Name - Roshan ChellaniSub -Environment Management Roll no - 70Class -F.Y B.M.S Div - B
INDEX- About super cyclone page 3
Disaster management page 4
1999 orissa super cyclone Meteorological history page5-7 Damage page8
Biggest cyclone of century page9-10
Preparation page11 Impacts and Records page11 Relief page 12 Bibiliography page13
Super Cyclonesstudies cyclones as a depression builds up in the Bay of Bengal along the eastern coast of India. A weather depression is the first indication that a cyclone is imminent. When wind speeds go beyond 62 kilometer per hour, it takes the shape of a potentially devastating cyclonic storm.Due to such weather depressions, Chennai receives 42-cm. rainfall in just 40 hours. Rail and Air services are severely disrupted. But this doesnt deterNuncio Murukesh, a researcher with theIndian Institute of Oceanography, to drive through water logged roads of Chennai to intercept and study the weather system.Similar weather conditions presaged a super cyclone in the eastern coastal state of Orissa in October 1999. The film revisits this catastrophe, which accounted for more than ten thousand deaths and left millions homeless. Inadequate and incorrect prediction of the cyclones landfall and intensity led to a staggering toll on human life and property, as areas not affected by the cyclone were evacuated.Through first person accounts, interviews, never seen before file footage, and powerful recreations, the film shows how the super cyclone devastated the eastern coast of India.
Disaster Management :Orissa has a history of recurring natural disasters. While the coastal districts of Orissa are exposed to floods and cyclones, western Orissa is prone to acute droughts; a large section of the State is also prone to earthquakes.
In addition, the State is also affected by disasters like heat waves, epidemics, forest fire, road accidents etc. The history of disasters substantiates the fact that about 80% of the State is prone to one or more forms of natural disasters.
The two successive cyclones in October 1999, the severe cyclone which hit Ganjam coast and the Super Cyclone damaged the infrastructure in 14 districts of the State and disrupted public life. With millions of trees uprooted during the super cyclone, the State, especially the coastal belt has become extremely vulnerable.
1999 Orissa SUPERCYCLONE
Meteorological historyA tropical disturbance developed in the South China Sea in mid-to-late October. It tracked westward and organized itself enough to have the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issue a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (TCFA) on October 23. But the system failed to organize itself any further in the Pacific, and the TCFA was cancelled. When the system reached the Andaman Sea on October 25, another TCFA was issued. Shortly after, the convective area consolidated, and it became Tropical Depression 5B on October 25 over the Malay Peninsula. The depression tracked northwestward under the influence of the Subtropical ridge to its north. Warm water temperatures and favorable upper level winds allowed further strengthening, and it became Tropical Storm 5B on October 26, 210 miles (345 km) south-southwest of Yangon, Myanmar.The storm passed to the south of Myanmar and continued to strengthen, and intensified to a cyclone on the 27th in the open Bay of Bengal. On October 28, the cyclone rapidly intensified to a peak of 160 mph (260 km/h) winds, the equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane.The system was the first storm to be given the new meteorological label "super cyclonic storm" by the IMD.Just prior to its Indian landfall, the cyclone weakened slightly to a 155 mph (250 km/h) cyclone with an estimated minimum central pressure of