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Московский Гуманитарный Педагогический Институт. ПРОЕКТ ПО ПАУПР Тема: “Fables Teach Us Good Lessons” Выполнили студентки гр.3505 Беспалденнова Над e жда Маевски Евгения Михеева Яна Хаирова Регина Харченко Мария Блинова Мария Руководители: А.Б. Гулиянц, С.Б. Гулиянц 2009. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
:Fables Teach Us Good Lessons
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William-Adolphe BouguereauWilliam-Adolphe Bouguereau (November 30, 1825 August 19, 1905) was a French academic painter. Bouguereau was a staunch traditionalist whose realistic genre paintings and mythological themes were modern interpretations of Classical subjects with a heavy emphasis on the female human body. Although he created an idealized world, his almost photo-realistic style was popular with rich art patrons. He was very famous in his time but today his subject matter and technique receive relatively little attention compared to the popularity of the Impressionists.He created several pictures of Cupid.
Cupid with a Butterfly is a full-length portrait of a baby who is sitting on the fountain against the dark background. We can see a great contrast between Cupid, his light skin and hair, white wings, golden arrows and the shabby fountain and the dark trees behind. The sitter is careless and seems happy, he is playing with a butterfly. The artist depicts the air of calmness and serenity. The picture itself is almost photo-realistic and it makes her unbelievable as we can see a young winged god in it.
In general, the picture is moving and lyrical, its an exquisite piece of painting.
Now the picture is in the Collection of Fred and Sherry Ross.
Alionushka (1881) a well-known picture by Vasnetsov, based on the fairy-tale About Sister Alionushka and her Brother Ivanushka. Vasnetsov himself said about the picture: One common girl I met in Akhtyrka reminded me Alionushka, whose image had lived in my mind for years. Those girl stroke my imagination her eyes were full of melancholy, loneliness, genuine Russian sadness she had a special Russian air. In the picture we can see a young girl sitting on the stone near the pond. She is dressed in black patterned sarafan, the background is very dark and obscure, there is a thick mixed wood. Black and dark-green predominate in the colour-scheme. In general, the picture is poetic in tone and atmosphere, but its really depressing. Vasnetsov depicts a real grief, desperation and sadness of a young girl, who is lost and abandoned.Now the picture is in the State Tretyakov Gallery
Task and exercises based on Units 3 and 4 (English V V.N. Bogoroditskaya, L.V. Khrustalyova) Fables teach us good lessons ,The World of ImaginationActive words and phrases from Units 3 and 4:( ) To imagine,imaginationUsual / UnusualFantasticFreeQuietAloneLonelyCuriousTo appear / To disappearStrangeAn interestTo dream / A dreamTo pretendMagicReal, reallyTo believeMake-believeTo wait Silly / WiseTo boast, boastfulNaughtyWork, to workHardworking | LazyAttentiveSadSlow / FastRight / WrongPleasedAshamed / prouda fablea moralwell-knownfamousto becometo tryto take placeto remember / to forgetto actsuddenlyEasy | difficultto decideGrammar:Say || tellWould like smth ||to do smthPast simplePast Continuous Tag questions
New words, phrases and grammar constructions to be used at the lesson ( ):Proper names:Psyche /saiki/ - Cupid /kju:pid/ - Venus /vi:nes/ - The Olymp AlionushkaIvanushkaVasnetsovBouguereau /bu3ero:/
In the picture Colorful - Faded colors Myth - Tale - According to , Jealous, jealousy , Wicked - A kid - Fall in | out of love / Approve /u:/ - Misbehave Character /k/ - Pond - God - Common - Forbid - Hide Turn into Immortal - Positive - Negative - In smbs place -Describe - Description - to be based on happy-end Grammar:To make smb do smth To make smb feel If I were.., I would.
Exercises:1. Do you remember tag-questions? Answer these questions. Alionushka looks happy, doesnt she? Ivanushka turned into a dog, didnt he?Ivanushka didnt drink water from the step, did he?Alionushka isnt angry with her brother, is she?Ivanushka will come back, wont he?
2. Make the tags: Cupid loved Psyche, __________?Psyches sisters were jealous, __________?Psyche couldnt see Cupids face, ___________?Cupid is painted as a child, __________?Greek Gods live at the Olymp, ___________?
