Innovating the future ten key opportunity areas for innovation - 16 11 16

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  • Innova&ngtheFutureTenMajorOpportunityAreasforInnova5on16November2016 Theworldsleadingopenforesightprogram

  • FutureAgendaTheFutureAgendaistheworldslargestopenforesightprogram.

    Runasaglobaldialogueacrossallcon5nents,itaccessesmul5pleviewsofthenextdecadesowecanallbebeIerinformedandsofocusonands5mulateinnova5on.

  • TenInnova&onOpportuni&esOverthepastyearwehavesharedinsightsacrossmanycountriesandsectorsandhave

    iden5fiedanddiscussedthebiggestinnova5onopportuni5esforthenextdecade.Herearethetop10basedonneedandpoten5alimpact.

  • Selec&onCriteriaWehavechosenthoseareasthatmeetthreecriteria:

    beingglobal/mul5regionalinimpact,s5llrequiringsignificantprogressandhavingthepoten5altocreatenewvalue.

    GlobalorMul&Regional

    Impact

    Poten&altoCreateNew

    Value

    S&llRequireSignificantProgress

  • ReducingAirPollu&onRisingairpollu5oninmanyci5esisalreadykillingpeople.Itwillbecome

    avisiblecatalystforchangingmind-setsandpoliciesacrosshealth,energy,transporta5onandurbandesign.

  • ReducingAirPollu&onAirpollu5oncurrentlycauses5.5mprematuredeathseachyear.SuchisthescaleoftheproblemthattheOECDbelievesitwillbecomethebiggestcauseofpremature

    death.Itisalreadyafocusfor5ghterregula5onandbehaviourchange.

    AlreadyUnderway: Regula5ontoreduceemissions

    especiallyfromdieselvehicles. Improvedmonitoringofairquality

    andsharingofdataonkeymetrics. Moreci5esmoreenforcinglow/

    zeroemissionzones. Policychangesonindustrialpollu5on

    andenergyuseinChinaandIndia. Educa5onprogrammesonair

    pollu5onandrisktohealth. Awarenessoflinkagetosmokingand

    domes5ccookingfuelslikekerosene.

    FutureInnova&onOpportuni&es: Organisa5onsgloballywillcome

    underincreasingpressuretoplaytheirpartinreducingairpollu5on.

    Integra5onofscrubbingtechnologieswithinven5la5onsystemsinbuildings/externalenvironments.

    SomeEarlyExamples:NaturalAirPurifica5onExternalCleaningTowerMoreInforma&on:AirQuality(FutureAgenda)

  • ProvidingBasicSanita&onPoorsanita5oncon5nuestoimpactpublichealthandrestrictsocialprogress,

    par5cularlyforwomen.Governmentsanddonororganisa5onspriori5semeasurement,educa5onandinnova5oninabidtodrivechange.

  • ProvidingBasicSanita&onFortypercentoftheworldspopula5on,2.5bnpeople,s5llprac5ceopendefeca5onorlackadequatesanita5onfacili5es,andtheconsequences

    canbedevasta5ngforhumanhealthaswellastheenvironment.

    AlreadyUnderway: Investmentininfrastructuretaking

    placeacrossSEAsiaandAfrica Shi]ingculturala^tudesinkey

    regionstowardssanita5on UN/WorldBanksupportforIndias

    UniversalSanita5onIni5a5ves Increasedglobalawarenessof

    challengeas6thUNSDG Overcomingtoiletaccessdeficiency

    forgirlsinschools Changingpoli5calcacheofsanita5on

    policyinmul5plecountries

    FutureInnova&onOpportuni&es: Developingnon-seweredsanita5on

    approachesandnewdeliverymodels Developingtechnologiesthatleadto

    radicalimprovementsinsanita5oninthedevelopingworld.

