Alcohol. Alcohol Facts Alcohol is the oldest and most widely used drug in the world 45% of Americans over the age of 12 are consumers of alcohol. There

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  • Alcohol

  • Alcohol FactsAlcohol is the oldest and most widely used drug in the world45% of Americans over the age of 12 are consumers of alcohol.There is an estimated 10-15 million alcoholics or problem drinkers in the U.S. (4.5 million adolescents)

  • Alcohol Facts100,000 deaths each year are attributed to alcohol.Alcohol-related automobile accidents are the leading cause of death among Americans 15-24 years of age

  • Alcohol FactsAlcohol is a powerful, addictive central nervous system depressant.The drinkable form of alcohol is ethanol or ethyl alcohol

  • Alcohol FactsA 12-ounce glass of beer, a 5-ounce glass of wine, and a 1.5-ounce shot of liquor all contain the same amount of alcohol and, therefore, have an equal effect on the drinker.

  • Effects of AlcoholThe affects of alcohol depend on many factors, including the drinkers size, weight, age, sex, and tolerance to alcoholAlthough alcohol is a depressant, at first it can act more like a stimulant, making the drinker feel disinhibited, chatty, and euphoric; then induces relaxation and reduced anxiety.

  • Effects of AlcoholConsumption of 2-3 drinks in an hour can impair judgment, lower inhibitions, and induce mild euphoria.4-5 drinks consumed in two hours may raise the blood alcohol level to 0.08 percent, high enough to be considered legally intoxicated in most states.

  • Effects of AlcoholOnce a drinker stops drinking, his or her blood alcohol decreases by about 0.01 percent per hour

  • Dangers of Alcohol AbuseRisk of injury or death as a result of accident or violence.

  • Dangers of Alcohol AbuseNeurological danger include:Impaired visionImpaired motor coordinationMemory defectsHallucinationsBlackoutsSeizuresPermanent brain damage

  • Dangers of Alcohol AbuseCardiological dangers include:Elevated blood pressureElevated heart rateRisk of strokeHeart failure

  • Dangers of Alcohol AbuseRespiratory dangers include:Respiratory depression and failurePneumoniaTuberculosisLung abscessesMouth and throat cancers

  • Dangers of Alcohol AbuseLiver diseases include:Alcoholic fatty liverHepatitisCirrhosis

  • Dangers of Alcohol AbuseOther physiological dangers include:Damage to the gastrointestinal system (ulcers, reflux, diarrhea)Damage to the pancreasDamage to the kidneysMalnutritionDisrupt absorption of nutrients in foodSuppress the immune system

  • Dangers of Alcohol AbusePsychological dangers include:Impaired judgmentImpaired verbal abilityApathyIntroversionAntisocial behaviorInability to concentrateDeterioration of relationships with family, friends and co-workers

  • AlcoholismAlcoholics are people who cannot control their drinking, even when it is having a negative effect on their lives.There are an estimated 10-15 million alcoholics in the U.S.

  • AlcoholismSymptoms of alcoholism include:Craving a strong need, or urge to drink alcoholLoss of control not being able to stop once drinking has begunPhysical dependence withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, shakiness, hallucinations, and anxiety after stopping drinking.Tolerance need to drink greater amounts of alcohol to feel drunk, or even just normal.

  • Alcohol & PregnancyDrinking alcohol during pregnancy slows the natural growth of the fetus and increases the chance that the baby will be born at a low birth-weight.

  • Alcohol & PregnancyBabies born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) are likely to have irreversible physical abnormalities, heart defects, and suffer retarded growth and mental development.