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The Purpose of Education

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This is a lecture given to Year 4 students on a teacher education programme in Plymouth, UK.

Text of The Purpose of Education

  • The Purpose of Education (and how it can be transformed) Steve Wheeler
  • knowledgeor wisdom?
  • Surface Learning Deep Learning Marton and Slj (1976)
  • DataENG InformationAGEM KnowledgeENT Wisdom Transformation
  • Knowledge KnowledgeKnowing that Declarative ComprehensionWisdomKnowing how Procedural ApplicationTransformation AnalysisKnowing why Critical Synthesis Evaluation
  • Skills students need for business Critical thinking/Problem solving Leadership and vision Agility/Adaptability Initiative/Entreprenuerial Effective Communication Skills Access and Analysis of Information Curiosity/Imagination Tom Wagner (Harvard University)
  • The goal of educationIf you think education is expensive try ignorance. Derek Bok
  • Whats the best thing about school? my friends
  • Whats the worst thing about school? being treated like youre an idiot
  • Doctors save lives.Teachers make lives.
  • The Goal of EducationThe goal of education is to enrich the lives of students while producing articulate, expressive thinkers and lifelong learners that are socially responsible, resilient, and active citizens of the world. Education is about teaching students, not subjects. Dave Truss
  • Education allows children to develop the skills and Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 confidence they need to strengthen their societies, break the cycle of poverty and build peace in their communities. - Save the Children
  • We all need tocare more abouthow the children ofthe world arebeing educated.(Steve WheelerLearning with es:February 2010)
  • Does education need transformation? "In large states public education Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 will always be mediocre, for the same reason that in large kitchens the cooking is usually bad." - Nietzsche Source: Chambers English Dictionary
  • Factory education model? Synchronisation Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010Compartmentalisation Batch processing Standardisation
  • Personalised Learning? Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
  • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 is changing for young people as they experience self-directedlearning, (mostly outside school) about things that interest them. Source:
  • Young peoples out- of-school experiences with technology can Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 mean that students find the presentation of school curriculum less challenging, less relevant and less engaging. Source:
  • For the first time we are preparing Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 students for a future we cannot clearly describe. David Warlick
  • The pace of change isacceleratingHow will we keep up with it?
  • Transformation to change people or things Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 completely, espe cially improving their appearance or usefulness to convert one form of energy Source: Banksy to another
  • Fair measures? Assessment of, or for, learning?
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  • Ipsative assessment
  • "In the times of rapidchange, learnersinherit theEarth, while thelearned findthemselvesbeautifully equippedto deal with a worldthat no longer exists." Eric Hoffer
  • We dont needto reform thesystem. Weneed to replacethe system.~ Alvin Toffler
  • Learning Styles? Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010There are as many learning styles as there are people. Wheeler (2009)
  • VAK model Visual Seeing and reading Auditory Hearing and speakingKinaesthetic Touching and doing
  • Multi-modal learning...? Auditory Visual Kinaesthetic
  • ...or Confucius repurposed? I hear, I know Auditory Visual KinaestheticI see, I remember I do, I understand
  • Situated Learning I hear, I know Cognition Deeper Auditory Learning Visual KinaestheticI see, I remember I do, I understand Memory Meta Cognition
  • I cannot teach anyone. All I can do is make them think.Education drawingout the potential of each individual (Educere)
  • Doctors save lives.Teachers make lives.
  • We need diversity of thought in the world to face the new challenges. - Sir Tim Berners-LeeHere are some strategies to consider
  • Be creativeYou can beimaginative all daylong and never doanything. To becreative you have todo something.Creativity is appliedimagination. Sir Ken Robinson

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