Air-Ground ATN Implementation Status

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 1

    Air/Ground ATN Implementation StatusATN Seminar, Chiang Mai

    - 11/14 December 2001 -

    Mike MurphyMike Murphy

    ATN Systems, Inc. (ATNSI)ATN Systems, Inc. (ATNSI)

    703703--412412--2900, Mike.Murphy@atnsi.com2900, Mike.Murphy@atnsi.com

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 2

    Presentation Overview

    An Approach to Defining CPDLC/ATN BenefitsAn Approach to Defining CPDLC/ATN Benefits

    Air/Ground CPDLC/ATN Implementation StatusAir/Ground CPDLC/ATN Implementation Status

    EUROCONTROL PETAL IIE ProjectEUROCONTROL PETAL IIE Project

    FAA CPDLC ProgramsFAA CPDLC Programs

    Airline/Avionics ProgramsAirline/Avionics Programs

    Next Steps/Future InitiativesNext Steps/Future Initiatives

    RTCA CPDLC Benefits ActivityRTCA CPDLC Benefits Activity

    FANS 1/A AccommodationFANS 1/A Accommodation

    Security InitiativesSecurity Initiatives

    ConclusionsConclusions

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 3

    ATN Infrastructure Upgrade

    ACARS

    Infrastructure

    ATN

    Infrastructure

    Applications Operational, and

    Administrative

    Services and initial

    Air Traffic Services

    Expanded Air

    Traffic, O erational,

    Administrative, and

    Passenger Services

    Network ACARS ATN

    Sub-Networks Character

    Oriented

    Bit

    Oriented

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 4

    Air/Ground ATN Infrastructure

    Air/Ground SubnetworksVHF

    Satellite

    HF

    Public/Private

    Ground Networks FAA/

    CAAs

    Aircraft

    ATN

    = ATN

    Components

    ATN

    ATN

    ATN ATN

    ATN

    Airlines/

    Other

    Users

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 5

    ATN - Why Invest

    Only Alternative forOnly Alternative forStrategicStrategic, Common, World, Common, World--Wide Data CommunicationWide Data Communication

    Infrastructure Upgrade for the Aeronautical IndustryInfrastructure Upgrade for the Aeronautical Industry Enables Common Systems to accommodate Air Traffic Services, OperEnables Common Systems to accommodate Air Traffic Services, Operationalational

    and Administrative Services, and Passenger Services (possibly)and Administrative Services, and Passenger Services (possibly)

    Facilitates Reduction in Development/Operational CostsFacilitates Reduction in Development/Operational Costs

    Creates Larger Market facilitating reduced per unit PricingCreates Larger Market facilitating reduced per unit Pricing Facilitates System Development Vendor Competition by basingFacilitates System Development Vendor Competition by basing

    Requirements on Open StandardsRequirements on Open Standards

    Facilitates Real Time Data Communication Service ProviderFacilitates Real Time Data Communication Service Provider

    Competition for Ground/Ground and Air/Ground Operational ServiceCompetition for Ground/Ground and Air/Ground Operational Servicess Supports Contract Requirements based on Required CommunicationSupports Contract Requirements based on Required Communication

    Performance (RCP)Performance (RCP)

    Future ProofFuture Proof-- Enables integration of emerging bitEnables integration of emerging bit--oriented Dataoriented Data

    Communication SubnetworksCommunication Subnetworks

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 6

    ATN - Impact of No Investment

    Industry (CAAs and Airspace Users, Including Airlines)Industry (CAAs and Airspace Users, Including Airlines)

    Loss of Opportunity to Baseline System Automation UpgradesLoss of Opportunity to Baseline System Automation Upgradesagainst Data Communication Infrastructureagainst Data Communication Infrastructure

    Delay in Realization of Improved Air Traffic ServicesDelay in Realization of Improved Air Traffic Services

    Exposure to NonExposure to Non--Compliant RequirementsCompliant Requirements Increase in Development Costs and Operational Service CostsIncrease in Development Costs and Operational Service Costs

    Negative Impact on Utility of Common Systems for WorldNegative Impact on Utility of Common Systems for World--WideWide

    OperationsOperations

    Delay in Realization of Benefits based on User EquipageDelay in Realization of Benefits based on User Equipage AirlinesAirlines

    Missed Window of Opportunity for Updated Avionics onMissed Window of Opportunity for Updated Avionics on

    New Aircraft OrdersNew Aircraft Orders

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 7

    ATN - Investment Perspective

    The Data Communication Infrastructure is aThe Data Communication Infrastructure is a

    LongLong--Term InvestmentTerm Investment

    Industry MUST agree on a Common DataIndustry MUST agree on a Common Data

    Communication Infrastructure Upgrade PathCommunication Infrastructure Upgrade Path The ATN is on the Upgrade PathThe ATN is on the Upgrade Path

    Decisions as to When to Equip with ATN willDecisions as to When to Equip with ATN will

    be based on Internal Economic Analysesbe based on Internal Economic Analyses

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 8

    Air/Ground ATN Application Services

    Air Traffic Control (ATC) ServicesAir Traffic Control (ATC) Services

    Controller Pilot Data Link Communications (CPDLC)Controller Pilot Data Link Communications (CPDLC)

