Latin american theatre hill lecture

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  • 1. Songs from In the Heights; aTony-AwardWinning Musical about life in the barrios of NYC

2. Political Activism Reflection of Natural and Cultural Identities Social Reform Helped Kick-start Community-Based Theatre Usually Interactive 3. Augusto Boal Wanted to transform theatre from a monologue to a dialogue between audience and actors (Boal believed a dictatorship was similar to a monologue, and that government, like the theatre, should be a dialogue.) 1971 Brazil Beginning Goal: To deal with local problems Originally called Newspaper Theatre 4. Interactive Difficultator or Joker Spec-actors Over 200 Theatre Games Usually done outside, in public places Now being done in regular theatres as well Inspired by Brecht Began in Brazil, now all over the world 5. They are devised to help anyone to make a theatrical scene using a piece of news from a newspaper, or from any other written material, like reports of an political meeting, texts from the Bible, from the Constitution of a country, the Declaration of Human Rights, etc. Re-enacting current events, etc. Cause revolution, spark curiosity, spread knowledge, etc. 6. Words are emptinesses that fill the emptiness (vacuum) that exists between one human being and another. Words are lines that we carve in the sand, sounds that we sculpt in the air. We know the meaning of the word we pronounce, because we fill it with our desires, ideas and feelings, but we dont know how that word is going to be heard by each listener. Participants engage in body positions in space individually or in groups that reflect the sculptors feelings about a situation or oppression. 7. Music is the organization of sound in time; plastic arts, the organization of colors and lines in the space; theatre, the organization of human actions in time and space. Theatre is a representation and not a reproduction of social reality. Begins with a rehearsed scene in which protagonist in a situation of oppression fights against an antagonist and then fails. Spec-actors are then invited on stage by the Joker to deal with the problem in a different way, and the scene is played out again. The audience and actors then discuss the presented solution, and any other possible solutions. 8. Occurs after a Forum Session Audience and actors create a Chamber where they proceed with a law-making session in which they approve or disapprove the Spec-actors actions. Possible laws associated with these events are developed. These laws are then proposed to actual lawmakers where they can be approved. Kind of like a Civilian Senate 9. To be a citizen does not mean merely to live in society, but to transform it. If I transform the clay into a statue, I become a Sculptor; if I transform the stones into a house, I become an architect; if I transform our society into something better for us all, I become a citizen. INVISIBLE THEATRE is the penetration of fiction into reality and of reality into fiction, which helps us to see how much fiction exists in reality, and how much reality exists in fiction. Goal: to spark debate, bring to light issues in the society that must be confronted and solved A play that is performed in a public space without informing anyone that it is a piece of fiction. Will never be violent 10. -Cops in our Head: inner oppression of emotions, an event, etc. -A kind of psychotherapy in which a participant presents a situation that has greatly affected them, and the Spec-actors act it out in physical gesture, presenting both sides of the story -Explores the conflicting emotions in all parties 11. Luis Valdez 1965 during the Delano Grape Strike Farm workers Theatre Originally performed on flatbed trucks in fields For and about the lives of migrant workers, specifically those in the United Farm Workers union Often reflected actual events in the lives of their workers Performed by migrant workers Raised awareness and money for strikers 12. Actos : Short satirical skits that portrayed the struggles of the farm workers, improvised with stock characters to reflect the community in the audience Mitos: poetic, lyrical plays about Chicano life 13. Became a production company in 1980 Critical acclaim enabled Valdez to write Zoot Suit play based on the actual riots in Los Angeles Beginning of the Chicano Theatre movement in the U.S. Still around today 14. Inspired by Cubas Teatro Escambray that used propaganda and participatory techniques to help get peasants ready for the collectivization planned by the regime Goal of applying socialist politics to community development Began in Mexico, but spread all over Central and South America Critique of government, social change, theatre of revolution 15. Drew from Brecht theatre and politics (Including the work of Boal!) Many of the same actors/directors worked in different nation-states because they were often exiled for speaking out against government Funding from international NGOs Conducted research on social and economic conditions of their audiences Wanted as much audience feedback as possible 16. -Derives ideas from Nuevo Teatro Popular and other theatres like it -About dialogue between artist and spectator -However, it grows out of a commitment to a community or social group rather than revolutionary action -Empowers some groups, while ignoring/limiting others -Example: Play about problems in Houston; written for and about the culture here