Preservice Teachers Environmental Concerns

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Doug Hayhoe

Text of Preservice Teachers Environmental Concerns

  • 1. Preservice teachers, Environmental Concerns,and a Christian Perspective Doug Hayhoe, Tyndale University College & Seminary, Toronto, ON, Canada

2. Tyndale department of education Christian university, authorized by Ontario tograduate one-year Bachelor of Education students Preservice teachers dont sign a statement of faith,as faculty do, but agree to follow lifestyle code. Of the 60-70 teachers, some 1/3 are evangelical,1/3 Catholic, and 1/3 other, including no faith 3. The commonplaces Preservice teachers 30 primary-junior (PJ) teachers (K-Gr. 6) 30 junior-intermediate (JI) teachers (Gr. 4-10) Science & technology methods course Knowledge:understanding of concepts Skills: inquiry, investigation, & communication skills Relating science & tech. to society & the environment Provincial focus in Ontario The Environment 4. Ontarios K-10 Curriculum forScience & Technology Gr. Life Systems Structures & Matter & Earth &Mechanisms Energy Space12345678910 5. Grade Life Systems Structures & Matter & EnergyEarth & Space Mechanisms1Ontarios K-10& ScienceourLiving things MaterialsStructures Energy in Lives & Daily & Seasonal Changes2 Technology CurriulumLiquidsAnimals Movement Solids &Air & Water in the Environment3 Plants Structures Forces Soils in the Environment4 Habitats Pulleys and gears Light & Sound Rocks & Minerals5 Human body Structures Chemical Changes Conservation of Energy6 Biodiversity Flight ElectricitySpace (Astronomy)7 Ecosystems Form & Function Solutions Heat in the Environment8 The cell SystemsFluids Water Systems9 Ecosystems ElectricityAtomsSpace (Astronomy) 10 Tissues & Organs Light & Optics Chemical Climate ChangeReactions 6. Grade Life Systems Structures & Matter & EnergyEarth & Space Mechanisms1Ontarios K-10& ScienceourLiving things MaterialsStructures Energy in Lives & Daily & Seasonal Changes2 Technology CurriulumLiquidsAnimals Movement Solids &Air & Water in the Environment3 Plants Structures Forces Soils in the Environment4 Habitats Pulleys and gears Light & Sound Rocks & Minerals5 Human body Structures Chemical Changes Conservation of Energy6 Biodiversity Flight ElectricitySpace (Astronomy)7 Ecosystems Form & Function Solutions Heat in the Environment8 The cell SystemsFluids Water Systems9 Ecosystems ElectricityAtomsSpace (Astronomy) 10 Tissues & Organs Light & Optics Chemical Climate ChangeReactions 7. Grade Life Systems Structures & Matter & EnergyEarth & Space Mechanisms1Ontarios K-10& ScienceourLiving things MaterialsStructures Energy in Lives & Daily & Seasonal Changes2 Technology CurriulumLiquidsAnimals Movement Solids &Air & Water in the Environment3 Plants Structures Forces Soils in the Environment4 Habitats Pulleys and gears Light & Sound Rocks & Minerals5 Human body Structures Chemical Changes Conservation of Energy6 Biodiversity Flight ElectricitySpace (Astronomy)7 Ecosystems Form & Function Solutions Heat in the Environment8 The cell SystemsFluids Water Systems9 Ecosystems ElectricityAtomsSpace (Astronomy) 10 Tissues & Organs Light & Optics Chemical Climate ChangeReactions 8. The context Leadershipin the environmental movement hasoften been provided by those of little faith, orlittle Christian faith. Our natural environment,however, is a very much a part of Gods creation. My own research in science education as aChristian focuses on soil, air, water, and energy. Classical Greek and Egyptian thought talkedabout four elements: earth, air, water, and fire. 9. Jeremiahs World But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. When he thunders, the waters in the heavens roar; he makes clouds rise from the ends of the earth; he sends lightning with the rain and brings out the wind from his storehouses.Jer. 10:12-13; 51:15-16 10. Jeremiahs World But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. When he thunders, the waters in the heavens roar; he makes clouds rise from the ends of the earth; he sends lightning with the rain and brings out the wind from his storehouses.Jer. 10:12-13; 51:15-16 11. Jeremiahs World But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. When he thunders, the waters in the heavens roar; he makes clouds rise from the ends of the earth; he sends lightning with the rain and brings out the wind from his storehouses.Jer. 10:12-13; 51:15-16 12. Jeremiahs World But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. When he thunders, the waters in the heavens roar; he makes clouds rise from the ends of the earth; he sends lightning with the rain and brings out the wind from his storehouses.Jer. 10:12-13; 51:15-16 13. Jeremiahs