Multicultural Education

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  • 1. MULTICULTURAL EDUCATIONAL PERSPECTIVESPresented ByAdrienne Akinsete, Shannon Berger, Julie Burton, AshleyBusby

2. DEFINITIONS OF CULTURE "Cultures are the maps of meaning through which theworld is made intelligible."Peter Jackson Topics:1. Definitions of Culture2. Ethnicity or Exceptionality3. Multicultural BilingualEducation4. How One Thinks AboutCulture5. Cultural Pride and Shame 3. DEFINITIONS OF CULTURE Traditional definition A shared set ofbeliefs, traditions, values and goals thatdefine a group, institution or organization 4. DEFINITIONS OF CULTURE Sociological view of culture - the words, artifactsand symbols which interact with forms of social life Anthropological meaning of culture - Culture, orcivilization, taken in its broad, ethnographic sense, isthat complex whole which includes knowledge, belief,art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilitiesand habits acquired by man as a member of society.- Sir Edward Tylor Romanticist definition of culture consumptionand leisurely activities Cultural studies the meaning and practices ofeveryday life 5. DEFINITIONS OF CULTURESimilarities and Differences All definitions of culture include some Description of what people do. What varies is the construct on and Manifestation of human development 6. ASPECTS OF CULTURE 7. COMPONENTS OF CULTURE Sub culture - A sub culture is a group of peoplewith a culture that sets them apart from thelarger, dominant culture to which they belong. Counter culture - is used to describe a group ofpeople who are characterized by their defianceor opposition to the dominant culture. Dominant culture establishes the rules,language, behaviors, religion and social normsfor the society and maintains control of socialinstitutions. 8. DEFINITIONS OF CULTURE:History 18th/19th Century Europe Culture was an agricultural term used to describecultivation or improvement. Early 19th Century Europe Culture came to mean the improvement ordevelopment of the individual, primarily through education. Mid 19th Century Europe Culture was a term used by scientists to refer touniversal human capacity. 20th Century Culture expanded to be an anthropological term that had twomeanings: 1. human capacity to classify and represent experiences with symbols* 2. the unique ways that people living in different parts of the worldclassified and represented their experiences* *Both definitions include the ability of humans to act creatively After World War II the term culture was adopted by different disciplines, witheach discipline uniquely defining culture. 9. ETHNICITY OR EXCEPTIONALITY How can ethnicity can be mistaken forexceptionality when ones own ethnic groupis viewed as setting the standard for allothers? 10. ETHNICITY AN ETHNIC GROUP HAS IN COMMON A historic origin. Identity, heritage and traditions. Value orientations. Behavioral patterns. Political and economic interests. 11. EXCEPTIONALITY A group sharing a set of specific abilities ordisabilities that are especially valued. Requiring special accommodations within agiven subculture. A person may be considered exceptional inone ethnic group but not in another. 12. ETHNICITY OR EXCEPTIONALITYExamples of DifferencesAmong Ethnic Groups Patterns of eye contact Physical contact Use of language Ways of responding to people in positions ofauthority. 13. ETHNICITY OR EXCEPTIONALITYWhat one group may see as deviant orunacceptable in their own group might benormal and adaptive in another.We must not mistakenly conclude that astudent has a disability or is gifted justbecause he or she is different. 14. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATIONWhat are the most important aspects of multicultural and bilingual special education? 15. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATIONDisproportional representation betweengeneral population and special education. Adolescents of color are more likely to beidentified with disruptive behavior disordersthan Caucasian peers. Males living in poverty are more likely to beidentified as having a behavior disorder. White, Asian/Pacific Islander and Hispanicstudents are under represented. Black and American Indian overrepresented. 16. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION 17. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION Acceptance of and respect for those whose culture is different 18. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATIONcurricula that provide equal educational opportunities to students regardless of their gender, social class, ethnicity, race, disability, or other cultural identity 19. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION Instruction that uses: The students culturalstrengths That involves teachingtolerance Appreciation of culture Working with families Improving languageinstruction For language-minoritystudents, Improving literacy 20. