin our range is very lim ited,</p><p>usually for specialist m arkets and hence not listed in this</p><p>catalogue.</p><p>1. If you keep the batteries cool and dry, and do not rem ove</p><p>the seal, dry-charged batteries do not need any other</p><p>attention.</p><p>2. The m axim um storage tim e of dry-charged batteries before</p><p>they are com m issioned by filling w ith acid is 24 m onths.</p><p>3. If the seal is dam aged, the batteries should be w etted up</p><p>im m ediately and the product then treated as W ET</p><p>C H AR G ED batteries.</p><p>All You Need To Know About Batteries</p><p>Before handling, charging or installingbatteries, please understand and complywith the precautions given in Health andSafety Information in this Catalogue.</p><p>Information</p></li><li><p>7/21/2019 All You All You Need To Know About BatteriesNeed to Know About Batteries</p><p> 2/9193</p><p>The all-powerful, high performance range from GS</p><p>All You Need To Know About Batteries continued</p><p>C : DRY Charge Batteries : Commissioning1. O nly com m ission a dry-charged battery w hen it is needed</p><p>for a custom er.</p><p>2. If fitted , rem ove and discard any sealing plugs, tape or foil.</p><p>3. If fitted, rem ove and keep norm al vent-plugs and term inal</p><p>covers (usually red and black).</p><p>4. For filling, use battery-grade dilute sulphuric acid of specific</p><p>gravity 1.270 1.280 at 25C conform ing to B S3031 or</p><p>better. (N ote: contam inated acid w ith im purities can</p><p>seriously dam age the life of the battery, in som e cases</p><p>reducing this to a few days. D o not use acid from old</p><p>batteries).</p><p>5. The tem perature of the acid and the battery should both be</p><p>at room -tem perature in the range 15 - 30C .</p><p>6. Fill each cell w ith acid to a level of 3 6m m above the top s</p><p>of the separators. Fill each cell one after the other and</p><p>com plete the filling in one operation.</p><p>7. Leave the battery for 20 30 m inutes and then m easure the</p><p>open-circuit voltage. If it is below 12.50V, charge thebattery. (See Section G ). If it is above 12.50V, adjust the</p><p>acid-levels to the correct operating levels w ith dilute</p><p>sulphuric acid of specific gravity 1.270 1.280.</p><p>See S ection D .</p><p>8. Fit the norm al vent-plugs and term inal covers.</p><p>9. W ash the battery w ith hot w ater and dry it.</p><p>10.N ote that perform ance checks on new ly-com m issioned</p><p>dry-charged batteries w ith m odern electronic digital testers</p><p>using conductance technology are not recom m ended.</p><p>Exam ples are testers supplied by M idtronics or B osch. The</p><p>results can be m isleading until the battery has undergone</p><p>som e service use.</p><p>D - Electrolyte-Levels (Acid-Levels)inService</p><p>Notes: Please read before adjusting acid-levels.</p><p> Do not top up to the m axim um levels a battery that needs</p><p>charging. (Levels rise on charging). H ow ever, if the levels</p><p>are below the tops of the sep arators, top up w ith distilled or</p><p>deionised w ater until the separators are just covered.</p><p> Adjust levels to the m axim um levels only after the battery</p><p>has stood for at least an hour after charging.</p><p> N ever overfill a battery. (The acid m ay com e out of the vent-</p><p>plugs w hen the battery is being charged).</p><p> U se only distilled or deionised w ater for topping up.</p><p>(Sulphuric acid should never be used except for the initial</p><p>filling of a battery). D o not use bottled M ineral w ater</p><p>(im purities w ithin the w ater w ill increase w ater loss and</p><p>battery self discharge).</p><p>1. W hen the battery is in service, the electrolyte levels should</p><p>be checked and adjusted to the levels given below .</p><p>2. If the battery has a m axim um level line on the side of the</p><p>container, fill to this m axim um level.</p><p>3. If there is no m axim um line, but there are filling tubes</p><p>projecting from the bottom of the lid, fill to the bottom</p><p>of the tubes.</p><p>4. If there is not a m axim um line nor filling tubes in</p><p>polypropylene batteries, fill to 7m m (0.25 inches) below</p><p>the bottom edge of the lid-skirt.