Chickpea Seed Road Map of Ethiopia TL III Annual meet

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  • Chickpea seed road map of Ethiopia (2016-

    2018) Tesfaye Geleta

    TL-III project planning meeting

    3-4 March, 2016

    Livingstone, Zambia

  • Introduction

    Chickpea is the second important pulse crop next to faba bean in

    Ethiopia

    Area = 239,751 ha

    Production =458,682 tones

    Productivity =1.913 t/ha (CSA, 2014/15)

    Production and productivity increase arise from farmers access

    to and use of seed of improved chickpea varieties

    Ensuring food security and improving livelihoods

  • Introduction.

    Shortage of quality seed of improved varieties, even though seed is an important input for technology dissemination and promotion

    Seed system in Ethiopia

  • Introduction..

    poor and inefficient seed system

    The formal seed sector is poorly involved in chickpea seed production

    Therefore, is dependent on the informal and the intermediate seed sector

    Road map plan was done to cover 30% the national demand

    Before we prepare the road map we have identified opportunities, challenges and partners

  • OPPORTUNITIES

    Well developed informal seed system experience

    Good market

    Policy environment that enhances innovative seed system

    Availability of suitable varieties at federal and regional levels

    Sufficient land mass suitable for chickpea ( millions of ha)

    High potential to expand chickpea using double cropping

    Growing number of chickpea processors

    School meal program of the ministry of education

    Growing demand in major export destinations

    Proximity to African (Egypt, the Sudan), Europe and middle East

    markets

  • Constraints

    Low level of awareness on improved chickpea technologies

    Dominance by the informal and intermediate sector that has

    technical and infrastructural gaps

    Limited mechanization

    Unpredictability of market price

    Lack of quality seed in an adequate quantity by variety of

    demand

    Limited availability of early generation seed (EGS)

    Limited quality control by regulatory bodies

    Lack of effective demand prediction

  • Partners

    Farmers =QDS seed production

    Seed enterprises = certified seed production

    NARS= early generation seed production (nucleus, breeder, pre

    basic seeds)

    MoA and regional BoA = supporting seed producers

    Private seed producers = certified seed production

    Agro-processing = value addition or agro-processing

    ATA= facilitation of research-extension for better performance

    CGIAR = Germplasm sources and knowledge transfer

    NGOs = Support of seed production and distribution

    HLI = Training agricultural professionals

  • Table 1. Chickpea Seed production plan for 2016

    Variety demand

    (%)

    Produ

    ctivity

    (t/ha)

    Breeders Seed Foundation seed Certified seed

    Area

    (ha)

    Production

    (T)

    Area

    (ha)

    Production

    (T)

    Area

    (ha)

    Producti

    on (T)

    Arerti (25%) 2.50 9.75 24.38 102.50 256.25 1,350 3,375

    Habru (15%) 2.00 5.85 11.70 61.50 123 810 1,620

    Ejere (15%) 1.50 5.85 8.78 61.50 92.25 810 1,215

    Teketay (10%) 2.00 3.90 7.80 41 82 540 1,080

    Dalota (10%) 2.00 3.90 7.80 41 82 540 1,080

    Minjar (10%) 1.50 3.90 5.85 41 61.50 540 810

    Yelibe (10%) 1.50 3.90 5.85 41 61.50 540 810

    Others (5%) 1.50 1.95 2.93 20.50 30.75 270 405

    Total 39 75.08 410 789.25 5,400 10,395

    . It was assumed that 10% of breeder seed and 15% of foundation

    seed may fail to reach the next stage

  • Table 2. Chickpea Seed production plan for 2017

    Variety

    demand

    (%)

    Produc

    tivity

    (t/ha)

    Breeders Seed Foundation seed Certified seed

    Area

    (ha)

    Product

    ion (T)

    Area

    (ha)

    Producti

    on

    (T)

    Area

    (ha)

    Producti

    on (T)

    Arerti (25%) 2.50 10.50 26.25 182.81 457.03 1,815.10 4,537.76

    Habru (15%) 2.00 6.30 12.60 87.75 175.50 871.25 1,742.50

    Ejere (15%) 1.50 6.30 9.45 65.81 98.72 653.44 980.16

    Teketay (10%) 2.00 4.20 8.40 58.50 117.00 580.83 1,161.67

    Dalota (10%) 2.00 4.20 8.40 58.50 117.00 580.83 1,161.67

    Minjar (10%) 1.50 4.20 6.30 43.88 65.81 435.63 653.44

    Yelibe (10%) 1.50 4.20 6.30 43.88 65.81 435.63 653.44

    Others (5%) 1.50 2.10 3.15 21.94 32.91 217.81 326.72

    Total 42.00 80.85 563.06 1,129.78 5,590.52 11,217.3

  • Table 3. Chickpea Seed production plan for 2018

    Variety

    demand

    (%)

    Productivit

    y (t/ha)

    Breeders Seed Foundation seed Certified seed

    Area

    (ha)

    Produc

    tion (T)

    Area

    (ha)

    Producti

    on

    (T)

    Area

    (ha)

    Production

    (T)

    Arerti (25%) 2.50 11.25 28.13 196.88 492.19 3,237.30 8,093.26

    Habru (15%) 2.00 6.75 13.50 94.50 189.00 1,243.13 2,486.25

    Ejere (15%) 1.50 6.75 10.13 70.88 106.31 699.26 1,048.89

    Teketay (10%) 2.00 4.50 9.00 63.00 126.00 828.75 1,657.50

    Dalota (10%) 2.00 4.50 9.00 63.00 126.00 828.75 1,657.50

    Minjar (10%) 1.50 4.50 6.75 47.25 70.88 466.17 699.26

    Yelibe (10%) 1.50 4.50 6.75 47.25 70.88 466.17 699.26

    Others (5%) 1.50 2.25 3.38 23.63 35.44 233.09 349.63

    Total 45.00 86.63 606.38 1216.69 8,002.62 16,691.54

  • Table 4. Adoption roadmap

    Year

    Amount of

    Certified/Q

    DS seed (T)

    80% of

    the

    Certified/

    QDS seed

    distribute

    d (T)*

    Land

    coverage

    by

    certified

    seed (ha)

    % cover

    of the total

    chickpea

    area

    (2014/15)

    Following

    season's

    expected

    grain

    productio

    n (T)**

    % of the

    2014/15

    productio

    n

    2016 10,395 8,316 69,300 28.9 145,530 31.7

    2017 11,217.34 8,973.87 74,782.27 31.2 157,042.76 34.2

    2018 16,691.54 13,353.23 111,276.93 46.4 233,681.56 50.9

    *20% of seed do not reach the farmers; **Average productivity is 1.8t

    Adoption map of chickpea for years 2016-2018 was calculated with

    the assumption that 20% of the certified/QDS may fail to reach

    the farmers

  • Thank you !

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