Surfacing, Sharing and Valuing Tacit Knowledge in Open Learning Environments

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On Wednesday 17 September, Roy Williams and I presented these slides as the keynote presentation for the annual e-Learning Conference at FH Joanneum in Graz, Austria. The conference theme was Evaluating Open Learning Scenarios. A series of blog posts relating to this presentation can be found on my blog - Jenny Connected - at


  • 1. Surfacing, Sharing and Valuing Tacit KnowledgeJennyMacknessRoyWilliamsE-Learning Tag 17. September 2014

2. Introduction to Open Learning EnvironmentsRoyJennySource of Image: first MOOC Connectivism and Connective Knowledge (CCK08) 3. Emergent LearningSource of Image: 4. Understanding Open Learning EnvironmentsSource of image: 5. Characteristics of Open LearningEnvironmentsOpen/StructureInteractiveenvironmentAgencyPresence/WritingCharacteristics arranged in clusters of factors 6. Characteristics of Open LearningEnvironments:25 Factors 7. Openness/StructureRiskLiminalSpaceUnexpectedOutcomesAmbiguityDisruptiveSelf-correctingMultipath 8. InteractIveSpaceDiversity ExperientialAdaptiveCo-evolutionInteraction /NetworkingTrustOther Minds 9. AgencyCross-modalOpenAffordancesAutonomyNegotiatedOutcomes?Self-organisedIdentity 10. Presence/WrItingSolitude &ContemplationSerendipitousEncountersNetworking /EngagementHybrid Modes of WritingInformalWriting /Inscription 11. From Prescribed to Emergent (or vice versa)GIF Created by Matthias Melcher - of image - 12. Describing the learning experience 13. Influential TheoriesCommunities ofpracticeAffordancesSocial constructivismConnectivismComplexity theory 14. Risk as a factor in open learningenvironmentsSource of image: have you experienced risk? How does risk affect the way you learn? 15. Wie gehen Sie mit Risiko um?How have you experienced risk?How does risk affect the way you learn? In groups of 4 people For 10 to 15 minutes discuss the questions abovein groups of 4.Source of image: Select any learning scenario that has involved feeling at risk. This could be an example from everyday or working life. Identify one confident English speaker in your group. The identified person should be prepared to feedback to the whole groupone statement in English about how risk affects your learning or your designfor learning. 16. Wie gehen Sie mit Risiko um?Welche Erfahrungen haben Sie mit riskanten Situationen gemacht?Wie beeinflusst Risiko Ihren Lernprozess? In 4er-Gruppen 10-15 Minuten Zeit fr die Diskussion Whlen Sie ein Lernszenario aus, in dem Sie einem Risiko ausgesetztwaren! Diskutieren Sie, inwiefern Risiko Lernprozesse oder Lerndesignsbeeinflusst Sie knnen ein Beispiel aus Ihrem Alltag oder aus dem Berufsleben auswhlen Einigen Sie sich auf eine Person, die das Risiko eingeht, auf Englisch fr die 4erGruppe zu sprechen Diese Person, der Sprecher oder die Sprecherin der Gruppe, fasst dieGruppenergebnisse fr alle TeilnehmerInnen in einem Satz zusammen 17. In open environments learning isincreasingly unpredictable and emergentHow can we capture and value this experience? 18. Drawing footprints of emergence 19. Example of a prescriptive learningenvironmentA standardsdrivenTeacherTrainingcourse 20. The gap between design and experienceDesignintentionsLearnerexperience 21. Changing experience over timeLearner experience of Modern and Contemporary American Poetry MOOC (ModPo) the first 4 weeks 22. How safe or hazardous is yourlearning environment?PrescribedlearningSweetlyemergentlearningSharp,challengingemergentlearningOff theedgeChaoticlearningFail-safe < .. > Safe-to-fail < .. > High risk 23. How safe or hazardous is yourlearning environment?PrescribedlearningSweetlyemergentlearningSharp,challengingemergentlearningOff theedgeChaoticlearningFail-safe < .. > Safe-to-fail < .. > High risk 24. Footprints as probes for reflective practiceopen, experimental, tools /ideas / interactive affordancesProbes areused, reversioned,remixed, and recreatedby the participantsSource of image: 25. Surfacing tacit knowledge and understandingSource of image footprints ofemergenceencourages deepreflection.any emergent learning event - invites participants . to explore,surface, and share their own way of making sense of their learningin their own reflective practice.Williams, R. & Mackness, J. (2014). Surfacing, sharing and valuing tacit knowledge in open learning.Evaluierung offener Lernszenarien. FH Joanneum, Graz 26. Some final thoughts .Drawing footprintselicits tacitknowledge andunderstanding individual andunpredictableWe need to rethink theway in which wevalue learningReflectionshould be inthe hands of thelearnerPrescribed andemergent learning areboth recognizedEach person becomes a self-organisingsystem, creating and shaping their ownnetworks and learningLearners can takecontrol of their ownlearning 27. Questions? 28. Thank youVisit our Footprints of Emergence Wiki 29. ReferencesWilliams, R.T, Karousou, R., & Mackness, J. (2011). Emergent Learning and LearningEcologies in Web 2.0. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning.Retrieved from, R.T, Mackness, J. & Gumtau, S. (2012). Footprints of Emergence. 13(4)International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. Retrieved from:, R.T., & Mackness, J. (2013). Open Research and Open Learning. ScientificJournal of Educational Technology. 2(1). Campus Virtuales. Retrieved from, R.T, Mackness, J. & Pauschenwein, J. (2014). Using visualization tounderstand transformations in learning and design in MOOCs. (in press)Williams, R. & Mackness, J. (2014). Surfacing, sharing and valuing tacit knowledge inopen learning. 13. ELearning Tag FH JOANNEUM am 17. September 2014Footprints of Emergence open wiki - 30. Image sourcesSlide 5:Open/Structure - environment - - 7: Open/Structure cluster imagesRisk: Christine Vaufrey. Space. outcomes. vaseDisruptive. 8: Interactive environment cluster imagesDiversity. minds. 31. Image sourcesSlide 9: Agency cluster imagesCross-modal. affordances. outcomes. 10: Presence/Writing cluster imagesSolitude/contemplation. encounters. modes of writing. writing/inscription. writing/inscription. 13:Communities of practice: constructivism - theory - - 18: 27: 32. Further resources for discussion:the drawing toolGo to Footprints of Emergence open wiki - Palette 2 Word version.docxWatch the video for drawing instructions Drawing Footprints of Emergence 33. Further resources for discussion:Xiaoxias StoryXiaoxias Story