- 1.THE ROLE OF STAKEHOLDERS IN CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATIONMr. Ronnie Z. Valenciano Jr. BSE 3B
2. Stakeholders Are individuals or institution that areinterrelated in the school curriculum. They are the one who put into actionand give life to the curriculum They shape the school curriculumimplementation 3. 1. Learners at theCenter of Curriculum They are the very reason a curriculum isdeveloped. They make and unmake the curriculum bytheir active and direct involvement. How each individual learners contribute tothe realization of a planned curriculumwould depend on the interaction andinternalization of the different learningactivities. 4. HAS THE LEARNER LEARNED? This is the concluding question that isalways to consider in curriculumimplementation. 5. Learners are the primarystakeholders in the curriculum. Considerations must be made such as thefollowing:a) Ageb) Genderc) Physical, mental and emotional developmentd) Cultural backgrounde) Aspiration and personal goals 6. The success of thecurriculum can only bemeasured by the extent oflearning that the learnershave achieved. 7. 2. Teachers as Curriculum Developers and Implementers Planning and writing the curriculum are theprimary role of teacher. A teacher is acurriculum maker. Teacher writes a curriculum daily througha lesson plan, unit plan or a yearly plan. 8. Teachers addresses the goals, needsinterests of the learner by creatingexperiences from where the students canlearn. Teachers design, enriches and modifiesthe curriculum to suit the learnerscharacteristics. 9. Teacher are part of textbook committee,faculty selection boards, school evaluationcommittees or textbook writersthemselves. Teachers therefore become architects ofschool curriculum. 10. On the other hand a developed curriculumremains inactive if it is not implemented. At this point, the teachers role now shiftsfrom DEVELOPER to IMPLEMENTER. 11. Curriculum implementation is now givinglife to the written material with the help oflearning. The teachers role now shifts fromPLANNING to DOING. 12. Doing here implies guiding, facilitating anddirecting activities. Some would say that the root of theeducational problem is the teacher. It justpoint out to the inability of the teacher toimplement well a curriculum. 13. Is TECHNOLOGY can replace the TEACHER? No, technology can never replace ateacher, it will only support themultifaceted role of the teacher. 14. Thus, teaching requires tremendousmaturity, decision making in theimplementation of any curricular plan as inthe choice of materials, methods orstrategy of teaching and modes ofevaluation. 15. 3. Curriculum Managers and Administrators They supervise curriculumimplementation, select and recruit newteachers, admit students, procureequipments and materials needed foreffective learning. 16. They also plan for the improvement ofschool facilities and physical plants. They have privilege to command but at thesame time to lead the institution. They are responsible for the final decisionmaking in terms with the school purpose. 17. They are responsible to the kind ofcurriculum their school will offer and howthese are implemented. 18. 4. Parents as Supporters to theCurriculum My child and my money go to this school It simply means that the parents are thebest supporters of the school, especiallybecause they are ones paying for theirchild education. 19. How do parents shape thecurriculum and why are theyconsidered as stakeholders?1. Effective parental involvement in school affairs may be linked to parent educational program which is central to high quality educational experiences of the children 20. It results to better communication betweenhome and school, in this case there will belesser disciplinary problems, greaterstudent motivation and more responsibilityfor learning. Thus results to greater academicachievement of students. 21. 2. Parents involvement extends from the confine of the school to the home.- The parents follow up the lesson of theirchildren.- Provides curriculum materials that are notprovided in schools- Provide permission for their children toparticipate in various activities outsde thecampus. 22. 3. In most schools the Parent Association isorganized.- In most cases Parents association havestrengthened the school curriculum bygiving support to various activities andassisting on the accomplishment of theschools curriculum.- It is called Parents Teacher Association orParents Teacher Community Association. 23. 5. Community Members asCurriculum Resources The community members may providematerials in the existing local communitycan very well substitute for what areneeded to implement the curriculum. Respected community members maybeincluded in school boards. 24. Some can become resource speakers thatcan provide local and indigenousknowledge in the school curriculum. It can provide books, material and facilitiesin the school. 25. 6. Other Stakeholders in Curriculum Implementation Professional Organizations- They are being asked by the curriculumespecially to contribute in curriculumreview because they have voice inlicensure examination, curriculumenhancement and others. 26. Government- It has a great stake in the curriculumimplementation.- It is represented by DepEd for basiceducation curricula and CHED for tertiaryand graduate education curricula 27. Professional Regulation Commission- The third agency that has high stake inschools curricula, because graduates ofthe different tertiary degrees must becertified as professionals.- The PRC through the ProfessionalRegulatory Board conducts examinationfor some degree programs, such as LET 28. While Supreme Courts has professionalbar exam to certify lawyers and PhilippineMedical Association through its medicalboard exams for Licensure Examinationfor Doctors.