MINOR PROJECT REPORT On
The Role of Religious Tourism in Orissa
SUBM ITTED TO M r. Jasbir Sing h ( asst. pro f. )(DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINSTRATION)
SUBMITTED BY Anshika kuma rBBA (TTM) 3RD SEM 00314905010
Maharaja Surajmal InstituteRecognized by UGC U/S 2(F) Affilia ted to GGS Indra prastha Univ ersity ,( C - 4 J a n a k p u r i N ew De l h i - 1 1 0 05 8 )
T h i s i s t o c e r t if y t h a t An s h i ka K u ma r s t u d e n t o f B B A ( T T M) 3 r d S E M E S T E R R o l l n u mb e r 0 0 3 1 49 0 5 0 1 0 h a s s u c c e s s f u l l y c o mp l e t e d t h e p r o j e c t o n T h e Ro l e o f Re l i g i o u s T o u r i s m i n O r i s s a a n d h a s s u b mi t t e d t h e p r o je c t r e p o r t o f t h e s a me o n t i me .
Mr. Jasbir singh ( As s t . p r o f . ) ( De p a r t me n t o f B u s i n e s s A d mi n s t r a t i o n )
I An s h i ka K u ma r wo u l d l i k e t o t h a n k M r . J a s b i r S i n g h f o r h i s wh o l e h e a r t e d s u p p o r t a n d g u i d a n c e f o r ma k i n g i t p o s s i b l e t o c o mp l e t e t h i s p r o j e c t o n t i me . I wo u l d a l s o l i k e t o t h a n k my f r i e n d s a n d f a mi l y me mb e r s f o r t h e i r k i n d s u p p o r t a n d g u i d a n c e wi t h o u t wh i c h t h i s p r o je c t wo u l d n o t h a v e c o mp l e t e d . An d l a s t l y, i t s o n l y w h e n o n e ma k e s a p r o je c t t h a t o ne r e a l i z e s t h e t r u e p o w e r o f M S WO R D, f r o m g r a m ma r c h e c k s t o r e p l a c e - a l l s .
A n s h i ka K u ma r B B A ( T T M) 3 r d se me s t e r 0 0 3 1 4 9 0 5 01 0
TABLE OF CONTENTSPage-no.Chapter-1 Introduction Objective of the study Importance of the study Research Methodology Limitation of the study Chapter -2 Theoretical Framework on Religious Tourism in Orissa Temples of Orissa Orissan Tribal People Top Seven Places to See in Bhubaneswar Three Main Tourist Places in Puri Orissa Dance& Music Beach a Status Chapter-3 Analysis and Interpretation of the data Chapter-4 Recommendation and Conclusions Bibliography 1-6
The tropical state of Orissa lies along the eastern seaboard of India, south of Bengal. Its main attractions are: The temples of capital Bubaneshwar The long sandy beach at the Puri The great sun temple at Konark. These three sites make a convenient and compact triangle. Orissa is predominantly rural, with fertile green coastal plains rising to the hills of the Eastern Ghats. Few visitors venture outside the Bhubaneswar/ Puri/ Konark triangle and although travel off the beaten track in Orissa is often rough, with few tourist facilities, it can be interesting and rewarding experience. The Oriya 25% of who are indigenous tribal peoples is particularly friendly and hospitable. Orissa is also known as Kalinga, which transformed the ruler Ashoka. In 260 BC Ashoka, the great Indian emperor, near modern bhubaneshwar, defeated him. The bloody battle Ashoka with such a bitter a taste that he converted to Buddhism and spread that gentle religion far and wide. Buddhism soon declined in Orissa, however, Jainism held sway until Buddhism reasserted in the second century AD. By the 7th century AD had in turn supplanted Buddhism and Orissas golden age began. Under the kesari and Ganga kings Orissan culture flourished and countless temples from that classical period still stand today. The Oriyas managed to defy the Muslim rulers in Delhi until the region finally fell to the moguls during the 16th century. Many of the Bhubaneshwars temples were destroyed at that time.
OBJECTIVES OF STUDY:
To study the changes in level of employment in Orissa over the years. To analyze the contribution of religious tourism in Orissa in the national income. To explore and analyze the fields resulting in inflow and outflow of funds in Orissa. To study the role of promotional campaigns in promoting religious tourism in Orissa and analyze the reason of its growth.
