1 Governance Learning Program Review: A Participatory Action-Oriented Approach WBI, October 25th, 2001 ‘ Through rigorous and participatory action-oriented.

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  • Governance Learning Program Review:A Participatory Action-Oriented ApproachWBI, October 25th, 2001 Through rigorous and participatory action-oriented learning programs, to support stakeholders in concretely improving governance capacity in their country, thus reducing poverty

    Simple formula on the process: IG = KD + CB + CA + PW (I mproving G overnance = K nowledge D eepening + C apacity B uilding+ C ollective A ction + P olitical W ill)

    For general information on the governance program, please visit http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governanceFor specifics on the governance program review: http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/proglog.htm

  • Presentations Outline and Key IssuesDefine, Unbundle & Operationalize GovernanceChallenge of Action-Oriented Country-Focus: The Key elements of the revamped Governance Program Program Components: Integration, and key Inputs to other programs (and to Mainstreaming of Governance) Partnerships within/outside the Bank as key vehicleLearning Program Cycle at Country level (and country strategy note) as key tools for action-learningStrategy for relevant Monitoring and EvaluationSome Unresolved Issues and Challenges

  • Defining and Operationalizing Governance

    Governance is the process and institutions by which authority in a country is exercised: (1) the process by which governments are selected, held accountable, monitored, and replaced; (2) the capacity of governments to manage resources efficiently, and to formulate, implement, and enforce sound policies and regulations; and, (3) the respect for the institutions that govern economic and social interactions among themEach of these 3 components in Governance definition is unbundled into 2 measurable subcomponents (total of 6): Database and details: http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/data_main.htm

  • The Challenge of Country/Regional Adaptation:Survey Responses to: Largest Obstacle to Impartial and Transparent JudiciaryTransition Economies vs. Developing Countries

  • Question: Which is the MOST important obstacle to the transparency and impartiality of the judiciary?

    Source: Comprehensive Legal and Judicial Development Conference, June 6, 2000. Instant Survey Results, Sample Size 130.

  • Enormous Variation in State Capture across countries (selected countries in transition)Purchase of:Source: WBI/ECA/EBRD research on State Capture. See F&D synthesis at http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/pubs/seizestate.htm

  • Governance Learning Program The Evolution and Restructuring

    The Past

    One-off/Stand alone activitiesGeneric course participantsWBI on its ownAwareness-raisingFace-to-face onlyHigh-cost deliveriesFocus on bribery/corruption

    National vs. subnationalClient vs. staff learningTraditional classroomSofter content/qualitative

    Anti-corruption silo

    Basic evaluationStand-alone within WBI

    to Present and into the Future

    Strategic program cycle approachCountry focus/selectivity (G-5)Partners as preconditionConcrete impact on the groundWith IT and DL tools (VC/web)Unit cost efficiency On Governance; Effective Use of Public Resources and of Policy-Making; state captureNational and subnational and urban governanceClient with staff learningAction-learning approachR&D/Empirics/quantitative indicators/diagnostics Good Governance for Anti-Poverty and Input to Sectoral ReformRigorous impact evaluationIntegrated: Input to other WBI programs and to regions

  • Source: WBI diagnostics and survey data; various countries; 1992-2001Note: The chart shows percentage of respondents reporting that Parliament is dishonest institution. The number at the top of each bar reflects the ranking of Parliament relative to other,pre-defined government institutions.

    Chart1

    24.93036

    43.62101

    55.50964

    56.03402

    62.77974

    65.97701

    73.59936

    76.43443

    76.54477

    77.75103

    88.64653

    Good

    Bad

    Rank of Parliament within country, by households

    % who believe that Parliament is corrupt

    Parliaments Misgoverned or Honest Institutions?

