The divinity of christ by h.h pope shenoda 3 the coptic orthodox pope

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The divinity of Christ by h.h pope shenoda 3 the Coptic orthodox pope

Text of The divinity of christ by h.h pope shenoda 3 the coptic orthodox pope

  • The Divinity of Christ By H.H. Pope Shenouda III Translated by Mary & Amani Bassilli First Edition Volume I C0PA 2
  • Published by Coptic Orthodox Publishers Association 50 Netherford Road London SW4 6AE Tel: 01-622 0166 Copyright the Author, 1989 ISBN 1 871646 01 4 3
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  • H.H. Pope Shenouda III, 117th Pope of Alexandria and the See of St. Mark 5
  • CONTENTS Introduction THE FIRST PROOF Explicit verses on the Divinity of Christ The Divinity of Christ with Respect to Him Being One of the Holy Trinity THE SECOND PROOF With Respect to Him Being the Logos THE THIRD PROOF With Respect to Him Being the Creator THE FOURTH PROOF With Respect to Him Sending the Holy Spirit THE FIFTH PROOF With Respect to His Other Relations with the Holy Spirit THE SIXTH PROOF With Respect to His Descent from Heaven THE SEVENTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being the Lord THE EIGHTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being the Son of God THE NINTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being the Only Son of God The Divinity of Christ with Respect to His Divine Attributes THE TENTH PROOF With Respect to the faith in Him 6
  • THE ELEVENTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being the Saviour and the Redeemer THE TWELFTH PROOF With Respect to His Relation with the Father THE THIRTEENTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being Beyond Time THE FOURTEENTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being the First and the Last THE FIFTEENTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being Omnipresent THE SIXTEENTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being the Judge THE SEVENTEENTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being the Examiner of Hearts and Minds THE EIGHTEENTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being Good and Holy THE NINETEENTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being the Forgiver of Sins THE TWENTIETH PROOF With Respect to Him Accepting Worship and Prayer THE TWENTY-FIRST PROOF With Respect to Him Being the Giver of Life The Divinity of Christ with Respect to His Absolute Authority THE TWENTY-SECOND PROOF With Respect to His Authority over Nature THE TWENTY-THIRD PROOF With Respect to His Authority over Angels 7
  • THE TWENTY-FOURTH PROOF Because the Kingdom Belongs to Him THE TWENTY-FIFTH PROOF With Respect to His Authority over Life and Death THE TWENTY-SIXTH PROOF With Respect to His Authority over the Law THE TWENTY-SEVENTH PROOF With Respect to His Authority over Himself THE TWENTY-EIGHTH PROOF With Respect to His Authority over Demons THE TWENTY-NINTH PROOF With Respect to Him Being the One to Whom Glory and Power Belong THE THIRTIETH PROOF With Respect to His Miracles EEE 8
  • INTRODUCTION The Divinity of Christ The Divinity of Christ is one of the most important and vital subjects in the Christian doctrine. Many heresies rose against it in various eras, and the Church confronted them and replied to them. The most dangerous was the Arian Heresy which reached its peak in the fourth century and led to many Ecumenical Councils being held. The first Ecumenical Council in history was held in 325 A.D., attended by 318 bishops from all the churches of the world. Arius and his heresy were refuted, and the Christian Creed was formulated. Nevertheless, the residues of Arianism have continued to spread even till this day. Many atheist philosophers and scientists rose against the Divinity of Christ. The heresy of Jehovah's Witnesses rose against the Divinity of Christ. It was allegedly founded, in Pennsylvania, America, in 1872. Then in 1909 its headquarters moved to New York where a community was established under the name of "Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society". They published many books, the most important of which were: Let God Be True, The Truth Shall Set You Free, The Harp of God, The Rich Man, Deliverance, Creation, The New Heaven and the New Earth, Government and Peace, Protection, Reconciliation, and various other publications called Tracts. 9
  • In the following pages, we will try to discuss the subject of the Divinity of Christ in a positive light, and prove this fundamental doctrine from the Holy Bible. We will discuss all the objections and reply to them in due course. Many of the saints faced these objections and were contemporary with the Arian Movement. Among them were: (1) Saint Athanasius the Apostolic who wrote Contra Arianos, (2) Saint Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers who wrote a treatise against the Arians called De Trinitate, (3) Saint Basil the Great, (4) Saint Gregory, Bishop of Nyssa, (5) Saint Gregory Theologus of Nazianzum who wrote theological treatises and (6) Saint Cyril of Jerusalem who delivered lectures to the catechumens. In our research on the Divinity of Christ, we will give proofs which will include clear verses pertaining to His Divinity with respect to: (1) Him being the Logos (the Word) (2) His relation with the Holy Spirit (3) His relation with Heaven (4) His relation with the Father (5) Him being the Only Son (6) Him being the Only Son of God (7) Him being the Lord (8) Him being the Redeemer and Saviour (9) The belief in Him 10
  • (10) His Divine qualities (11) His authority over all Creation (12) His miracles I began this research in July 1953 when I published the first article against Jehovah's Witnesses in the Sunday School Magazine, then in consecutive articles during 1953 / 54. I taught it as a subject in the Theological Seminary during 1954 and also in the 1960s when I was bishop of the Seminary. I replied to many questions pertaining to this subject in general lectures. And finally, I thought it fit to publish it as a subject of study to be taught in the various departments of our Theological Seminary. 11
  • THE FIRST PROOF Explicit Verses On the Divinity of Christ This proof consists of the following: (A) Proof that the Lord Jesus Christ is God (B) Proof that there is only One God, that is, God (C) Conclusion: Christ is This One God, that is, He is God (A) Christ Is God (1) (Rom. 9:5): St. Paul the Apostle said in his discourse about the Jews: "and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen. " The phrase 'over all ' gives power to Christ's Divinity; He is not God of certain people only, as the pagan gods are. The expression 'eternally' signifies the continuity of His worship and the infinity of His Divinity. (2) (John 20:28): When Thomas said to the Lord: "My Lord and my God!", the Lord Jesus Christ accepted the title and reproached Thomas for believing only after seeing when he should have believed without seeing. (3) (John 1:1): "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. " Although Jehovah's Witnesses, in their heterodoxy, say: "and the Word 12
  • was a God", yet they do not deny the Divinity of Christ and consider Him second to Jehovah. In order not to enter into translation controversies with them, we say that their mere belief that He is a God leads to the fact that He is God, because there is only One God. (4) (Matt. 1:23): The angel was referring to Isaiah's prophecy: "'Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel" which is translated, 'God with us"' (Is. 7:14). The fact that Christ is 'God with us' is an obvious profession of His Divinity. That is why the prophet Isaiah explains this meaning when he says: (5) (Is. 9:6): "For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; and the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace". It is probably the phrase 'Mighty God' in this verse that has made Jehovah's Witnesses say that Christ is a Mighty God, although in their opinion, He is not God. Strangely enough, this verse is from the Book of Isaiah in which the clauses: "I am the Lord and there is no other; there is no God besides Me", are repeated many times (Is. 45:5,6,21,22). (6) (Heb. 1:7,8): When St. Paul the Apostle explained how the Lord Jesus Christ is greater than the angels, he said: "And of the angels He says: 'Who makes His angels spirits and His ministers a flame of fire. 'But to the Son He says: 'Your throne, 0 God, is for ever and ever. ' " St. Paul quoted this verse from Psalm 45, verse 6, where the reference to the Divinity of Christ is very clear. 13
  • (7) (1 Tim. 3:16): "And without controversy great