Recommendation and the Library

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Services recommending books = BibTip, LibraryThing, University of Huddersfield borrowing recommendations, and articles – bX from Ex Libris, PubMed, Synthese (CISTI) now exist in the academic context. JISC in the UK is sponsoring a major project, MOSAIC: “Making Our Shared Activity Information Count.” This session will provide an overview of these recommendation systems, describe their different approaches to data mining, and discuss their role in improving information retrieval and user experience in a now nearly fully online scholarly information world.

Text of Recommendation and the Library

  • 1. Recommendationsand the LibraryNettie LagaceProduct Manager, Ex Libris
  • 2. Copyright StatementAll of the information and material inclusive of text, images, logos, product names is either theproperty of, or used with permission by Ex Libris Ltd. The information may not be distributed,modified, displayed, reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written permission ofEx Libris Ltd.TRADEMARKSEx Libris, the Ex Libris logo, Aleph, SFX, SFXIT, MetaLib, DigiTool, Verde, Primo, Voyager,MetaSearch, MetaIndex, bX and other Ex Libris products and services referenced herein aretrademarks of Ex Libris, and may be registered in certain jurisdictions. All other product names,company names, marks and logos referenced may be trademarks of their respective owners.DISCLAIMERThe information contained in this document is compiled from various sources and provided on an"AS IS" basis for general information purposes only without any representations, conditions orwarranties whether express or implied, including any implied warranties of satisfactory quality,completeness, accuracy or fitness for a particular purpose.Ex Libris, its subsidiaries and related corporations ("Ex Libris Group") disclaim any and all liabilityfor all use of this information, including losses, damages, claims or expenses any person mayincur as a result of the use of this information, even if advised of the possibility of such loss ordamage. Ex Libris Ltd., 2009
  • 3. Agenda What will the future be like? Recommender systems in general In the Wild New scholarly environments Article recommenders Interfaces Contributions
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  • 5. Recommender SystemsRecommender systems form a specific type of informationfiltering (IF) technique that attempts to present informationitems (movies, music, books, news, images, web pages, etc.)that are likely of interest to the user.
  • 6. Library Book Recommendations
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  • 8. Changes in Scholarly Communication Greater focus on content users create and choices & preferences they make User contribution increasingly important Contributed explicitly by individuals The Web is multi-directional
  • 9. Changes in Scholarly Communication Greater focus on content users create and choices & preferences they make User contribution increasingly important Contributed explicitly by individuals Implicitly - usage data captured by the system (clickstreams) The Web is multi-directional
  • 10. There is a need Information overload calls for new tools that assist users in finding relevant information Useful in the context of: learning exploring new fields of interest inter-disciplinary work specific information needs that are outside ones field of expertise Search is NOT the only way to find
  • 11. Scholarly Recommender ServiceNeed to: Focus on scholarly materials particularly articles (core unit of use) Be based on structural analysis of usage and not just based on popularity
  • 12. CiteULike Recommendations/embedded video removed from PPT see
  • 13. What is bX? A service which taps into the power of the networked scholarly community to generate recommendations based on article usage Based on data mining and structural analysis of aggregated usage data, across libraries and scholarly information environments Massive repository of user data - growing Derives from research done at Los Alamos National Laboratory by Johan Bollen and Herbert Van de Sompel
  • 14. Interest in usage-based measures COUNTER SUSHI - JISC MOSAIC Metrics for scholarly evaluation: UKSG Usage Factors project - Project MESUR -
  • 15. Implicit user contribution Circulation data Clickstreams, recording a search process Actions Item viewed Item downloaded Item sent Item bookmarked Item printed Item stored
  • 16. Potential uses of implicit contribution Collection development Evaluation Trend analysis Relevance ranking Recommendations
  • 17. bX Demo
  • 18. bX Demo
  • 19. bX Demo
  • 20. bX Demo
  • 21. bX Demo
  • 22. Link resolver usage logs A good basis: Represent users information-seeking paths in a standardized way Are across information providers Are across institutions There are a lot of them
  • 23. Link resolver usage paths E-journal publisher site E-journal E-Book publisher OpenURL publisher site siteGoogle OpenURL Link OpenURL LibraryScholar Resolver interface OpenURL A&I Document databases Delivery Citation databases
  • 24. Built on OpenURL Usage data OpenURL context objects-- is harvested from link resolver logs through OAI-PMH Build a (very large) aggregate of usage data Mine the aggregate to derive scholarly recommender services: a structure describing relationships between scholarly materials is created bX receives OpenURL requests A list of recommended materials is generated per request open interface - accessible via API viewable via SFX menu, other discovery interfaces
  • 25. Bollen J, Van de Sompel H, Hagberg A, Bettencourt L, Chute R, et al. (2009) Clickstream Data Yields High-Resolution Maps of Science. PLoS ONE 4(3): e4803. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004803
  • 26. bX Research rbertv/ .pdf o v/he version .lanl.g pted_ p ublic _acceht tp:// jcdl06pa pers/
  • 27. More about the interaction with bX Request to bX is sent through an API Results are returned as XML (default) Text ATOM RSS