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BRUSHING TECHNIQUES Jigyasha Timsina

Brushing techniques

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BRUSHING TECHNIQUES

Jigyasha Timsina

BRUSHING TECHNIQUES

THE BASS OR SULCUS CLEANING METHOD.MODIFIED BASS TECHNIQUE.MODIFIED STILLMANN’S TECHNIQUE.FONES OR CIRCULAR OR SCRUB METHOD.VERTICAL OR LEONARD’S METHOD.CHARTER’S METHOD.SCRUB BRUSH METHOD.THE ROLL TECHNIQUE.PHYSIOLOGIC OR SMITH METHOD

BASS OR SULCUS CLEANING METHOD

Mostly accepted and effective method for the removal of dental

plaque present adjacent to and underneath the gingival margin.

INDICATIONS Adaptable for:I. interproximal areasII. cervical areas beneath the height of contour of

enamel III. exposed root surfaces.

TECHNIQUE:The bristles are placed at a 45 angle to the gingiva and moved in small circular motions.Strokes are repeated around 20 times,3 teeth at a time. On the lingual aspect of the anterior teeth,the brush is pressed into the gingival sulci and proximal surfaces at a 45 angle.The britles are then activated.Occlusal surfaces are cleaned by pressing the bristles firmly and then activating the bristles.

ADVANTAGE: Effective method for removing plaque. Provides good gingival stimulation.

DISADVANTAGE: cause injury to the gingival margin. Time consuming.

MODIFIED BASS TECHNIQUE Differs from bass technique in that it has sweeping

motion from cervical to incisal or occlusal surface.

INDICATION: As a routine oral hygiene measure intrasulcular

cleansing.

ADAVANTAGE

excellent sulcus cleaning.good inter proximal and gingival cleaning.good gingival stimulation

DISADVANTAGEdexterity

MODIFIED STILLMAN’S TECHNIQUE

INDICATION: dental plaque removal cleaning tooth surfaces and gingival massage

.

DISADVANTAGES time consuming damage epithelial attachment.

THE STILLMAN’S METHOD

Like the Bass Method the filaments are placed at a 45° angle to the tooth. Unlike the Bass Method the filaments are placed half in the sulcus and half on the gingiva.The same stroke is used as the Bass.

CHARTER’S METHOD

INDICATIONS:persons having :I. missing papilla and exposed root

surfaces.II. FPD and orthodontic appliances.III. periodontal surgery.IV. interproximal gingival recession.

THE CHARTER’S METHOD

Position the filaments toward the chewing surface of the toothPlace the sides of the filaments against the enamel and angle them at a 45° to the tooth. Vibrate the filaments gently but firmly, keeping the filaments against the tooth. Reposition on the next set of teeth.

ADVANTAGE:Massage and stimulation of gingiva.

DISADVANTAGES :Poor removal of subgingival bacterial accumulations.Limited brush placement.Requirements in digital dexterity are high.

The Roll MethodDirect the filaments toward the root of the tooth.Place side of the brush on the gingiva and have the plastic part of the brush even with the tooth. When the plastic portion is even with the tooth press the filaments against the gingiva and roll the brush over the teeth. The wrist is turned slightly and the filaments follow the contours of the teeth.

SCRUB BRUSH METHOD

Requires vigorous horizontal , vertical & circular motion

DISADVANTAGES

Not very effective at plaque control

Tooth abrasion and gingival recession

VERTICAL / LEONARD’S METHOD

Vertical stroke is usedMaxillary and mandibular teeth are brushed separately.Bristles of brush are placed at 90° to the facial surface of teeth.Brush vigorously without great pressure mostly up and down strokes

ADVANTAGE most convenient and effective for

small children with deciduous teeth

DISADVANTAGES interdental space of permanent

teeth of adult are not properly cleaned.

PHYSIOLOGIC/SMITH METHOD

Based on the principle that toothbrush should follow the physiologic pathway that is followed by the food when it traverses over the tissue during mastication

Bristles are pointed incisally or occlusally and then moved along and over the tooth surface and gingiva.

ADVANTAGE natural self cleansing mechanism supragingival cleaning is good

DISADVANTAGE interdental spaces and sulcular

areas of teeth are not properly cleaned

FONES/CIRCULAR/SCRUB METHOD

INDICATION Young children Physically or emotionally

handicapped individuals Patients who lack dexterity

METHOD: Place the

toothbrush on a set of teeth, then activate the bristle by slightly pressing them over the teeth.

Give circular motion 4 -5 times on each set of the teeth

Move on to the next set of teeth

ADVANTAGE: easy to learn shorter time required

DISADVANTAGE: possible trauma to gingiva interdental areas not properly

cleaned

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