3. Put the verbs in the right form:Ivanushka (misbehave) and (drink) water from the step.Alionushka (cry) while Ivanushka (be) away from her. Alionushka (feel) very sad and (want) to find her brother.Alionushka (sit) near the pond while Ivanushka (run) somewhere.The witch (want) to kill Alionushka because she (be) jealous.
4. Fill in the gaps with active words. Cupid was _____________ and ____________. Venus was ____________ and _____________.Psyche was ____________ and _____________.Psyches sisters were ______________ and ____________. The myth is ____________ and _____________.
5. Match characters with their descriptions: 1 Ivanushka A Wicked 2 Alionushka B Kind 3 Venus C Silly 4 Cupid D Kurious 5 Psyche E Jealous 6 Witch F - Lonely
6. True or false? If false, give the right answer. Alionushka made her brother drink from the step.Cupid fell in love with Psyche. Ivanushka turned into a frog. Psyche was ugly and jealous. Venus lived at the Olymp. The witch wanted to kill Ivanushka. Cupid turned into a kid. The Olymp is a forest.
Tasks:Make two lists of words: positive characteristics and negative ones. Use your active vocabulary. Suggest as many adjectives to describe the main character as you can. Describe one of the characters of the tale | myth using active words and phrases. Can you suggest a moral for each of the stories?
Discussion: ( )Look at the picture. Describe the picture. Do you like it? Why?Tell about the picture: who is the author? When was it painted? What is it based on? Try to guess, who is painted there. What do you know about this character? How does he | she look? Why does he | she look so? Do you know the Tale of Alionushka and her Brother Ivanushka? What is this tale about? Who are the main characters? Which characters are positive and which ones are negative? Do you know the myth about Psyche and Cupid? What is it about? Who are the main characters? Which characters are positive and which ones are negative?(Read the tale | the myth and retell it, using active words and phrases)If you were an artist, what would you paint to illustrate this tale | myth?If you were the main character of this tale | myth, what would you do in his place?Can you continue the story the picture is based on? Suggest your own story based on the picture.Both stories have happy-ends. Do you know other stories with happy-ends?
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, (29 September 1571 18 July 1610) was an Italian artist active in Rome, Naples, Malta and Sicily between 1593 and 1610, considered the first great representative of the Baroque school of painting. Few artists in history have exercised as extraordinary an influence as this tempestuous and short-lived painter. Caravaggio was destined to turn a large part of European art away from the ideal viewpoint of the Renaissance to the concept that simple reality was of primary importance. He was one of the first to paint people as ordinary looking.
Medusa Gorgons Gorgons were three sisters Stheno, Euryale, and Medusa. Only Medusa was mortal, two others were immortal. They had snakes on the heads instead of hair, and one look at their faces turned anyone into stone. Perseus, a Greek hero, with the help of gods killed sleeping Medusa and cut off her head, which nevertheless continued to be dangerous and turn into stone anyone who dared to look at it.
Discussion:Look at the picture (Medusa Gorgons) and describe it using the following words and phrases: unusual sadfantastic seriousstrange snakes on the heads instead of hairterrible expressionDo you like it? Why?What do you know about this character?Do you know the myth about Medusa Gorgons?
Exercises:1. Open the brackets using Past Indefinite Gorgons were three sisters Stheno, Euryale, and Medusa. Only Medusa (to be) mortal, two others (to be) immortal. They (to have) snakes on the heads instead of hair, and one look at their faces (to turn) anyone into stone. Perseus, a Greek hero, with the help of gods (kill) sleeping Medusa and (to cut off) her head, which nevertheless continued to be dangerous and turn into stone anyone who dared to look at it.2. True or false?Gorgons were two sistersOnly Medusa was mortalThey had snakes instead of handsOne look at their faces turned anyone into treePerseus, a Roman hero, with the help of gods killed sleeping Medusa
The Alkonost and Sirin; The Birds of Joy and Sorrow by Victor Vasnetsov
The Alkonost and Sirin The Alkonost is a legendary bird in Slavic mythology. It has the body of a bird with the head and chest of a woman. The name Alkonost came from the name of Greek demi-goddess Alcyone transformed by gods into a kingfisher. The Alkonost reproduces by laying eggs on the sea-shore then putting them into the water. The sea is then calm for six or seven days at which point the eggs hatch, bringing a storm. For the Russian Orthodox Church Alkonost personifies God's will. She lives in paradise but goes into our world to deliver a message. Her voice is so sweet that anybody hearing it can forget everything. Unlike Sirin, another similar creature, she is not evil.Sirin is a mythological creature of Russian legends, with the head and chest of a beautiful woman and the body of a bird. These half-women half-birds are loosely based on the Greek stories about sirens. They sang beautiful songs to the saints, foretelling future joys. For mortals, however, the birds were dangerous. Men who heard them would forget everything on earth, follow them, and ultimately die. People would attempt to save themselves from Sirins by shooting cannons, ringing bells and making other loud noises to scare the bird off.
