The future and how to talk about it

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    14-Jul-2015

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  • THE FUTUREand how to talk about it....

  • Future 1

    Future 2

  • will

    going to

  • Future 1

    Future 2

  • will going to

    present continuous

    present simple

    modal verbs verbs that always talk about the future

    future continuous future perfect

  • will

    ...is a modal verb, and can be used to express:

  • will

    ...is a modal verb, and can be used to express:spontaneous offers or promises - I'll bring some Gummibears next week

  • will

    ...is a modal verb, and can be used to express:spontaneous offers or promises - I'll bring some Gummibears next week

    prediction /speculation / certainty * I'm sure that Bayern will beat Chelsea in the final

    * Nothing is certain!

  • will

    ...is a modal verb, and can be used to express:spontaneous offers or promises - I'll bring some Gummibears next week

    prediction /speculation / certainty * I'm sure that Bayern will beat Chelsea in the final

    It also helps form simple conditional sentences: If the weather is nice tomorrow, I will work in the garden

  • going to

    technically: [to be] going to + infinitive

    This can be used to express:

  • going to

    technically: [to be] going to + infinitive

    This can be used to express:plans / intentions - We're going to book that holiday cottage again

  • going to

    technically: [to be] going to + infinitive

    This can be used to express:plans / intentions - We're going to book that holiday cottage again

    predictions (when there is present evidence/knowledge) Look at those clouds, it's going to rain!

    Hang on, we've had predictionsalready haven't we?

  • present continuous

    ...can be used to express:

  • present continuous

    ...can be used to express:plans / intentions - I'm getting married next year

    Hang on, we've hadplans / intentionsalready too, right?

  • present simple

    ...can be used to express:

  • present simple

    ...can be used to express:schedules / timetables - The train arrives at 16:30

  • present simple

    ...can be used to express:schedules / timetables - The train arrives at 16.30

    'possession' of entries in a calendar / schedule. Oh sorry, I can't come I have a meeting at 8:00

  • It depends

    ...on how you see it.

  • It depends

    ...on how you see it.

    Planned events:Does it depend on something else happening first? Is it a tentative plan? Do you want to tell your listener that your plan is fixed? Do you see it as a scheduled event? Do you 'own' this item in your calendar?

  • It depends

    ...on how you see it.

    Planned events:Does it depend on something else happening first? Is it a tentative plan? Do you want to tell your listener that your plan is fixed? Do you see it as a scheduled event? Do you 'own' this item in your calendar?

    Prediction / speculation:Is it based on anything? or just your view? Does it depend on something else happening first?

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