Precisionism art movement

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First modern art movement, started after World War 1 and lasted till the late 1930s. Influenced by Cubism and Futurism, glorified the industrial era

Text of Precisionism art movement

  • 1. PrecisionismAn art style depicting the urban.

2. INTRODUCTION Precisionism (or Cubist Realism) is a style of representationin which an object is rendered in a realistic manner, butwith an emphasis on its geometric form. Inspired by the development of Cubism in Europe, and bythe rapid growth of industrialization of North America inthe wake of innovators such as Henry Ford. In its emphasis on stylized angular forms it is also visuallysomewhat similar to Art Deco. Charles Demuth and Charles Sheeler are the artists mostclosely associated with Precisionism. The urban works ofGeorgia O'Keeffe are also highly typical of this style.City paintings of Edward Hopper andCharles Sheeler 3. PRECISIONIST PAINTERS Charles Demuth 1883-1935 Charles Sheeler 1883-1965 Preston Dickinson 1891-1930 Elsie Driggs 1898-1992 Francis Criss 1901-1973 Ralston Crawford 1906-1978 Edmund Lewandowski 1914-1998Charles DemuthCharles SheelerGeorgia OKeffie 4. This is a view of the Center MethodicalEpiscopal Church, built in 1860. Designed in the English Baroque style, inspiredby Christopher Wren. Repeated diagonal lines of force break thesky into fragments, and the rest of the cityseems crystallized from multiple planes. Charles Demuth demonstrated with thispainting, that he could apply his Precisioniststyle to more traditional subjects along withmodern ones.AFTER SIR CHRISTOPHER WREN,1920 5. Rather than a traditional landscape scene,it depicts industrial architecture inPennsylvania, the hometown of Demuth. Despite abstract use of lines and planes,subject is identifiable. Scene of rooftop machinery set againstwindows, belonging to an adjacent factorybuilding. Was dedicated to his friend William CarlosWilliams, who wrote There is nothingsentimental about a machine and A poemis but a small machine of words.MACHINERY, 1920 ( CHARLES DEMUTH) 6. WHITE CANADIAN BARN, 1932(GEORGIA OKEEFFE) The barn, as the artist depicts it, isstark in colour and design, andprecisely delineated. Picture space divided into 3 distinctparts; the sky, the building, theground. Unintentionally three-dimensionallook rendered to it due to the sombrecolouring and massive size. The artist distilled essentialgeometric shapes from eacharchitectural element in the painting. 7. VASE OF FLOWERS, 1926(PRESTON DICKINSON) Dickinson frequently worked in still life. Skill at representing traditional ideas in moreavant-garde ideas of perspective andcomposition Object is of an illusionistic nature, howeverthe use of sharp edges for the table conveythe artists yearning for newer means ofrepresentation. The ashtray with a cigarette on its rim is asurprisingly modern touch, in spite of thepresence of classic still life objects 8. SOUTH OF SCRANTON, 1931(PETER BLUME) Though subjects tend to be mystifying andwith a Surrealist bent, Blumes techniquepossessed sharp clarity. The painting is an outcome of a road trip ofthe artist, whereby he travelled from NewYork through the coalfields of Scranton,Pennsylvania, Bethlehem and finally SouthCarolina. The artist, in an attempt to weld the scenesand draw logical connections, explains thathe felt all ties breaking loose. A momentwhen he felt the German sailors wereobjects free in space, like birds. 9. Storrs was the son of a Chicago architect His sculpture would always be influenced bythe native architecture of his city. Formal experiments with volume and space,balance of vertical and horizontal masses, playof light on polished surfaces Signal his interest in new architectural styles inaccordance with the new urban zoningrequirementsFORMSINSPACE,1927(JOHNSTORRS) 10. WATER, 1945 (CHARLES SHEELER) Sheeler's experience as a photographerinfluenced his Precisionist style ofpainting, in which he emphasized thegeometric shapes of objects in a hard-edged,clearly lit manner His interpretation of American industrywas somewhat idealized: workers arenever shown, and the machinery ispristine and gleaming, free of any dirt orsmoke. 11. ROOFS AND SKY, 1939(LOUIS LOZOWICK) "From the innumerable choices whichour complex and tradition-ladencivilization presents to the artist, I havechosen one which seems to suit mytraining and temperament. I mightcharacterize it thus: Industry harnessedby Man for the Benefit of Mankind. The immediately recognizable New YorkCity landmark of the Empire StateBuilding is paired with the more genericforms of the water tower andsmokestack in the foreground Bestows a heroic monumentality upontwo completely utilitarian mechanicalelements. 12. A clamorous homage to William Carlos Williams'imagist poem about a fire truck is abstract and stylized Demuth structured his work around simplifiedformsthe red truck, the black high rises, theglowing white street lamps, and of course thebrilliant gold 5s, three in full plus the curve ofone What makes "Figure 5" distinctly American arethe skyscrapers, the machinery, and thereferences to advertising.THE FIGURE 5 IN GOLD (1928)(CHARLES DEMUTH 13. Morton Schamberg,Telephone,1916Joseph Stella,Brooklyn Bridge, 19191920 14. Charles Demuth,Incense of a NewChurch (1921)Charles Sheeler,Skyscrapers (1922)John Storrs, Profile Headwith Cap, c. 1918, woodcuton paper SmithsonianAmerican Art Museum 15. Stuart Davis, Steeple andStreet, 1922Stuart Davis,Lucky Strike, 1921Charles Demuth,Chimney and Watertower,1931 16. THANK YOU.37 ZEUS PITHAWALLA 38 GARIMA RAJPUT39 MANASVI RANE 40 RITHIKA RAVISHANKAR41 SHIVALI SANAP 42 VISHAKHA SAVATKAR