About IITs About IITs

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    Indian Institutes of Technology

    A Presentation

    Prepared By:

    Mrs. Avanti Joshi

    IIT Kanpur

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    Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)

    IITs are a group of fifteen

    autonomous engineering and

    technology oriented institutes ofhigher education established and

    declared as Institutes of National

    Importance by the Parliament of

    India.

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    IITs were created to train scientistsand engineers, with the aim of

    developing a skilled workforce to

    support the economic and socialdevelopment of India after

    independence in 1947.

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    History

    History of the IIT system dates back

    to 1946 when Sir Jogendra Singh of

    the Viceroys Executive Council setup a committee whose task was to

    consider the creation of Higher

    Technical Institutions for post-war

    industrial development in India.

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    History (Cont.)

    The Sarkar committee recommendedestablishment of IITs in various parts

    of India, affiliated to secondary

    institutions with the aim of producingnot just undergraduates, but

    researchers and academicians.

    These institutes were expected to

    maintain high educational standards.

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    Original IITs

    1. As a step towards this

    direction, the first IIT was

    established in 1951, in

    Kharagpur (nearKolkata) in the state of

    West Bengal.

    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/IIT_Kharagpur_Main_Building.JPGhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/IIT_Kharagpur_Main_Building.JPG
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    2. IIT Bombay was

    founded in 1958 atPowai, Mumbai with

    assistance from

    UNESCO and the

    Soviet Union, which

    provided technical

    expertise.

    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/05/IITB_Main_Building.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/05/IITB_Main_Building.jpg
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    3. IIT Madras is located in the city of

    Chennai in Tamil Nadu. It wasestablished in 1959 with technical

    assistance from the Government of

    West Germany.

    http://images.google.co.in/imgres?imgurl=http://ejalwa.com/images/IIT-Madras-1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://ejalwa.com/iIT.html&usg=__FQTuY38uEfloeK4rMb_pbQ42_Sg=&h=800&w=1200&sz=154&hl=en&start=26&um=1&tbnid=vvq2hMwCcAK1fM:&tbnh=100&tbnw=150&prev=/images%3Fq%3Diit%2Bmadras%26ndsp%3D18%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DN%26start%3D18%26um%3D1
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    4. IIT Kanpur was established in 1959

    in the city of Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

    During its first 10 years, IIT Kanpur

    benefited from the KanpurIndo-

    American Programme (KIAP),

    where a consortium of nine USuniversities. Under the program,

    faculty members from these

    Institutions assisted the Institute inthe setting up of the academic

    programs and development of

    laboratories.

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    5. Established as the College of

    Engineering in 1961, located inHauz Khas was renamed as IIT

    Delhi.6. IIT Guwahati

    was established in1994 near the city

    of Guwahati

    (Assam) on thenorthen banks of

    the Brahmaputra

    River.

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    7. IIT Roorkee, originally known as the

    University of Roorkee, wasestablished in 1847 as the first

    engineering college of the British

    Empire. Located in Uttarakhand, the

    college was renamed The Thomson

    College of Civil Engineering in

    1854. It became first technical

    university of India in 1949 and wasrenamed University of Roorkee

    which was included in the IIT

    system in 2001.

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    New IITs

    Eight more IITs in the following States

    have also been setup:Bihar (Patna)

    Rajasthan (Jodhpur)

    Andhra Pradesh (Hyderabad)Himachal Pradesh (Mandi)

    Orissa (Bhubaneshwar)

    Madhya Pradesh (Indore)

    Gujarat (Gandhinagar)

    Punjab (Ropar)

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    Admission to undergraduate B.Tech.,

    M.Sc., and dual degree (BT-MT)

    programs are through IIT Joint

    Entrance Examination (JEE).

    Admission

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    Admission (cont.)

    Admission to most of thepostgraduate courses in IITs is

    granted through various written

    entrance examinations: GATE (forM.Tech.), JAM (for M.Sc.) and CEED

    (for M.Des.).

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    Admission (cont.)

    The admission for the Ph.D. program

    is based primarily on a personal

    interview, though candidates mayalso have to appear for written tests.

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    IITs receive large grants compared to

    other engineering colleges in India.

    The amount varies between Rs.

    9001,300 million per year for each

    IIT. Other sources of funds include

    student fees and research funding

    from governmental agencies and theprivate industry.

    Features

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    Features (cont.)

    The availability of resources hastranslated into superior infrastructure

    and qualified faculty in the IITs and

    consequently higher competitionamong students to gain admissions

    into the IITs.

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    Features (cont.)

    IITs subsidise undergraduate student

    fees by approximately 80% and

    provide scholarships to all M.Tech.and doctoral students in order to

    encourage them for higher studies.

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    The various IITs function

    autonomously, and their special status

    as Institutes of National Importance

    facilitates the smooth running of IITs,

    virtually free from both regional as

    well as student politics.

    Features (cont.)

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    Features (cont.)

    IITs can create their own curricula

    and adapt rapidly to the changes ineducational requirements, free from

    bureaucratic hurdles.

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    Features (cont.)

    The government does not directly

    control internal policy decisions of

    IITs (such as faculty recruitment) but

    has representation on the IIT Council.

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    Features (cont.)

    The academic policies, teaching,training and research activities of

    each IIT are reviewed by its Senate

    to maintain the highest standards.The senate comprises all

    professors of the Institute and

    student representatives.

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    Features (cont.)

    We follow the credit system of

    performance evaluation, with

    proportional weighting of coursesbased on their importance. Relative

    grading is preferred by considering

    the overall performance of the class.

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    Success story

    Among the factors contributing to the

    success of IITs are stringent faculty

    recruitment procedures and industry

    collaboration.

    This combination of success factors has

    led to the concept of the IIT Brand.

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    Success story (cont.)

    IIT brand was reaffirmed when theUnited States House of

    Representatives passed a resolution

    honouring Indian Americans andespecially graduates of IIT for their

    contributions to the American society.

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    Success story (cont.)

    Similarly, China also recognised thevalue of IITs and has planned to

    replicate the model.

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    Thank you.