ALFRED ADLER 1870-1937. Man is a ___________ being. Freud Jung Adler. ___________ is the goal of life. Freud Jung Adler. Alfred Adler, M.D. Neo-Freudian: emphasis on conscious vs. unconscious Split with Freud in 1911. Founder of Individual Psychology ~ 1912. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
1Man is a ___________ being.
___________ is the goal of life.
AdlerAlfred Adler, M.D.Neo-Freudian: emphasis on conscious vs. unconscious Split with Freud in 1911
Founder of Individual Psychology ~ 1912We are self-determining, we are not passivewe are creative, active, masters of our own fatesoft determinismA theory of hope, very positiveWe are motivated by social forces and feelings of inferiority Inferiorityinferiority: our feelings of "less than" that motivate us to strive toward identity and perfection by age 8, our personality is "crystallized" and we are driven to overcome feelings of inferiorityperfection is the goalextreme inferiority can result in neuroses, or complexes
StrivingStriving: We are all motivated by social forces and are striving toward goals.
Perfection, not pleasure, is the goal.
teleology: humans live by goals and purposes, they are moved by the anticipation of the future and they create meaningPhenomenologyphenomenology: one's subjective reality people give their experiences meaning through their views, beliefs and perceptions Adler was first theorist to stress the importance of perception
fictive notions: unconscious notions about inadequacies, sense of belonging, and comparison of self to others
Adler believed childhood experiences are not crucial, but our interpretations of those experiences is significant
HolismHolism: Adler's psychology is based on a holistic view of the personthoughts, feelings, beliefs, attitudes, goalsthe individual is an integral part of a social system (family, humanity) more focus on interpersonal (between people) than intrapersonal (within people) Social Interest
Social Interest : an individual's attitudes in dealing with other people in the world, striving for a better future for humanity (Gemeinschaftsgefhl!!!!!!!!!!!)our happiness and success are largely related to social connectedness - we are all motivated by a strong desire to belongour sense of identification and empathy for others social interest is a measure of mental health To see with the eyes of another, to hear with the ears of another, to feel with the heart of another. For the time being, this seems to me an admissible definition of what we call social feeling. -Alfred Adler Life TasksWe must successfully master 3 life tasks
friends : healthy peer relationshipswork : healthy, goal-oriented, successes at work (this includes school)love : healthy intimate and romantic relationships, this includes family Family Constellationfamily constellation: psychological and social configuration of the family grouphow one's self-awareness developsbirth order roles (traditional or non) within family, values, patternschild's position and role in the family influence later personality development family atmosphere: climate of relationships among family membersAdlerian Life ChartFictive notions: unconscious notions about inadequacies, sense of belonging, and comparison of self to othersConscious notions: conscious explanations for themselves and their behaviors
Inferiority Complex: pathology resulting from feelings of inferioritySuperiority Complex :pathology resulting from crippling state of superiority or isolationAdlerian TherapyAdlerian therapy is a an educational modelemotional disorders are failures in life, failures in the life tasks or an underdeveloped social interest