    35/35

    30/30

    42/42

    15/22

    35/36

    17/20

    34/42

    32/43

    12/22

    27/36

    8/32

    Parliament

    CountryNamePercentageRank (from best to worst)Second column of table starting at row 14

    1ArgentinaEl Congreso Nacional62.834/42

    2CambodiaMembers of National congress24.98/32

    3EcuadorNational Congress88.635/35

    4GeorgiaParliament55.512/22

    5Latvia2.Parliament43.627/36

    6ParaguayThe National Congress73.635/36

    7RomaniaQ. Parliament66.017/20

    8SlovakiaT. Slovak National Council (Parliament)76.415/22

    9PeruNational Congress76.542/42

    10HondurasCongress56.032/43

    11ColumbiaCongreso de la Repblica77.830/30Columbia:30/3077.8

    Argentina:34/4262.8

    Cambodia:8/3224.9

    Ecuador:35/3588.6

    Georgia:12/2255.5

    Latvia:27/3643.6

    Paraguay:35/3673.6

    Romania:17/2066.0

    Slovakia:15/2276.4

    Peru:42/4276.5

    Honduras:32/4356.0

    Cambodia24.9

    Latvia43.6

    Georgia55.5

    Honduras56.0

    Argentina62.8

    Romania66.0

    Paraguay73.6

    Slovakia76.4

    Peru76.5

    Columbia77.8

    Ecuador88.6

    Parliament

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Rank of Parliament within country, by households

    % of respondents who believe that Parliament is corrupt

    Parliaments Misgoverned or Honest Institutions?

    35/35

    30/30

    42/42

    15/22

    35/36

    17/20

    34/42

    32/43

    12/22

    27/36

    8/32

    Argentina

    Absolutamente deshonesta (1/3)

    tlevegraveplevepgraveOrder

    22Registro Civil88654418961.421.311/42

    33La Iglesia104560426757.825.622/42

    3El Banco Nacin83836029543.035.233/42

    40Organizaciones profesionales48117718136.837.644/42

    38Organizaciones No Gubernamentales ONGs49418019936.440.355/42

    2El Banco Central de la Repblica Argentina76727331635.641.266/42

    23Ministerio de Educacin86730636135.341.677/42

    32Las Fuerzas Armadas83633734940.341.788/42

    13La municipalidad de (MENCIONAR LA CIUDAD/ PARTIDO)105842645540.343.099/42

    1Las Cmaras / Uniones/ Asociaciones de empresarios, Productores, industria56617224630.443.51010/42

    24Ministerio de Obras y Servicios Pblicos77924435631.345.71111/42

    14La Gobernacin de la Provincia de... (MENCIONAR PROVINCIA)99435645935.846.21212/42

    39Ombudsman/ Defensora del Pueblo56817926431.546.51313/42

    27Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto (Cancilleria )60017929329.848.81414/42

    17Polica Federal96130347031.548.91515/42

    25Ministerio de Salud y Accin Social82624641129.849.81616/42

    8Rentas de la Ciudad de (Mencionar Ciudad/ Partido)83926142931.151.11717/42

    19Direccin de Trnsito de la Municipalidad de... (Mencionar Ciudad)84625544430.152.51818/42

    9Rentas de la Provincia de (mencionar provincia)76621340527.852.91919/42

    20Direccin de Trnsito de la Provincia de... Mencionar Provincia)72119739027.354.12020/42

    10La Fiscala59015132225.654.62121/42

    30Direccin Nacional Electoral59015732626.655.32222/42

    31Ministerio de Defensa67316937225.155.32323/42

    16Direccin Nacional de Migraciones3979222023.255.42424/42

    41Entes reguladores de Servicios Pblicos63313735221.655.62525/42

    18Polica de la Provincia (MENCIONAR PROVINCIA)102625457724.856.22626/42

    15Ministerio del Interior71516641023.257.32727/42

    21El Tribunal de Faltas (pago de multas)71619241226.857.52828/42

    11Procuradura General de la Nacin48210927822.657.72929/42

    29La Legislatura/Concejo Deliberante de ... (Mencionar Ciudad o Partido)82120947525.557.93030/42

    26Secretaria para la Lucha y Prevencin de la drogadiccin y el Narcotrafico78922046527.958.93131/42

    34La Presidencia de la Nacin102625660525.059.03232/42

    4El Ministerio de Economa88418052520.459.43333/42

    28El Congreso Nacional84915553318.362.83434/42

    36Oficina de Etica Publica4939732419.765.73535/42

    7DGI91817660519.265.93636/42

    6Secretaria de Ingresos Brutos67610945116.166.73737/42

    12Poder Judicial93615763216.867.53838/42

    35Los sindicatos91913663314.868.93939/42

    37Comisin Parlamentaria contra la corrupcin5759540316.570.14040/42

    42OTRA: CUAL3752713.573.04141/42

    5La Direccin General de Aduanas78510858613.874.64242/42

    Cambodia

    Very or somewhat dishonest (1/2)