to personify [p:snifai] mortal [m:tl] to deliver [diliv] , ultimately [ltimtli] loosely [lu:sili ] cannon [knn] -
Discussion:Look at the picture. Describe it.What do you know about this character? How do they look? Compare two characters, their appearance, emotions Unusual Happy KindSad Unreal ProudFantastic Magic Free StrangeQuiet LonelyAlone LivelyLonely SeriousDo you know the myth about The Alkonost and Sirin?Do you know some other stories with mythological characters?
Exercises:True or false?The Alkonost is a legendary animal in Slavic mythologyThe Alkonost reproduces by laying wings on the sea-shore then putting them into the waterIt has the body of a bird with the head and chest of a womanShe lives in forest but goes into our world to deliver a messageHer voice is so bad that anybody hearing it can forget everythingTag questionsSirin is a mythological creature of Russian legends, ?Sirin has the head and chest of a beautiful woman and the body of a bird, ?These half-women half-birds are based on the Greek stories about sirens, ?They sang beautiful songs to the saints, foretelling future joys, ?Men who heard them would forget everything on earth, follow them, and ultimately die, ?
Diego Rodrguez de Silva y Velzquez (June 6, 1599 August 6, 1660) was a Spanish painter who was the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV. He was an individualistic artist of the contemporary baroque period, important as a portrait artist. In addition to numerous renditions of scenes of historical and cultural significance, he painted scores of portraits of the Spanish royal family, other notable European figures and commoners. From the first quarter of the nineteenth century, Velzquez's artwork was a model for the realist and impressionist painters, in particular douard Manet. Since that time, more modern artists, including Spain's Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dal, as well as the Anglo-Irish painter Francis Bacon, have paid tribute to Velzquez by recreating several of his most famous works.
Arachne was a Lydian girl, who was famous for her great talent for weaving. She liked to boast that she was the best weaver in the world. All people in the town wanted to know, who had given Arachne her gift. They thought that it was Athena, a wise goddess of weaving. Athena, looking like an old lady, appeared in the town. She wanted to compete with Arachne in the art of weaving. Arachne agreed. She made a wonderful work and everyone thought that it was even better than Athenas one. But the goddess decided that it was offensive for the gods of the Olympus mountain and punished Arachne. Arachne was turned into a spider for being boastful.
Examples of the exercises: Add tags to the sentences:Arachne could weave well, ?Athena cant be right, ..?Arachne can be nice when she wants, ..?Athena couldnt help Arachne, ..?Arachne could be more attentive to the goddess, .?Athena cant be famous for her silliness, ?You cant find such hardworking girls now,.?The story could take place in Moscow,.?Arachne can win easily, ?It could be a rather sad story, ?Between or among? Arachne was the best all the girls.They will choose . you and me- said Arachne. .. the gods Athena is the wisest.You are the most boastful girl all I knew! said Athene. There was a competition her and Athena.Arachne is the silliest girl her friends.
Imagine the dialogue between Arachne and Athena. Arrange the sentences in the correct order: - You are hardworking, but silly. Gods are not pleased with you!- You, boastful girl!- She can do nothing, shes just a goddess. There are no gods!- Not even a bit! - You are wrong. Wise Athena did!- Im right. I know its only my gift!- Who gave you this talent?- Nobody. Its only mine.- Im Athena. Arent you ashamed? What can be the moral of this story? Explain you choice. Dont be boastful.Be ready to say that you are wrong.Be hardworking, and everybody will be pleased with you.
