Middle School Reading Strategies

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Middle School Reading Strategies

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  • 1. 11 READINGREADING STRATEGIESSTRATEGIES Thinking About How You ReadThinking About How You Read

2. 22 Metacognition:Metacognition: Thinking About How You ThinkThinking About How You Think Before you can truly improve yourBefore you can truly improve your reading skills, you need toreading skills, you need to understand what happens in goodunderstand what happens in good readers minds while they read.readers minds while they read. You may even do these thingsYou may even do these things already. You just dont know italready. You just dont know it yet.yet. 3. 33 More About MetacognitionMore About Metacognition Good readers have developed good habitsGood readers have developed good habits when they read. We call these habitswhen they read. We call these habits strategies. Strategies help readersstrategies. Strategies help readers understand, connect to, and determine theunderstand, connect to, and determine the importance of what they are reading. Theyimportance of what they are reading. They also visualize, ask questions about, andalso visualize, ask questions about, and read between the lines of what they read.read between the lines of what they read. 4. 44 The Reading StrategiesThe Reading Strategies There are seven reading strategies.There are seven reading strategies. Ask QuestionsAsk Questions Determine ImportanceDetermine Importance Make ConnectionsMake Connections Infer and PredictInfer and Predict VisualizeVisualize SynthesizeSynthesize Use Fix Up StrategiesUse Fix Up Strategies 5. 55 Make ConnectionsMake Connections Text to Self (similar events in your life)Text to Self (similar events in your life) Text to Text (books, movies, T.V., etc.)Text to Text (books, movies, T.V., etc.) Text to Life (real world events)Text to Life (real world events) 6. 66 Make ConnectionsMake Connections Ask Yourself:Ask Yourself: What do I already know about this?What do I already know about this? Has anything similar ever happened toHas anything similar ever happened to me?me? How would I feel if this happened to me?How would I feel if this happened to me? Can I relate to the characters?Can I relate to the characters? Does this story remind me ofDoes this story remind me of something?something? 7. 77 Make ConnectionsMake Connections CONNECT yourself to the text!CONNECT yourself to the text! Go passed theGo passed the OBVIOUS!OBVIOUS! 8. 88 Ask QuestionsAsk Questions What dont you get?What dont you get? What do you get?What do you get? What words dont youWhat words dont you understand?understand? What other questions doWhat other questions do you have?you have? What do you wonderWhat do you wonder about as you read?about as you read? 9. 99 Why Ask Questions?Why Ask Questions? Asking questions helps keep youAsking questions helps keep you focused on the text.focused on the text. If your mind wanders, you will notIf your mind wanders, you will not understand. Then you will be bored.understand. Then you will be bored. If you run into problems, things youIf you run into problems, things you just dont understand, then you canjust dont understand, then you can check yourself with a question.check yourself with a question. 10. 1010 Determine ImportanceDetermine Importance Pick and choose which detailsPick and choose which details are the most important toare the most important to remember.remember. Think about what a teacher mightThink about what a teacher might ask on a test.ask on a test. Think about what the author hintsThink about what the author hints might be important later on.might be important later on. 11. 1111 Why Determine Importance?Why Determine Importance? Anything you read contains a lot ofAnything you read contains a lot of information. You cannot rememberinformation. You cannot remember everything. By deciding what iseverything. By deciding what is important, you dont have toimportant, you dont have to remember everything. You canremember everything. You can prioritize the information you need inprioritize the information you need in order to understand.order to understand. 12. 1212 Infer and PredictInfer and Predict Good readers are likeGood readers are like detectives.detectives. They use clues to determineThey use clues to determine what is happening in a story.what is happening in a story. This is called INFERENCE!This is called INFERENCE! 13. 1313 Infer and PredictInfer and Predict Good readers also makeGood readers also make educated guesses about whateducated guesses about what may happen later in the story.may happen later in the story. They use the authors hints toThey use the authors hints to PREDICT what will most likelyPREDICT what will most likely occur.occur. 14. 1414 Infer and PredictInfer and Predict Ask Yourself:Ask Yourself: What isnt stated that I haveWhat isnt stated that I have figured out?figured out? What do I predict will happen?What do I predict will happen? Why do I think so?Why do I think so? 15. 1515 Infer and PredictInfer and Predict REMEMBER:REMEMBER: KNOWLEDGE + TEXT = INFERENCEKNOWLEDGE + TEXT = INFERENCE 16. 1616 VisualizeVisualize Picture in your mind the images thePicture in your mind the images the author creates with his/her words.author creates with his/her words. Pay close attention to sensory details.Pay close attention to sensory details. For example, if you were there, whatFor example, if you were there, what would you SEE, HEAR, SMELL, TASTE,would you SEE, HEAR, SMELL, TASTE, TOUCH, FEEL?TOUCH, FEEL? 17. 1717 Why Visualize?Why Visualize? If you dont picture theIf you dont picture the events of the story, you willevents of the story, you will get bored.get bored. The authors job is to paintThe authors job is to paint pictures in the readers mind.pictures in the readers mind. The readers job is to visualizeThe readers job is to visualize what the author describes.what the author describes. Why not?Why not? 18. 1818 SynthesizeSynthesize Synthesize is a fancy way of sayingSynthesize is a fancy way of saying that you must bring everythingthat you must bring everything together in the end. In other words,together in the end. In other words, what is the meaning of what you arewhat is the meaning of what you are reading?reading? 19. 1919 SynthesizeSynthesize Ask Yourself:Ask Yourself: o What does it all mean?What does it all mean? oWhats the big idea?Whats the big idea? o Are there questions still leftAre there questions still left unanswered?unanswered? o What are the lessons I should learn?What are the lessons I should learn? o What do I think about this book?What do I think about this book? 20. 2020 Use Fix Up StrategiesUse Fix Up Strategies Make sure you are understanding whatMake sure you are understanding what you are reading. When you run intoyou are reading. When you run into trouble, (you just dont get it), use littletrouble, (you just dont get it), use little correction strategies to help you figurecorrection strategies to help you figure out what went wrong. We call theseout what went wrong. We call these methods FIX UP STRATEGIES.methods FIX UP STRATEGIES. 21. 2121 Use Fix Up StrategiesUse Fix Up Strategies Here are some examples of Fix UpHere are some examples of Fix Up Strategies:Strategies: Re-readRe-read UnderlineUnderline Use a DictionaryUse a Dictionary Read AloudRead Aloud Ask for HelpAsk for Help 22. 2222 Why Use Strategies?Why Use Strategies? Strategies create a plan of attack.Strategies create a plan of attack. Then you can solve any readingThen you can solve any reading problems yourself.problems yourself. Strategies help you learnStrategies help you learn HOWHOW toto understand. If you knowunderstand. If you know HOWHOW toto understand, then you are more likelyunderstand, then you are more likely TOTO understand.understand. Strategies help you realizeStrategies help you realize HOWHOW youyou are thinking so that you can think moreare thinking so that you can think more deeply and more consciously.deeply and more consciously. 23. 2323 24. 2424 From Finding Nemo -- PixarFrom Finding Nemo -- Pixar 25. 2525 Why Use Strategies?Why Use Strategies? REMEMBER:REMEMBER: You may be using some or all ofYou may be using some or all of these strategies already. You justthese strategies already. You just may not know it. However, as youmay not know it. However, as you learn to read more complicatedlearn to read more complicated materials, you WILL NEED to usematerials, you WILL NEED to use these strategies purposefully.these strategies purposefully. SO PRACTICE!SO PRACTICE!