    SomeEarlyExamples:SEISustainableSanita5onIni5a5veGatesFounda5onsSanita5onprogramFecalsludgeby-productsatscaleMoreInforma&on:BasicSanita5on(FutureAgenda)

  • MinimisingFoodWaste30-50%ofourfoodiswastedeitherinthesupplychainorinconsump5onandcouldfeedanother3billion.Op5misingdistribu5onandstorageindevelopingcountriesandenablingbeIerconsumerinforma5oninotherscouldsolvethis.

  • MinimisingFoodWasteBy2050theworldwillneed60%morecalorieseverydaytofeed9bnpeople.

    Withconstraintsonlandsupply,moreefficientproduc5oncanonlypartlymeetthisdemandandhencethegrowingfocusonmimimisingfoodwaste.

    AlreadyUnderway: Increasedrefrigera5onofsupply

    chainsindevelopingcountries FAOinvestmentinnewfoodstorage

    infrastructuresystems Improvedawarenessofsellby/use

    beforedatesonsupermarketfoods Smart,ac5veandintelligent

    packagingandlabeling Foodsharingandreuseprogrammes

    ac5ngwithfoodsafetyguidelines Anaerobicdiges5onrepurposing

    foodasenergyandagriculturalproducts

    FutureInnova&onOpportuni&es: Cellularagriculturetoreproduce

    healthyfoodinthelab Safecircularfoodsupply/resupply

    systemsandnetworksincludingshopsandrestaurants

    SomeEarlyExamples:CellularAgricultureCopiaFoodRecoveryHierarchyMoreInforma&on:FoodWaste(FutureAgenda)

  • DeliveringAffordableHealthcareTheescala5ngcostofhealthcareisfurtherstressedbytheneedtosupporttheoldandthechronicallyill.Spending20%ofGDPonhealthcareisseenasunsustainablesoharddecisionsaretakenaroundbudgetsandpriori5es.

  • DeliveringAffordableHealthcareIntheWest80%ofhealthcarespendisassociatedwiththelast2yearsoflifebut70%oftheglobalpopula5oniswithoutaccesstodecenthealthcare.

    Redesigninghealthcaresystemsforlowercostisthereforeacommonneed.

    AlreadyUnderway: Investmentinmorepreventa5ve

    healthcarebusinessmodels Bespokedrugsandpersonalised

    medicinesbasedongenomics Introduc5onofmicro-health

    insuranceinkeyregions Adop5onanddevelopmentof

    pa5entco-paysystems Genetherapyandgeneedi5ngto

    avoidfuturediseasedevelopment Developmentofrobo5ccarersand

    beIerendoflifeprovision

    FutureInnova&onOpportuni&es: Newprotocolstokeeppa5entsout

    ofhospitalsun5laslateaspossible. Pa5ent-centricbusinessmodelsthat

    deliverqualitycareatlowercostsSomeEarlyExamples:CarermarketplacesNarayanaHealthcareGrandAidesMoreInforma&on:CareintheCommunity(FutureAgenda)AffordableHealthcare(FutureAgenda)

  • Educa&onRevolu&onBroaderaccesstoimprovededuca5onactsasamajorcatalystfor

    empowerment,sustainedeconomicgrowth,overcominginequalityandreducingconflict.Weneedaneduca5onsystemfitforthedigitalrevolu5on.

  • Educa&onRevolu&on Althoughtechnologycanhelpimproveeduca5onitisnotasilverbulletalone.Therealityforthenextdecadewillprobablybeahybridofface-to-faceandonline

    learningwheredigitalconnec5vityenableadifferentapproachtoteaching.

    AlreadyUnderway: Wideradop5onofMOOCS(Massive

    onlineopencourses)globally Developingofcon5nuouslearning

    plaiormsbeyondschoolyears. Commonstandardsbeingagreed

    acrossdifferentschools/systems. Renewedindustryleadershipinco-

    designingeduca5onformats Significantprivatesectorinvestment

    inneweduca5onalplaiorms Inclusiveandqualityeduca5onforall

    andlifelonglearningaUNSDG

    FutureInnova&onOpportuni&es: Decouplingdependencyonfully

    trainedteachersandsoenablinghigherstudentra5os.

