3. Table of Contents Proteins Carbohydrates Fats Water Minerals Vitamins 4. Objectives
By the end of the lesson, you will be able to:
Discuss six nutrients you need
Tell ways to keep vitamins and minerals in foods
Explain how to use the Food Guide Pyramid
Make decisions about what foods are important for their bodies
State the difference between the healthy and unhealthy foods.
Proteins are nutrients that are needed to build, grow, and repair body cells. You need proteins so your body will grow. Proteins provide energy that lasts for a long time. This is why you need proteins for breakfast. Then you do not get hungry all morning. This makes you able to think clearly at school. Many kinds of foods have proteins in them. Milk and dairy products are good sources. Fish, meat, and nuts are good sources of proteins. Rice has some proteins in it.
Carbohydrates are nutrients that supply the main source of energy for your body. Your body needs a constant supply of energy because energy is released when your body uses carbohydrates.
There are two kinds of carbohydrates:
Starches(provide energy that lasts for a long time. Bread, rice, potatoes, cereal and pasta contain starches)
Sugars(provide quick energy that does not last. Ex: Oranges, apples, peaches)
Fats are nutrients that are a source of energy. Fats help your body use other nutrients. They store vitamins. They help your body use vitamins.
Fats help keep your body temperature what it should be. They keep your body warm when it is cold outside. Fats also help make brain cells and other tissues.
Water is another nutrient you need for good health. You cannot live long without water. Water is found in all the cells of your body. Your blood is made of mostly water. Water helps you keep your body temperature normal. Suppose you do not drink enough water. You might feel weak, dizzy, or tired.
Vitamins are nutrients that help your body use proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Some vitamins help protect you from illness. They keep your tissues healthy and stop damage.
You can get the vitamins you need by eating a variety of foods.
Minerals are nutrients that help chemical processes in the body. They help muscles and nerves work.
They are used for growth. They help your body use vitamins. Minerals make up about 5 percent of your body weight.
11. Adding Gif Animations 12. Add a Video 13. The Food Pyramid Image Transparencies 14. Food Groups 15. Insert an Organization Chart Nutrients 16. Insert a Pyramid Diagram Fats and Sweets Meat Dairy Products Fruits and Vegetables Bread and Cereals 17. Add a Chart of a Balanced Meal 18. Fill in the blanks with the proper word
You cannot live long without ___________________ It is found in all the cells of your body. It is the major constituent of your blood. It helps you keep your body temperature normal.
water 19. Name the 2 types of fats
Saturated fatsare mostly present in red meat, liver, eggs, whole milk, and butter. They are also present in palm oil which comes from a plant.
____________ fats are fats found in vegetables, nuts, seeds, birds, and fish.
20. Match the pictures with their most representative nutrients
21. Which item is not a mineral?
Carbohydrates. (2004). Retrieved Dec. 15, 2004, from http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/C/Carbohydrates.html.
Fats. (2004). Retrieved Dec. 15, 2004, from http://www.foodexperts.net/nutrition-health/view_fa.php?id=1.
Foodexperts.net. (2004). Retrieved Dec. 15, 2004, from http://www.foodexperts.net/index.php.
Here's why your body needs more water during the holiday season. (n.d.). Retrieved Dec. 15, 2004, from http://www.b4-u-buy.com/11m35226.htm.
Indiadiets.com, (1999). Nutritive values of food stuffs. retrieved Dec. 15, 2004, from http://www.indiadiets.com/foods/food_values/nutritive_values.asp Web site.
Nutritive values of food stuffs. (1999). Retrieved Dec. 15, 2004, from http://www.indiadiets.com/foods/food_values/nutritive_values.asp.