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6.Environmental Considerations - David Kelly · PDF file Environmental Considerations Presented by David Kelly -WYG Consortium . Consortium FERRMED Global Study: Environmental Considerations

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    Technical, Socio-economic and Supply/Demand study regarding the transport of the FERRMED Great Rail Network (Scandinavia-Rhine-Rhône-Western Mediterranean)

    Environmental Considerations Presented by David Kelly - WYG

    Consortium

    www.wyg.com

  • Consortium

    FERRMED Global Study: Environmental Considerations

    Introduction

    • Transport • critical to our economy but;

    • environmentally impacting

    Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG)* by Sector, EU-27 (2006)

    Energy Industrie

    s 30.9%

    Transpo rt

    19.3%

    Services , etc. 3.6%

    Househo lds

    9.4%

    Industry 21.0%

    Other *** 15.7%

    Source: DG TREN Pocketbook 2009

  • Consortium

    FERRMED Global Study: Environmental Considerations

    EU Policy

    • EU Transport Policy

    • White Paper 2001 – modal shift from road to rail

    • Mid Term Review – modal shift where appropriate eg long distance

    • FERRMED vision in line with EU policy

  • Consortium

    FERRMED Global Study: Environmental Considerations

    Global Study Environmental Considerations

    • Strategic study

    • No assessment of individual schemes

    • 3 broad considerations

    1. Noise

    2. Emissions

    3. Potential Conflicts

  • Consortium

    FERRMED Global Study: Environmental Considerations

    Noise

    • Traffic noise affects millions throughout the EU

    • Health effects; annoyance, disturbed sleep, disturbed cognitive function, cardiovascular disease, mental illness

    • Road – highest emitter

    • Aircraft

    • Rail

    • One of most significant environmental impacts of rail

    • FERRMED Network largely on established routes

    • Impacts to be assessed at scheme Feasibility Stage

    • Impacts and costs included in study as Noise Barrier cost

  • Consortium

    FERRMED Global Study: Environmental Considerations

    Emissions

    • High level impact on emission levels analysed within the CBA

    • Emission factors derived from TREMOVE transport & emissions simulation model

    • Reduction in pollutants and CO2 assessed for Medium, Full / Full+

    145,410,934145,410,934128,099,118CO2

    35,01335,01327,558PM

    242,682242,682199,841SO2

    8,2818,2815,794NMVOC

    1,004,6941,004,694805,182NoX

    FERRMED Full+ Scenario

    FERRMED Full Scenario

    FERRMED Medium Scenario

    Reduction in Pollutant and Greenhouse Gas Emissions 2016 – 2045 (tonnes)

  • Consortium

    FERRMED Global Study: Environmental Considerations

    Emission Reduction Benefits

    3.2%3.2%6.8%Total

    0.5%0.5%1.3%Greenhouse Gases

    2.7%2.7%5.3%Pollutants

    FERRMED Full+ Scenario

    FERRMED Full Scenario

    FERRMED Medium Scenario

    The Economic Benefits Arising from Emission Reduction as a Proportion of Total Benefit

  • Consortium

    FERRMED Global Study: Environmental Considerations

    CO2 Savings

    • Modest savings achieved in CO2 against trend of rising transport demand

    • Significant contribution towards Climate and Energy Package target (10% reduction)

    CO2 Savings at Strategic Years

    0.743%0.623%0.591%0.408% as % of Reference Scenario CO2 emissions

    6.6785.3614.8573.173 Full / Full+ FERRMED Scenario. CO2 reduction (Mt/yr)

    0.621%0.516%0.473%0.579% as % of Reference Scenario CO2 emissions

    5.6064.4593.9054.599 Medium FERRMED Scenario. CO2 reduction (Mt/year)

    2045203520252020

  • Consortium

    FERRMED Global Study: Environmental Considerations

    Potential Conflicts

    • Established routes

    • Many close to or through protected areas

    • Many close to population centres

    • Conflicts must be minimised and managed;

    • Rigorous impact assessments

    • Careful planning

    • Innovative design

    • Environmental management during construction

  • Consortium

    FERRMED Global Study: Environmental Considerations

    Thank You for your attention

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