</p><p>5. If there are no filling tubes in hard-rubber batteries, fill to</p><p>15m m (0.5 inches) above the tops of the separators.</p><p>E -Selecting the Correct Battery for theApplication</p><p>Car and Commercial Vehicle (CV) Batteries</p><p>1. Select the specified battery from the A pplication Section</p><p>of this C atalogue.</p><p>2. O n 24 Volt system s, or w hen 2 off 12 Volt batteries are</p><p>fitted in parallel, both batteries should be replaced at the</p><p>sam e tim e. Failure to do this w ill result in a greatly reduced</p><p>battery life for the new battery that has been fitted.</p><p>W hen batteries are joined in series, the negative term inal</p><p>of one battery is connected to the positive term inal of the</p><p>other, giving a total voltage of 24 Volts. The Am pere-hour</p><p>capacity of the system is the sam e as that of the individual</p><p>batteries.</p><p>W hen batteries are joined in parallel, the positive term inals</p><p>of the 2 batteries are connected together, and the negative</p><p>term inals of the 2 batteries are also connected together.</p><p>The voltage of the system rem ains unchanged at 12 Volts,</p><p>but the Am pere-hour capacity of the system is double thatof the individual batteries.</p><p>Neptune Leisure Batteries</p><p>1. U se the battery w ith the perform ance and size</p><p>recom m ended by the equipm ent supplier.</p><p>2. W e recom m end that a leisure battery in a m edium cyclic</p><p>application should be sized so that it is not norm ally</p><p>discharged to m ore than 50 per cent state-of-charge. This</p><p>w ill ensure that the battery gives a good life. The life of a</p><p>battery regularly discharged by 50 percent is about 5 tim es</p><p>that of a battery regularly discharged to 100 per cent. For</p><p>exam ple, a load of 4A for 10 hours w ill discharge a batteryby 30Ah. If this represents 50 per cent state-of-charge, w e</p><p>w ould recom m end a 80A h battery.</p><p>Neptune Marine Batteries</p><p>1. The M arineLine battery range has been designed w ith</p><p>greater cyclic durability than the Leisureline range and</p><p>principally designed for hotel load usages on boats.</p><p>Information</p></li><li><p>7/21/2019 All You All You Need To Know About BatteriesNeed to Know About Batteries</p><p> 3/994</p><p>F - Removing Batteries and InstallingBatteries on Vehicles</p><p>Removing Batteries</p><p>1. It is good practice to tell the custom er that, w hile you w ill do</p><p>your best to keep the m em ory settings, it is possible these</p><p>m ight be lost.2. M ake sure the hand-brake is on, and that the car is in</p><p>neutral or park. Sw itch off all electrical loads and rem ove</p><p>the ignition key from the car. N ote: O n som e cars, the doors</p><p>w ill lock w hen the battery is disconnected so this is w hy the</p><p>key should be rem oved from the car. Also sw itch off any</p><p>non-factory-fitted alarm s.</p><p>3. C heck that the cigar lighter is still w orking. If not, turn the</p><p>ignition key to the auxiliary position. Install a C om puter</p><p>M em ory Saver (C M S).</p><p>4. D isconnect the earth-connector first. (This is norm ally the</p><p>negative on m odern vehicles). This can result in the loss of</p><p>m em ory settings; please refer to the vehicle handbook.</p><p>5. D isconnect the live-connector second. If a C M S is used, the</p><p>connector w ill still rem ain live after it has been disconnected.</p><p>To prevent the connector shorting against the car, place an</p><p>insulator such as a rubber glove over the connector.</p><p>6. R em ove the hold-dow n clam ps.</p><p>Preparation of a Bat tery for Fitting</p><p>1. C heck that the battery has the correct polarity for the</p><p>vehicle.</p><p>2. C heck that the battery has the correct height for the vehicle.</p><p>(If a battery is too high, it can short out on the bonnet or the</p><p>bottom of a seat, or it can dam age the bonnet).3. It is good practice to place the old and new battery side by</p><p>side to com pare polarities, hold-dow ns and perform ance-</p><p>levels. Som e batteries have hold-dow ns at both the sides</p><p>and ends. O nly the ones used for securing the battery on</p><p>the vehicle need to be checked.