    Automatic Dependant Surveillance (ADS)Automatic Dependant Surveillance (ADS)

    Flight Information Services (FIS)Flight Information Services (FIS)

    Context Management (CMA)Context Management (CMA)

    Other Potential ServicesOther Potential Services

    Aeronautical Operational Control (AOC)Aeronautical Operational Control (AOC)

    Aeronautical Administrative Communication (AAC)Aeronautical Administrative Communication (AAC)

    Aeronautical Passenger Communications (APC)Aeronautical Passenger Communications (APC)

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 9

    ATC Service Benefits

    Operational

    Improvements

    Service

    Improvements

    Safety

    Benefits

    Direct Cost

    Avoidance

    Indirect Cost

    Avoidance

    Opportunity

    Cost Avoidance

    Increased Capacity

    Operational Efficiencies

    (e.g. Delay Reduction,

    Reduced Restrictions)

    Improved Service

    Availability

    Operational Predictability

    Bank Integrity

    Reduced Comm Errors

    Additional Comm

    Mechanisms

    Improved Information

    Flow

    Loss of access to Service Benefits

    because of delay in Service Implementation

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 10

    First Step: Controller Communications Workload

    0%

    5%

    10%

    15%

    20%

    25%

    30%

    35%

    40%

    45%

    50%

    Strip Mgmt Ext Coord Int Coord Conf Srch R/T Rdr Coord Rdr Super Rdr Interv

    "SYSCO" Approximate Controller Workload Distribution

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 11

    Problem: Voice Congestion

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 12

    Solution: Data Communications

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 13

    Example: FAA Study

    FL230

    FL29011,000 ft

    FL350 FL350

    TRACON

    EN ROUTEARTCC

    Arrival Sector

    FL290

    FL240

    Departure Sector

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 14

    FAA Study: Reduction in Holding

    Problem Solution

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 15

    FAA Study: Radio Occupation Time

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 16

    Air/Ground ATN Implementation Status

    ATN

    Network

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 17

    Air/Ground ATN Implementation Programs

    2001 2003 2005 2007 2009

    EUROCONTROL

    PETAL IIE Project

    FAA CPDLC

    Build 1/1A Programs

    FAA CPDLC Build 2 Program

    and

    Link 2000+ Initiatives

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 18

    PETAL IIE Project Overview

    PETAL =PETAL = PPreliminaryreliminary EEurocontrolurocontrol TTest ofest ofAAir/Ground Datair/Ground Data LLinkink

    PETAL IIE = Extension of PETAL Project to include ATN OperationsPETAL IIE = Extension of PETAL Project to include ATN Operations

    Single Site: Maastricht Upper Area Control CentreSingle Site: Maastricht Upper Area Control Centre

    Operational ServicesOperational Services

    Transfer of Voice Communication, Initial Contact, Altimeter SettTransfer of Voice Communication, Initial Contact, Altimeter Settinging

    Clearances and Requests: Flight Level, Route and Heading, SpeedClearances and Requests: Flight Level, Route and Heading, Speed

    Passive Requests (e.g. Preferred Level, Top of Descent)Passive Requests (e.g. Preferred Level, Top of Descent)

    Uses VDL Mode 2 as Air/Ground SubnetworkUses VDL Mode 2 as Air/Ground Subnetwork

    American Airlines is the Launch AirlineAmerican Airlines is the Launch Airline

    www.eurocontrol.be/projects/eatchip/petal2/

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 19

    PETAL IIE Overview

    Status:

    - MISSION COMPLETE

    - PETAL II Link Bridge Project (P2L)

    to start in January 2002

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 20

    FAA CPDLC Build 1 Overview

    Single Site: Miami Air Route Traffic Control CenterSingle Site: Miami Air Route Traffic Control Center

    Provides 4 Operational ServicesProvides 4 Operational Services Transfer of Voice CommunicationTransfer of Voice Communication

    Initial ContactInitial Contact

    Altimeter SettingAltimeter Setting

    Informational Free Text (menu capability built by supervisor inpInformational Free Text (menu capability built by supervisor inputs)uts)

    Uses VDL Mode 2 as Air/Ground SubnetworkUses VDL Mode 2 as Air/Ground Subnetwork

    American Airlines is the Launch AirlineAmerican Airlines is the Launch Airline

    www.adl.tc.faa.gov

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 21

    FAA CPDLC Build 1A Overview

    National Deployment: All Air Route Traffic Control CentersNational Deployment: All Air Route Traffic Control Centers

    Provides Additional Operational ServicesProvides Additional Operational Services Larger Message Set accommodating assignment of Speeds, Headings,Larger Message Set accommodating assignment of Speeds, Headings, andand

    AltitudesAltitudes

    Includes Route Clearance FunctionIncludes Route Clearance Function

    Capability to accommodate PilotCapability to accommodate Pilot--Initiated Altitude RequestsInitiated Altitude Requests