    Developingcrediblesystemsthatparentswillbewillingtoallowchildrentofollow.

    SomeEarlyExamples:Teachersascoaches/mentorsKahnAcademyMoreInforma&on:Educa5onRevolu5on(FutureAgenda)

  • TrueValueofCleanWaterAswaterstressimpacts40%oftheworld,wewillhavetopaythetruevalueforthiskeyresource.Inamorewater-consciousworld,thecostofwaterisrecognised,fullwaterfootprintsaremeasuredandcompaniessignificantlyreduceconsump5on.

  • TrueValueofCleanWaterWhilethetotalvolumeofwaterontheplanetremainsconstant,increasing

    demanddrivesthevalueofcleanwaterup.Alreadypricedat$15perlitreinsomeareas,moreinvestmentinpreserving/cleaningpotablewaterisapriorityformany.

    AlreadyUnderway: BeIermanagingwatersupply/

    demandinareasofwaterstress Usinglesswaterpercapitaand

    reducingproductswaterfootprints Lowercostdesalina5oninvestment

    inkeyloca5onslikeSingapore Applica5onofdataanaly5csto

    measure/createsmartwatergrids Interna5onalcollabora5ononshared

    watercatchmentprogrammes Growingawarenessofwatersecurity

    forci5esalongsidefoodandenergy

    FutureInnova&onOpportuni&es: Takingchemicalpollutants-

    especiallyhydrocarbons-outofwaterusedbyindustry

    Lowenergydesalina5ontechnologiestoimproveaccessbeyondtherichestna5ons

    SomeEarlyExamples:HyfluxTakaduMoreInforma&on:FullCost(FutureAgenda)

  • Suppor&ngWorkingLongerPeoplearehavingtoworkforlongertosupportlongerre5rements.

    Flexibleworkingprac5cesandpoliciesareemerging,butsomeemployerscon5nuetoremainambivalentaboutolderworkers.

  • Suppor&ngWorkingLongerAsre5rementfor30yearsbasedonworkingfor40becomesimpossible,

    moreorgnsai5onsandnetworksseektoretainexperiencedemployeeswithinthemixthroughmoreflexibleapproachestoworkandvaluecrea5on

    AlreadyUnderway: Shi]sinofficialre5rementagesfor

    statepensionsinseveralcountries Growthofgig-economyproviding

    newplaiormsforolderworkers Supportforthirdcareertrainingand

    con5nuouslearningprogrammes Wideruseofco-workingspacesand

    hubsinmanyci5es Businesscrea5onbyolderadults

    increased60%from1996to2012 Subsidiesofupto75%foremploying

    olderworkersinSweden

    FutureInnova&onOpportuni&es: Marketplacesforskilledknowledge

    workersextendintowidereconomy VCandbroadersocialinvestment

    vehiclesforolderentrepreneursSomeEarlyExamples:BMWYourEncore.comAgewellGlobalMoreInforma&on:WorkingLonger(FutureAgenda)Organisa5on3.0(FutureAgenda)Agelessness(FutureAgenda)

  • BuildingDataMarketplacesDataisacurrency,ithasavalueandaprice,andthereforerequiresamarketplace.Anecosystemfortradingdataisemergingandanything

    thatisinforma5onisrepresentedinanewdatamarketplace.

  • BuildingDataMarketplacesAsmanyseektocaptureasmuchdataaspossible,mostorganisa5onslack

    ac5onablemethodstotapinto,mone5ze,andstrategicallyexploitthisnewvalue.Notonlyiscoredatavalueunclearbutaccessvs.ownershipisconfusingformany.

    AlreadyUnderway: Bilateraltradingofdatabetween

    brandsandtechnologyplaiorms Establishednormsforselling

    aggregatedcustomerdata Localiseddatamarketplaceswithin

    specificindustriesandregions Growthinreal-5meanaly5csandthe

    enablingofwiderdynamicpricing Plaiormstoexertcontrolonand

    createvaluefromindividualiden5ty Strengtheninginterna5onal

    frameworksonpersonalpri