Ivan Yakovlevich Bilibin (August 16, 1876 February 7, 1942) was one of the most influential 20th-century illustrators and stage designers who took part in the Mir iskusstva and contributed to the Ballets Russes. Throughout his career, he was strongly inspired by Slavic folklore.Ivan Bilibin was born in a suburb of St. Petersburg. He studied first in 1898 at Anton Aschbe Art School in Munich, then under Ilya Repin in St. Peterburg. In 1902-1904 Bilibin traveled in the Russian North, where he became fascinated with old wooden architecture and Russian folklore. He published his findings in the monograph Folk Arts of the Russian North in 1904. Another major influence on his art was traditional Japanese prints.Bilibin gained renown in 1899, when he released his innovative illustrations of Russian fairy tales. During the Russian Revolution of 1905, he executed revolutionary cartoons. He was also the designer for the 1909 premire production of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's The Golden Cockerel. The October Revolution, however, proved alien to him. After brief stints in Cairo and Alexandria, he settled in Paris in 1925. There he took to decorating private mansions and Orthodox churches. He still longed for his homeland and, after decorating the Soviet Embassy in 1936, he returned to Soviet Russia. He delivered lectures in the Soviet Academy of Arts until 1941. Bilibin died during the Siege of Leningrad.
Ivan Tsarevitch was the youngest son of a tsar. They lived in a beautiful palace and there were a lot of flowers and trees in the garden. And one tree the tsar liked most of all a wonderful apple tree with golden apples. But every night a firebird came and stole apples from the tree. The tsar asked Ivan Tsarevitch to catch the bird. So, at night Ivan went to the garden. He saw the firebird and got its feather. The feather shone brightly and the tsar liked it very much. He wanted to get the bird and promised Ivan that he would give him all his country if he brings the bird. Tsarevitch made a long-long way and met a grey wolf, who showed him the way to the garden where the firebird lived. After a lot of dangers Ivan could get the firebird. He also met the love of all his life and married her!
Examples of the exercises:Describe the picture using the word combinations:make-believea fantastic worldmagic wolfunusual storyappeared in the gardena silly tsarsuddenly got the firebirdproud of his son
Fill in with say or tell in the correct form: The tsar his son to bring the firebird. The tsar that his son could get all his countryThe wolf that he would kill Ivans horse. The wolf ..that he wanted to help him.Ivan Tsarevitch .. his father that he would get the bird.
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel ( 1856-1910)He is usually regarded as the greatest Russian painter of the Symbolist movement. In reality, he deliberately stood aloof from contemporary art trends, so that the origin of his unusual manner should be sought in the Late Byzantine and Early Renaissance painting.
Mikhail Aleksandrovich VrubelVrubel was born in the Omsk city (Siberia), in a military lawyer's family and graduated from the Law Faculty of St Petersburg University in 1880. Next year he entered the Imperial Academy of Arts, where he studied under direction of Pavel Tchistyakov. Even in his earliest works, he exhibited striking talent for drawing and highly idiosyncratic outlook. Although he still relished academic monumentality, he would later develop a penchant for fragmentary composition and "unfinished touch".
In 1884, he was summoned to replace the lost 12th-century murals and mosaics in the St. Cyril's Church of Kiev with the new ones. In order to execute this commission, he went to Venice to study the medieval Christian art. It was here that, in the words of an art historian, "his palette acquired new strong saturated tones resembling the iridescent play of precious stones". Most of his works painted in Venice have been lost, because the artist was more interested in creative process than in promoting his artwork.In 1886, he returned to Kiev, where he submitted some monumental designs to the newly-built St Volodymir Cathedral. The jury, however, failed to appreciate the striking novelty of his works, and they were rejected. At that period, he executed some delightful illustrations for Hamlet and Anna Karenina which had little in common with his later dark meditations on the Demon and Prophet themes.In 1905 he created the mosaics on the hotel "Metropol" in Moscow, the centre piece of the facade overlooking Teatralnaya Ploschad is taken by the mosaic panel, 'Princess Gryoza' (Princess of Dream).