    Uses VDL Mode 2 as Air/Ground SubnetworkUses VDL Mode 2 as Air/Ground Subnetwork

    American Airlines is the Launch AirlineAmerican Airlines is the Launch Airline

    Widespread Industry Participation is AnticipatedWidespread Industry Participation is Anticipated

    www.adl.tc.faa.gov

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 22

    FAA CPDLC Build 1/1A Architecture

    VDL Mode 2

    GroundStations

    Display CMU/ATSU(ATN compliant)VDR Multi -Mode

    Transceivers

    VDL Mode 2Data Link CPDLC

    Processor

    (ATN compl iant)

    HOST Router

    Display

    NADIN IINational Airspace

    System Local Network

    ContextManagementAppl ication

    (ATN compl iant)

    FAA En Route CPDLC Ground System

    A/G ATNRouter

    G/G ATNRouterG/G ATN

    Router

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 23

    CPDLC/ATN Avionics: Functional Overview

    CPDLC

    ATN(End System/Router

    Configuration)

    Pilot Interface

    Control/Display Unit

    Alerting Dedicated Display

    Initial Architecture

    Architecture Upgrade

    Air/Ground Subnetworks VHF Digital Radio - Mode 2

    SATCOM Data 3

    Other ICAO-Compliant

    Subnetworks

    Flight Management

    System Integration

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 24

    ATNSI Airlines: Target Fleet Types

    American Continental Delta Northwest United US Airwa s

    Airbus

    Fleet Types All N/A N/A Some All All

    Boeing

    Fleet Types All Most Most Some Most None

    Regional JetFleet Types

    (affiliations)

    All UnderConsideration

    Under

    ConsiderationNone Under

    ConsiderationNone

    N/A = Not Applicable

    Preliminary Airline Data. Subject to Revision.Pre-Sep 11th Data.

    Does not represent any actual or planned commitment

    by any airline to CPDLC equipage.

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 25

    Avionics ATN Program Status

    Rockwell CollinsRockwell Collins

    CPDLC/ATNCPDLC/ATN--Capable CMU: Certified/Flew in PETAL IIE,Capable CMU: Certified/Flew in PETAL IIE,Upgrade for CPDLC Build 1 Under DevelopmentUpgrade for CPDLC Build 1 Under Development

    HoneywellHoneywell

    CPDLC/ATNCPDLC/ATN--Capable CMU: Under DevelopmentCapable CMU: Under Development

    Thales Avionics (Sextant):Thales Avionics (Sextant):

    Software for CPDLC/ATNSoftware for CPDLC/ATN--Capable Airbus ATSU: UnderCapable Airbus ATSU: Under

    DevelopmentDevelopment

    ATSU = Air Traffic Services Unit

    CMU = Communication Management Unit

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 26

    ATNSI Projects

    Router Reference Implementation (RRI)Router Reference Implementation (RRI)

    Avionics: ATN End System and/or RouterAvionics: ATN End System and/or Router Ground Systems: ATN End System and/or RouterGround Systems: ATN End System and/or Router

    Conformance Test Suite (CTS)Conformance Test Suite (CTS)

    Verification Tool for Installed RRI (Avionics or GroundVerification Tool for Installed RRI (Avionics or GroundSystems) or other equivalent ATN SystemsSystems) or other equivalent ATN Systems

    Integrated into Common American European Reference ATNIntegrated into Common American European Reference ATN

    Facility (CAERAF) ProjectFacility (CAERAF) Project

    CAERAF Project is coCAERAF Project is co--sponsored by EUROCONTROL and the FAAsponsored by EUROCONTROL and the FAA

    Certification OfficeCertification Office

    Use of CAERAF is not limited to America/Europe, usage is intendeUse of CAERAF is not limited to America/Europe, usage is intendedd

    for worldfor world--wide ATN verificationwide ATN verification

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 27

    Next StepsRTCA Free Flight Select Committee CPDLC Benefits Subgroup

    CharterCharter

    Update CPDLC Build 1A Business CaseUpdate CPDLC Build 1A Business Case

    Recommend Incentives for Early EquipageRecommend Incentives for Early Equipage

    Identify Impediments and Recommend SolutionsIdentify Impediments and Recommend Solutions MilestonesMilestones

    Apr 2002: Final Report to RTCA Free Flight SteeringApr 2002: Final Report to RTCA Free Flight Steering

    CommitteeCommittee

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 28

    Future InitiativesFANS 1/A Accommodation

    ATS Provider

    ATN FANS-1/A

    Multi-Stack GatewayICAO CNS/ATM

    Operational data and behavior

    ATN VDL-2 Avionics FANS-1/A VDL-2 Avionics

    a/g ATN VDL-2

    a/g FANS-1/A VDL-2

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    ATNSI, ATN Seminar 29

    Future InitiativesSecurity Initiatives

    Potential InitiativesPotential Initiatives

    Analysis of Security Features present in existingAnalysis of Security Features present in existingCPDLC/ATN/VDL2 ArchitectureCPDLC/ATN/VDL2 Architecture

    Implementation of Security Features in upgradedImplementation of Security Features in upgraded

    CPDLC/ATN/VDL2 ArchitectureCPDLC/ATN/VDL2 Architecture Implementation of Security Featu...

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