Truth about-ritalin-booklet-en

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<ul><li> 1. The truth aboutritalinabuse R-ball Rids esSmarti</li></ul><p> 2. WHY THIS BOOKLETWAS PRODUCEDT here is a lot of talk about drugs in the worldon the streets, atschool, on the Internet and TV. Some of it is true, some not.Much of what you hear about drugs actually comes from those sellingthem. Reformed drug dealers have confessed they would have saidanything to get others to buy drugs.Dont be fooled. You need facts to avoid becoming hooked on drugsand to help your friends stay off them. That is why we have preparedthis bookletfor you.Your feedback is important to us, so we look forward to hearing fromyou. You can visit us on the web at and e-mail usat 2 3. What is Ritalin?R italin is the common name formethylphenidate, classified by theDrug Enforcement Administration suicidal thoughts and psychotic behavior, as well as aggression oras a Schedule II narcoticthe same violent behavior.classification as cocaine, morphine and One writer put it thisamphetamines.* It is abused by teens for its way: Parents arestimulant effects. never told: Oh, by theEven when Ritalin is used as a prescriptionway, once in a whiledrug, it may have severe effects including a child dies simply bynervousness, insomnia, anorexia, loss of taking their prescribedappetite, pulse changes, heart problems andmedication. Or By the way, children onweight loss. The manufacturer says it is a stimulant medications have twice the futuredrug of dependency.rate of drug abuse. Or By the way, one third of all children on these medications developIn June 2005, the US Food and Drug symptoms of obsessive-compulsive behaviorAdministration issued a series of public within the first advisories warning that Ritalin anddrugs like it may cause visual hallucinations, * amphetamine: a powerful central nervous system(brain and spinal cord) stimulant, often called speed. 3 4. Where is it found?Unfortunately, Ritalin and related hyperactivity type drugs canbe found almost anywhere. If you Why is it so common? It is all too easy for a friend to take some of his little brothers prescription pills and turn around and sellare in high school or college, you them at $5 a pop. Or a student eager for aare likely to have a quick fix tells a school nurse he has a studylarge supply readily disorder and cant concentrate. He getsto hand, witha prescription and stocks up on the pills forpushers (yourfuture use, handing out extras to his friends.fellow students) While the law forbids unrestricted eager to make andistribution of these powerful stimulants,* easy profit from you. the sad fact remains that these substancesIn some schools, as many as 20% of the are freely available almost anywhere.students take the drug regularly. The Drug Kiddie Cocaine, as it has been called, isEnforcement Administration found thathanded out like candy.many of these schools had more of these * stimulant: a drug that increases immediate energy anddrugs than the neighborhood pharmacy. alertness but that is accompanied by increases in bloodpressure, heart rate and breathing.4 5. The symptoms of almost anoverdose kick in.The person gets veryhyper, hypersensitive,hyperalert, with veryintense mood swings.Its crazy. Jake5 6. How Ritalinabuse startsI t seems so simple at first. A student gets alittle behind in his studies. An exam comesup and he needs to prepare. Hell have to stayup late to have even a chance of making thegrade. Coffee gives him the jitters, but manyof his friends use these pills to give the extraenergy they need. Why not? A couple of bucks;one pill; an entire night of study; a feeling offocus.That may be where it starts, but it is very oftennot where it ends.Some students are chopping up Ritalin andsnorting it like cocaine for faster absorption.It keeps you awake for hours, said one.And just like cocaine or any other stimulant,6 7. that nice up feeling is inevitably followedby a crash, a feeling of fatigue, depressionand decreased alertness. One student onI first tried Ritalin when I was in7th grade. It was prescribed tomethey thought I had slight ADDAdderall, another stimulant widely abused on[attention deficit disorder], becausecollege campuses, recounted that a feeling ofI pretended to so I could have anutmost clarity turned into a state of beingexcuse for not doing well in schoolcrashed out and overdone the next day. Asone user put it, I usually go into a crash coma(I was just lazy). I never realized thatafterwards.I was getting myself addicted, andthen I was no different than any otherAnd, of course, the user soon comes to knowhabitual drug user.that this crashed out feeling can be relievedwith the help of another pill that gets him I took about 40 mg a day and I felt itback up again. And so it goes.put me at the top of my game. I wouldNext may be larger doses, or snorting it for astay up for days in a row, to the pointbigger rush. Tolerance increases, so one has to I suffered