Swan Princess. 1900. Oil on canvas. The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, RussiaThe Swan Princess (1900) is evasively and inexpressibly beautiful in her glimmering garments shining with mother-of-pearl and sparkling with precious stones. The composition is so constructed as to give the impression of glancing into a fairy-tale world where a magic swan-maiden has just appeared and is about to disappear again, floating away towards a distant mysterious shore. The last beams of sunshine play on her snowy white feathers, producing a rainbow of colours. The maiden is turning, her delicate face looks sad, and there is a mysterious mixture of melancholy and loneliness in her eyes. The Swan Princess is one of Vrubel's most enticing and heartfelt feminine images.
Fairy-tale about Tsar SaltanThe story is of three sisters, of whom the youngest is chosen by Tsar Saltan to be his wife, while he makes the other two his royal cook and royal weaver. They are jealous, of course, and when the tsarina gives birth to a son, Prince Gvidon, they arrange to have her and her child ordered to be shut up in a barrel and thrown into the sea. The sea itself takes pity on them, and they are cast up on the shore of an island, Buyan. The son, having quickly grown while in the barrel, goes hunting. However, he ends up saving a beautiful swan from a kite. The swan creates a city for Prince Gvidon to rule, but he is homesick, and the swan turns him into a mosquito. In this guise he visits Tsar Saltan's court, where he stings his aunt's eye and escapes.Back in his distant realm, the swan gives Gvidon a magical squirrel. But he continues to pine for home, so the swan transforms him into a fly, and in the Tsar's court he stings the eye of his other aunt. In a third round he becomes a bee and stings the nose of his grandmother. In the end, he expresses a desire for a bride instead of his old home, upon which the swan is revealed to be a beautiful princess, whom he marries. He is visited by the Tsar, who is overjoyed to find his wife and newly-married son.
Weaver [ wi:v]- Bride [braid]- Guise [ gaiz ]- Barrel [ brl ]- Realm [ relm]- Kite [ kait ] - Homesick [ humsik]- Mosquito [ mski:tu ]-,
ExercisesDescribe the picture using such words and expressions as :
good at magic kindhelpfeel lonelybeautifulappeardisappearhuge wingsunhappylook strangepretendfreegracewiseattentive
Complete tag questions1) The Swan princess can be good at magic,.?2) She helped Prince Gvidon,..?3) The Swan princess doesnt feel lonely..?4) She can be wise, ..?5)The swan creates a city for Prince Gvidon,.? Open the brackets using The Past Simple.The story (to be) about three sisters. Tsar Saltan ( to marry) the youngest of them. Later the tsarina (to give) birth to a son, Prince Gvidon. She and her son ( to be ) shut up in a barrel and thrown into the sea. Then they ( to find) themselves on the island. Her son (to grow). Later Prince Gvidon ( to meet) a swan. He ( to save) the swan from a kite. The swan ( to be) wise and good at magic. Then the swan ( to turn into ) a beautiful princess. And Prince Gvidon ( to marry) her.
Ivan Tsarevich riding the Gray Wolf by Viktor Vasnetsov1889The picture Ivan Zarevich on the Grey Wolf was painted in 1889. It represents an episode from the Russian fairy-tale about Ivan Zarevich, a Fire-bird and a Grey Wolf. Trying to show beauty of the world of folk fantasy and folk ideas about beauty and happiness. Vasnetsov used symbolic meanings of images of the folk poetry. In this picture you can see huge trunks of trees which look like fantastic giants. Through these trees we can see the light of the daybreak. There is a bog with water-lilies which conceal danger. The characters are surrounded by the atmosphere of alarm and sorrow. They will have unhappiness and a day of parting. On the front background you can see an apple-tree which has bloomed. It symbolizes love which is able to make wonders. And it is a sign of the happy end in the fairy-tale.
Answer the questions: 1. Have you read the fairy-tale Ivan Tsarevich, a Fire-bird and a Grey Wolf? 2. Do you know the plot of the fairy-tale? 3. How does Ivan Tsarevich look like? 4. How does Helen look like? Describe her. 5. What is the wolf doing? Describe him. 6. Where are these three characters situated? 7. What kind of tree is next to them? 8. Do you know what symbolizes a blooming tree in the picture? 9. Is the wolf a positive character in the fairy-tale? Can you prove it?10. Does the fairy-tale have a happy end?
