A Rehospitalization Reduction Program on a Geriatric Skilled Nursing Unit Randi Berkowitz, MD Hebrew SeniorLife

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A Rehospitalization Reduction Program on a Geriatric Skilled Nursing Unit Randi Berkowitz, MD Hebrew SeniorLife Slide 2 Why decrease readmissions? I.Excellence in care Decrease errors patient satisfaction staff satisfaction II.Financial Increased referrals subacute beds long-term care census reimbursement/patient Slide 3 How? 1.Admission 2.Stay on unit 3.Discharge Slide 4 Reducing AVOIDABLE hospital transfers Slide 5 Bucket #1: Problems on Admission Ineffective communication of prognosis / options PCP out of loop Inadequate care plans for recurrent symptoms Slide 6 Reduce AVOIDABLE hospital transfers Approach to the Problem: Admission MD standardized discussions Communication family and PCP High risk patients Automatic Palliative Care consult Flag for entire team Slide 7 Bucket #2: Stay on Unit: Problems With Team Operation Disciplines operating in silos Failure to identify problems early Failure to learn from mistakes Slide 8 Reduce AVOIDABLE hospital transfers Approach to the Problem: Stay on the Unit Team Improvement for the Patient and Safety (TIPS) conference Call to hospital Root cause analysis Slide 9 Bucket #3: Problems With Home Discharge Poor hand off to next team No teach back with patient/HCP No standardized discharge summary/ nursing process Slide 10 Reduce AVOIDABLE hospital transfers Approach to the Problem: Home Discharge Project RED Written home care plan from electronic medical record Making specific for geriatric use E.g. advance directives, diet, VNA, assistive devices Standardized discharge summaries Slide 11 Target Population All admissions to the RSU subacute unit 1000 admissions a year 3NP/3MD- geriatric and palliative care certified Slide 12 Process and Outcome Measures Admission 90% patients have discussion with MD prognosis rehospitalizations past 6 months Communication family and PCP Patient/ family satisfaction survey Slide 13 Process and Outcome Measures Middle- Stay on the unit Unplanned discharge rates benchmarked staff safety survey for staff Slide 14 Process and Outcome Measures Discharge Home 30 day readmission rates after discharge from SNF Satisfaction survey of discharge preparedness Slide 15 Perceived Facilitators/Barriers Pt acceptance of less aggressive approaches Increased liability Increase cost keeping sicker patients Difficulty obtaining information from hospital Time needed to engage primary care Lack of practitioner access to computer systems in key referral sites Limited IT resources for Project RED Slide 16 Slide 17 Preliminary Data Unplanned Transfers January 2008- June 2009 compared with post TIPS July 2009-November 2009 Massachusetts 30 day 22-28% Pre-intervention16.9% Post-intervention12.7% Rate Reduction-24.7% Slide 18 Staff feel safe reporting their mistakes Slide 19 Questions Flag risk to entire team Avoidable-unavoidable discharges RED call everyone 30 days- use OASIS Call those LTC Aides to TIPS conferences Survey admission process high risk vs everyone tool