a severe psychotic episode.use more. In these larger doses, Ritalin can lead It was terrifying! Everything seemedto convulsions, headaches and hallucinations. to be melting and morphing and I wasThe powerful amphetamine-like substance can terrified. Andreaeven lead to death, as in the many tragic casesof children who have died of heart attackscaused by damage linked to the drug.7 8. What does Ritalin look like? And other factsR italin comes in small pills, about the sizeand shape of aspirin tablets, with theword Ciba (the manufacturers name)stamped on it. The 5 mg tablets are paleyellow, 10 mg tablets are pale green, andthe 20 mg tablets are both white and paleyellow.It is described as a central nervous systemstimulant. However, even its manufacturer,in the drugs package insert, admits that noone really knows how it affects the humanbody: The mode of action in man is notcompletely understood. 9. Abusers grind the tablets into a powder andsnort it. The drug is water-soluble, makingit easy to convert into a liquid which can beinjected.As noted by the Drug EnforcementAdministration, pharmaceutical productsdiverted from legitimate channels are theonly sources of methylphenidate available for abuse. In other words, every tabletof the drug thatis abused, eitherin its originalform or groundinto a powder or dissolved with water, Now I have built up atolerance to taking two to three 20 mg pills to get the high. originated from themanufacturer. None I recognize my dependence... of it is manufactured I have become cracked-out or on the streets. zombie-like. Alex9 10. Street names Ritalin is called by a variety of names onthe street, including: Diet Coke oor mans P Kiddie Cocainecocaine Kiddie Coke Rids Vitamin R Skittles R-ball Smarties 11. Poor mansT est subjectswho were given cocainecocaine and Ritalincould not tellthe difference.R italin is easy to get, and cheap. Takenfrom someones prescription, stolenfrom a sibling or obtained by a fraudulentprescription, these tablets are then broadlysold. The price runs from a dollar or two inschool to $20 per pill on the black market.The comparison of Ritalin to cocaine is notjust a slogan. Ritalin is chemically similar tococaine. When injected as a liquid, it sendsthat jolt that addicts crave so much.In 2000, the Drug EnforcementAdministration (DEA) revealed the resultsof studies on both animals and humans whowere given cocaine and Ritalin. The testsubjects could not tell the difference. TheDEA concluded that, They produce effectsthat are nearly identical. 11 12. Scope ofRitalin abuse Abuse of prescription drugs such as Ritalin isincreasing. By 2006, nearly 7 million Americans abused prescription drugs, including Ritalinmore than the number who abused cocaine, heroin, hallucinogens, Ecstasy and inhalants, combined. That 7 million was just 3.8 million in 2000an 80% increase in only six years. In 2007, 3.8% of 12th graders reported having used Ritalin without a prescription at least once in the past year.A major factor contributing to theabuse is the huge increase in thenumber of prescriptions written for Ritalin and other stimulants. 13. In the US, the number of stimulant prescriptionssoared from around 5 million in 1991 to nearly35 million in 2007. Iended up doinga lot of stronger amphetamines that brought me down prettyIn 2004, methylphenidate (Ritalin) was involvedin an estimated 3,601 hospital emergency quick, and I dont knowdepartment visits, compared to 271 in 1990.if I would have gotten interested in them if IFrom 1990 to 2000, 186 deathsin the US were linked to Ritalin.hadnt started using Ritalin. AndyThe risk is highest for those whosnort large amounts of the drug. 2004 Emergency room visitsSince 1995, it has ranked involvingon the Drug Enforcement RitalinAdministrations list ofmoststolen medications. 13 times moreRitalin abuserschecked into1990 Emergency roomemergency roomsvisits involvingin 2004 than Ritalinin 1990. 14. The vicious effectsof prescription stimulantsT his amphetamine-like substancecauses the same types of effects onthe body as other forms of speedloss of also contain tiny particles of insoluble fillers. These solid materials block the small blood vessels when injected into the bloodappetite, insomnia, increased heart, causing serious damage to theThe abuse of this drug in larger doses,lungs and to the eyes.especially through injection or snorting,Aside from the physical impact, there areputs an even greater strain on the body. also severe emotional conditions causedThe stress on the heart can be even short-term use of this drug.Take the case of a teenagera long-termHallucinations and psychotic behavioruser of Ritalinwho collapsed one dayare not uncommon.while skateboarding. Dead of a heart A researcher in Texas found that Ritalinattack.use may heighten the danger of cancer. ThisAn injection of Ritalin has an additional, study found every one of a dozen childrenhorrible effect on the body. While the treated with methylphenidate