Which characteristics refer to Ivan Tsarevich, Helen, a Grey Wolfbeautifulrun fastwisestronglook sadtry to save
Grammar PracticeOpen the brackets using the Past Continuous.While the two oldest sons ( to sleep) the fire-bird stole apples.Ivan Tsarevitch ( to sit) under the apple tree when he saw a fire-bird.While Ivan Tsarevich ( to catch) a fire-bird it flew away.When Ivan ( to wait for) a fire-bird it didnt return.While he ( to try) to find a fire-bird his oldest brothers wanted to prevent Ivan from finding it.
IVAN NIKOLAYEVICH KRAMSKOY (1837-1887)
The best and brightest period in the development of Russian art is closely connected with the name of Kramskoy. He is known not only as a talented artist but an outstanding art critic and public figure as well.
I.N. Kramskoy was born in 1837 in Voronezh Gubernia. His parents were poor and he had to start earning his living very early. On arriving in St. Petersburg in 1857, he was soon admitted to the Academy of Arts. While studying in the Academy he was against the teaching methods of arts and headed a group of fourteen students who refused to paint pictures on traditional themes proposed by their teachers. Later on he became an organizer of the Association of Travelling Artists (Peredvizhniki).
Kramskoy created many great paintings which are an important part of Russian art. His excellent canvases such as "The Stranger," "Christ in the Desert," "Mermaids" are among the best treasures of Russian culture.
Kramskoy is also known for his portraits of his famous contemporaries: writers, poets, painters and actors. As a portrait painter Kramskoy shows a great ability of understanding and revealing the inner world of his models. He is a great master of realistic and psychological portraits.
MermaidsMermaids are the fantastic creatures of the famous novel the night of May by Gogol. It was painted in 1871. The main character of this novel Levko saw them in his dream. Kramskoy painted them from imagination. Besides he developed his own style of painting-so all his works are shining inside. This piece of art is distinguished by a marvelous sense of color and composition.
Exercises:Ex.1. Answer the following questions:1. What is the name of Kramskoy connected with?2. When was he born?3. Why did he have to start earning his living very early?4. Where did he study?5. What did Kramskoy and his supporters demand from their teachers?6. What association did he organize?7. What were his most famous pictures?8. Why was he so important as a portrait painter?9.What is your favourite picture by Kramskoy? Why?10. Who is the main character of The night of May?Ex. 2. Explain the meaning of the prefixes in the following words:unthinkable; unusual; unknown; useless; shapeless; disproportion; impossible.
Ex. 3. Match suitable adjectives from A to the nouns in B:
A BGeneral details Brilliant handling Sharp sketches Incomplete outlines Careful pictures Infinite gradation of tonePerfect executionMasterful colourist effect
Ex. 4. Translate: , . ? Certainly. I enjoyed every minute of my stay there. ? It is hard to say. There are so many pictures in the gallery that it is impossible to answer your question. , . ? Of course. I am going to the gallery tomorrow. I want to see the canvases of Russian avant-garde art once more. ? I'll be happy if you join me.
Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (1865-1911)
Serov was born in St. Petersburg, son of the Russian composer Alexander Serov. In his childhood the future artist was steeped in an artistic atmosphere: not only musicians, but also artists such as Mark Antokolsky and Ilya Repin were visitors to the house, and Alexander Serov himself was an ardent amateur artist. In his childhood he studied in Paris and Moscow under Ilya Repin and in the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts (18801885) under Pavel Chistyakov.
The greatest works of Serov's early period were portraits: The Girl with Peaches (1887), and The Girl Covered by the Sun (1888), both in the Tretyakov Gallery.
From 1890 on, the portrait became the basic genre in Serov's art. The last years of Serov's life were marked by works on themes from classical mythology. While addressing images from the ancient tradition, Serov endowed classical subject matter with a personal interpretation.
In May 1907 Serov went to Greece, which impressed his very much. He admired the old monuments, temples and thief sizes. He tried to create the characters of the legend myth, the beauty of the history of Ellada. The artist created The Rape of Europe in 1910. It was made by means of oil on canvas. But as for me I dont really like it. To my mind we cant even compare it with The girl with the peaches.