World But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. When he thunders, the waters in the heavens roar; he makes clouds rise from the ends of the earth; he sends lightning with the rain and brings out the wind from his storehouses.Jer. 10:12-13; 51:15-16 14. The challenge To develop a Christian framework for focusing onenvironmental concerns in a science methodscourse with preservice teachers, whichcompliments the secular science curriculum theywill be teaching from in school. The environment is a key focus in the province ofOntario, with sustainability a big idea 15. Grade Life Systems Structures & Matter & EnergyEarth & Space Mechanisms1Ontarios K-10& ScienceourLiving things MaterialsStructures Energy in Lives & Daily & Seasonal Changes2 Technology CurriulumLiquidsAnimals Movement Solids &Air & Water in the Environment3 Plants Structures Forces Soils in the Environment4 Habitats Pulleys and gears Light & Sound Rocks & Minerals5 Human body Structures Chemical Changes Conservation of Energy6 Biodiversity Flight ElectricitySpace (Astronomy)7 Ecosystems Form & Function Solutions Heat in the Environment8 The cell SystemsFluids Water Systems9 Ecosystems ElectricityAtomsSpace (Astronomy) 10 Tissues & Organs Light & Optics Chemical Climate ChangeReactions 16. Focus in science methods courses With PJ preservice teachers (Gr. K-6) Soils (Grade 3 unit) Conservationof Energy (Grade 5 unit) 17. Focus in science methods courses With PJ preservice teachers (K- Gr. 6) Soils(Grade 3 unit) Conservation of Energy (Grade 5 unit) With JI preservice teachers (Gr. 4-10) Water Systems (Grade 8 unit) Climate Change (Grade 10 unit) 18. Focus in science methods courses With PJ preservice teachers (K- Gr. 6) Soils(Grade 3 unit) Conservation of Energy (Grade 5 unit) With JI preservice teachers (Gr. 4-10) Water Systems (Grade 8 unit) Climate Change (Grade 10 unit)Q1. What is their initial level of conceptual understanding? 19. Focus in science methods courses With PJ preservice teachers (K- Gr. 6) Soils(Grade 3 unit) Conservation of Energy (Grade 5 unit) With JI preservice teachers (Gr. 4-10) Water Systems (Grade 8 unit) Climate Change (Grade 10 unit)Q1. What is their initial level of conceptual understanding?Q2. Can this be improved with course activities? 20. Focus in science methods courses With PJ preservice teachers (K- Gr. 6) Soils(Grade 3 unit) Conservation of Energy (Grade 5 unit) With JI preservice teachers (Gr. 4-10) Water Systems (Grade 8 unit) Climate Change (Grade 10 unit)Q1. What is their initial level of conceptual understanding?Q2. Can this be improved with course activities?Q3. Will this also affect their stewardship concerns? 21. Sample item: soils (Gr. 3)2. It usually takes how many years to form 1 cm oftopsoil?a) 1-10 monthsb) 1-10 yearsc) 100-1000 yearsd) 1-10 million years 22. Sample item: energy (Gr. 5)23. Which of the following decisions would save theaverage family the most energy? a) Replace all the incandescent light bulbs withfluorescent light bulbs b) Buy all new energy-efficient appliances c) Only buy fruit and vegetables grown near whereyou live d) Trade in a large family car for a compact electriccar 23. Sample item: water (Gr. 8)20. Water that becomes groundwater a) Typically occurs as underground lakes and rivers b) Exists in the spaces between soil and rock particles 24. Sample item: climate change (Gr. 10)16. Over the past century, the average surfacetemperature of Earths oceans a) has risen significantly b) has stayed approximately the same 25. Pre-post results: soils & energy PJ teachers wrote a multiple choice survey on soils and on energy with 25 items each. The random score would be 25%. 26. Pre-post results: water & climate chg JI teachers wrote a survey on climate change and water with 45 binary choice items each. The random score would be 50%. 27. Ontarios K-10 Curriculum forScience & TechnologyA NEW BIG IDEA IN THE CURRICULUM Sustainability is the concept of meeting theneeds of the present without compromising theability of future generations to meet their needs. Stewardship involves understanding that weneed to use and care for the natural environmentin a responsible way and making the effort topass on to future generations no less than whatwe have access to ourselves. 28. Stewardship and sustainability anew BIG IDEA?The custody of the garden was given in charge toAdam, to show that we possess the things whichGod has committed to our hands, on the condition,that being content with the frugal and moderateuse of them, we should take care of what shallremain. Let him who possesses a field, so partakeof its yearly fruits, that he may not suffer theground to be injured by his negligence; but let himendeavor to hand it down t