experiencedchemical compound methylphenidategenetic abnormalities associated with andissolves completely in water, the tablets increased risk of cancer.14 15. Short-term effects Long-term effects Strong oss of appetiteL ermanent damage to Ppsychological ncreased heart rate,Iblood vessels of heart dependenceblood pressure, body and brain, high blood Psychosistemperaturepressure leading to Depression Dilation of pupils heart attacks, strokes amage to theD Disturbed sleep patterns and deathbrain including Nausea iver, kidney and lung Lstrokes and izarre, erratic,Bdamage possibly epilepsysometimes violent estruction of tissues in Dbehavior nose if sniffed allucinations,H Respiratory (breathing)hyperexcitability,problems if smokedirritability nfectious diseases and I Panic and psychosisabscesses if injected onvulsions, seizures andC Malnutrition, weight lossdeath from high doses isorientation, apathy, D confused exhaustion15 16. Ritalin leadsto other drugsA study supported by the National Institute onDrug Abuse found that users of Ritalin andsimilar drugs showed the highest percentage ofcocaine abuse.Because a tolerance builds up, abuse of Ritalin canlead users to consume stronger drugs to achieve thesame high. When the effects start to wear off, theperson may turn to more potent drugs to rid himselfKURTS STORY: Rock legend Kurt Cobain started on Ritalinat age 7. Cobains widow, Courtney Love, believed that this drugled to his later abuse of stronger drugs. He committed suicidewith a shotgun in 1994. Love was also prescribed Ritalin as achild. She described the experience this way: When youre a kidand you get this drug that makes you feel that [euphoric] feeling,where else are you going to turn when youre an adult? 17. of the unwanted conditions that promptedCommonhim to abuse the drug in the first place. JustificationsRitalin itself does not lead the person to(Dont fall intoother drugs: people take drugs to get rid ofthe trap):unwanted situations or feelings. The drug There are many justificationsmasks the problem for a time (while the userfor taking this powerful high). When the high fades, the problem,Recognize them for what theyunwanted condition or situation returns moreintensely than before. The user may thenareLies!turn to stronger drugs since Ritalin no longer Everyone is using Its just for study. My brother takes it for aA study of 500 students over a period of25 years found those who used Ritalin andlearning disorder, it cant berelated drugs had a greater likelihood of using that bad.cocaine and other stimulants later in life. Its not addicting. ou can control it. You dontYAccording to a 2005 study, teens who abusehave to use it again if you dontprescription drugs are 12 times likelier to useheroin, 15 times likelier to use Ecstasy andwant to.21 times likelier to use cocaine, comparedDont let othersincluding yourto teens who do not abuse such drugs. friendslead you into the trap.17 18. DEATH from RitalinH igh doses of Ritalin lead to similar symptoms suchas other stimulant abuse, including tremors andmuscle twitching, paranoia,* and a sensation of bugsor worms crawling under the skin.One 17-year-old, after snorting crushed Ritalin pillsand staying awake for days, went psychotic, killed hisparents and severely injured his brothers and sisterMATTHEWS STORY:Matthew was a teenager who had been on Ritalin for7 years. He died suddenly in March 2000. Althoughhe had no history of heart problems, the autopsyrevealed clear signs of small-vessel damage. Hisparents were told by one of the medical examinersthat the heart of a healthy, fully grown man weighsabout 350 grams. Matthews heart weighed 402grams. His death certificate reads: Death causedfrom long-term use of methylphenidate (Ritalin).18* paranoia: suspicion, distrust or fear of other people. 19. with a hatchet. A 14-year-old, on Ritalin sincehe was 7, beat another boy to death with a I realize that my interest in and resulting dependence on speed started when I was prescribed Ritalin. At first it wasbaseball bat.every weekend, then it was every day.Ritalin can cause aggression, psychosis andI began to get hallucinations of birdsan irregular heartbeat that can lead to death. flying overhead, feelings of people inITS A CRIME TO ABUSE IT the same room as me when I was alone,In the United States, Ritalin is subject toand the beginnings of paranoia. I used upsevere criminal penalties for abuse. The [my friends] entire Dexedrine prescriptionpenalties for a first trafficking offense (which within a week. Then I went back to myyou would be guilty of even if you just shared Ritalin and went on from or two pills with a friend) includes upI dont remember much of 12th grade. Butto 20 years in prison and a fine of up toI do remember overwhelming depression$1 million.and an inability to understand what exactlyIf death or serious injury results from awas the reason I was doing worse than ever first offense, the penalty is in school. I barely graduated,...</p>