The Rape of Europe
According to the myth Europa was daughter of a king; Zeus saw her when she was playing with her companions on the beach at Sidon. He was filled with love for her beauty and transformed himself into a gorgeous bull. In this form he lay down at Europas feet. After she had overcome her fright, she caressed the bull and even sat upon its back. The bull immediately rose to his feet, made for the sea, and swam away. They reached Crete. Europa had three sons by Zeus: Minos, Sarpedon and Rhadamanthys.
Exercises:Ex.1. Find and read the words before the text:
composer [km'pz] genre ['nr] ; , theme [i:m] , (, )ancient ['ennt] ; , ; endow [n'da] ; rape [rep] . ; impress childhood ['taldhd] ; companion [km'pnjn] ;gorgeous [':ds] immediately ['mi:dtl] ,
Ex. 2 Answer the questions:1. When and where was V.A. Serov born?2. What was his father?3. In what atmosphere was V. Serov steeped in his childhood?4. Who were the famous artists visited his house?5. Who were his teachers?6. What were the greatest works of Serov's early period?7. To which country did Serov go in May 1907?8. Who was Europe according to the myth?Do you know who of Europes son ruled Crete?
Ex. 3 Describe the self-portrait of Serov
Ex. 4 Say as many sentences as you can, using the following substitution pattern:
GainsboroughW. is an outstanding a painter of natureHogarthRembrandtI. a brilliant pastoral pictureRepinV. SerovI. a prominent landscapeLevitanI. a famous sea-scapeShishkinK. a well-known aristocracyBruyllov a wonderful genre scenesMorland the great battle scenesAivasovski portraits
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot(July 17, 1796 February 22, 1875)
Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot was born in Paris in 1796. Camille Corot was a French landscape painter.He preferred to paint out of doors. " he was born a traveler who was always on the move."At the same time he produced large historical paintings, but it was his landscapes that brought him fame and are best remembered. His manner of painting was full of mystery and poetry. White, added liberally to all his colors, gives the pictures a silvery look. His landscapes had an influence on the Impressionists and built his reputation in the eyes of the general public. He died in Paris on February 22, 1875, at the age of 79.
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot. Orpheus Leading Eurydice from the Underworld. 1861. Oil on canvas. 113 x 137. The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX, USA.
Orpheus and Eurydice Orpheus was a legendary singer, musician and poet. Orpheus could sing so sweetly that wild beasts would follow him about; trees and plants would bow him and the wildest of men would become gentle. Orpheus is the hero of several myths. The most famous myth about Orpheus is about his descent into the Underworld to bring back his wife Eurydice. Eurydice was a Nymph, one day she stepped on a snake, which bit her, and the Nymph died. Orpheus went down to the Underworld to find his wife. With his music he charmed the Underworld gods. Hades and Persephone agreed to return Eurydice to the world of light, but Orpheus was to go alone, his wife would follow him, but he was not to look back at her until they left the Underworld. He had almost reached daylight when he turned around to check. Eurydice fainted and died again. Orpheus was not admitted to the Underworld for the second time. In his grief Orpheus was wandering around the world, singing sad songs.
Exersises:1. read and remember the new words:landscape ['lndskep] n , (to be) on the move [mu:v] () , produce v [pr'dju:s] ; ;fame [fem] n , ; mystery ['mstr] n ; silvery ['slvr] a influence ['nflns] n Impressionist [m'prenist] n Orpheus [':fs] descent [d'sent] n ; ; Underworld ['ndw:ld] n Eurydice Nymph [nmf] n Hades ['hedi:z] faint [fent] n , ;admit [d'mt] v , grief [ri:f] n ,
2. Ttue or false?Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot was born in Moscow.Camille Corot was the founder of new style in Russian painting.Camille Corot preferred to paint at home.Corots landscapes brought him fame and are best remembered.His landscapes had an influence on the Impressionists.
3. Answer the questions:1)Who was Orpheus? Tell what he could do.2)Who stepped on the snake?What did the snake do?3)Why did Orpheus go down to the Underworld?4)Who was the Underworld gods?Name them.5)Why did Eurydice faint and die again?6)What songs did Orpheus sing?
