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How can I teach vocabulary How can I teach vocabulary in the English Classroom? in the English Classroom?

Teaching Vocabulary[1]

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Aquí podras encontrar algunas sugerencias de como enseñar vocabulario en inglés°°°°

Text of Teaching Vocabulary[1]

  • 1. How can I teach vocabulary in the English Classroom?
  • 2. Teaching vocabulary
    • Goal: To provide some ideas to the the English Language Teachers regarding different ways of teaching vocabulary in the classroom.
    • What is vocabulary? Vocabulary is all the words we teach the students to create new language.
  • 3. There are two ways of presenting vocabulary
    • Whithin a context.
    • The teacher shows the students a text which contains the new words to teach. (The words might be transparent or the teacher can draw or use pictures to point to them as he/she reads).
    • Example:
    • This is Fred. He has short black hair, strong arms and big hands.
    • While the teacher reads the text he points to every body part the text mentions in order to convey meaning.
  • 4.
    • In isolation
    • The teacher presents a picture or a series of pictures showing vocabulary he will use before introducing the topic.
    • Example:
    • The teacher shows a picture to the students and he points to every body part he wants the students to memorize.
    arm hand neck leg head
  • 5. These are some other examples of teaching vocabulary
    • Realia. One way of teaching vocabulalry is by taking real objects to the classroom or using the ones the teacher has in it. Example: a chair, a board, a pen, a ball, etc.
  • 6. These are some other examples of teaching vocabulary* 1
    • Pictures. Pictures are usually a big help for teachers anytime you can not take big objects or things to the classroom.
    • Pictures can be board drawings, wall pictures, charts flashcards etc.
  • 7. These are some other examples of teaching vocabulary* 1
    • Mime, action and gesture. It is often to explain the meaning of words and grammar either through the use of realia or pictures.
    • Actions like running, walking or smoking are easier to explain by acting the words.
  • 8. These are some other examples of teaching vocabulary* 1
    • Contrast. It is often to explain the meaning of words by showing an opposite word. Example:
    Fat thin tall short slow fast
  • 9. These are some other examples of teaching vocabulary* 1
    • Enumeration: Words can be explained by enumerating or listing various items. Example:
    • Vegetables : broccolli, tomato, calabash, cucumber
    • Clothes : Shoes, jacket, jeans.
  • 10. These are some other examples of teaching vocabulary* 1
    • Explanantion: Explaining the meaning of vocabulary items can be very difficult, especially at the beginners or elementary levels.
    • 1. Jeremy Harmer. The Practice of English Language Teaching. Longman
  • 11. What should I teach anytime I introduce a new word?
    • Anytime you introduce a new word to the students make sure you are teaching the following
      • The meaning
      • The sound
      • The written word .
  • 12. Teaching meaning, sound and the written word.
    • When you teach the word chair it is easier for the students if you pronounce the word to them and show them at the same time the object or a picture of it so that the students can get the meaning immediately.
    • Then you can say you are teaching meaning and sound .
    • If you write the word under the picture or at the back of it then you will provide the studentents the written form of the word.
    chair
  • 13. Comments or doubts about this presentation.
    • Please contact.
    • Mara del Consuelo Escamilla Valderrama