AGENDA 2063 The Africa We Want DRAFT 2016-05-03¢  THE AFRICAN UNION COMMISSION AGENDA 2063 The Africa

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  • THE AFRICAN UNION COMMISSION

    AGENDA 2063

    The Africa We Want

    DRAFT DOCUMENT

    “A Shared Strategic Framework for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development &A

    Global Strategy to Optimize the Use of Africa’s Resources for the Benefit of all Africans”

    May2014

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................................... 3

    LIST OF ACRONYMS ............................................................................................................................. 4

    CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................... 6

    CHAPTER 2: THE VISION AND AFRICAN ASPIRATIONS FOR 2063 ............................................... 10

    CHAPTER 3: OVERVIEW OF AFRICA’s DEVELOPMENT DYNAMICS: TRENDS, CHALLENGES & OPPORTUNITIES ................................................................................................................................. 23

    3.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 23

    3.2. Africa‘s Development Dynamics ..................................................................................................... 23

    3.5 Scenarios and Trends ...................................................................................................................... 45

    CHAPTER 4: AGENDA 2063 GOALS, PRIORITY AREAS & STRATEGIES ..................................... 52

    4.1 Foundation of Agenda 2063 .......................................................................................................... 52

    4.2 Goals, Priority Areas and Strategies ............................................................................................ 54

    CHAPTER 5: DRIVERS, ENABLERS, RISKS AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES ............................... 67

    5.1 Drivers and Enablers ..................................................................................................................... 67

    5.2 Risks, Threats and Mitigation Strategies ..................................................................................... 69

    CHAPTER 6: “MAKING IT HAPPEN” – IMPLEMENTATION, MONITORING, EVALUATION, FINANCING, COMMUNICATION & CAPACITIES FOR IMPLEMENTATION ...................................... 72

    6.1 Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 72

    6.2 Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation Arrangements ...................................................... 73

    6.3 Financing Agenda 2063 ................................................................................................................. 76

    6.4 Communication Strategy .............................................................................................................. 79

    6.5 Capacities for Implementation ...................................................................................................... 80

    ANNEX 1: AGENDA 2063 RESULTS MATRIX NATIONAL LEVEL .................................................... 82

    ANNEX 2: AGENDA 2063 RESULTS MATRIX: REGIONAL/CONTINENTAL LEVEL ....................... 91

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    FOREWORD

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    LIST OF ACRONYMS 3ADI Africa Agro-Industry and Agro-Business Initiative AfDB African Development Bank AGI African Governance Initiative AIMS Africa‘s Integrated Maritime Strategy APRM Africa Peer Review Mechanism APSA African Peace and Security Architecture AQIM AL Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb AU Africa Union AUC African Union Commission BIAT Boosting Intra African Trade BRICS Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa CAADP Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Program CAPST Consolidated Action Plan for Science and Technology CENSAD Community of Sahel Saharan States COMESA Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa CSO Civil Society Organization DREA Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture DRC Democratic Republic of Congo DVD Developed Countries DVG Developing Countries EAC East African Community ECCAS Economic Community of Central African States ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States ERA Economic Report of Africa EU European Union FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FDI Foreign Direct Investment GHA Greater Horn of Africa GDP Gross Domestic Product GNI Gross National Income GNP Gross National Product HIPC Highly Indebted Poor Country HPS Health Plan and Strategy IADA Accelerated Industrial Development of Africa ICT Information Communication Technology ITN Insecticide Treated Nets IEA International Energy Agency IGAD Intergovernmental Authority on Development IMF International Monetary Fund IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change LAC Latin American Countries LPA Lagos Plan of Action LRA Lord‘s Resistance Army M&E Monitoring and Evaluation MDG Millennium Development Goals MIP Minimum Integration Program NEPAD New Partnership for Africa‘s Development NGOS Non-Governmental Organizations NPCA NEPAD Coordinating Agency

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    OAU Organization of African Unity ODA Official Development Assistance OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development PAF Pan African Fisheries Development PIDA Programme for Infrastructural Development in Africa PRC Permanent Representative Committee RECS Regional Economic Communities SADC Southern African Development Community SAP Structural Adjustment Program SMSES Small and Medium Scale Enterprises SPF Social Policy Framework SPS Sanitary and Phytosanitary System ST&I Science Technology and Innovation STAP Short Term Action Plan on Infrastructure TVET Technical Vocational Education and Training UMA Union Arab Maghreb UN United Nations UNDESA United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affais UNCBD United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity UNCCD United Nations Convention on Combatting Desertification UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development UNECA United Nations Economic Commission for Africa UNEP United Nations Environmental Program UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFPA United Nations Fund for Population Activities US United States USD United States Dollars WHO World Health Organization

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    CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

    Background

    Fifty years after the first thirty-three (33) independent African states gathered in Addis Ababa toform the

    Organization of African Union, now the African Union, the continent is looking ahead towards thenext fifty years.

    Thus, on the occasion of the Golden Jubilee of the OAU, Africa‘s political leadership acknowledged past

    achievements and challenges and rededicated itself to the Pan African vision of ―an integrated, prosperous and

    peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena.”

    Agenda 2063, a plan for Africa‘s structural transformation, was agreed upon by the African Union Golden

    Jubilee of May 2013. The Summit tasked the African Union Commission (AUC), supported by the New

    Partnership for Africa‘s Development (NEPAD) Planning

    and Coordinating Agency (NPCA), the African Development

    Bank (AfDB) and the UN Economic Commission for Africa

    (UNECA), to prepare such a continental agenda through a

    people-driven process.

    The 50th Anniversary Solemn Declarationincorporates a pledge to

    make progress in eight priority areas (see text

    box). These priorities definethe continental agenda and will

    be integrated intoregional and national development plans.

    Agenda 2063 takes account of past achievements and challenges as well asthe continental and global context in

    which the continental transformation is being implemented, including:

     The durability of the Pan African vision and project, which guided struggles of African people

    and their descendants against slavery, colonialism, apartheid and racial discrimination; the commitment

    of the founders of the OAU to self-determination, integration, solidarity and unity; and which today

    forms the backdrop for Africa‘s renaissance, transformation and integration.

     Lessons from global developmental experiences, the significant advances by major countries

    of the South tolift huge sections of their populations out of poverty, improve incomes and catalyze

    economic and social transformation, and the global drive through the United Nations to find multi-lateral

    approaches to humanity‘s most pressing concerns including human security and peace; the eradication

    of poverty, hunger and disease; and climate change.

     An African turning point, with the end of the Cold War and the destruction of apartheid in

    Namibia and South Africa, which saw a renewed determination to end wars and conflicts, to build shared

    prosperity, to integrate, to build responsive and democratic governance and to end the continent‘s

    marginalization through the adoption of the New Partnership for Africa‘s Development and the

    The Eight Pri