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The best approach to understanding the nature of teaching is establishing a harmonious relationship between teacher, student and subject.
Teaching is the activity of facilitating learning.Effectiveness in teaching does not relate to
teacher’s age, sex, and teaching experience.
What is Teaching?
Dr. Allen and his group evolved Microteaching in 1963 in America.
Teaching of a small unit of content to the small group of students (6-10 number) in a small amount of time (5-10 min.)
To train inexperience student-teachers for acquiring teaching skills.
To improve the skills of experience teachers.
What is Microteaching?
Micro-teaching is a teacher training technique which helps the teacher trainee to master the teaching skills.
It requires the teacher trainee
1. to teach a single concept of content2. using a specified teaching skill3. for a short time4. to a very small member of pupils
Concept of Micro-teaching
To enable teacher trainees to learn and assimilate new teaching skills under controlled conditions.
To enable teacher trainees to master a number of teaching skills.
To enable teacher trainees to gain confidence in teaching.
Objectives of Microteaching Concept
1) Duration of teaching as well as number of students are less.
2) Content is divided into smaller units.3) Only one teaching skill is considered at a
time.4) Provision of immediate feedback.5) In micro teaching cycle, there is facility of re-planning,
re-teaching and re-evaluation.6) It puts the teacher under the microscope7) All the faults of the teacher are observed.8) The problem of discipline can also be controlled.
Characteristics of Microteaching
1. Skill of Set Induction2. Skill of Explanation3. Skill of Stimulus Variation4. Skill of Stimulus Questioning5. Skill of Reinforcement6. Skill of Black-board Writing7. Skill of Closure
Skills of Micro teaching Techniques
Proficiency in the use of verbal and non-verbal behaviors, teaching aids and appropriate device.
Utilization of previous experiences.Use of appropriate devices/ techniques like
questioning, examples, etc.Maintenance of continuity
Skill Of Set Induction
It involves the ability of a teacher to describelogically ‘How’, ‘Why’ and ‘What’ of conceptPrecautions for skill of Explaining:a. in simple language.b. should not be given the shape of an advice.c. should be in a sequence.d. should be according to the age, experience
and mental level of the pupils
Skill Of Explanation
Teacher movementTeacher gesturesChange in voiceFocusingChange in the interaction patternPausingStudent’s physical participation
Skill Of Stimulus variation
Components of the skill of blackboard writing are: Probing questions are those which help the pupils
to think in depth about the various aspects of the problem.
By asking such questions again, the teacher makes the pupils more thoughtful.
Enable the pupils to understand the subject deeply.
Skill Of Set Questioning
Desirable behaviours1. Use of positive verbal reinforcements.2. Use of positive non- verbal reinforcements.3. Use of extra-verbal reinforcements.
Skill Of Set reinforcement
Undesirable behaviours1. Use of negative verbal reinforcements.2. Use of negative non- verbal reinforcements.3. Inappropriate or wrong use of
Legibility Size and alignment Highlighting main points Utilization of the space Blackboard summary Correctness Position of the teacher and Contact with the pupils.
Skill Of Blackboard writing
Questions and statements by the teacher related to the consolidation of the major points covered during the lesson
Opportunities provided by the teacher to the pupils for linking the present knowledge with the past knowledge.
Opportunities provided by the teacher to the pupils for applying the knowledge gained during the lesson to the new situations.
Skill Of closure
A Micro Teaching cycle
This involves the selection of the topic and related content of such a nature in which the use of components of the skill under practice may be made easily and conveniently.
This involves the attempts of the teacher trainee to use the components of the skill in suitable situations coming up in the process of teaching-learning as per his/her planning of activities.
This term refers to giving information to the teacher trainee about his performance. The information includes the points of strength as well as weakness relating to his/her performance.
The teacher trainee re-plans his lesson incorporating the points of strength and removing the points not skillfully handled during teaching in the previous attempt either on the same topic or on another topic suiting to the teacher trainee for improvement.
This involves teaching to the same group of pupils if the topic is changed or to a different group of pupils if the topic is the same.
This is the most important component of Micro-teaching for behaviour modification of teacher trainee in the desired direction in each and every skill practice.
Teach : 6 Minutes.Feedback : 6 Minutes.Re-Plan :12 Minutes.Re-Teach : 6 Minutes.Re-Feedback : 6 Minutes.
Time duration for the microteaching
1. It focuses on sharpening and developing specific teaching skills and eliminating errors.
2. It enables understanding of behaviours important in class-room teaching.
3. It increases the confidence of the learner teacher.
4. It is a vehicle of continuous training for both beginners and for senior teachers.
5. It provides experts supervision and constructive feedback.
Advantages Of Microteaching
Microteaching involves presentation of micro lesson
Audience….small group of peers.Feedback given by peers role playing as
studentsParticipants learn about strengths & weakness
in themselves as teachersPlan strategies for improvement in
B.Ed 1st YearComputer Science