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< BackNext >PreviewMain Preview Chapter 8 Work and Machines CRCT Preparation

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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Preview Chapter 8 Work and Machines CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 1. Patrick is evaluating saws to buy for his lumber mill. He calculates work inputs and outputs for each saw. Which saw has the highest mechanical efficiency? Asaw A Bsaw B Csaw C Dsaw D
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 1. Patrick is evaluating saws to buy for his lumber mill. He calculates work inputs and outputs for each saw. Which saw has the highest mechanical efficiency? Asaw A Bsaw B Csaw C Dsaw D
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 2.Which of these common objects is a third-class lever? Astapler Bchisel Cseesaw Dbottle opener
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 2.Which of these common objects is a third-class lever? Astapler Bchisel Cseesaw Dbottle opener
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 3.How does a simple machine decrease the required input force? Aby changing the direction of the input force Bby increasing the distance through which the output force is exerted Cby increasing the distance through which the input force is exerted Dby decreasing the amount of work that is required Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 3.How does a simple machine decrease the required input force? Aby changing the direction of the input force Bby increasing the distance through which the output force is exerted Cby increasing the distance through which the input force is exerted Dby decreasing the amount of work that is required
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 4.Kristin is looking for a doorknob that is hard to turn to keep her baby brother out of her room. Which of the following doorknobs should she choose? Aa doorknob with a wheel radius of 5 cm and an axle radius of 4 cm Ba doorknob with a wheel radius of 6 cm and an axle radius of 2 cm Ca doorknob with a wheel radius of 3 cm and an axle radius of 0.5 cm Da doorknob with a wheel radius of 4 cm and an axle radius of 3 cm Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 4.Kristin is looking for a doorknob that is hard to turn to keep her baby brother out of her room. Which of the following doorknobs should she choose? Aa doorknob with a wheel radius of 5 cm and an axle radius of 4 cm Ba doorknob with a wheel radius of 6 cm and an axle radius of 2 cm Ca doorknob with a wheel radius of 3 cm and an axle radius of 0.5 cm Da doorknob with a wheel radius of 4 cm and an axle radius of 3 cm
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 5.A wheelchair ramp is 5.2 m long and 0.8 m high. What is the ramps mechanical advantage? A4.2 B4.4 C5.2 D6.5
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 5.A wheelchair ramp is 5.2 m long and 0.8 m high. What is the ramps mechanical advantage? A4.2 B4.4 C5.2 D6.5
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 6. Which of the following is true about the way a screw works? A A small input force is applied over a short distance. BA large input force is applied over a short distance. CA small input force is applied over a long distance. DA large input force is applied over a long distance. Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 6. Which of the following is true about the way a screw works? A A small input force is applied over a short distance. BA large input force is applied over a short distance. CA small input force is applied over a long distance. DA large input force is applied over a long distance.
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 7.In this movable pulley, the input force is 20 N. What is the output force? A10 N B20 N C40 N D80 N Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 7.In this movable pulley, the input force is 20 N. What is the output force? A10 N B20 N C40 N D80 N
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 8.A screwdriver is used to open a paint can. How are the magnitudes and directions of the input and output forces related? AThe output force is greater than the input force, and the directions of the forces are opposite. BThe output force is less than the input force, and the directions of the forces are opposite. CThe output force is greater than the input force, and the direction of both forces is the same. DThe output force is less than the input force, and the direction of both forces is the same. Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 8.A screwdriver is used to open a paint can. How are the magnitudes and directions of the input and output forces related? AThe output force is greater than the input force, and the directions of the forces are opposite. BThe output force is less than the input force, and the directions of the forces are opposite. CThe output force is greater than the input force, and the direction of both forces is the same. DThe output force is less than the input force, and the direction of both forces is the same.
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 9.Which of the following is true of a simple machine in which the output force is greater than the input force? AThe mechanical advantage is less than 1. BThe directions of input and output forces must be the same. CThe amount of work required to accomplish a task is decreased. DThe input force is exerted over a larger distance than the output force is. Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 9.Which of the following is true of a simple machine in which the output force is greater than the input force? AThe mechanical advantage is less than 1. BThe directions of input and output forces must be the same. CThe amount of work required to accomplish a task is decreased. DThe input force is exerted over a larger distance than the output force is.
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 10. A wheelbarrow is a second-class lever. Its wheel is the fulcrum, and its load is carried in a tray. What could be done to a wheelbarrow in order to make lifting and moving rocks easier? Athe handles could be shortened Bthe wheel could be made larger and wider Cthe distance between wheel and tray could be increased Dthe tray could be moved so it is above the wheel Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 10. A wheelbarrow is a second-class lever. Its wheel is the fulcrum, and its load is carried in a tray. What could be done to a wheelbarrow in order to make lifting and moving rocks easier? Athe handles could be shortened Bthe wheel could be made larger and wider Cthe distance between wheel and tray could be increased Dthe tray could be moved so it is above the wheel
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 11. Jenna is responsible for moving pianos for the Augusta Symphony. What are two simple machines that Jenna and her crew could use to move a piano from the stage in the concert hall onto a high outdoor stage? Explain how each machine would help make moving the piano easier. Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 11. Answer An inclined plane and a block and tackle could be used. The inclined plane would reduce the input force needed for moving the piano into a truck or onto a stage, making it easier to move the piano. However, the piano would have to be pushed a longer distance than the height of the stage or truck. The block and tackle would multiply the input force by 4 (or more), making it possible to lift the piano with less effort. However, the rope would have to be pulled four times farther than the height of the stage or truck bed. Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation 12. Jeremy is using a hose and a sprinkler to water the lawn. What simple machines is he using, and how do these machines make the job easier?
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 12. Answer A screw and a wheel and axle are being used. Screws allow the faucet and hose and sprinkler and hose to be attached to each other easily. A wheel and axle on the faucet allows the water to be turned on easily. Chapter 8 CRCT Preparation