    tlevegraveplevepgraveOrder

    31NGO8556841880.02.111/32

    32Temple9787034771.94.822/32

    18Post office6072826446.510.533/32

    27Telephone service provider5492356842.812.444/32

    28Water service provider6982949442.113.555/32

    17Office of social welfare5801609427.616.266/32

    30The news media89122519825.322.277/32

    3Members of National congress71816017922.324.988/32

    26Electricity provider88829523033.225.999/32

    11CMAC64826417540.727.01010/32

    15Ministry of Health103518728418.127.41111/32

    12National Bank of Cambodia4958013616.227.51212/32

    14Ministry of Education103421131120.430.11313/32

    29The armed forces/military80312426415.432.91414/32

    21Anti-corruption ministry/committee3518011922.833.91515/32

    25Provincial government71013124318.534.21616/32

    10CDC3387012520.737.01717/32

    6State budget authority469431839.239.01818/32

    2Political party721622858.639.51919/32

    7Ministry of Commerce6797027510.340.52020/32

    24Municipal government5717423213.040.62121/32

    1Office of Council of Ministers4915920612.042.02222/32

    8Ministry of Public Work and Transport839733748.744.62323/32

    19Police excluding traffic police972844388.645.12424/32

    16Public registry (ID, passport)82212439015.147.42525/32

    20Traffic police1011825168.151.02626/32

    4Tax authority948436094.564.22727/32

    13Department of State Assets504263435.268.12828/32

    9Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry923186652.072.02929/32

    5Custom authority875136721.576.83030/32

    23Office of prosecutor978138051.382.33131/32

    22Courts1018108711.085.63232/32

    Columbia

    Deshonesta 1-3

    tlevegraveplevepgraveOrder

    22SENA3124211852967.816.911/30

    23I.C.B.F.3176200663263.219.922/30

    17Defensora del pueblo3015160086453.128.733/30

    27Notarias Pblicas3025143494547.431.244/30

    26Ecopetrol2705123788745.732.855/30

    29Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio224392075341.033.666/30

    15Fiscala General de la Nacin29971431100847.733.677/30

    16Procuradura General de la Nacin2678120091444.834.188/30

    28Superintendencia Bancaria233992385139.536.499/30

    9Banco de la Repblica2600112394743.236.41010/30

    25Telecom31281241120839.738.61111/30

    21DIAN29371296115744.139.41212/30

    14Contralora General de la Repblica27291045110638.340.51313/30

    8Consejo Superior de la Judicatura212779388137.341.41414/30

    10Registradura Nacional del Estado Civil29741192124440.141.81515/30

    13Fuerzas Armadas31791172134636.942.31616/30

    5Ministerio de Comunicaciones2756948119034.443.21717/30

    19Alcalda de _____________ (MENCIONAR EL MUNICIPIO / CIUDAD / DISTRITO)31451059146533.746.61818/30

    18Juzgados3051954143331.347.01919/30

    7Corte Constitucional2508907118636.247.32020/30

    20Gobernacin de _____________ (MENCIONAR EL DEPARTAMENTO)2963912141330.847.72121/30

    6Ministerio de Transporte2868792141727.649.42222/30

    2Ministerio del Interior2206595110227.050.02323/30

    30Superintendencia de Servicios pblicos2493676128927.151.72424/30

    12Polica Nacional3282867174426.453.12525/30

    4Ministerio de Educacin Nacional2939706159524.054.32626/30

    1Ministerio de Hacienda y Crdito Pblico2390501138821.058.12727/30

    3Ministerio de Salud2948610173320.758.82828/30

    24Seguros Sociales3284544228316.669.52929/30

    11Congreso de la Repblica2908331226111.477.83030/30

    Ecuador

    Absolutely dishonest (1/3)