</p><p>4. C heck that the battery is clean and dry.</p><p>5. C heck that the vent-plugs or m anifolds are firm ly in position.</p><p>6. C heck that the battery has a voltage above 12.40V. If not,</p><p>charge the battery or use another that has a voltage above</p><p>12.40V.</p><p>7. Ensure the 2 term inal caps are still fitted at this stage.</p><p>Preparation of the Vehicle</p><p>1. C lear aw ay any item s on the battery-tray w hich m ight</p><p>dam age the battery. (Placing a heavy battery on a piece of</p><p>sharp grit can puncture the b ottom of the battery).</p><p>2. C heck that the connectors, the hold-dow n clam ps and the</p><p>tray are clean and corrosion-free. (If there is any corrosion,</p><p>hot w ater w ill instantly rem ove this). If there is severe</p><p>corrosion w hich m ight affect the stability of the battery or</p><p>has affected other parts of the engine com partm ent, have</p><p>the vehicle checked by an authorised distributor.</p><p>3. C heck that the alternator drive-belt tension is correct.</p><p>R efer to the vehicle handbook or service m anual.</p><p>4. It is recom m ended that the electrical system , and</p><p>particularly the charging system , of the vehicle be checked</p><p>to m ake sure it is operating correctly. R efer to the vehicle</p><p>handbook or service m anual.</p><p>Installing the Battery</p><p>1. Fit and tighten the hold-dow n clam ps. These should be</p><p>tight enough to secure the battery and not allow it to m ove.</p><p>DO NO T OVERTIG HTEN.</p><p>2. C onnect the live-connector first to the correct battery-</p><p>term inal (norm ally the positive) after rem oving the term inal</p><p>cap. D O N O T O VERTIG H TEN.</p><p>3. C onnect the earth-connector to the other term inal after</p><p>rem oving the term inal cap. D O N O T O VER TIG H TEN .</p><p>4. Place the 2 term inal caps on the old battery that has been</p><p>rem oved from the vehicle to avoid the possibility of short-</p><p>circuits.5. R eplace onto the new battery any com ponents that have</p><p>been taken from the old battery such as exhaust tubes,</p><p>vent-elbow s, term inal covers, rem ovable hold-dow n strips</p><p>(w idgets) etc.</p><p>6. The use of petroleum -jelly (Vaseline) is not necessary on</p><p>m odern polypropylene batteries, but there is no</p><p>disadvantage in using it. Sm ear lightly on the term inals.</p><p>It is still recom m ended for hard-rubber batteries. D o not</p><p>use grease.</p><p>7. Rem ove the C M S.</p><p>8. Start the engine</p><p>9. For non-autom otive applications, install the battery in linew ith the equipm ent-suppliers recom m endation.</p><p>G- Charging Off-Vehicle</p><p>Note: Please read before charging batteries</p><p> Do N O T charge a battery if its tem perature is below 3C as</p><p>the electrolyte m ay have frozen.</p><p> C harging the battery on the vehicle is not recom m ended.</p><p> Refer to Section F for inform ation about rem oving the</p><p>battery from the vehicle.</p><p> Sealed and AG M vehicle batteries should be charged onlyon constant potential chargers or sm artchargers. D o not</p><p>charge on constant current chargers or boost chargers.</p><p>Sealedvehicle batteries do not allow any access to the</p><p>electrolyte, and so cannot be topped up. There are no</p><p>rem ovab le vent-plugs or m anifolds. The battery is able to</p><p>vent gases through breathing holes, and so it is not strictly</p><p>sealed.</p><p> A new , unused battery w ith a voltage below 11.00V should</p><p>be scrapped and not charged. See S ection B .</p><p>All You Need To Know About Batteries continued</p><p>Information</p></li><li><p>7/21/2019 All You All You Need To Know About BatteriesNeed to Know About Batteries</p><p> 4/9195</p><p>The all-powerful, high performance range from GS</p><p>All You Need To Know About Batteries continued</p><p>General Procedure for All Types of Chargers</p><p>This section gives com m on inform ation for all types of</p><p>chargers. The sections below give details for different types of</p><p>charger.</p><p>1. C heck the electrolyte-levels in all the cells. If these are</p><p>b...</p></li></ul>