4. Say whom in the story you can describe as:Naughty KindSad WickedTalented HonestCharming Wise
5. What is missing?a Persephone b snake c Orpheus d Eurydice e Underworld f Nymph1). was a legendary singer, musician and poet.2) Eurydice stepped on a , which bit her, and the she died.3) Eurydice was a 4) Orpheus went down to the ..5) Hades and . agreed to return Eurydice.6) .fainted and died again.
Victor Vasnetsov(1848-1926) Son of a clergyman, Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov prepared himself for the same career, but the love for art brought the 19-year-old student to St. Petersburg's Academy of Arts.Vasnetsov tried himself in historical genre. He borrowed the subjects from ancient history After Prince Igor's Battle with the Polovtsy. He found another source of subjects in Russian mythology legends, ballads, fairy-tales; his very soul was steeped in the poetry of Russian epic literature. Thus he became the founder of new style in Russian painting. The most significant work was the decoration of the Cathedral of St. Vladimir in Kiev. He painted the walls with the images of princes Vladimir, Alexander Nevsky, Princess Olga, and other outstanding figures from Russian history. During the last 20 years of his life Vasnetsov turned to his favorite lyrical subjects inspired by Russian fairy-tales. These include Three Bogatyrs , The Frog Tsarevna , The Tale of the Sleeping Beauty, and the Unsmiling Tsarevna. His painting influenced greatly the development of modernism and symbolism in Russian painting and poetry.
Victor Vasnetsov. The Frog Tsarevna. 1918. Oil on canvas. The Victor Vasnetsov Memorial Museum, Moscow. Russia
The Frog TsarevnaThe Frog Tsarevna is a Russian folk-tale. Three sons of the tzar, wishing to find wives shoot arrows in different directions: the first sons arrow fell in the yard of a nobleman, he married the noblemans daughter; the second sons arrow fell on a merchants yard, he married the merchants daughter; the third sons arrow flew away to the swamps and was picked up by a frog. Of course it was enchanted princess Vasilisa the Wise.The king then assigns his three prospective daughters-in-law various tasks, such as spinning cloth and baking bread. In every task the frog far outdoes the lazy brides-to-be of the older brothers; she uses magic to accomplish the tasks, the other brides attempt to emulate her and can not do the magic. Still, the young prince is ashamed of his froggy bride, until she is magically transformed into a princess.The last test is dancing, with the frog bride having shed her skin; the prince then burns it, to her dismay. If he had waited, she would have been free, but he has lost her. He then sets out to find her again and meets up with Baba Yaga. She tells him that Koschei has his bride captive, and how to find the magic needle, without which Koschei will be helpless.After many dangerous adventures and a series of quests the youngest prince Ivan Tsarevich managed to change her into a girl again.
Exersises:1. Read and remember the new words:clergyman ['kl:dmn] n ancient ['ennt] a ;battle ['btl] n , epic ['epk] ; cathedral [k'i:drl] n modernism ['mdnzm] n symbolism ['smblzm] n arrow ['r] n nobleman ['nblmn] n merchant ['m:tnt] n swamp [swmp] n enchanted [n't:ntid] quest [kwest] n ;
2. In each line there is a word that does not go with the others. Can you find it?
Frog Tsarevna; Ivan Tsarevich; Orpheus; Tzar;Persephone; Hades; Three Bogatyrs; Nymph;Alexander Nevsky; Princess Olga; Kiev; Prince Igor;Underworld; Hades; Persephone; Eurydice;Symbolism; modernism; impressionism; battle;Prince Vladimir; Cathedral; Baba Yaga; Frog Tsarevna;Princess; Tzar; Prince; Nymph;Legend; ballad; modernism; fairy-tale.
3. True or false?1) The Frog Tsarevna is a French folk-tale.2) The Frog Tsarevna was enchanted princess Vasilisa the Wise.3) Ivan Tsarevich was the oldest son of the tzar.4) Vasilisa the Wise was the noblemans daughter.5) It was the tzar who managed to change her into a girl again.
4. Say whom in the story you can describe as:Wise Fast Beautiful LazyHonest HardworkingSlow BraveWicked Kind