    tlevegraveplevepgraveOrder

    28Church177692954252.330.511/35

    27Armed Forces178063178535.444.122/35

    29Production Chambers1696336100519.859.333/35

    19Post Office165233597920.359.344/35

    34Public Defender165436298221.959.455/35

    33Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs)160030095818.859.966/35

    15Civil Registry1778307115817.365.177/35

    10The City Council of... (MENTION CITY)1784304119517.067.088/35

    16Ministry of Education1784276120315.567.499/35

    11The State Council of... (MENTION PROVINCE OF STATE)1773264120814.968.11010/35

    32Congressional Anti-Corruption Commission1667226115013.669.01111/35

    31Anti-corruption Commission (Civil Control)1688242118314.370.11212/35

    35Professional Organizations (Guilds)1702213119612.570.31313/35

    24Ministry of Social Benefits (Security)1753217126512.472.21414/35

    18Andinatel (HIGHLAND)Pacifictel (COAST)1724224125313.072.71515/35

    23Ministry of Public Health1772229129112.972.91616/35

    2The Central Bank of Ecuador1735179126910.373.11717/35

    17Ministry of Public Works175616312959.373.71818/35

    8Attorney General164313612448.375.71919/35

    14National Transit Authority177415713498.976.02020/35

    20Ministry of Mines and Energy168014612848.776.42121/35

    13Police179117513719.876.52222/35

    26The Supreme Electoral Tribune (Electoral College)1773195136611.077.02323/35

    1Presidency of the Republic1779191137410.777.22424/35

    7The General Treasurer168715413049.177.32525/35

    21Inecel (State Power Company)174116613499.577.52626/35

    5Internal Revenue Service159312112527.678.62727/35

    6The General Controller169014113378.379.12828/35

    22Petroecuador175413314137.680.62929/35

    9The Supreme Court174414014138.081.03030/35

    30Guayas Transit Authority165210513406.481.13131/35

    12Ministry of Government176514614358.381.33232/35

    3Ministry of Finance173511114116.481.33333/35

    4The Customs Corporation of Ecuador168210514026.283.43434/35

    25National Congress17888215854.688.63535/35

    Georgia

    Dishonest

    tlevegraveplevepgraveOrder

    20International Donor Agencies6643857858.011.711/22

    21Religious Institutions73429212839.817.422/22

    18Private Enterprises54610412919.023.633/22

    15State Educational Institutions70718218225.725.744/22

    19Local NGOs63120616632.626.355/22

    17State-owned Enterprises6008417814.029.766/22

    16State Hospitals74314227319.136.777/22

    1Presidential Apparatus70611332716.046.388/22

    5Local Municipalities6947934611.449.999/22

    4Provincial Authorities6947035310.150.91010/22

    10Sectoral Ministries532312935.855.11111/22

    2Parliament726724039.955.51212/22

    9Other controlling structures551343266.259.21313/22

    8Chamber of Control595453577.660.01414/22

    3Judiciary690504247.261.41515/22

    7Ministry of State Property564303495.361.91616/22

    22Mass media728574517.862.01717/22

    6Ministry of Finance610363795.962.11818/22

    11Tax Authorities688215123.174.41919/22

    14Police731175872.380.32020/22

    12Customs672165502.481.82121/22

    13Traffic Police718185922.582.52222/22

    Honduras

    Absolutely Dishonest 1/3

    tlevegraveplevepgraveOrder

    43NGOs161665556740.535.111/43

    32Ministry of Cattle and Agriculture167854462732.437.422/43

    33Security Ministry163854163233.038.633/43

    9Central Bank of Honduras181469670738.439.044/43

    22Direccion Ejecutiva de Ingresos182664174735.140.955/43

    19Juries189965378134.441.166/43

    31BANADESA159045565928.641.477/43

    41Private Industry185760377932.541.988/43

    36CONAPID169852372830.842.999/43

    29Commission of Banks and Insurances166549571829.743.11010/43

    23SANAA173250775729.343.71111/43

    37Attorneys Office150839466826.144.31212/43

    30Ministry of Industry and Commerce163448772629.844.41313/43

    35FENAFUTH158241473026.246.11414/43

    28Property Registration174246985126.948.91515/43

    6INJUPEMP167839882323.749.01616/43

    18HONDUCOR169240583423.949.31717/43

    34Conatel181546790225.749.71818/43

    40FOSOVI175639087722.249.91919/43

    24ENEE.191748295925.150.02020/43

    16Public Ministry171337686521.950.52121/43

    1Ministry of Finance162941084525.251.92222/43

    27COHDEFOR1942483101324.952.22323/43

    3Ministry of Public Health1907452100323.752.62424/43

    10Registro Nacional de las Personas1960530103227.052.72525/43

    42Unions187040098821.452.82626/43

    2Ministry of Government169139289623.253.02727/43

    4Ministry of Public Education1915445102023.253.32...

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