RESEARCH METHODOLOGYResearch DesignResearch design is the basic frameworks which provide guidelines for the rest of research process. It is a map or blueprint according to which the research is to be conducted. The research design specifies the methods for data collection and data analysis. The researcher specifically pinpoint that to Carrey out research properly:(i) how would the data be collected (ii)which instruments for data collection would be used and(iii)what sampling plan would be used? The research has to carefully decide and make a choice from the group of different alternative available to him.
Data Collection methodsThere are two types of data: secondary and primary. The secondary data refer to those data which are gathered for some other purpose and are already available in the firms internal record and commercial, trade or government publications. On the other hand, primary data do not exist already in records and publications. The researcher has to gather primary data afresh for the specific study undertaken by him. The primary data are explicitly gathered for a specific research project at hand.
Process of methodology of a research1. Developing a planResearch commences with derivation of the basic plan for the whole research which includes collection of data from different resources (mainly secondary sources i.e.
internet and magazines), organizing the data and then giving the final touch to the study.
2. Collection of informationCollection of data is done mainly from the secondary sources of data like internet etc. It includes search of data from different sites so maximum reliable data can be acquired for the study.
3. Organizing the dataFinally main task is to organize the collected data in a systematic form so that data can be converted into good pack reliable information this can be understood by every individual.
IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY To promote national integration, international welfare and goodwill. To conduct, seminars, group discussions, course of studies, cultural meetings, to promote Orissa tourism in India. To set up and maintain high ethical mores in the industry. To undertake such welfare activities as the members cannot take individually. To communicate with Chambers of Commerce, other Mercantile and public Bodies in India, Government Departments or Committees, Department of Tourism and various foreign and local associations and corporations, companies and concerns and promote measures in the interests of the and nominate members to act on them. To get affiliations with similar organizations in other countries.
Limitations of the study Very time consuming. Difficult to collect data. Secondary data which has been used in this project is not reliable. Short time period to complete the project. Organization of data is also very tough task.
The study may not be free from certain limitations due to fund and time constraints. For instance the study can be better applied to comparable situations and circumstances.
CHAPTER 2THEORITICAL FRAMEWORK ON RELIGIOUS TOURISM IN ORISSA
HISTORYOrissa is also known as Kalinga, which transformed the ruler Ashoka. In 260 BC Ashoka, the great Indian emperor, near modern bhubaneshwar, defeated him. The bloody battle Ashoka with such a bitter a taste that he converted to Buddhism and spread that gentle religion far and wide. Buddhism soon declined in Orissa, however, Jainism held sway until Buddhism reasserted in the second century AD. By the 7th century AD had in turn supplanted Buddhism and Orissas golden age began. Under the kesari and Ganga kings Orisons culture flourished and countless temples from that classical period still stand today. The Oriyas managed to defy the Muslim rulers in Delhi until the region finally fell to the moguls during the 16th century. Many of the Bhubaneshwars temples were destroyed at that time.
TEMPLES OF ORISSALOCATION: HIRAPUR & RANIPUR-JHARIALOn the outskirts of Bhubaneswar, 15 km south-east of the city, is a small, circular temple, the Yogini Temple, dating to the early ninth century. It is hypaethral (open to the sky), and belongs to a genre of architecture completely apart from the major Orissan school. Although it seems that temples of this type existed throughout India at one time, today only four remain. Two of them are in Orissa; the shrine at Hirapur, and one at RanipurJharial, located 104 km from Bolangir. The temple's circular wall, which is barely 2 meters high, contains 64 niches within its inner circumference. All except one of these contain an image of a Yogini Goddess. Some of the Goddesses are portrayed with sensual bodies and jeweled bodices, others with horrific shrunken features, still others with animal heads. Even today, standing in the deserted temple with bright sunshine pouring in, one senses a strange emanation from the temple, and this feeling is in keeping with its original purpose. Active between the ninth and thirteenth centuries, the cults responsible for these temples worshipped Yogini Goddesses in expectation of the direct acquisition of supernatural powers. The Yoginis were thought to be able to confer on their devotees the power to become microscopic or gigantic in size, to control the body and mind of oneself and of others, to fly, become
invisible, and myriad other useful abilities. Worship seems to have centered on the repetition of the names of the Goddesses, and in later centuries, when active use of the shrines ceased, worshippers transferred their devotions to mystical paper diagrams.
1. BaldevajewLocation: Kendra Para Known to the pilgrims as ' Tulasi Kshetra', Kendra Para houses the temple of Lord Baladeva. The rites and rituals of Lord Jaganna