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION Assessment thathonors thestudents culturalheritage and doesnot penalize anystudent 21. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATIONSocialization to multicultural norms 22. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION 23. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION Multiculturalism is a very important aspect to thehuman experience and the advancement of oursocieties. 24. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION Diversity Like Nature The landscape of Earth is an intricatemix of shapes, forms, and colors each withits own identity and spirit, separate, andyet apiece of a whole. The land we live in probably best reflectsthis notion. The landscape of the United States, a quiltwoven of dramatically different terrains, ispopulated by people equally as unique anddiverse.Glancing over the entire country from thePacific to the Atlantic, you see manydifferent environments coexisting: warmdeserts, snowcapped mountains, goldenplains, green valleys, lush marshlands,sandy beaches, and bustling cities.All are different, yet one: the UnitedStates. No less than its geography, thepeople who inhabit the United States alsoexemplify natures diversity (De Melendez & Beck, 2007, p. 4). 25. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATIONEffective multiculturaleducation allows allstudents pride in theirown cultures,understanding andappreciation ofdifferent cultures, andensures equaleducationalopportunities for allstudents, regardless ofcultural background. 26. MULTICULTURAL AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION 27. HOW ONE THINKS ABOUT CULTURE We Are All Emigrants Contemporary theorytraces the ancestry ofmankind to the Africancontinent (NationalGeographic, 2003). Through DNA we havebeen able to trace thebeginnings of mankind to atribe in Africa, whosegenetic code is mostsimilar to the earliesthuman remains that weJOURNEY OF MAN tells the remarkablehave discovered (NationalGeographic, 2003). story of the human journey out of Africa Based on the biological, and into the rest of the world, tracinganthropological andhistory through evidence uncovered in thearcheological evidence it is Y-chromosome of mans DNA. Traversingsafe to posit that mankind six continents, the film takes viewers on abegan on the content wenow call African. From fascinating journey into the hidden world ofthere, the human racetheir ancestry and offers a modern look atdispersed throughout the our ancestors lives(National Geographic,world. 2003). 28. HOW ONE THINKS ABOUT CULTURE Civilization brought about citystates to govern the peopleand lands occupied byhuman migration. Claims of ownership to theinhabited lands emerged. As man politicized the lands,distinct culture emergedbased on several factors. A few of these factors arephysical environment: religious beliefs communication technology political organization 29. HOW ONE THINKS ABOUT CULTUREOnce a Melting PotNow a SaladA unique blend of distinct flavors A melting pot was the metaphoruse to describe the assimilation ofvarious emigrant groups arriving inAmerica from the 1800 throughthe 20th Century.Historically, public educationaimed to assimilate emigrants intoAmerican society. 30. HOW ONE THINKS ABOUT CULTURE How we think ofculture influencesour educationalsystem. Today we celebratediversity andrecognize Americaas part of a globalsociety. 31. CULTURAL PRIDE AND SHAMEAfrican Americans area people rich in culturethat Includesinnovations in: Art Music Religion Sports TechnologyIn February of eachyear we celebratethe accomplishmentsofAfrican Americansin the United States. 32. CULTURE PRIDE AND SHAME One source of shame istermed as Self-Hate. Gang violence, drugs, andthe disproportionate numberof African American men inthe penal system is areflection of self-hate.There is evidence that the wide spread availability of Crack Cocaine was propagated by United State Government agencies. If these allegations are true, it exposes attempted genocide. Cultural Shame al/9712/ch01p1.htm 33. AmericanMulticulturalism 34. SOURCES Clark, William A.V.(2007). Assimilation, Multiculturalism and the Challenge of Marginalized Groups. UC Los Angeles:California Center for Population Research. Retrieved from: Exceptional Learners: An Introduction to Special Education, Eleventh Edition, by Daniel P. Hallahan, James M. Kauffman,and Paige C. Pullen. Published by Allyn & Bacon.(2009). Page 86-112. FOR BETTER OR FOR WORSE (1992) Lynn Johnston Productions. Distributed by Universal Press Syndicate.Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved. From J. A. Banks, Cultural diversity and education: Foundation, curriculum,and teaching (p. 76). Copyright 1994 by Allyn & Bacon. Reprinted/adaptedwith permission. FOR BETTER OR FOR WORSE (1992) Lynn Johnston Productions. Distributed by Universal Press Syndicate.Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved. National Geographic, (2003) Retrieved November 14, 2009 from Wikipedia. Culture. Retrieved November 16, 2009, from: