Genre Theories

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A powerpoint using Wordl to explain different genre theories

Text of Genre Theories

  • 1. { Hannah Penhall

2. Auteurism In English, Auteur means Author which is why Auterism is the theory that afilm has an author, whether that be the Director, writer, producer, actors orcinematographer. In order to qualify as an Auteur the person must demonstrate a consistency of technical excellence, style and theme. 3. GenreGenre refers to the method based on similarities in narrative elements from whichfilms are constructed. It is also believed that genres can branch out intosubgenres. There are, however, some arguments that genre doesnt trulyexist, and example of this is John Hancocks argument that in Hollywood there isno pure genre as most of the films base the plot around the romantic love-orientated genre whilst blending in other genres. 4. Christian Metz Metz is a French film theorist. He applied Sigmund Freuds pyschology and Jaques Lacans Mirror theory which led him to the idea that the reason why films are a popular art is because it allows both an imperfect reflection of reality and a method to delve into an unconscious dream state. 5. Andre Bazin Bazin was a French film critic and theorist. He played a major part in the study of Post WWII films and afterwards published a book named What is Film?. His main ideas were centralized around the argument for films with objective reality such as documentaries, and invisible directors. He believed that true continuity could be mastered through the use of mise-en-scene and thought that a film should reflect the directors personal vision (personalism). Bazin also argued that all films should be interpreted by the spectator which would allow constructive 6. Genre Hybrids Also known as cross-genre. It describes the method of blending the themes and elements from two or more different genres to create a new genre (genre hybrid) such as a romantic comedy or a supernatural drama. 7. High Concept of FilmHigh concept narratives are mostly characterized as films which encourage the questionwhat if to be used as a catalyst for following events. This is what most Hollywood filmsare seen to do . It can also be used to describe a film which has implicit subtext. Anotherargument is that the high concept of film relates to films which develop upon a simplepremise rather than a character, for example Cowboys and Aliens. This is considered tosell to a wide audience as the concept is easy to grasp. 8. Intertexuality Otherwise known as influences. It is when ideas from other texts are used to develop a text. This contrasts to Authorship as it may be seen that there is a lack of indivuality in this process. Some structuralists believe that language can determine the subjectivity of a text, and therefore can influence other texts. 9. Richard DyerDyer wrote the book Stars (1979) which alluded to the idea that theviewers perception of a film is heavily influenced by the perception ofits stars. In this book he also stated that the publicity and reviews of afilm will determine the audiences experience when watching it. 10. Zeitgeist How texts reflect society in a specific era. The idea was first though up by Johann Herder and a few other theorist in the Romantic era. It is associated with the general ambiance and mood of an era. 11. Codes and ConventionsConventions are certain things used in genres to make themtypical, for example having a final girl in a slasher film. Usingconventions is said to produce meaning in a text and are associatedwith the culture of the time and place. The three codes for films aretechnical, symbolic and written and audio which are used in most filmsin order to keep to the typical conventions of that genre. 12. Mark ReidMark Reid asked the question do we read genre as a noun or adjective?. He usesthe example of tomato puree in a supermarket (2001) what would we do if it wasshelved in a different part of the shop, and would the thing itself be any different?This relates to genre as he is saying that films in specific genres are all verysimilar, no matter whether or not they use the same conventions etc. Reid alsostates that something is categorized by determining who makes it, forwhom, where and when.